National Umma Party

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National Umma Party

حزب الأمة القومي
PresidentSadiq al-Mahdi
Secretary-GeneralSiidig El Nour
FoundedFebruary 1945 (February 1945)
IdeologySudanese nationalism
Islamic democracy
Political positionCentre to centre-right
ReligionSunni Islam (Ansar)
National affiliationNational Consensus Forces
International affiliationNone
National Assembly of Sudan
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Council of States
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Party flag
NUP flag.jpg
Official Website

The National Umma Party (Arabic: حزب الأمة القومي‎, translit. Hizb al-Umma al-qawmmy, translated into English as Nation Party) is an islamic centrist political party in Sudan.


In August 1944 Sayyid Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi, leader of the Ansar, met with senior Congress members and tribal leaders to discuss formation of a pro-independence political party that was not associated with Mahdism. The first step taken was the launch of a new daily newspaper, al-Umma (The Community). In February 1945 the al-Umma party had been organized and the party's first secretary, Abdullah Khalil, applied for a government license. The constitution made no mention of Abd al-Rahman or of the Ansar. The only visible link to Abd al-Rahman was the party's reliance on him for funding. However, there were rumors that al-Umma had been created by the government and aimed to place Abd al-Rahman on the throne. These rumors persisted until June 1945, when the government publicly said it would not support a Mahdist monarchy.[1]

Sadiq al-Mahdi has been the prominent leader of the faction through much of the last century to the present day.

Recent years[edit]

In 2002, 37 elected members split from the National Umma Party and formed the Umma Party (Reform and Renewal) led by Mubarak al Fadil al Mahdi, the first cousin of Sadiq al-Mahdi, this party joined the ranks of the National Congress Party Government and stayed in governance until Mubarak al-Fadil was dismissed from office. The Umma Party ( Reform and Renewal) further split into four factions and was later dissolved to re-join the National Umma Party.

All members of the Umma Party (Reform and Renewal) were integrated back into the Umma National Party except for Mubarak al-Fadil due to allegations of conspiracy with the State of South Sudan and for spreading slander and false information about colleagues in the National Umma Party and colleagues in the opposition.


The most prominent of Umma factions was the Umma Party (Reform and Renewal) headed by Mubarak al Fadil al Mahdi, former Interior Minister when the Umma Party was last in power under Sadiq as Prime Minister from 1986 to 1989. Another faction of the Umma Party (Reform and Renewal) is led by Information Minister Alzahawi Ibrahim Maalik.

Another faction of the Umma Party (Collective Leadership) is led by Dr. al Sadiq al Hadi al Mahdi, who is the nephew of Mubarak al Fadil and first cousin of Sadiq al Mahdi. Dr al Sadiq is the son of Imam al Hadi al Mahdi who led a faction of the Umma Party that rivaled a faction that was led by Sadiq al Mahdi in the 1960s. Dr al Sadiq is an advisor to the President of Sudan. The Umma Party (Collective Leadership) is part of the current government and has agreed to continue cooperation with Sudan's ruling National Congress Party in the mid-interim period after 2008.

The last faction of the Umma Party is the Federal Umma Party, led by Ahmad Babiker Nahar, ex Secretary General of Umma Party ( Reform and Renewal) who formed his party as a result of being wrongfully fired from post by Mubarak al Fadil, he now serves as the current minister of Environment and Physical Development.


  1. ^ Warburg, Gabriel (2003). Islam, sectarianism, and politics in Sudan since the Mahdiyya. Univ of Wisconsin Press. pp. 125–127. ISBN 0-299-18294-0.

External links[edit]