National Union for the Progress of Romania
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|Senate leader||Ilie Sârbu (part of PSD group)|
|Chamber leader||Marian Neacșu (part of PSD group)|
|Split from||Social Democratic Party|
|Merged into||People's Movement Party|
|Youth wing||UNPR's Young|
13 / 168
|Chamber of Deputies||
43 / 398
2 / 32
|County Council Presidents||
1 / 41
13 / 1,393
25 / 3,186
The National Union for the Progress of Romania (Romanian: Uniunea Națională pentru Progresul României, UNPR) was a political party of Romania. The party was formed in March 2010 by a group of independents who had broken away from the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and National Liberal Party (PNL) to support President Traian Băsescu. However, tension began soon after the party's formation between former PSD and PNL members over the distribution of leadership positions and the political direction of the new party, with former PSD members dominating. The first party congress to elect its leaders was on 1st May 2010.
In 2009, parliamentarians from PSD, PNL, and other organizations left their political parties to support president Traian Băsescu. They formed the parliamentary group of independents, led by senator Gabriel Oprea. Afterwards Oprea was named Minister of Administration and Interior.
In 2010, the majority of the group formed UNPR. On 1 May 2010, the new party elected its leaders, by congress. Allied with the PDL and UDMR, UNPR participated in government until 2012. At the first party congress, held in May 2010, Marian Sârbu was elected president. In 2011, the National Initiative Party (PIN) merged into the union. PIN's president, Lavinia Șandru, became UNPR's vice-president, but later resigned from the party citing its lack of support for her ecologist policies.
In 2012, the government led by Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu was dismissed by motion of censure and UNPR pass in opposition. On 28 May 2012, Sârbu stepped down as party leader. Following his resignation, Gabriel Oprea was elected president of UNPR. In the local election in 2012 UNPR ranked 5 on its list are elected 25 mayors, 13 county councilors, 1.005 town councilors and 1 county council president. After elections, UNPR formed with PSD, the Center-Left Alliance (ACS) being included in the Social Liberal Union.
Cristian Diaconescu, a founding member of UNPR, honorary president and former Minister of External Affairs, resigned from the union after the party changed sides and entered the Social Liberal Union. He is now an independent with close ties to the right-wing conservative president of Romania, Traian Băsescu, who appointed him as leader of the Presidential Chancellery in March 2012.
In the Romanian Parliamentary elections of December 2012, UNPR won in alliance with PSD, PNL an PC 10 seats in the House of Deputies and 5 seats in the Senate. Because the party lacks the necessary number of seats to form a distinct parliamentary group (12 deputies, 7 senators), their parliamentarians joined the group of the Social Democratic Party (PSD). They voted in favor of the government led by Prime Minister Victor Ponta. Therefore, Oprea became deputy prime-minister since 2013.
UNPR's doctrine is social-democratic with shades of progressivism. The union is against right wing policies, conservative and net-conservative,which has help dramatically. UNPR is a political force attached on national values. The union's self reported doctrine is "progressive left-wing" with social-democratic orientation. UNPR believes in a new political and economic order, based on consolidation of the market economy, in an "active state" that "protect his citizens and human rights". The union considers itself a progressive party. UNPR strongly supports the large wealth tax and fair taxes. In UNPR's program also is the decentralization of Romania. The union supports public order.
The president acts as the union's governing body; he represents the party in political conversations, in parliament and he has large powers in the union. He is helped by the standing bureau of the union.
- Gabriel Oprea - president (senator, vice-prime-minister)
- Șerban Mihăilescu - vice-president (senator)
- Neculai Onțanu - secretary general (mayor of the 2nd sector, Bucharest)
- National Union for the Progress of Romania
- Câmpanu: National Union for the Advancement of Romania will enter the court next week
- Gabriel Oprea - UNPR pornește de la 7 la sută
- Tension among independents
- "New Romanian party elects leaders", SETimes, 2 May 2010, retrieved 6 November 2012
- "Cati membri au partidele din Romania. Ce partid a pierdut din adepti". Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram, "Romania", Parties and Elections in Europe, retrieved 6 November 2012
- Dąborowski, Tomasz (23 May 2012), "A majority electoral system is introduced in Romania", CeWeekly, OSW Centre for Eastern Studies, retrieved 6 November 2012
- "UNPR fuzionează prin absorbţie cu PMP/ Băsescu: Gabriel Oprea rămâne doar cu onoarea, partidul nu mai e după fuziune. Partidul se va numi Partidul Mişcarea Populară" (in Romanian). Mediafax. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.