National Union of Teachers
|Full name||National Union of Teachers|
|Date dissolved||September 1, 2017|
|Merged into||National Education Union|
Kevin Courtney, General Secretary|
Philipa Harvey, President
Isle of Man
The National Union of Teachers (NUT)// was a trade union for school teachers in England, Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. It was a member of the Trades Union Congress. In March 2017, NUT members endorsed a proposed merger with the Association of Teachers and Lecturers to form a new union known as the National Education Union, which came into existence on 1 September 2017. The union recruited only qualified teachers and those training to be qualified teachers into membership and on dissolution had almost 400,000 members, making it the largest teachers' union in the United Kingdom.
The NUT campaigned on educational issues and working conditions for its members. Among the NUT's policies in 2017 were:
- Fair pay for teachers
- Work-life balance for teachers
- Against academies
- Abolition of National Curriculum Tests (SATs)
- One union for all teachers
The NUT was established at a meeting at King's College London on 25 June 1870 as the National Union of Elementary Teachers (NUET) to represent all school teachers in England and Wales combining a number of local teacher associations which had formed across the country following the 1870 Education Act. After toying with the idea of changing the name to the National Union of English Teachers, the name National Union of Teachers (NUT) was finally adopted at Annual Conference in April 1889.
In 1919, in response to an NUT referendum approving the principle of equal pay, a ginger group, the National Association of Men Teachers (NAMT), was formed within the NUT to further the interests of male teachers. The NAMT changed its name in 1920 to the National Association of Schoolmasters (NAS) and seceded finally from the NUT in 1922. The secession came about indirectly following a decision at the NAS Conference that year to prohibit NAS members from continuing to also be members of the NUT after the 31 December 1922. The NAS is now amalgamated into the NASUWT, the second-largest teaching union in the UK.
The NUT first established its offices at 7 Adam Street, Adelphi, London WC on the appointment of the first full-time Secretary in 1873. In 1889 it moved its headquarters to Bolton House, 67/71 Russell Square, London WC. In 1915, it moved its headquarters to Hamilton House, Mabledon Place, London WC1H 9BD, where it has remained ever since, except during the Second World War, when the NUT rented Toddington Manor, Gloucestershire in order to avoid air raids.
The General Secretary was the leader of the NUT. From 1989, the General Secretary was elected by the union's membership, with each term lasting five years.
- William Lawson, 1870-1873
- Thomas Heller, 1873-1891
- James Yoxall, 1892-1924
- Frank Goldstone, 1924-1931
- Frederick Mander, 1931-1947
- Ronald Gould, 1947-1970
- Edward Britton, 1970-1975
- Fred Jarvis, 1975-1989
- Doug McAvoy, 1989-2004
- Steve Sinnott, 2004-2008 (died in office)
- Christine Blower, 2008–2016 (acting until May 2009)
- Kevin Courtney, 2016–present
Deputy General Secretaries
- 1960s: Ernest Naisbitt
- 1970: Fred Jarvis
- 1974: Doug McAvoy
- c.1989: Mary Hufford
- 1994: Steve Sinnott
- 2005: Christine Blower
- 2010: Kevin Courtney
- 2016: Post vacant
The NUT annual conference took place every spring. The timing always coincided with Easter weekend: starting on Good Friday and ending on Easter Tuesday and took place in various locations. The last NUT Conference was held in Cardiff in 2017. Following the NUT amalgamation with the Association of Teachers and Lecturers on 1 September 2017 there will be a National Education Union - NUT Section held in Brighton in 2018.
Fred and Anne Jarvis Award
Named after former General Secretary Fred Jarvis and his late wife, the Fred and Anne Jarvis Award was established in 2007 and was presented annually by the NUT to individuals other than NUT members who campaigned tirelessly for all children and young people. For a list of winners of the Fred and Anne Jarvis Award see List of Fred and Anne Jarvis Award winners.
- National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers
- Association of Teachers and Lecturers
- Education in the United Kingdom
- NUT official website
- Tropp, A (1957). The School Teachers: the growth of the teaching profession in England and Wales from 1800 to the present day. London: Heinmemann.
- Simons, R. A. (1972). The Schoolmasters: The History of the NAS and of Education in its Time. London: NASUWT.
- An Interim Catalogue of the Papers of the National Union of Teachers
- "Union put brave face on strike turn out and insist walkout was 'best ever' response". Daily Mail. 1 July 2011.
- Woodward, Will (14 April 2004). "Canny negotiator in tears as he forgoes feuding to rage against the government". the Guardian.
- "NUT history". Official Website. National Union of Teachers.
- Aldrich, Richard; Gordon, Peter (1989). Dictionary of British educationists. London: Woburn Press. p. 110. ISBN 9780713001778.
- "Table 46: Voices of the Association in Parliament". Single or Return - the official history of the Transport Salaried Staffs' Association. TSSA. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011.
- Brehony, Kevin J. (28 July 2006). "The 'school masters' parliament': the origins and formation of the Consultative Committee of the Board of Education 1868‐1916". History of Education. 23 (2): 171–193. doi:10.1080/0046760940230203.
- Cunningham, Peter (November 2006). "Student Teachers and the Mirror of History: the college archive as a resource for the training of teachers". Westminster Studies in Education. 5 (1): 69–79. doi:10.1080/0140672820050107.
- Ronald Gould profile
- Burgess, Tyrrell (7 January 2005). "Obituary: Sir Edward Britton". the Guardian.
- Barberis, Peter; McHugh, John; Tyldesley, Mike (2001). "National Union of Teachers (NUT)". Encyclopedia of British and Irish political organizations: parties, groups and movements of the 20th century. New York: Continuum. p. 225. ISBN 9780826458148.
- Garner, Richard (13 April 2004). "NUT veteran bows out as he came in - all guns blazing". The Independent.
- Beckett, Francis (7 April 2008). "Obituary: Steve Sinnott". www.theguardian.com.
- Marley, David (8 May 2009). "Acting NUT leader Blower is elected unopposed". TES. (Subscription required (. ))
- "National Union of Teachers | NUT | The Teachers' Union". www.teachers.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-15.
- "Memorial for Anne Jarvis at the Institute of Education" (PDF). Education Publishing Worldwide Limited. 21 September 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
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