National Unity Party (Myanmar)

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National Unity Party
Chairman U Than Tin
Founded 1990 (1990)
Headquarters Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar
Membership 500,000[1]
Ideology Democratic socialism
Seats in the Amyotha Hluttaw
1 / 224
Seats in the Pyithu Hluttaw
0 / 440
Seats in the State and Regional Hluttaws
0 / 880
Party flag
Flag of National Unity Party.svg
Politics of Myanmar
Political parties

The National Unity Party (Burmese: တိုင်းရင်းသားစည်းလုံးညီညွတ်ရေးပါတီ [táɪɴjɪ́ɴðá sílóʊɴ ɲìɲʊʔ jé pàtì]) is a political party in Myanmar (Burma).

The party's headquarters are in Bahan Township, Yangon. Its chairman is U Than Tin, who was elected leader of the party after the former chairman, Tun Yi, died in April 2014.[2][3]


The NUP was founded in 1990 as a proxy party of the military and the formerly ruling Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) to contest the 1990 general election. The party was defeated by the National League for Democracy; however, the election was not recognized by the military and voided.[1]

The party's first chairman was Tun Yi, a former deputy commander of the armed forces, and their first general secretary was U Than Tin.[4] Tun Yi was succeeded by U Than Tin after his death in April 2014.

Despite playing a minor role in Burmese politics after the 1990 general election, the party maintained close ties with the military junta until the 2011–2012 political reforms; consisting mainly of former Ne Win loyalists, former BSPP members, and top military commanders up until that point.[5] It contested the 2010 elections as the main challenger of the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), the de facto pro-regime party, since NUP had nominated 999 parliamentary candidates nationwide (contesting at both regional and national levels), second only to the 1,100 candidates nominated by the USDP.[6] It has joined with opposition parties in accusations of vote rigging after suffering a massive defeat in the elections at the hands of the USDP.[7]

The party had 316 potential candidates for the Pyithu Hluttaw, 512 for the Amyotha Hluttaw and 528 for the State and Regional Hluttaws, during the 2010 general election. 12 candidates were chosen for the Pyithu Hluttaw, 5 candidates for the Amyotha Hluttaw, and 46 candidates for the State and Regional Hluttaws.[8][9]

In the 2015 general election, all 763 candidates of the NUP lost, except for one in Kachin State.[10]

Election results[edit]

House of Nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw)[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
5 / 224
4,302,082 Increase5; Opposition Tun Yi
(after) 2012
5 / 224
Steady; Opposition Tun Yi
1 / 224
Decrease4; Opposition U Than Tin

House of Representatives (Pyithu Hluttaw)[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
10 / 492
2,805,5 21.2% Increase10; not recognised U Tha Gyaw
12 / 440
4,060,802 19.44% Increase2; Opposition Tun Yi
(after) 2012
12 / 440
Steady; Opposition Tun Yi
0 / 440
Decrease12; Extra-parliamentary Opposition U Than Tin


Election Seats up for election Seats contested by party Contested seats won Contested seats lost Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election
2012 37 (Pyithu) / 5 (Amyotha) 18 (Pyithu) / 4 (Amyotha) 0 (Pyithu) / 0 (Amyotha) 37 (Pyithu) / 4 (Amyotha) no seat gain or lost


  1. ^ a b Irrawaddy: National Unity Party
  2. ^ "President U Thein Sein meets political leaders, ethnic affairs ministers and ethnic representative leaders". Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  3. ^ ရွှရည်ဝင်းထက်. "လစ်လပ်နေသည့် တစညပါတီဥက္ကဋ္ဌနေရာ ဧပြီလကုန် ရွေးမည်". Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "National Unity Party". Election 2010 (Mizzima). Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  5. ^ Retrieved 2 April 2012.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Macan-Markar, Marwaan (31 October 2010). "Military rule haunts Burma election". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "NUP Concedes Defeat". Burma Election 2010 (The Irrawaddy). 10 November 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Constituencies". 2010 Election Watch (Alternative Asean Network on Burma). 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "All legislatures". 2010 Election Watch (Alternative Asean Network on Burma). 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "Announcement 94/2015". Union Election Commission. Retrieved 20 November 2015.