National University of Ireland (constituency)

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National University of Ireland
Seanad Éireann Constituency
Current constituency
Created 1938
Seats 3
Senators

National University of Ireland (NUI) is a university constituency in Ireland, which currently elects three senators to Seanad Éireann. Its electorate is the graduates of the university, which has a number of constituent universities. It previously elected members to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom (1918–21), to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland (1921) and to Dáil Éireann (1918–1936).

Representation[edit]

From To Chamber Members
1918 1922 House of Commons of the United Kingdom 1
1921 1922 House of Commons of Southern Ireland 4
1922 1923 Dáil Éireann 4
1923 1937 Dáil Éireann 3
1938 Seanad Éireann 3

Note: The member elected in 1918 sat in the First Dáil and the members elected in 1921 served in the Second Dáil, rather than the bodies to which they were officially elected.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom[edit]

National University of Ireland
Former University constituency
for the House of Commons
19181922

Under the Representation of the People Act 1918, NUI was enfranchised as a new university constituency and continued to be entitled to be represented by one Member of Parliament in the British House of Commons until the dissolution of Parliament on 26 October 1922, shortly before the Irish Free State became a dominion outside the United Kingdom on 6 December 1922. In 1918 the electorate included all registered male graduates over 21 (or over 19 if in armed services) and female graduates over 30. There were 3,819 voters registered for the 1918 general election. Most, if not all, of those electors would have been plural voters also entitled to vote in a territorial constituency. The 1918 general election took place on 14 December and the results were declared on 28 December, except for the university constituencies. NUI voted between 18–22 December and the result was declared on 23 December. Eoin MacNeill was elected (and also for Londonderry City) standing for Sinn Féin and therefore did not take his seat in Westminster, instead serving as a member of the first Dáil Éireann.

House of Commons of Southern Ireland[edit]

The Government of Ireland Act 1920 established a devolved home rule legislature, within the United Kingdom, for twenty-six Irish counties which were designated Southern Ireland. NUI was given four seats in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. At the 1921 Southern Ireland House of Commons election, all 128 seats were elected unopposed. Of these, 124 were Sinn Féin members, who formed the TDs of the Second Dáil. This included the four representatives of the NUI.

The Parliament was dissolved as part of the arrangements under the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1922.

Dáil Éireann[edit]

National University of Ireland
Former Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary Constituency
Former constituency
Created 1922
Abolished 1937
Seats 4 (1922–1923)
3 (1923–1937)

In the 1918 general election, Sinn Féin contested the election on the basis that they would not take seats in the United Kingdom Parliament but would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin.

The University was, in Irish republican theory, entitled to return one Teachta Dála (known in English as a Deputy) in 1918 to serve in the Irish Republic's First Dáil. This revolutionary body assembled on 21 January 1919.

In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland was a member of the First Dáil. In practice only Sinn Féin members participated, including the Deputy for the University.

The First Dáil, passed a motion at its last meeting on 10 May 1921, the first three parts of which make explicit the republican view.

  1. That the parliamentary elections which are to take place during the present month be regarded as elections to Dáil Éireann.
  2. That all deputies duly returned at these elections be regarded as members of Dáil Éireann and allowed to take their seats on subscribing to the proposed Oath of Allegiance.
  3. That the present Dáil dissolve automatically as soon as the new body has been summoned by the President and called to order.

The Second Dáil first met on 16 August 1921, thereby dissolving the First Dáil.

Sinn Féin had decided to use the polls for the House of Commons of Northern Ireland and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as an election for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. No actual voting was necessary in Southern Ireland as all the seats were filled by unopposed returns. Except for University of Dublin all constituencies outside Northern Ireland elected Sinn Féin TDs.

The National University of Ireland constituency elected four Sinn Féin members unopposed, who participated in the Dáil.

The Third Dáil elected in 1922 was, in United Kingdom law, initially the constituent assembly for the Irish Free State and then the lower house. From this time the Dáil represented only twenty-six Irish counties and did not claim to represent the six counties of Northern Ireland. Non-Sinn Féin Deputies began to stand for and participate in the Dáil.

From the Electoral Act 1923 the Irish Free State defined its own Dáil constituencies. National University of Ireland was reduced to three seats. This Act abolished plural voting for University constituencies and enfranchised women on the same terms as men. Qualified voters could then decide whether to register for a University or a territorial constituency but not for both.

The qualifications for an elector to be registered as a University voter were set out in Section 1(2)(c) of the 1923 Act. They were to be registered at "the University constituency comprising a university in which he or she has received a degree other than an honorary degree".

The Constitution (Amendment No. 23) Act 1936 repealed provision of the Constitution of the Irish Free State providing for University representation in Dáil Éireann, with effect from the next dissolution of the Oireachtas which took place on 14 June 1937. The seat left vacant by Conor Maguire in 1936 on his appointment to the High Court was not filled.

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for National University of Ireland 1918–1937
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
1st 1918 Eoin MacNeill
(SF)
1 seats under 1918 Act
2nd 1921 Ada English
(SF)
Michael Hayes
(SF)
William Stockley
(SF)
3rd 1922 Eoin MacNeill
(Pro-Treaty)
William Magennis
(Ind)
Michael Hayes
(Pro-Treaty)
William Stockley
(Anti-Treaty)
4th 1923 Eoin MacNeill
(CnaG)
William Magennis
(CnaG)
Michael Hayes
(CnaG)
3 seats
from 1923
1923 by-election Patrick McGilligan
(CnaG)
5th 1927 (Jun) Arthur Clery
(Ind)
Michael Hayes
(CC)
6th 1927 (Sep) Michael Tierney
(CnaG)
7th 1932 Conor Maguire
(FF)
8th 1933 Helena Concannon
(FF)
1936 (seat vacant)

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

Seanad Éireann[edit]

Article 18.4 of the Constitution of Ireland adopted in 1937, provided that the National University of Ireland would have three seats in the new Seanad Éireann. The Seanad Electoral (University Members) Act 1937 gave effect to this constitutional provision, with graduates of the National University of Ireland entitled to elect Senators by single transferable vote. The first Seanad election took place in 1938, and thereafter elections to the Seanad take place within 90 days of the dissolution of the Dáil. The Seventh Amendment, adopted in 1979, allows for a redistribution of the six university seats among the University of Dublin, the National University of Ireland, and any other institutions of higher education in the State which do not have representation. No legislation followed since to make any such change.

Senators for National University of Ireland 1938–
Sen Election Senator
(Party)
Senator
(Party)
Senator
(Party)
2nd 1938 Henry Barniville
(Ind)
Helena Concannon
(FF)
Michael Tierney
(Ind)
3rd 1938
4th 1943
5th 1944 Michael Ryan
(Ind)
6th 1948 George O'Brien
(Ind)
7th 1951
1953 John Cunningham
(Ind)
8th 1954 Roger McHugh
(Ind)
9th 1957 Patrick Quinlan
(Ind)
10th 1961 Dónall Ó Conalláin
(Ind)
11th 1965 Bryan Alton
(Ind)
12th 1969 John Horgan
(Lab)
13th 1973 Augustine Martin
(Ind)
14th 1977 Gemma Hussey
(Ind)
John A. Murphy
(Ind)
15th 1981 Gemma Hussey
(FG)
Liam Ryan
(Ind)
16th 1982 James Dooge
(FG)
Brendan Ryan
(Ind)
17th 1983 Michael D. Higgins
(Lab)
18th 1987 Joe O'Toole
(Ind)
John A. Murphy
(Ind)
19th 1989
20th 1993 Feargal Quinn
(Ind)
Joe Lee
(Ind)
21st 1997 Brendan Ryan
(Ind)
22nd 2002 Brendan Ryan
(Lab)
23rd 2007 Rónán Mullen
(Ind)
24th 2011 John Crown
(Ind)
25th 2016 Michael McDowell
(Ind)
Alice Mary Higgins
(Ind)

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns.

Elections[edit]

2016 election[edit]

2016 Seanad election: National University of Ireland[1]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Rónán Mullen 7,362 20.3 2 26
Independent Michael McDowell 5,661 15.6 1 26
Independent Pádraig Ó Céidigh 2,475 6.8
Independent Alice Mary Higgins 2,055 5.7 3 28
Independent David Begg 1,836 5.1
Independent Martin Khare Daly 1,523 4.2
Labour Party Laura Harmon 1,479 4.1
Independent Ellen O’Malley Dunlop 1,450 4.0
Independent Eddie Murphy 1,291 3.6
Independent Christy Kenneally 1,127 3.1
Independent Rory Hearne 837 2.3
Independent Kieran Alexander Rose 818 2.3
Labour Party Aideen Hayden 776 2.1
Independent Brendan Price 745 2.1
Independent Enda Pádraig Ó Coineen 710 2.0
Fine Gael Pearce Flannery 645 1.8
Independent Deirdre Burke 610 1.7
Independent Máire Darker 599 1.7
Independent Carol Hunt 562 1.5
Independent Barry Johnston 515 1.4
Independent John Higgins 480 1.3
Independent Paddy Monahan 474 1.3
Independent Paul D’Alton 430 1.2
Independent Owen Joseph Dinneen 372 1.0
Independent Daragh McGreal 360 1.0
Independent Karen Devine 321 0.9
Labour Party Luke Field 242 0.7
Independent Jerry Beades 196 0.5
Independent Ross Golden-Bannon 174 0.5
Independent Michael Sean Molloy 168 0.5
Electorate: 103,154   Valid: 36,293   Quota: 9,074   Turnout:

2011 election[edit]

2011 Seanad election: National University of Ireland[2]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Rónán Mullen 6,459 1 24
Independent John Crown 4,703 3 24
Independent Feargal Quinn 4,591 2 24
Independent Declan Kelleher 3,771
Independent Bernardine O'Sullivan 2,028
Independent Donncha O'Connell 1,629
Independent Helen Keogh 1,362
Independent Regina O'Connor 1,101
Independent Linda O'Shea Farren 1,083
Independent Paddy Healy 947
Green Party Niall Ó Brolcháin 718
Independent Brendan Price 671
Independent James Doorley 655
Independent Peter Mooney 547
Sinn Féin Eoin Ó Broin 490
Independent Michael Molloy 484
Independent Paul Lynam 476
Independent Thomas Canning 354
Independent James Coyle 307
Independent John Kennedy 279
Independent David McCurtin 262
Independent Francis O'Donnell 199
Independent Daniel K. Sullivan 193
Independent Diarmaid Ó Cadhla 182
Independent James O'Donoughue 154
Independent Mick Langan 129
Independent Matthias Cowley 57
Electorate: ?   Valid: 33,831   Quota: 8,458   Turnout:

2007 election[edit]

2007 Seanad election: National University of Ireland[3]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Joe O'Toole 5,412 1 21
Independent Rónán Mullen 4,661 3 21
Independent Feargal Quinn 3,863 2 21
Labour Party Brendan Ryan 3,283
Independent Valerie Bresnihan 3,282
Independent Bernardine O'Sullivan 2,395
Independent John Hillery 1,734
Independent Paddy Healy 1,393
Fine Gael John Kennedy 1,303
Independent Brendan Price 1,289
Independent Dáithí Mac Cárthaigh 1,005
Independent Mark Garavan 951
Fianna Fáil Liam Crowley 814
Independent Susan Philips 706
Green Party Martin Hogan 683
Independent Martina Lowe 596
Independent Linda O'Shea Farren 563
Independent Mary O'Riordan 538
Independent Daniel K. Sullivan 372
Independent Oonagh Monahan 327
Independent Bernie O'Callaghan 305
Independent Shane Brodbin 220
Fathers Rights Liam Ó Gógáin 174
Independent Mark Connolly 120
Electorate: ?   Valid: 35,989   Quota: 8,998   Turnout:

2002 election[edit]

2002 Seanad election: National University of Ireland
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Independent Feargal Quinn 5,640 17.5 1 12
Independent Joe O'Toole 5,463 16.9 2 13
Labour Party Brendan Ryan 4,264 13.2 3 13
Independent Bernardine O'Sullivan 4,054 12.6
Independent Valerie Bresnihan 2,856 8.9
Independent Brendan Price 2,035 6.3
Independent Linda O'Shea Farren 1,533 4.8
Independent Pierce Purcell 1,295 4.0
Independent Dáithí Mac Cárthaigh 1,273 4.0
Independent Jim O'Callaghan 1,239 3.8
Independent Michael Griffin 961 3.0
Independent Matthew Harmey 590 1.8
Independent Noel Murphy 356 1.1
Independent Michael Cosgrave 273 0.9
Independent Colm O'Higgins 226 0.7
Independent Liam Ó Gógáin 191 0.6
Electorate: 101,952   Valid: 32,249   Quota: 8,063   Turnout: 31.6%

1933 election[edit]

1933 Dáil election: National University of Ireland[4]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Conor Maguire 1,306 34.6 1 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick McGilligan 1,028 27.3 2 1
Fianna Fáil Helena Concannon 773 20.5 2 3
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Hayes 664 17.6
Electorate: 4,655   Valid: 3,771   Quota: 943   Turnout: 81.0%
  • Seat vacant in November 1936 on appointment of Maguire as a Justice of the High Court

1932 election[edit]

1932 Dáil election: National University of Ireland[5]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Michael Hayes Automatically returned N/A 1 1
Fianna Fáil Conor Maguire 1,396 44.3 2 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick McGilligan 1,332 42.2 3 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Tierney 426 13.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 3,154   Quota: 1,052   Turnout:

September 1927 election[edit]

September 1927 Dáil election: National University of Ireland[6]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Michael Hayes Automatically returned N/A 1 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick McGilligan 1,229 55.8 2 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Tierney 319 14.5 3
Fianna Fáil Conor Maguire 652 29.6
Electorate: ?   Valid: 2,200   Quota: 734   Turnout:

June 1927 election[edit]

June 1927 Dáil election: National University of Ireland[7]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Ceann Comhairle Michael Hayes Automatically returned N/A 1 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick McGilligan 1,090 50.7 2 1
Independent Arthur Clery 514 23.9 3 4
Cumann na nGaedheal Eoin MacNeill 228 10.6
Independent Agnes O'Farrelly 163 7.6
Clann Éireann William Magennis 155 7.2
Electorate: ?   Valid: 2,150   Quota: 717   Turnout:

1923 by-election[edit]

1923 Dáil by-election: National University of Ireland[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal Patrick McGilligan 849 76.5 1 1
Republican William Stockley 261 23.5
Electorate: 1,567   Valid: 1,110   Quota: 556   Turnout: 70.8%
  • By-election was caused by the resignation of Eoin MacNeill.

1923 election[edit]

1923 Dáil election: National University of Ireland[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Cumann na nGaedheal Eoin MacNeill 418 34.8 1
Cumann na nGaedheal Michael Hayes 210 17.5 2
Cumann na nGaedheal William Magennis 201 16.7 3
Republican William Stockley 144 12.0
Independent Agnes O'Farrelly 136 11.3
Republican Hugh Ryan 93 7.7
Electorate: 1,561   Valid: 1,202   Quota: 301   Turnout: 77.0%
  • Hayes also stood successfully for Dublin South but chose to sit for this constituency.
  • MacNeill also stood successfully for Clare and chose to sit for that constituency.

1922 election[edit]

1922 Dáil election: National University of Ireland[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Eoin MacNeill 888 33.7 1 1
Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Michael Hayes 294 11.2 2 2
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) William Stockley 349 13.2 3 3
Independent William Magennis 381 14.5 4 4
Independent Arthur W. Conway 410 15.6
Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Ada English 314 11.9
Electorate: 5,053   Valid: 2,636   Quota: 528   Turnout: 52.2%

1921 election[edit]

1921 Southern Ireland House of Commons election: National University of Ireland[11]
Party Candidate 1st Pref  % Seat Count
Sinn Féin Ada English Unopposed N/A 1
Sinn Féin Michael Hayes Unopposed N/A 2
Sinn Féin Eoin MacNeill Unopposed N/A 3
Sinn Féin William Stockley Unopposed N/A 4

Sinn Féin refused to recognise the Southern Ireland House of Commons and took their seats as TDs in the Second Dáil.

1918 election[edit]

The 1918 general election took place on 14 December and the results were declared on 28 December, except for the university constituencies. NUI voted between 18–22 December and the result was declared on 23 December.

1918 Westminster election: National University of Ireland[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Sinn Féin Eoin MacNeill 1,644 66.9 N/A
Irish Parliamentary Arthur W. Conway 813 33.1 N/A
Majority 831 33.8 N/A
Turnout 2,457 64.3 N/A

In common with other Sinn Féin MPs, Eoin MacNeill abstained from Westminster and took his seat as a TD in the First Dáil. He was also elected for Londonderry City.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.nui.ie/elections/seanad_Election_2016/SE_Election_2016_Final_Result.pdf
  2. ^ "Seanad General Election, April 2011, National University of Ireland Panel". Houses of the Oireachtas. 28 April 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "Seanad Election: 2007: National University of Ireland". Retrieved 26 September 2007. 
  4. ^ "General election 1933: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "General election 1932: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  6. ^ "General election September 1927: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  7. ^ "General election June 1927: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  8. ^ "By-election 1923: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  9. ^ "General election 1923: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "General election 1922: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  11. ^ "General election 1921: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  12. ^ "General election 1918: National University of Ireland". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 

Sources[edit]

  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)