National University of Music Bucharest
The National University of Music Bucharest (Romanian: Universitatea Naţională de Muzică Bucureşti, UNMB) is a university-level school of music located in Bucharest, Romania. Established as a school of music in 1863 and reorganized as an academy in 1931, it has functioned as a public university since 2001. It also offered training in drama until 1950, when this function was taken over by two institutes which were later reunited as the UNATC.
The National University of Music is divided into two faculties: the Faculty of Composition, Musicology and Musical Pedagogy and the Faculty of Performing Arts. Administratively, it is divided into the Department of Scientific Research and Artistic Activities, the Department of International Relations and European Programs, the Teacher Training Department, the Music Shows Department, and the Low-Residency Program Department (see also Education in Romania).
The main building and Rectorate is situated at Ştirbei Vodă Street, 33. As of 2010, UNMB's Rector is Dan Dediu.
The UNMB was established in June 1863 as the Music and Declamation Conservatory (Conservatorul de Muzică şi Declamaţiune, also translated as Music and Drama Conservatory), by decree of Domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza. Initially, it was a secondary education institution which included two main sections, the Institute of Vocal Music and the School of Instrumental Music, with branches in Bucharest and Iaşi, Moldavia's former capital. The Bucharest branch replaced the Philharmonic School (Şcoala Filarmonică), which also offered lessons in acting.
The institution's first director was composer Alexandru Flechtenmacher, under whose leadership the Conservatory gave courses in violin, solfege, Christian music choir, piano, harmony, and singing. In 1900, composer Alfons Castaldi set up the first chamber music course.
During the interwar period, the Conservatory grew to accommodate counterpoint, orchestration, aesthetics and music history classes. On July 17, 1931, it was turned into an academy placed under the patronage of King Carol II, and renamed Royal Academy of Music and Dramatic Art (Academia Regală de Muzică şi Artă Dramatică). This was largely due to the efforts of one of Romania's most celebrated composers, George Enescu, who was later named Honorary Professor. In the 1940s, the Academy was led by Mihail Jora, whom the institution itself credits with having revolutionized teaching methods by imposing more rigor and innovative approaches.
In the 1950s, under the communist regime, the Academy took the name of composer Ciprian Porumbescu, and reverted to the name of Conservatory—the Ciprian Porumbescu Conservatory or Conservatorul Ciprian Porumbescu. At the time, it was divided into two faculties: Performing Art and Composition, and Musicology, Orchestra Conducting and Pedagogy. In 1950, the drama department was turned into a separate Theater Institute, named after playwright Ion Luca Caragiale. It reunited with the Film Art Institute, a former branch of the Art Academy, in 1954, to form the UNATC. During this period, from 1950 to 1953, the veteran conductor George Georgescu, a close associate of Enescu who had himself studied cello at the institution a half century before, took his sole academic post, teaching the conducting class.
- Anda-Louise Bogza
- Elena Cernei
- Marius Constant
- Grigore Cugler
- Elena Gaja
- George Georgescu
- Nicolae Herlea
- Hugo Jan Huss
- Magda Ianculescu
- Sorin Lerescu
- Myriam Marbe
- Silvia Marcovici
- UNMB official site; retrieved February 21, 2008
- Short History of UNMB, at the UNMB official site; retrieved February 21, 2008
- (Romanian) Scurt istoric, at the UNATC official site; retrieved February 21, 2008
- George Georgescu's biographical sketch, at the 2008 George Georgescu International Contest for Performing Artists, Tulcea; retrieved August 21, 2009