List of national animals

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This is a list of national animals. As of 2009, a total of 231 national animal symbols exist globally. Of the 192 countries in the world:[1]

  • 142 (74%) have designated at least one national animal symbol;
  • 71 (37%) have more than one national animal symbol.

National animals[edit]

Country Name of animal Scientific name Pictures Ref.
 Algeria Fennec fox Vulpes zerda Fennec Foxes.jpg [2]
 Angola Red-crested turaco (national bird) Tauraco erythrolophus RedcrestedTuraco.jpg [3]
 Anguilla Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita Zenida aurita1 1 barbados.jpg [4]
 Antigua and Barbuda Fallow deer (national animal) Dama dama Fallow deer in field.jpg [5]
Frigate (national bird) Fregata magnificens Fregata magnificens1.jpg [5]
Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature) Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill Turtle.jpg [5]
 Argentina Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus Flickr - Dario Sanches - JOÃO-DE-BARRO (Furnarius rufus) (3).jpg [6]
 Australia Red kangaroo (national animal) Macropus rufus Red kangaroo - melbourne zoo.jpg [7]
Emu (national bird) Dromaius novaehollandiae Emoe.jpg [8]
 Austria Austrian Bundesadler (heraldic "Federal Eagle") Mythical Austria Bundesadler.svg [9]
Barn swallow (national bird) Hirundo rustica Landsvale.jpg [1]
 Azerbaijan Karabakh horse Equus ferus caballus Karabakh stallion Khan.jpg [10]
 Bangladesh Royal Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris Tigerramki.jpg [11]
Magpie robin (national bird) Copsychus saularis Copsychus saularis - Ang Khang female.jpg [11]
Ilish (national fish) Tenualosa ilisha Ilish.JPG [11]
 Belarus European bison Bison bonasus Wisent.jpg [12]
 Belgium Leo Belgicus (heraldic "Belgic lion") Mythical Insigne Belgicum.svg [13]
 Belize Baird's tapir (national animal) Tapirus bairdii Central American Tapir-Belize20.jpg [12][14]
Keel-billed toucan (national bird) Ramphastos sulfuratus Ramphastos sulfuratus -Belize Zoo-6a-2c.jpg [15]
 Bhutan Druk Mythical Flag of Bhutan.svg [16]
Takin Budorcas taxicolor Takin indický.jpg [17]
 Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush Turdus rufiventris Turdus-rufiventris.jpg [18]
 Cambodia Kouprey Bos sauveli Saen Monourom Mondul Kiri Cambodia crop.jpg [19]
 Canada North American beaver (national animal) Castor canadensis American Beaver.jpg [20][21]
Canadian horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus Img 3372 Me trot.jpg [21]
 China Chinese dragon (national animal) Mythical Gate City Pillar Shrine Suphanburi.jpg [22]
Giant panda (national animal) Ailuropoda melanoleuca Giant Panda 2004-03-2.jpg [23]
Red-crowned crane (national bird) Grus japonensis Red-crowned Crane 1.jpg [24]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Okapi Okapia johnstoni Okapi2.jpg [12]
 Colombia Andean condor Vultur gryphus Condor flying over the Colca canyon in Peru.jpg [25]
 Costa Rica Yigüirro (national bird) Turdus grayi Turdus grayi Garita, Alajuela Costa Rica-10.jpg [26]
White-tailed deer (national animal) Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed deer.jpg [27]
West Indian manatee (national aquatic animal) Trichechus manatus Manatee with calf.PD - colour corrected.jpg [28]
 Croatia Pine marten Martes martes Martes martes, Clunes, Scotland 4.jpg [29][30]
 Cuba Cuban trogon Priotelus temnurus Priotelus temnurus -Camaguey, Camaguey Province, Cuba-8.jpg [31][32]
 Cyprus Cypriot mouflon Ovis orientalis Mouflon in zoo.jpg [33]
 Czech Republic Double-tailed lion Mythical Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg [34]
 Denmark Mute swan (national bird) Cygnus olor Cygnus olor 2 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg [35]
Small tortoiseshell (national butterfly) Aglais urticae Aglais urticae LC0310.jpg [35]
 Egypt Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis Steppe Eagle's Gape.jpg [36]
 Estonia Wolf Canis lupus [37]
 Eritrea Arabian camel Camelus dromedarius Emblem of Eritrea (sinople argent naturel azur).svg [38]
 Ethiopia Lion Panthera leo Lion waiting in Namibia.jpg [39][40]
 Faroe Islands Eurasian oystercatcher (national bird) Haematopus ostralgus Haematopus ostralegus Norway.jpg [41]
 Finland Brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos European Brown Bear.jpg [42]
Whooper swan (national bird) Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) (26).jpg [43]
Holly blue (national butterfly) Celastrina argiolus Celastrina argiolus1.jpg [44]
European perch (national fish) Perca fluviatilis Perca fluviatilis.jpg [45]
Seven-spot ladybird (national insect) Coccinella septempunctata Leppis404.JPG [45]
 France Gallic rooster Gallus gallus domesticus Coq-gaulois-dore.JPG [46]
 Gabon black panther Panthera pardus Blackleopard.JPG [47]
 Gambia Lion Panthera leo Lion d'Afrique.jpg [1]
 Germany Bundesadler (heraldic "Federal Eagle") Mythical Coat of arms of Germany.svg [1][48]
 Greece Dolphin Delphinus Delfine im Golf von Korinth, Griechenland.jpg [49]
 Guatemala Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno Quetzal01.jpg [50]
 Haiti Hispaniolan Trogan Priotelus roseigaster Hispaniolan Trogon (Priotelus roseigaster) (8082799519).jpg [51]
 Honduras White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed deer.jpg [52]
 Hungary Turul Mythical (most probably Falco cherrug) [53] Turul-Tb-front.jpg
 Iceland Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Falco rusticolus white cropped.jpg [54]
 India Royal Bengal tiger (National animal) Panthera tigris tigris Bengal Tiger Karnataka.jpg [55]
Indian peacock (National bird) Pavo cristatus Carnavalesco.jpg [56]
King cobra (National reptile) Ophiophagus hannah Ophiophagus hannah2.jpg [57]
Ganges river dolphin (National aquatic animal) Platanista gangetica gangetica Platanista gangetica noaa.jpg [58]
Indian elephant (National heritage animal) Elephas maximus indicus IndianElephant.jpg [59]
 Indonesia Komodo dragon (national animal) Varanus komodoensis Komododragon2.jpg [60]
Garuda (historic national animal) Mythical National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg [61]
 Iran Persian lion Panthera leo persica Asian lion 3.jpg [62]
 Iraq Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar Alectoris-chukar-001.jpg [63]
Goat
( KRG)
Capra aegagrus Bezoarziege.jpg [64]
 Israel Hoopoe (national bird) Upupa epops Upupa epops (Ramat Gan)002.jpg [62]
 Jamaica Red-billed streamertail Trochilus polytmus Red-billed Streamertail 2506104129.jpg [65]
 Japan Green pheasant (national bird) Phasianus versicolor Phasianus versicolor in field.JPG [66]
Carp (national fish) Cyprinus carpio Koi at Japanese Garden - UH Manoa (5674161714-c).jpg [67]
 Kenya Lion Panthera leo Lion d'Afrique.jpg [39]
 Latvia White wagtail (national bird) Motacilla alba White-Wagtail.jpg [68][69]
Two-spotted ladybird (national insect) Adalia bipunctata Coccinellidae - Adalia bipunctata.JPG [69]
 Libya Lion Panthera leo Lion d'Afrique.jpg [39]
 Lithuania White stork Ciconia ciconia WhiteStorkGaulsh02.jpg [70]
 Luxembourg Lion Panthera leo Lion d'Afrique.jpg [39]
 Macedonia Lion (in Macedonian heraldry) Panthera leo Macedonian Lion - Goce Delcev Bridge.JPG [71]
 Madagascar Zebu (in Malagasy heraldry) Bos primigenius indicus Zébu.JPG [72]
Ring-tailed lemur (national animal) Lemur catta Lemur catta 001.jpg [73]
 Malaysia Malayan tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris jacksoni MalayanTiger.jpg [74]
 Malta Pharaoh Hound (national animal) Canis lupus familiaris Kelb tal fenek 529.jpg [1]
 Moldova Aurochs (national animal) Bos primigenius Aurochs reconstruction.jpg [75]
 Mauritius Dodo Raphus cucullatus Dodo.JPG [12][76][77]
 Mexico Golden eagle (national animal) Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle in flight - 5.jpg [78]
Xoloitzcuintli (national dog) Canis lupus familiaris Xoloitzcuintli - GCH Bayshore Georgio Armani 09 (16397731930).jpg [78]
Jaguar (national mammal) Panthera onca Standing jaguar.jpg [78]
Grasshopper (national arthropod ) Sphenarium purpurascens American Bird Grasshopper.jpg [78]
Vaquita (national marine mammal) Phocoena sinus Vaquita4 Olson NOAA.jpg [78]
 Morocco Lion Panthera leo Lion d'Afrique.jpg [1]
   Nepal Cow (national animal) Bos taurus indicus Brahman Baby.jpg [79]
Danphe (national bird) Lophophorus impejanus Lophophorus impejanus Zoo DU 2.jpg [80]
 Netherlands Lion (heraldic symbol) Panthera leo Royal coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg [81]
Black-tailed godwit (national bird) Limosa limosa Limosa limosa (Uitkerke).jpg [82]
 New Zealand Kiwi Apteryx sp. TeTuatahianui.jpg [83]
 North Korea Chollima Mythical Chollima statue 05.JPG [84][85][86]
 Norway Lion (royal national animal) Panthera leo Coat of arms of Norway.svg [87]
White-throated dipper (national bird) Cinclus cinclus Cinclus cinclus R(ThKraft).jpg [88]
Fjord horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus Fjording, mother and daughter.jpg [89]
 Oman Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx Arabian oryx (oryx leucoryx).jpg [90]
 Pakistan Markhor (National animal) Capra falconeri Markhor Schraubenziege Capra falconeri Zoo Augsburg-02.jpg [91]
Indus river dolphin (National aquatic mammal) Platanista indicus minor minor Platanista gangetica.jpg [91]
Chukar (National bird) Alectoris chukar Alectoris-chukar-001.jpg [91]
Indus crocodile (National reptile) Crocodylus palustris Persiancrocodile.jpg [91]
Shaheen falcon (Heritage bird) Falco peregrinus peregrinator جير شاهين.jpg [92]
Snow leopard (National predator) Panthera uncia Snow Leopard 1 (4693059450).jpg [91]
 Panama Harpy eagle Harpia harpyja Harpia harpyja 001 800.jpg [12]
 Papua New Guinea Dugong (national marine mammal) Dugong dugon Dugong Marsa Alam.jpg [93]
 Peru Vicuña (national animal) Vicugna vicugna Vicunacrop.jpg [94]
 Philippines Carabao (national animal) Bubalus bubalis Carabao.jpg [95]
Philippine eagle (national bird) Pithecophaga jefferyi Sir Arny(Philippine Eagle).jpg [96]
 Poland White-tailed eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Eagle Head detail.jpg [97][98]
White stork (national bird) Ciconia ciconia Ciconia ciconia - 01.jpg [99]
European bison (national animal) Bison bonasus HanBison femmelle et petit.JPG [100][101]
 Portugal Cock of Barcelos Mythical sans_cadre [102]
Iberian Wolf Canis lupus signatus Canis lupus signatus (Kerkrade Zoo) 20.jpg [102]
 Qatar Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx Arabian oryx (oryx leucoryx).jpg [103]
 Romania Lynx Lynx lynx Lynx lynx poing.jpg [104]
 Russia Eurasian brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos arctos European Brown Bear.jpg [105]
Double-headed eagle (Traditional Coat of Arms) Mythical Lesser Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svg [106]
 Rwanda Leopard Panthera pardus Leopard africa.jpg [107]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent amazon Amazona guildingii Amazona guildingii -Botanical Gardens -Kingstown -Saint Vincent-8a-4c.jpg [108]
 Serbia Wolf Canis lupus lupus Canis lupus lupus qtl1.jpg [109]
White eagle Mythical Coat of arms of Serbia small.svg [110]
Lynx Lynx lynx Lynx2.jpg [111]
 Sierra Leone Lion Panthera leo Lion d'Afrique.jpg [1]
 Singapore Lion Panthera leo Lion d'Afrique.jpg [39]
 Somalia Leopard Panthera pardus Leopard africa.jpg [112]
 South Africa Springbok (national animal) Antidorcas marsupialis Springbok.JPG [113]
Blue crane (national bird) Anthropoides paradiseus Anthropoides paradiseus -Etosha National Park, Namibia-8.jpg [113]
Galjoen (national fish) Dichistius capensis Dichistius capensis.JPG [113]
 South Korea Siberian tiger Panthera tigris altaica Siberian Tiger sf.jpg [114]
Korean magpie (national bird) Pica (pica) sericea Korean magpie in Daejeon (side profile).jpg [114]
 Spain Bull Bos taurus Sanchez Cobaleda.jpg [115]
 Sri Lanka Lion (national animal) Panthera leo Lion d'Afrique.jpg [39]
Sri Lankan junglefowl (national bird) Gallus lafayettii Thimindu 2009 09 04 Yala Sri Lanka Junglefowl 1.JPG [116]
 Sweden Eurasian Elk/Moose (national animal) Alces alces Moose-Gustav.jpg [1]
Eurasian blackbird (national bird) Turdus merula Common Blackbird.jpg [1][117]
 Tanzania Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis Giraffe Mikumi National Park.jpg [118][119][120]
 Thailand Elephant Elephas maximus Elephas maximus (Bandipur).jpg [121]
 Togo Lion Panthera leo Lion d'Afrique.jpg [1]
 United Arab Emirates Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx Arabian oryx (oryx leucoryx).jpg [122]
Peregrine falcon (national bird) Falco peregrinus Falco peregrinus -Nova Scotia, Canada -eating-8.jpg [122]
 United Kingdom Lion (United Kingdom, England, Scotland, Wales) Panthera leo Lion2010.jpg [123][124]
Bulldog (Britain as "British Bulldog") Canis lupus familiaris Ozbulldog.jpg [125]
Red kite (Wales) Milvus milvus Milvus milvus R(ThKraft).jpg [126]
Unicorn (Scotland) Mythical Oftheunicorn.jpg [62][127][128][129][130]
Y Ddraig Goch (Welsh Dragon Wales) Mythical Flag of Wales (1959–present).svg [126][131]
 United States Bald eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus leucocephalus Haliaeetus leucocephalus.jpeg [132][133]
American bison (national mammal) Bison bison American bison k5680-1.jpg [134][135]
 Zimbabwe Sable antelope (national animal) Hippotragus niger Sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) adult male.jpg [136]
African fish eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus vocifer African Fish Eagle AdF.jpg [136]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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