Azərbaycan marşı

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Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Himni
English: The National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg

National anthem of  Azerbaijan
Lyrics Ahmad Javad
Music Uzeyir Hajibeyov
Adopted 1920, 1993
Music sample

Azərbaycan Marşı (March of Azerbaijan) is the national anthem of Azerbaijan. The music was composed by Azeri composer Uzeyir Hajibeyov wiith lyrics by poet Ahmad Javad. The government officially adopted the anthem in 1920 with the passage of the decree, "On the State Hymn of the Republic of Azerbaijan."[1] In 1993, after the fall of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan's government officially restored the "Azərbaycan Marşı" as the national anthem.

The Government of Azerbaijan has also officially declared the national anthem to be "the sacred symbol of the Azerbaijan state, its independence and unity."[1]

Since 2006, a fragment of the lyrics from the national anthem is depicted on the obverse of the Azerbaijani 5 manat banknote.[2] In 2011, to mark the 20th anniversary of Azerbaijan's independence from Soviet rule, the government issued a stamp celebrating the anthem.

History[edit]

"March of Azerbaijan" composer Uzeyir Hajibeyov (left) and lyricist Ahmad Javad (right)

In 1919, during the formation of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the new government announced it was accepting submissions from the public for a national anthem, coat of arms and state seal. A prize of 15,000 rubles would be awarded to the citizen who submitted the winning anthem.[3]

Azerbaijani composer Uzeyir Hajibeyov wrote two marches. In 1919, this work received the first award announced by the government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.[4] The second march was the "March of Azerbaijan." According to Turkish musicologist Etem Üngör, "In those years, when Azerbaijan had not yet lost its independence, the march was chanted by military schools before lessons."[5]

In 1922, the "Azerbaijan March" was replaced by Soviet anthem The Internationale. In 1944, during World War II, the new Soviet national anthem replaced The Internationale and an additional Anthem of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic was installed.

In 1989, following several years of changes brought by perestroika, composer Aydin Azimov arranged a modern recording of the "Azerbaijan March" by a full symphony and chorus. That fall, the "Azerbaijan March" was broadcast on television and radios in Azerbaijan, 70 years after it was introduced.[3]

Post-Soviet restoration[edit]

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of 1992, the leaders of the independent Azerbaijani government proposed that the original anthem should be restored as the anthem of Azerbaijan. The Milli Mejlis (National Assembly) signed it into law in 1993.[6]

Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan

Milli Mejlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan decrees:

  • To approve the Regulations on the National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan:
  • To approve "Azerbaijan March" composed by Uzeyir Hajibeyov and lyrics by Ahmed Javad as the National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan


Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan: On the approval of the Regulations on the National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan

Milli Mejlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan decrees:

  1. To approve the Regulations on the National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan (attached).
  2. Regulations on the National Anthem of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic approved by the Decree of Azerbaijan SSR Supreme Soviet Presidium dated of 12 September 1984 (Information of the Azerbaijan SSR Supreme Soviet, 1984, No 17, article 152) shall be considered as invalid.
  3. This Law shall become effective from the day of its signing.
Milli Mejlis,[7] dated 2 March 1993

Lyrics[edit]

Azerbaijani lyrics Cyrllic Version English translation[8]
Azərbaycan! Azərbaycan!
Ey qəhrəman övladın şanlı Vətəni!
Səndən ötrü can verməyə cümlə hazırız!
Səndən ötrü qan tökməyə cümlə qadiriz!
Üçrəngli bayrağınla məsud yaşa!
Üçrəngli bayrağınla məsud yaşa!
Minlərlə can qurban oldu,
Sinən hərbə meydan oldu!
Hüququndan keçən əsgər,
Hərə bir qəhrəman oldu!
Sən olasan gülüstan,
Sənə hər an can qurban!
Sənə min bir məhəbbət
Sinəmdə tutmuş məkan!
Namusunu hifz etməyə,
Bayrağını yüksəltməyə
Namusunu hifz etməyə,
Cümlə gənclər müştaqdır!
Şanlı Vətən! Şanlı Vətən!
Azərbaycan! Azərbaycan!
Azərbaycan! Azərbaycan!
Азәрбајҹан!, Азәрбајҹан!
Еј гәһрәман өвладын шанлы Вәтәни!
Сәндән өтрү ҹан вермәјә ҹүмлә һазырыз!
Сәндән өтрү ган төкмәјә ҹүмлә гадириз!
Үчрәнҝли бајрағынла мәсуд јаша!
Үчрәнҝли бајрағынла мәсуд јаша!
Минләрлә ҹан гурбан олду,
Синән һәрбә мејдан олду!
Һүгугундан кечән әсҝәр,
Һәрә бир гәһрәман олду!
Сән оласан ҝүлүстан,
Сәнә һәр ан ҹан гурбан!
Сәнә мин бир мәһәббәт
Синәмдә тутмуш мәкан!
Намусуну һифз етмәјә,
Бајрағыны јүксәлтмәјә
Намусуну һифз етмәјә,
Ҹүмлә ҝәнҹләр мүштагдыр!
Шанлы Вәтән! Шанлы Вәтән!
Азәрбајҹан!, Азәрбајҹан!
Азәрбајҹан!, Азәрбајҹан!
Azerbaijan! Azerbaijan!
Oh you glorious Fatherland of the brave child!
We are all together ready to give our lives for you!
We are all together strong to sacrifice our blood for you!
Live blessed with your three-coloured flag!
Live blessed with your three-coloured flag!
Thousands of lives were sacrificed,
Your chest became an arena for battles!
Soldiers gave their life for you,
All of them became heroes!
You shall be a garden full of roses,
Every moment our life can be sacrificed for you!
For you a thousand and one caresses
Are constant in my chest!
Guard your honor,
To held up high your flag,
Guard your honor,
The whole youth is enthused!
Honorable Fatherland! Honorable Fatherland!
Azerbaijan! Azerbaijan!
Azerbaijan! Azerbaijan!
2011 Azerbaijani stamp featuring the lyrics of the national anthem

Note that, in accordance with Azerbaijani law, there are no official translations of the anthem.

Regulations[edit]

Regulations for the performance of the national anthem are set forth in the law signed by President Heydar Aliyev in 1996. While a performance of the anthem may include only music, only words, or a combination of both, the anthem must be performed using the official music and words prescribed by law. Once a performance has been recorded, it may be used for any purpose, such as in a radio or television broadcast.

Musical adaptations[edit]

Classical composers[edit]

In 2012, Philip Sheppard with the London Philharmonic Orchestra recorded the anthem for the 2012 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer Paralympics.[9]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The National Symbols of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Heydar Aliyev Foundation. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "National currency: 5 manat". Central Bank of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "History of creation of the National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan". azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  4. ^ Əliyev, Ilqar (2008). Azərbaycan Respublikasınn Dövlət Rəmzləri. (in Azerbaijani). Baku: Nurlan. 
  5. ^ Üzeyir bəy Hacıbəyov ensiklopediyası [The Encyclopedia of Uzeyir Hajibeyov] (in Azerbaijani). Baku. 1996. p. 21. 
  6. ^ Lim, Josh. "Azerbaijan anthem's history". www.nationalanthems.info. Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Regulations on the national anthem of the republic of Azerbaijan". Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  8. ^ Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan Republic
  9. ^ "London Philharmonic Orchestra & Philip Sheppard Azerbaijan: Azerbaijan Marsi". doremi.lv. Retrieved 14 August 2014.