Coat of arms of Greece

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Coat of arms of Greece
Coat of arms of Greece.svg
Versions
Coat of Arms of Greece (Monochromatic).svg
Monochromatic version, used by the Government, on Official Documents and on the Greek Passport
Coat of arms of Greece military variant.svg
Military version, used by the Greek military and security services and on the Presidential Standard
Details
Armiger Hellenic Republic
Adopted 1975
Escutcheon Azure, a Cross Argent
Other elements The escutcheon is wholly surrounded by two laurel leaves.

The coat of arms of Greece displays a white cross on a blue escutcheon, which is surrounded by two laurel branches.

The constitution does not specify a tincture for the branches, implying proper (i.e. green). The Greek government normally uses a design in which the laurel branches are monochrome blue. A version with golden laurel leaves is displayed by the military and on the presidential standard.

History[edit]

1832–1863: Wittelsbach dynasty[edit]

17-year old Prince Otto of Bavaria, son of King Ludwig I, was selected as king for the newly established Greek monarchy under the terms of the London Conference of 1832.

The coat of arms of the new king was provided for by Royal Decree of 26 January (1 February) 1833. Based on that of the Kingdom of Bavaria, its escutcheon was light blue and with the Greek cross; the escutcheon itself was supported by two crowned lions rampant and surmounted by the royal crown. The escutcheon of pretence was the coat of arms of Bavaria, as a symbol of the House of Wittelsbach.

This emblem was discarded upon the king's deposition and exile in 1862.

1924–1935: Second Hellenic Republic[edit]

When Greece became a republic in 1924, all external ornamentation was discarded.

1864-1924 and 1935–1973: Glücksburg dynasty[edit]

Following Otto's deposition in 1862, the 17-year old Prince William of Denmark was in 1863 chosen as Greece's new king.

The arms of the kingdom and the new king were provided for by Royal Decree of 9 November 1863. The new achievement for the coat of arms bore a strong resemblance to that of the Danish Royal Family. The escutcheon remained the same, but the dynastic arms of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg family became the new escutcheon of pretence. The shield remained surmounded by the royal crown. Two new male figures were introduced as new supporters, alluding to the legendary Heracles.[1] The Order of the Redeemer was also added. The motto of the dynasty, i.e. Ἰσχύς μου ἡ ἀγάπη τοῦ λαοῦ ("People's love, my strength"), was also introduced.

This achievement remains in use by the current pretender Greek Royal Family.

1975–present[edit]

In 1973, the then-ruling military junta abolished the monarchy, which was confirmed by a subsequent referendum. After the collapse of the military regime in 1974, the new government decided to hold another referendum regarding the form of government as acts of the Junta were then considered to be illegal. The 1974 referendum resulted in the republican form of government being maintained.

The current emblem is designated by Law 48/1975. This is a restoration of the traditional arms, yet with laurel leaves being the sole external ornamentation. The government uses a stylised design by the artist Kostas Grammatopoulos.

List[edit]

Coat of arms of the Kingdom Greece during the Wittelsbach dynasty
Coat of arms of Greece (Wittelsbach).svg
Date in use 1833–1862
Description The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Greece during the Wittelsbach dynasty.


Coat of arms of the Kingdom Greece during the Glücksburg dynasty
Royal Coat of Arms of Greece (1863-1936).svg
Date in use 1863–1924
Description The coat of arms under the Glücksburg dynasty, created in 1863, used in the kingdom until 1924, when King George II was exiled.


Coat of arms of the Kingdom Greece, as simplified
Royal Coat of Arms of Greece (blue cross).svg
Date in use 1863–1973
Description Also created in 1863, used as a simplified version of the main royal coat of arms. Features the light blue cross couped of Greece, without the arms of the Glücksburg dynasty.


Coat of arms of Second Hellenic Republic
Coat of arms of Greece (1924–1935).svg
Date in use 1924–1935
Description The coat of arms of the Second Hellenic Republic.


Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Greece
Royal Coat of Arms of Greece.svg
Date in use 1936–1973
Description Created in 1936, after the restoration of the monarchy, in use until 1967, when King Constantine II was exiled, and then nominally until 1973 when the kingdom was replaced by the Hellenic Republic.


Historical, non-heraldic emblems[edit]

The first Greek national emblem was provided for by the Constitution of Epidauros of 1 January 1822 and was established by decree on 15 March of the same year. It was the shape of a blue and white circular cockade.

Since it was first established the emblem has undergone many changes in shape and in design, mainly due to changes of regime. The original Greek national emblem depicted the goddess Athena and the owl. At the time of Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first Prime Minister of modern Greece, the phoenix, the symbol of rebirth, was added.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ From the latter, royalists in Greece were sometimes mockingly called "Ηρακλείς" ("the Heracleses").