National mapping agency

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The original draftsman's drawings for the area around St. Columb Major, Cornwall, made in 1810.

A national mapping agency is an organisation, usually publicly owned, that produces topographic maps and geographic information of a country. Some national mapping agencies also deal with cadastral matters.

History[edit]

Ordnance Survey[edit]

The first national mapping agency was the Ordnance Survey in the United Kingdom;[1][2] its roots go back to 1747, when the compilation of a map of the Scottish Highlands was proposed.[3][4] This survey at a scale of 1 inch to 1000 yards (1:36,000)[5] was the starting point of the Principal Triangulation of Great Britain (1783–1853), and led to the creation of the Ordnance Survey itself; work was begun in earnest in 1790, when the Board of Ordnance began a national military survey at one-inch-to-the-mile (1:63,360 scale).[6] During the next thirty years, roughly a third of England and Wales was mapped (see Principal Triangulation of Great Britain), as other military matters took precedence.[7]

List of national mapping agencies[edit]

Country or territory National mapping agency[8] Web site Online map viewer Notes
Afghanistan Afghan Geodesy & Cartography Head Office
اداره عمومی جیودیزی وکارتوگرافی
دجیودیزی او کارتوگرافی لوی اداره
agcho.gov.af
Albania Autoriteti Shtetëror i Informacionit Gjeohapësinor (ASIG)
State Authority for Geospatial Information
asig.gov.al ASIG Geoportal
Algeria المعهد الوطني للخرائط و الكشف عن بعد
Institut National de Cartographie et Télédétection
National Institute of Cartography and Teledetection
inct.mdn.dz
Argentina Instituto Geográfico Nacional ign.gob.ar
Armenia Կառավարությանն առընթեր անշարժ գույքի կադաստրի պետական կոմիտե cadastre.am
Australia Geoscience Australia ga.gov.au Interactive Maps
Austria Bundesamt für Eich- und Vermessungswesen (BEV) bev.gv.at Austrian Map online
Azerbaijan Əmlak Məsələləri Dövlət Komitəsi
State Committee on Property Issues
emdk.gov.az
Bahamas Bahamas National Geographic Information Systems (BNGIS) Centre bahamas.gov.bs
Bahrain الجهاز المركزي للمعلومات
Central Informatics Organization
cio.gov.bh
Bangladesh বাংলাদেশ জরিপ অধিদপ্তর
Survey of Bangladesh
sob.gov.bd
Barbados Lands and Surveys Department gov.bb
Belarus Государственный комитет по имуществу Республики Беларусь gki.gov.by
Belgium Nationaal Geografisch Instituut (NGI)
Institut Géographique National (IGN)
ngi.be
ign.be
Topomap Viewer
Belize Lands and Surveys Department mnra.gov.bz
Bolivia Instituto Geográfico Militar igmbolivia.gob.bo Geoportal
Brazil Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) ibge.gov.br
Botswana Department of Surveys and Mapping mlh.gov.bw[citation needed]
Bulgaria Агенция по геодезия, картография и кадастър (АГКК)
Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Agency
cadastre.bg
Cambodia General Department of Cadastre and Geography
Canada Natural Resources Canada - Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation[9] nrcan.gc.ca Toporama
Chile Instituto Geográfico Militar igm.cl
China 国家测绘地理信息局
National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation
nasg.gov.cn[citation needed]
Colombia Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi (IGAC) igac.gov.co[citation needed] Geoportal
Costa Rica Instituto Geográfico Nacional registronacional.go.cr
Croatia Državna geodetska uprava (DGU) dgu.hr Geoportal DGU
Cuba Instituto de Geografía Tropical geotech.cu[citation needed]
Cyprus Tmima Ktimatologiou Kai Chorometrias
Department of Lands and Surveys
moi.gov.cy
Czech Republic Český úřad zeměměřický a katastrální (ČÚZK)
Czech Office for Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre
cuzk.cz Geoprohlížeč
Denmark Geodatastyrelsen
Danish Geodata Agency
gst.dk including Faroe Islands and Greenland
Dominican Republic Instituto Cartográfico Militar (ICM) icm.mil.do
Ecuador Instituto Geográfico Militar (IGM) igm.gob.ec Geoportal IGM
Egypt Egyptian general Survey Authority (ESA) esa.gov.eg[citation needed]
El Salvador Instituto Geográfico y del Catastro Nacional (IGCN) cnr.gob.sv Visualizador Geográfico
Estonia Maa-amet
Estonian Land Board
maaamet.ee
Ethiopia የኢትዮጵያ ካርታ ሥራ ኤጀንሲ
Ethiopian Mapping Agency
ema.gov.et
Fiji Mapping and Land Information[citation needed] lands.gov.fj
Finland Maanmittauslaitos (MML)
Lantmäteriverket (LMV)
National Land Survey of Finland (NLS)
maanmittauslaitos.fi MapSite
France Institut national de l’information géographique et forestière (IGN)
National Institute of Geographic and Forest Information (IGN)
ign.fr Géoportail
tablet version
mobile version
Germany Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie (BKG)
Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy
bkg.bund.de Geoportal.de excluding 1:5000 - 1:100 000
Ghana Lands Commission[citation needed] ghanalap.gov.gh
Great Britain Ordnance Survey (OS) ordnancesurvey.co.uk OS Maps online excluding Northern Ireland
Greece Γεωγραφική Υπηρεσία Στρατού (ΓΥΣ)
Hellenic Military Geographical Service (HMGS)
gys.gr
Guatemala Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN) ign.gob.gt
Guyana Guyana Lands and Survey Commission lands.gov.gy
Hong Kong 地政总署测绘处
Survey and Mapping Office (SMO)
landsd.gov.hk GeoInfo Map
Honduras Dirección General de Catastro y Geografía (DGCG) dgcg.ip.gob.hn[citation needed] Visor de Mapas[citation needed]
Hungary Földmérési és Távérzékelési Intézet (fömi)
Institute of Geodesy, Cartography and Remote Sensing
Institut für Geodäsie, Kartographie und Fernerkundung
Institut de Géodésie, Cartographie et Télédétection
fomi.hu
Iceland Landmælingar Íslands (LMÍ)
National Landsurvey of Iceland (NLIS)
lmi.is Map viewer
India भारतीय सर्वेक्षण विभाग
Survey of India
surveyofindia.gov.in
Indonesia Badan Informasi Geospasial big.go.id Ina-Geoportal
Iran سازمان نقشه برداری کشور
National Cartographic Center
ncc.org.ir
Ireland Ordnance Survey Ireland (OSi ) osi.ie GeoHive
Israel המרכז למיפוי ישראל
Survey Of Israel
mapi.gov.il govMap
Italy Istituto Geografico Militare igmi.org
Jamaica National Spatial Data Management Division (NSDMD) mwh.gov.jm
Japan 国土地理院
Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI)
gsi.go.jp
Jordan للمركـز الجغـرافي الملكـي الأردني
Royal Jordanian Geographic Centre (RJGC)
rjgc.gov.jo
Kenya Survey of Kenya
Latvia Latvijas Geotelpiskas Informacijas Agentura (LGIA)
Latvian Geospatial Information Agency (LGIA)
lgia.gov.lv
Lebanon مديرية الشؤون الجفرافية
Direction des affaires géographiques
Directorate of Geographic Affairs
lebarmy.gov.lb
Lithuania Nacionalinės žemės tarnybos (NŽT)
National Land Service
nzt.lt
Luxembourg Administration du Cadastre et de la Topographie etat.lu
Macedonia Агенција за катастар на недвижности (AKH)
Agjencia e kadastrës së pasurisë së patundshme (AKPP)
Agency for Real Estate Cadastre (AREC)
katastar.gov.mk
Madagascar Institut Géographique et Hydrographique National ftm.mg
Malaysia Rasmi Jabatan Ukur dan Pemetaan Malaysia (JUPEM)
Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia
jupem.gov.my
Mali Institut Géographique du Mali (IGM) igm-mali.ml[citation needed]
Malta Planning Authority pa.org.mt
Mexico Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI) inegi.org.mx Mapa digital de México
Morocco
Agence Nationale de la Conservation Foncière du Cadastre et de la Cartographie (ANCFCC)
ancfcc.gov.ma
Mozambique Centro Nacional de Cartografia e Teledetecção (CENACARTA)
Nepal नापी विभाग
Survey Department
dos.gov.np
Netherlands Kadaster kadaster.nl PDOK excluding Caribbean Netherlands
New Zealand Land Information New Zealand (LINZ) linz.govt.nz
Nicaragua Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (INETER) ineter.gob.ni
Nigeria Office of the Surveyor-General of the Federation (OSGOF) osgof.gov.ng
Northern Ireland Land and Property Services (LPS) lpsni.gov.uk formerly Ordnance Survey Northern Ireland
Norway Statens Kartverk
Norwegian Mapping Authority
kartverket.no Norgeskart
Oman The National Survey Authority (Oman) nsaom.org.om[citation needed]
Pakistan Survey of Pakistan surveyofpakistan.gov.pk
Panama Instituto Geográfico Nacional "Tommy Guardia" ignpanama.anati.gob.pa
Paraguay Dirección del Servicio Geográfico Militar (DISERGEMIL)
Peru Instituto Geográfico Nacional ign.gob.pe
Philippines National Mapping and Resource Information Authority namria.gov.ph Philippine geoportal
Poland Główny Urząd Geodezji i Kartografii
Head Office of Geodesy and Cartography (GUGIK)
gugik.edu.pl Geoportal
Portugal Instituto Geográfico Português igeo.pt
Puerto Rico Sistemas de Información Geográfica (GIS) pr.gov
Qatar Qatari Center for Geographic Information Systems (QCGIS) gisqatar.org.qa
Republic of Korea National Geographic Information Institute ngii.go.kr
Romania Agentia Nationala de Cadastru si Publicitate Imobiliara ancpi.ro
Russia Federal State Service for Registration, Inventory and Mapping (Rosreestr) rosreestr.ru Rosreestr Interactive Map
Saudi Arabia General Commission for Survey (Saudi Arabia) gcs.gov.sa
Senegal Direction des Travaux Géographiques et Cartographiques au-senegal.com
Serbia Republički geodetski zavod (RGZ)
Republic Geodetic Authority
rgz.gov.rs Geoportal geoSrbija
Singapore Singapore Land Authority sla.gov.sg
Slovakia Úrad geodézie, kartografie a katastra skgeodesy.sk Mapový Klient ZBGIS
Slovenia Surveying and Mapping Authority of the Republic of Slovenia gu.gov.si Map viewer
South Africa Chief Directorate: National Geo-spatial Information ngi.gov.za
Spain Instituto Geográfico Nacional ign.es Iberpix
Sri Lanka Department of Survey survey.gov.lk
Sweden Lantmäteriet lantmateriet.se Kartsök och ortnamn
Switzerland Swisstopo swisstopo.admin.ch Maps of Switzerland
Taiwan 中華民國內政部國土測繪中心
National Land Surveying and Mapping Center (NLSC)
nlsc.gov.tw
Thailand Royal Thai Survey Department rtsd.mi.th
Trinidad and Tobago Survey and Mapping Division agriculture.gov.tt
Tunisia Office de la Topographie et du Cadastre (OTC)
Turkey General Command of Mapping hgk.msb.gov.tr
United States United States Geological Survey usgs.gov National Map
Ukraine Derzhavna sluzhba Ukrayiny z pytan' heodeziyi, kartohrafiyi ta kadastru (Derzhheokadastr) land.gov.ua Public cadastral map of Ukraine
Uruguay Servicio Geografico Militar sgm.gub.uy
Venezuela Instituto Geográfico de Venezuela Simón Bolívar (IGVSB) igvsb.gob.ve
Vietnam Cục Đo đạc và Bản đồ Việt Nam
Department of Survey and Mapping
dosm.gov.vn
Yemen Survey Authority survey-authority.gov.ye

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ordnance Survey forms OS International to offer national mapping assistance internationally". 
  2. ^ Nina Morgan. "Ordnance Survey maps that changed the world" (PDF). 
  3. ^ By Lieutenant-Colonel David Watson to facilitate the subjugation of the clans following the Jacobite rising of 1745
  4. ^ Porter, Whitworth (1889). "History of the Corps of Royal Engineers". I. London: Longmans, Green, and Co: 167–68. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  5. ^ Hindle, Paul (1998). Maps for Historians. Phillimore & Co. pp. 114–115. ISBN 0-85033-934-0. 
  6. ^ Hindle, Paul (1998). Maps for Historians. Phillimore & Co. p. 117. ISBN 0-85033-934-0. 
  7. ^ Seymour, W.A., ed. (1980). A History of the Ordnance Survey. Folkestone: Wm Dawson & Sons. p. 71 
  8. ^ Names in the languages listed on the agency's website
  9. ^ "Natural Resources Canada"

External links[edit]