National day of mourning

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Finnish flag at half-staff due to the 2011 Norway attacks on 22 July 2011.

A national day of mourning is a day or days marked by mourning and memorial activities observed among the majority of a country's populace. They are designated by the national government. Such days include those marking the death or funeral of a renowned individual or individuals from that country or elsewhere or the anniversary of such a death or deaths, the anniversaries of a significant natural or man-made disaster occurring either in the country or another country, wartime commemorations, or in memory of the victims of a terrorist attack. Flying a national or military flag of that country at half-staff is a common symbol.

Selected list of figures recognized[edit]

State officials[edit]

Religious figures[edit]

Sporting figures[edit]

Cultural figures[edit]

Tragedies[edit]

The 44 police officers who perished during the Mamasapano clash

1800-1899[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 United States 1865 1 Assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln A National Day of Mourning was held on June 1.[50][51]
 Netherlands 1890 1 Death of King William III [52]

1920s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 Soviet Union 1924 1 Death of Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin [7][53][54]
 Second Polish Republic 1924 At least 1 Death of former U.S. President Woodrow Wilson Wilson called for an independent Polish state in his 1918 Fourteen Points statement.[55]

1930s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 Netherlands 1934 1 Death of former Queen consort Emma [56]
 Second Polish Republic 1934 1 Assassination of Interior Minister Bronisław Pieracki Public shows, concerts, and games were suspended.[57]
 Netherlands 1934 1 Death of Duke Henry, prince consort [58]
 Second Polish Republic 1935 3 Death of Polish statesman Józef Piłsudski [59]
 Second Polish Republic 1938 At least 1 Death of Armenian Catholic Archbishop of Lviv Józef Teodorowicz [55]
  Holy See 1939 9 Death of Pope Pius XI [60]
 Kingdom of Italy 1 [61]

1940s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 Polish government-in-exile 1943 26 Death of Polish Prime Minister-in-Exile Władysław Sikorski It was the longest period of mourning in Poland's history.[62][55]
 Polish government-in-exile 1944 15 Collapse of the Warsaw Uprising [63][55]
 United States 1945 1 Death of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt [2]
 India 1948 13 Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi [64]

1950s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 United Kingdom 1952 9 Death of King George VI
 Argentina 1952 30 Death of First Ladies Argentina Eva Perón [65][66]
 Netherlands 1953 1 Victims of the North Sea flood of 1953 (watersnoodramp) [67]
 Soviet Union 1953 4 Death of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin [68]
 Poland 1 Entertainment venues were closed.[69][55]
 Poland 1956 4 Death of former President Bolesław Bierut [70][55]
 Belgium 1956 1 Victims of the Marcinelle mining disaster [71][72]
  Holy See 1958 9 Death of Pope Pius XII [73]
 Italy 3 Schools and places of entertainment were closed.[73]
 Spain 10 [74]
 Cuba 3 [74]

1960s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 Netherlands 1962 1 Death of former Queen Wilhelmina [75]
  Holy See 1963 9 Death of Pope John XXIII [76]
 Cuba 1963 3 Victims of Hurricane Flora [77]
 United States 1963 1 Assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy [78]
 Netherlands [79]
 Bulgaria 1964 3 Death of head of state and chairman of the presidium of the national assembly of Bulgaria Dimitar Ganev [80]
 India 1964 12 Death of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru [81]
 Poland 1964 4 Death of Polish head of state Aleksander Zawadzki [82][55]
 United Kingdom 1965 3 Death of former Prime Minister Winston Churchill As of 2020, this was the last time official mourning was declared in the UK.[83]
 Belgium 1967 1 Victims of the L'Innovation Department Store fire [71][72]
 Cuba 1967 3 Death of Che Guevara [84]
 Soviet Union 1968 1 Death of Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin This was the 1st time in Soviet history that a day of mourning was declared for someone who was not a head of state.[6][7]
 United States 1968 1 Assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. [85]
 United States 1968 1 Assassination of U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy [86]
 United States 1969 1 Death of former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower [87]

1970s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 Egypt 1970 40 Death of President Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser [88]
 United States 1972 1 Death of former U.S. President Harry S. Truman [89]
 United States 1973 1 Death of former U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson [90]
 France 1974 1 Death of President of France Georges Pompidou [91]
 Argentina 1974 3 Death of President Argentina Juan Perón
  Holy See 1978 9 Death of Pope Paul VI [92]
  Holy See 1978 9 Death of Pope John Paul I [93]

1980s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 Poland 1981 4 Death of Primate of Poland Stefan Wyszyński [55]
 Egypt 1981 40 Assassination of President Anwar Sadat [94]
 Soviet Union 1982 4 Death of Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev [95]
 United States 1983 1 Victims of the shootdown of Korean Air Lines Flight 007 over the Sea of Japan [96]
 Soviet Union 1984 4 Death of Soviet leader Yuri Andropov [97][98][7]
 Guinea 1984 40 Death of President Ahmed Sékou Touré [99]
 India 1984 13 Assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi [100]
 Bulgaria 1 [101]
 Soviet Union 1985 3 Death of Soviet leader Konstantin Chernenko [7][102]
 East Germany 1 [103]
 United States 1987 1 Victims of the USS Stark incident [104][105]
 Soviet Union 1988 1 Victims of the 1988 Armenian earthquake This was the 1st time in Soviet history that a day of mourning was declared for a disaster.[7]
 Soviet Union 1989 1 Victims of the Ufa train disaster [106][7]

1990s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 Belgium 1993 9 Death of King Baudouin of Belgium [71][72]
 Zaire 1 [107]
 Russia 1993 1 Victims of the 1993 Russian coup attempt [108]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1994 1 Victims of the Markale massacres [109]
 Belgium 1994 1 The killing of 10 Belgian soldiers during the Rwandan Civil War [71][72]
 United States 1994 1 Death of former U.S. President Richard Nixon [110]
 Brazil 1994 3 Death of Formula One driver Ayrton Senna [111]
 North Korea 1994 10 Death of North Korean President Kim Il-sung Official mourning period.[112]
1994-97 1,097 Total mourning period.[113]
 United States 1995 1 Victims of the Oklahoma City bombing [114]
 Russia 1995 1 Victims of the 1995 Neftegorsk earthquake [115]
 Russia 1995 1 Victims of the Budyonnovsk hospital hostage crisis [116]
 Russia 1996 1 Victims of the "terrorist attack against government agencies and residents" during the Battle of Grozny [117]
 Russia 1996 1 Victims of the 1996 Rostov Oblast bus-train crash (ru) [118]
 Russia 1996 1 Victims of the Kaspiysk apartment building bombing (ru) [119]
 Poland 1997 1 Victims of the 1997 Central European flood Also known as the Millennium Flood in Poland.[55]
 United Kingdom 1997 1 Death of Diana, Princess of Wales While not an official day of mourning, the Saturday of Diana's funeral brought the UK close to a standstill. Shops and banks were closed, sports events were postponed, and theatre and cinema showings were canceled.[83]
 Russia 1997 1 Victims of a mine accident in Kemerovo Oblast [120]
 Russia 1999 1 Victims of the Samara police department fire (ru) [121]
 Russia 1999 1 Victims of the 1999 Vladikavkaz bombing and a fire at a psychiatric hospital [122][123]
 Russia 1999 1 Victims of the Russian apartment bombings [124]

2000s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 Russia 2000 1 Victims of the Kursk submarine disaster [125]
 Russia 2001 1 Victims of the crash of Vladivostok Air Flight 352 [126]
 United States 2001 1 Victims of the September 11 attacks President George W. Bush proclaimed September 14, 2001, a "National Day of Prayer and Remembrance."[127]
 Canada [128][129]
 European Union EU leaders declared 14 September a European Day of Mourning across all member states. Citizens were asked to observe 3 minutes of silence at midday CET.[130][131]
 Ireland Schools and businesses were closed across the country and all sports, public functions and entertainment were canceled.[132][133]
 Romania [134][135]
 Latvia [136]
 Czech Republic [137]
 Cyprus [138]
 Greece [139]
 Israel [140]
 Poland 3 Several Polish citizens were among those killed.[55]
 Russia 2002 1 Victims of the 2002 Khankala Mi-26 crash [141]
 Russia 2002 1 Victims of the Moscow theater hostage crisis [142]
 Poland 2004 2 Victims of the 2004 Madrid train bombings 4 Polish citizens were among those killed.[55]
 Romania 1 [135][143]
 United States 2004 1 Death of former U.S. President Ronald Reagan [144]
 Belgium 2004 1 Victims of an explosion at an industrial park in Ath [145]
 Paraguay 2004 3 Victims of the Ycuá Bolaños supermarket fire [146]
 Russia 2004 1 Victims of the 2004 Russian aircraft bombings [147]
 Russia 2004 2 Victims of the Beslan school siege [148]
 Palestine 2004 40 Death of PNA President Yasser Arafat [149]
 Poland 2005 1 Victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami [55]
  Holy See 2005 9 Death of Pope John Paul II [150]
 Poland 6 Schools and places of entertainment were closed.[151][152][55]
 Romania 1 [135][153]
 Czech Republic [154]
 Poland 2005 1 Victims of the 7 July 2005 London bombings 3 Polish citizens were among those killed.[55]
 Poland 2006 4 Victims of the Katowice Trade Hall roof collapse [55]
 Estonia 2006 1 Death of former first President Lennart Meri [155]
 Russia 2006 1 Victims of the crash of Armavia Flight 967 [156]
 Russia 2006 1 Victims of the crash of S7 Airlines Flight 778 [157]
 Russia 2006 1 Victims of the crash of Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612 [158][159]
 Ukraine [158]
 Poland 2006 3 Victims of the 2006 Halemba Coal Mine disaster [55]
 United States 2006 1 Death of former U.S. President Gerald Ford [160]
 Libya 2006-7 3 Execution of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein Public celebrations around the Eid holiday were canceled.[161][162]
 Russia 2007 1 Victims of the Ulyanovskaya Mine disaster, the crash of UTair Flight 471 and a fire at a retirement home [163]
 Russia 2007 1 Death of former President Boris Yeltsin [164]
 Poland 2007 3 Victims of a bus accident in France 26 Polish pilgrims were killed.[55]
 Romania 2007 1 Death of Patriarch Teoctist [135][165]
 Croatia 2007 1 Firefighters killed in the 2007 Croatian coast fires [166]</ref>
 Finland 2007 1 Victims of the Jokela school shooting [167]
 Pakistan 2007 3 Assassination of former Prime Minister Pakistan Benazir Bhutto [168]
 Poland 2008 3 Victims of the 2008 Polish Air Force C-295 Mirosławiec crash [55]
 China 2008 3 Victims of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake [169]
 Russia 2008 1 Victims of the "humanitarian disaster" in South Ossetia and Russian casualties during the Russo-Georgian War [170]
 Finland 2008 1 Victims of the Kauhajoki school shooting [171]
 Guinea 2008/9 40 Death of President Guinea Lansana Conté [172]
 Australia 2009 1 Victims of the Black Saturday bushfires [173][174][175]
 Guinea-Bissau 2009 7 Death of President Guinea-Bissau João Bernardo Vieira [176][177]
 Poland 2009 3 Victims of the Kamień Pomorski homeless hostel fire [55]
 Croatia 2009 1 Victims of a train crash near Split, Croatia [178][179]
 Cuba 2009 1 Death of Vice President Cuban Juan Almeida Bosque [180]
 Poland 2009 2 Victims of the 2009 Wujek-Śląsk mine blast [55]
 Russia 2009 1 Victims of the Lame Horse nightclub fire [181]

2010s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 Australia 2010 1 Remembrance of the Black Saturday bushfires This was the second day of national mourning for this event.[182][183]
 Poland 2010 7 Victims of the Smolensk air disaster in Russia Polish President Lech Kaczyński and other senior officials were killed.[184]
 Romania 1 [135][185]
 Croatia [186]
 Russia [187]
 Lithuania 2010 3 Death of former President and Prime Minister Algirdas Brazauskas [188]
 China 2010 1 Victims of the 2010 Gansu mudslide Flags were flown at half staff, all public forms of entertainment were suspended, and the country's main websites removed all color from their front pages.[189]
 Cambodia 2010 1 Victims of the Phnom Penh stampede [190]
 Tunisia 2011 3 Those killed in the Tunisian Revolution [191]
 Peru 2011 1 Victims of 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami [192]
 Russia 2011 1 Victims of the sinking of the Bulgaria cruise ship [193][194]
 Morocco 2011 1 Victims of the 2011 Royal Moroccan Air Force C-130 crash [195]
 North Korea 2011 13 Death of Supreme Leader Kim Jong-il Official mourning period.[196]
2011-14 1,097 Total mourning period.[197]
 Czech Republic 2011 3 Death of Václav Havel, former president of the Czech Republic and Czechoslovakia Concerts, exhibitions and theatrical performances were mostly canceled while casinos and gambling bars were closed. Businesses and citizens were asked to reconsider celebratory events.[198]
 Slovakia 1 [199]
 Guinea-Bissau 2012 7 Death of President Malam Bacai Sanhá [200]
 Poland 2012 2 Victims of the Szczekociny rail crash [55]
 Belgium 2012 1 Victims of the Sierre coach crash in Switzerland Most of the victims were from Belgium.[201]
 Malawi 2012 10 Death of President Bingu wa Mutharika [202]
 Nigeria 2012 1 Victims of the crash of Dana Air Flight 992 [203][204]
 Russia 2012 1 Victims of the 2012 Krasnodar Krai floods and a Russian bus accident in Ukraine [205][206]
 Croatia 2012 1 Death of Parliament Speaker Boris Šprem [207]
 Cambodia 2012 7 Death of former King Norodom Sihanouk [208]
 Cambodia 2013 7 Cremation of former King Norodom Sihanouk [208]
 Venezuela 2013 7 Death of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez [209]
 Bolivia [210]
 Nicaragua [211][212]
 Argentina 3 [213]
 Belarus [213]
 Haiti [213]
 Peru [214]
 Chile [215]
 Brazil [216]
 Ecuador [217]
 Uruguay [218]
 Dominican Republic [219]
 Cuba 2 [213]
 Iran 1 [213][220]
 Dominica [221]
 Romania 2013 1 Victims of the 2013 Podgorica bus crash in Montenegro All of the victims were Romanian citizens.[135][222]
 Montenegro [223]
 Poland 2013 1 Death of former Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki [224]
 Algeria 2014 3 Victims of the 2014 Algerian Air Force C-130 crash [225]
 Ukraine 2014 1 Victims of the 2014 Ukrainian Air Force Il-76 shootdown [226]
 Bulgaria 2014 1 Victims of the 2014 Bulgarian floods [227]
 Netherlands 2014 1 Victims of the shootdown of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 in Ukraine 193 Dutch citizens were among those killed. First national day of mourning in the Netherlands since the assassination of John F. Kennedy in 1963.[228]
 Malaysia 43 Malaysian citizens were among those killed.[229]
 Australia 38 Australian citizens were among those killed.[230]
 Palestine 2014 3 Palestinian victims of the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict [231]
 Turkey [232]
 Northern Cyprus [233]
 Pakistan 1 [234]
 Algeria 2014 3 Victims of the crash of Air Algérie Flight 5017 in Mali [235]
 France [236]
 Burkina Faso 2 [237]
 Belgium 2014 7 Death of former Queen Fabiola [238][239]
 Pakistan 2014 3 Victims of the 2014 Peshawar school massacre [240]
 France 2015 1 Victims of the Charlie Hebdo shooting [241]
 Ukraine 2015 1 Victims of the Volnovakha bus attack [242]
 Philippines 2015 1 Police officers killed in the Mamasapano clash [243]
 Bulgaria 2015 1 Death of former President Zhelyu Zhelev [244]
 Pakistan 2015 1 Victims of the 2015 Pakistan Army Mil Mi-17 crash [245]
 Pakistan 2015 1 Victims of the 2015 Karachi bus shooting [246]
 Turkey 2015 3 Death of former President and Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel [247]
 Iran 2015 3 Victims of the 2015 Mina stampede in Saudi Arabia At least 464 Iranians were among those killed.[248]
 Benin 2015 7 Death of former President Mathieu Kérékou [249]
 Romania 2015 3 Victims of the Colectiv nightclub fire [250]
 Russia 2015 1 Victims of the bombing of Metrojet Flight 9268 [251][252][253]
 France 2015 3 Victims of the November 2015 Paris attacks [254]
 Hungary 1 [255]
 Croatia [256]
 European Union European Day of Mourning and a minute of silence.[257]
 Belgium 2016 3 Victims of the 2016 Brussels bombings [258]
 Romania 1 [135][259]
 Croatia [260]
 Chile 2016 3 Death of former President Patricio Aylwin [261]
 Turkey 2016 1 Victims of the 2016 Atatürk Airport attack [262]
 France 2016 3 Victims of the 2016 Nice truck attack [263]
 Romania 2016 1 Death of former Queen-consort Anne of Romania [264][265]
 Moldova [266]
 DR Congo 2016 3 Victims of the Beni massacre [267]
 Italy 2016 1 Victims of the August 2016 Central Italy earthquake [268]
 Romania 11 Romanians were among those killed.[269]
 Haiti 2016 3 Victims of Hurricane Matthew [270]
 Slovakia 2016 1 Death of former first President Michal Kováč [271]
 Costa Rica 2016 3 Victims of Hurricane Otto [272]
 Brazil 2016 3 Victims of the crash of LaMia Flight 2933 [273]
 Russia 2016 1 Victims of the 2016 Russian Defence Ministry Tupolev Tu-154 crash [274]
 Belarus [275]
 Donetsk People's Republic [276]
 Portugal 2017 3 Death of former President and Prime Minister Mário Soares [277]
 Iran 2017 3 Death of former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani [278]
 Kyrgyzstan 2017 1 Victims of the crash of Turkish Airlines Flight 6491 [279]
 Iran 2017 1 Firefighters killed in the collapse of the Plasco Building [280]
 Hungary 2017 1 Victims of the 2017 Verona bus crash [281]
 Brazil 2017 3 Death of former First Lady Marisa Letícia Lula da Silva [282]
 Afghanistan 2017 1 Victims of the 2017 Camp Shaheen attack [283]
 Finland 2017 1 Death of former President and Prime Minister Mauno Koivisto [284]
 Portugal 2017 3 Victims of the June 2017 Portugal wildfires [285]
 Sierra Leone 2017 7 Victims of the 2017 Sierra Leone mudslides [286]
 Spain 2017 3 Victims of the 2017 Barcelona attacks [287]
 Portugal 2017 1 Victims of a fallen tree which killed 13 people in Madeira [288][289]
 Mexico 2017 3 Victims of the 2017 Chiapas earthquake [290]
 Mexico 2017 3 Victims of the 2017 Puebla earthquake [291]
 Iraq 2017 3 Death of former President Jalal Talabani The Kurdistan Regional Government declared 7 days of mourning.[292][293]
 Costa Rica 2017 3 Victims of Hurricane Nate [294][295]
 Somalia 2017 3 Victims of the 14 October 2017 Mogadishu bombings [296]
 Portugal 2017 3 Victims of the October 2017 Iberian wildfires [297]
 Malta 2017 1 Murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia [298]
 Iran 2017 1 Victims of the 2017 Iran–Iraq earthquake [299]
 Romania 2017 3 Death of King Michael I [300][135]
 Russia 2018 1 Victims of the 2018 Kemerovo fire [301]
 Algeria 2018 3 Victims of the 2018 Algerian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 crash [302]
 SADR 7 [303]
 Greece 2018 3 Victims of the 2018 Greece wildfires [304]
 India 2018 1 Death of M. Karunanidhi, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu [305]
 India 2018 7 Death of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee [306]
 Tanzania 2018 4 Victims of the Sinking of MV Nyerere [307]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2018 3 Victims of the Mbuba road tanker explosion [308]
 United States 2018 1 Death of former U.S. President George H. W. Bush Federal agencies and departments were closed.[309]
 Ethiopia 2018 1 Death of former President Girma Wolde-Giorgis [310]
 Poland 2018 1 Victims of a mine accident in the Czech Republic 12 Polish citizens were among those killed.[311]
 Poland 2019 2 Assassination of Gdańsk Mayor Paweł Adamowicz [312]
 Zambia 2019 3 Death of former Vice President Lupando Mwape [313]
 Poland 2019 2 Death of former Prime Minister Jan Olszewski [314]
 North Macedonia 2019 2 Victims of a bus crash near Gostivar [315]
 Ethiopia 2019 1 Victims of the crash of Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 [316]
 Zimbabwe 2019 2 Victims of Cyclone Idai [317]
 Mozambique 3 [318]
 Peru 2019 3 Death of former President Alan Garcia [319]
 Portugal 2019 3 Victims of the 2019 Madeira bus crash [320]
 Sri Lanka 2019 1 Victims of the 2019 Sri Lanka Easter bombings [321]
 Ethiopia 2019 1 Death of former President Negasso Gidada [322]
 Jamaica 2019 4 Death of former Prime Minister Edward Seaga [323]
 Cyprus 2019 3 Death of former President Demetris Christofias [324]
 Tunisia 2019 7 Death of President Beji Caid Essebsi [325]
 Tanzania 2019 3 Victims of the Morogoro tanker explosion [326]
 Gambia 2019 3 Death of former President Dawda Jawara [327]
 Zimbabwe 2019 8 Death of former President Robert Mugabe [328][329]
 Indonesia 2019 3 Death of former President B. J. Habibie [330]
 France 2019 1 Death of former French President Jacques Chirac [331]
 Lebanon [332]
 Burkina Faso 2019 2 Victims of the Arbinda attack [333]
 Albania 2019 1 Victims of the 2019 Albania earthquake [334]
 Kosovo Kosovo has an ethnic Albanian majority population.[334]
 Kazakhstan 2019 1 Victims of Bek Air Flight 2100 [335]
 Iraq 2019/20 3 Those killed in the U.S. airstrikes against Kata'ib Hezbollah Mourning period began on New Year's Eve.[336]

2020s[edit]

Country Year Days of mourning Reason Notes
 Iran 2020 3 Death of Qasem Soleimani, commander of Iran's Quds Force, in a U.S. airstrike in Baghdad, Iraq [337]
 Iraq [338]
 Iran 2020 1 Victims of the stampede at Qasem Soleimani's funeral and the crash of Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 [339]
 Ukraine 2020 1 Victims of the crash of Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 [340]
 Oman 2020 3 Death of Oman's Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said [341]
 Kuwait [342]
 Qatar [343]
 UAE [344]
 Bahrain [345]
 Egypt [346]
 Niger 2020 3 Soldiers killed in the Battle of Chinagodrar [347]

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  44. ^ "Brazil mourns Santa Maria nightclub fire victims". BBC News. January 28, 2013. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
  45. ^ "Peña Nieto decreed three days of national mourning. (Spanish)". February 1, 2013.
  46. ^ "National mourning declared in Turkey". News.Az. May 14, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  47. ^ "Pakistan to observe day of mourning solidarity with Turkey". Prime Ministry of Pakistan. May 14, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  48. ^ "Serbia declares national mourning, flood toll rises". Reuters. May 20, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  49. ^ "Day of Mourning Today in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serb Republic". independent.mk. May 20, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  50. ^ THE OBSEQUIES; President Lincoln's Murder Planned in Canada. One of the Seward Assassins a St. Albans Robber. OFFICIAL DAY OF MOURNING APPOINTED
  51. ^ National Day of Mourning, June 1st, 1865. Abraham Lincoln
  52. ^ DAG VAN NATIONALE ROUW IN DE NEDERLANDSE GESCHIEDENIS
  53. ^ Funeral Committee Named
  54. ^ Lenin Dies Of Cerebral Hemorrhage; Moscow Throngs Overcome With Grief; Trotsky Departs Ill, Radek In Disfavor
  55. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Żałoby narodowe w Polsce (1924-2012)".
  56. ^ Koningin Emma ten grave gedragen
  57. ^ M.P. 1934 nr 137 poz. 184
  58. ^ De plechtige uitvaart van Prins Hendrik
  59. ^ M.P. 1935 nr 114 poz. 144
  60. ^ "Death of the pope of peace".
  61. ^ Pope's burial plans
  62. ^ [[2]]
  63. ^ [[3]]
  64. ^ [[4]]
  65. ^ [[5]]
  66. ^ [[6]]
  67. ^ Een wit rouwkleed lag over Nederland
  68. ^ A Hypnotic but Contextless Portrait of Stalin’s Death and Its Aftermath
  69. ^ [[7]]
  70. ^ [[8]]
  71. ^ a b c d "When is a National Day of Mourning held?".
  72. ^ a b c d "OVERZICHT. Dagen van nationale rouw in het verleden".
  73. ^ a b "Newspaper Accounts of the Death of Pope Pius XII".
  74. ^ a b "NAtionale rouw in tal van landen".
  75. ^ Scandinavische koningen rijden in rouwstoet mee
  76. ^ Last service for Pope
  77. ^ Nationale rouw op Cuba
  78. ^ Proclamation 3561
  79. ^ Nationale rouw in ons land
  80. ^ [[9]]
  81. ^ [[10]]
  82. ^ [[11]]
  83. ^ a b "What is 'national mourning' for?".
  84. ^ [[12]]
  85. ^ Presidential Proclamation 3839 of April 5, 1968, by President Lyndon B. Johnson
  86. ^ Death of Robert F. Kennedy
  87. ^ Announcing the death of Dwight David Eisenhower
  88. ^ [[13]]
  89. ^ National Day of Mourning Proclaimed by President
  90. ^ Johnson Lies in State in Capitol Rotunda
  91. ^ [[14]]
  92. ^ ELECTION TO BE HELD
  93. ^ Pope buried after 100,000 attend Mass in square
  94. ^ [[15]]
  95. ^ «Леониду Ильичу нужна срочно реанимация»
  96. ^ Proclamation 5093 of September 9,1983
  97. ^ Andropov's death leaves Soviet Union leaderless
  98. ^ The World After Andropov
  99. ^ [[16]]
  100. ^ [[17]]
  101. ^ Указ № 3904 от 1 ноември 1984 г. Обн. ДВ. бр. 88 от 6 ноември 1984 г.
  102. ^ Gorbachev Becomes Soviet Leader Hours After Chernenko Dies at 73
  103. ^ SUCCESSION IN MOSCOW: TRIBUTES FROM ABROAD; MOSCOW'S ALLIES EXTEND CONDOLENCES
  104. ^ Public Law 100-44 - Joint resolution designating May 25, 1987, as "National Day of Mourning for the Victims of the U.S.S. Stark
  105. ^ Proclamation 5662
  106. ^ 500 on 2 Trains Reported Killed By Soviet Gas Pipeline Explosion
  107. ^ Brother to succeed Belgian king
  108. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 06.10.1993 г. № 1589
  109. ^ TERROR IN SARAJEVO; Sarajevans Mourn and Rage While Life and Death Go On
  110. ^ THE 37TH PRESIDENT: THE OVERVIEW; Tributes to Nixon Underline Triumphs, Not the Downfall
  111. ^ Ayrton Senna: the day a million Brazilians mourned their golden boy
  112. ^ N. Korea's Kim Il-sung, 82, dies
  113. ^ North Korea ends mourning for Kim Il Sung
  114. ^ Proclamation 6789—National Day of Mourning in Memory of Those Who Died in Oklahoma City
  115. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 30.05.1995 г. № 546
  116. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 21.06.1995 г. № 624
  117. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 09.08.1996 г. № 1147
  118. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 27.09.1996 г. № 1394
  119. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 18.11.1996 г. № 1581
  120. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 04.12.1997 г. № 1273
  121. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 16.02.1999 г. № 193
  122. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 20.03.1999 г. № 373
  123. ^ Браслеты оповестят о пожаре
  124. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 10.09.1999 г. № 1218
  125. ^ Russia mourns Kursk crew
  126. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 04.07.2001 г. № 804
  127. ^ National Day of Prayer and Remembrance for the Victims Of the Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001
  128. ^ Media Advisory
  129. ^ Timeline: 9/11 and Canada
  130. ^ EU: Ministers Express Total Support, Declare Day Of Mourning
  131. ^ JOINT DECLARATION BY THE HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, THE PRESIDENT OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE PRESIDENT OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION, AND THE HIGH REPRESENTATIVE FOR THE COMMON FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY
  132. ^ Taoiseach declares Friday national day of mourning
  133. ^ Outpouring Of Sympathy At US Embassy
  134. ^ [18]
  135. ^ a b c d e f g h "Days of national mourning in Romania: What does it mean?".
  136. ^ No. 17, 17 September 2001
  137. ^ Česká republika bude plnit závazky plynoucí z členství v NATO
  138. ^ Cyprus declares Friday Day of mourning for victims of terrorist attacks
  139. ^ Friday declared day of mourning in Greece
  140. ^ Israel Reacts to Terrorist Attacks on the US-11-Sep-2001
  141. ^ President Vladimir Putin signed a decree declaring a day of mourning for the helicopter crash in the Chechen Republic
  142. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 27.10.2002 г. № 1263
  143. ^ HOTĂRÂRE nr.320 din 13 martie 2004
  144. ^ Announcing the Death of Ronald Reagan
  145. ^ National day of mourning for Belgian gas blast victims
  146. ^ 300 dead after Paraguay supermarket blaze
  147. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 25.08.2004 г. № 1111
  148. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 04.09.2004 г. № 1143
  149. ^ Arafat's body begins final return
  150. ^ Catholics begin 9 days of mourning as Pope John Paul II is laid to rest
  151. ^ [19]
  152. ^ [20]
  153. ^ HOTĂRÂRE nr.275 din 5 aprilie 2005
  154. ^ OFFICIAL DAY OF MOURNING FOR POPE JOHN PAUL II MARKED IN CZECH REPUBLIC
  155. ^ [[21]]
  156. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 03.05.2006 г. № 457
  157. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 09.07.2006 г. № 688
  158. ^ a b "Mourning for Ukraine crash dead".
  159. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 22.08.2006 г. № 915
  160. ^ National Day of Mourning for President Gerald R. Ford
  161. ^ Libya to build statue of Saddam
  162. ^ Libya Government: 3 Days Mourning for P.O.W. Saddam Hussein
  163. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 20.03.2007 г. № 368
  164. ^ Vladimir Putin`s Address on the Occasion of Boris Yeltsin’s Passing
  165. ^ HOTĂRÂRE nr.840 din 1 august 2007
  166. ^ Vlada: 3. rujna Dan nacionalne žalosti
  167. ^ Finland mourns shooting victims
  168. ^ [[22]]
  169. ^ China declares three days of mourning after quake
  170. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 12.08.2008 г. № 1194
  171. ^ Finland school massacre brings day of mourning and review of gun laws
  172. ^ [[23]]
  173. ^ Australia announces day of mourning over bushfires
  174. ^ Australian bush fires: Country mourns 209 dead
  175. ^ National Day of Mourning for Victorian Bushfires
  176. ^ [[24]]
  177. ^ [[25]]
  178. ^ Day of mourning for train crash victims
  179. ^ Vlada donijela Odluku o poglašenju 27. srpnja danom žalosti
  180. ^ [[26]]
  181. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 05.12.2009 г. № 1384
  182. ^ Day of mourning for Vic bushfire victims
  183. ^ Nation remembers devastating Black Saturday
  184. ^ Poland begins week of mourning for plane crash victims
  185. ^ HOTĂRÂRE nr.349 din 14 aprilie 2010
  186. ^ Vlada: nedjelja, 18. travnja Dan žalosti
  187. ^ Dmitry Medvedev addressed the People of Poland
  188. ^ [[27]]
  189. ^ China marks day of mourning for landslide victims
  190. ^ Stampede in Cambodia kills hundreds, government says
  191. ^ Tunisia begins three days of mourning for protest victims
  192. ^ Perú declara duelo nacional en solidaridad con Japón tras sismo y tsunami
  193. ^ Russia will observe a day of mourning on July 12 for the victims of the cruise ship Bulgaria’s sinking
  194. ^ Russia Volga boat tragedy: Medvedev orders review
  195. ^ Scores killed in Moroccan plane crash
  196. ^ North Korean leader Kim Jong-il dies 'of heart attack'
  197. ^ Korea marks end of Kim Jong Il mourning period
  198. ^ COUNTRY BEGINS THREE DAYS OF MOURNING
  199. ^ Slovakia declares December 23 as official day of mourning for Václav Havel
  200. ^ [[28]]
  201. ^ Swiss bus crash: Belgium holds day of national mourning
  202. ^ [[29]]
  203. ^ Lagos air crash: No survivors, officials say
  204. ^ Jonathan declares 3 days of national mourning for crash victims
  205. ^ July 9 has been declared a day of mourning in Russia
  206. ^ Russia declares day of mourning for flood victims
  207. ^ Vlada sređuje popise birača
  208. ^ a b "Cambodia announces 2nd official mourning for King-Father Norodom Sihanouk".
  209. ^ Venezuela begins seven days of mourning after death of Hugo Chávez
  210. ^ Bolivia declares 7 days of mourning for Castro, as Morales heads to Cuba
  211. ^ Nicaragua decreta siete días de duelo por muerte de Chávez
  212. ^ Nicaragua decreta siete días de duelo nacional por muerte de Hugo Chávez
  213. ^ a b c d e "Chavez widely mourned, but some hope change on way".
  214. ^ Peru declares three-day national mourning upon Chavez’ death
  215. ^ Gobierno de Chile decretó tres días de duelo nacional por muerte de Hugo Chávez
  216. ^ Brasil declara três dias de luto por Chávez e Dilma irá a Caracas
  217. ^ Gobierno decreta tres días de Duelo Nacional por fallecimiento de Hugo Chávez
  218. ^ Gobierno decretó tres días de duelo oficial por muerte de Chávez
  219. ^ Three days of mourning for Chavez; DM will go to Venezuela
  220. ^ Iran declares day of mourning for anti-U.S. ally Chavez
  221. ^ PM declares National State of Mourning
  222. ^ HOTĂRÂRE nr.410 din 25 iunie 2013
  223. ^ Day of mourning in Montenegro for victims of two accidents
  224. ^ National mourning for Tadeusz Mazowiecki on November 3
  225. ^ Algerian military plane crashes into mountain, 77 killed
  226. ^ Ukraine declares national day of mourning
  227. ^ 12 die in flooding in Bulgaria after heavy rain
  228. ^ Netherlands holds day of mourning for victims of flight MH17
  229. ^ Malaysia declares Aug 22 national day of mourning for MH17 victims
  230. ^ Australia national day of mourning for MH17 dead
  231. ^ Hamas' armed wing claims to have captured an Israeli soldier
  232. ^ Turkey declares three days of mourning over Palestine deaths
  233. ^ North Cyprus declares three days mourning for Gaza
  234. ^ PM announces 25th July, 2014 as day of mourning to show solidarity with innocent people of Gaza
  235. ^ Flight AH 5017 crash: President Bouteflika declares three-day national mourning
  236. ^ UPDATE 2-Families mourn victims of Air Algerie crash in Mali
  237. ^ Crash du vol Air Algérie: le Burkina en deuil
  238. ^ Belgium mourns Queen Fabiola, widow of King Baudouin
  239. ^ 7 days of national mourning installed
  240. ^ Death 'All Around Me': Victims Relive Pakistan School Massacre
  241. ^ President Hollande declares day of mourning in France after Charlie Hebdo gun attack
  242. ^ January 15 is the Day of Mourning for the people murdered by terrorists
  243. ^ January 30, 2015, is a National Day of Mourning
  244. ^ [[30]]
  245. ^ Pakistan declares day of mourning after ambassadors killed in helicopter crash
  246. ^ Karachi bus massacre: Mass funeral for Ismaili Shias
  247. ^ [[31]]
  248. ^ Iran declares 3-day nat'l mourning over Mecca deaths
  249. ^ [[32]]
  250. ^ Romanian nightclub fire kills 27, national mourning declared
  251. ^ November 1st declared a day of mourning in Russia for those killed in the plane crash
  252. ^ Sinai plane crash: No survivors on Russian airliner KGL9268
  253. ^ Russia's Putin declares day of mourning after airliner crash in Egypt
  254. ^ Attentats : Hollande décrète "trois jours de deuil national"
  255. ^ Hungary holds national day of mourning for victims of Paris terrorist attacks
  256. ^ Croatia declares Nov 16 day of mourning for Paris attack victims
  257. ^ Joint statement of the Heads of State or Government and leaders of the European Union and its institutions on the terrorist attacks in Paris
  258. ^ Brussels attacks: Belgium mourns amid hunt for suspect
  259. ^ HOTĂRÂRE nr.171 din 23 martie 2016
  260. ^ Government adopts decisions on 18% cut in prices of natural gas for households
  261. ^ Patricio Aylwin, Chile's first post-Pinochet president, dies
  262. ^ Turkey declares national day of mourning following Istanbul attack
  263. ^ France to Observe 3 Days of National Mourning
  264. ^ Comunicat de presă - ședință de guvern - Guvernul a stabilit 13 august 2016, zi de doliu național
  265. ^ Romania marks national day of mourning in Queen Anne's memory
  266. ^ Moldovan president declares 13 August 2016 as national mourning day
  267. ^ Congo to observe 3 days of national mourning
  268. ^ Italy observes day of mourning for earthquake dead
  269. ^ Romania holds national mourning day for the victims of the Italy earthquake
  270. ^ Hurricane Matthew: Haiti in national mourning as aid gears up
  271. ^ [[33]]
  272. ^ Costa Rica declares national mourning as storm Otto kills nine
  273. ^ Brazilian footballers among 75 killed in plane crash
  274. ^ Putin declares national day of mourning over Russia military plane crash
  275. ^ Belarus Declares Monday Day of Mourning for Tu-154 Crash Victims
  276. ^ Latest Updates on Russian Defense Ministry's Tu-154 Aircraft Crash in Black Sea
  277. ^ Portugal father of democracy Mario Soares dies aged 92
  278. ^ Iran Declares Three Days of National Mourning after Demise of Ex-President
  279. ^ Kyrgyzstan plane crash: Dozens die as Turkish cargo jet hits homes
  280. ^ Sat. national day of mourning, no hope for any survivors
  281. ^ Hungary declares national day of mourning for Italy bus crash victims
  282. ^ Brazil’s ex-first lady, central to Lula’s career, dies at 66
  283. ^ "Day of mourning declared after Taliban kill 140 Afghans troops". news.com.au. Reuters. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
  284. ^ [[34]]
  285. ^ Portugal forest fires kill 62 near Coimbra
  286. ^ Sierra Leone President declares 7-day national mourning for mudslide victims
  287. ^ Barcelona attack witnesses tell of terror as van sped towards crowds
  288. ^ Portugal announces day of mourning for Madeira fallen tree vitims
  289. ^ "Day of national mourning on Friday for 13 killed by Madeira oak". The Portugal News. TPN, LUSA. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  290. ^ Mexico declares three days of mourning after deadly earthquake
  291. ^ 230 confirmed dead as Mexico earthquake rescue efforts continue – as it happened
  292. ^ Barzani Announces One Week Public Mourning for Talabani's Loss
  293. ^ Iraq declares 3-day mourning for ex-president Talabani's death
  294. ^ Costa Rican Government Declares 3 Days of National Mourning Due to After Effects of Tropical Storm Nate
  295. ^ Presidente de Costa Rica decreta duelo nacional de tres días por víctimas de tormenta Nate
  296. ^ Somali President Declares 3 Days of Mourning After Deadly Blast
  297. ^ "Three days of national mourning for the victims of the fires". Renascença. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
  298. ^ National day of mourning on Friday to mark Caruana Galizia funeral
  299. ^ Officials raise Iran-Iraq earthquake death toll to at least 530
  300. ^ King Michael dies at 96, to be buried in Romania according to the royal tradition. Three days of national mourning
  301. ^ March 28 declared national day of mourning
  302. ^ Algeria declares three days of mourning over deadly plane crash
  303. ^ Mueren 257 personas al estrellarse un avión militar en Argelia
  304. ^ Greece wildfires: Dozens dead in Attica region
  305. ^ Centre announces one-day State mourning following death of former CM of Tamil Nadu Dr. M. Karunanidhi; accords State funeral
  306. ^ Seven day State Mourning to be observed in memory of former Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  307. ^ Lake Victoria Tanzania ferry disaster: Survivor found in air pocket
  308. ^ At least 50 dead, 100 burned in Congo tanker truck fire
  309. ^ Bado, Kirk, and Susan Miller (1 December 2018) "Trumps to attend George H.W. Bush funeral; Wednesday will be day of mourning" Retrieved 1 December 2018
  310. ^ Roundup: Ethiopia declares day of mourning for late president
  311. ^ National day of mourning declared for 12 Poles killed in mining blast
  312. ^ National mourning after the tragic death of Mayor of Gdańsk Paweł Adamowicz
  313. ^ Zambia declares 3-day national mourning for ex-VP
  314. ^ Żałoba narodowa po śmierci Jana Olszewskiego
  315. ^ North Macedonia mourns 14 people killed in bus crash
  316. ^ Ethiopian Airlines: 'No survivors' on crashed Boeing 737
  317. ^ Aid workers rush to rescue African cyclone victims amid mounting death toll
  318. ^ Mozambique: 3 days of national mourning after deadly Cyclone Idai
  319. ^ Thousands of Peruvians say goodbye to ex-president following suicide
  320. ^ "Acidente/Madeira: Governo decreta três dias de luto nacional em memória das vítimas" [Government decrees three days of national mourning in memory of the victims] (in Portuguese). Diário de Notícias. April 18, 2019. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  321. ^ Sri Lanka falls silent on day of mourning for attack victims
  322. ^ Ethiopian parliament declares day of mourning for late president Gidada
  323. ^ 4 days of mourning
  324. ^ Cyprus declares 3 days of mourning for deceased ex-president
  325. ^ Tunisia declares mourning period after death of President Essebsi
  326. ^ Tanzania declares 3 days of national mourning over victims of oil tanker explosion
  327. ^ [[35]]
  328. ^ Mixed feelings as Zimbabwe begins national mourning for Mugabe
  329. ^ Pomp, thin crowds and mixed feelings as Robert Mugabe is buried
  330. ^ Indonesians bury former president Habibie at state funeral
  331. ^ "French head to palace to remember 'beloved' Chirac". September 27, 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
  332. ^ Lebanon declares Monday a national day of mourning for Chirac
  333. ^ Burkina Faso tense, in mourning, amid jihadist attacks
  334. ^ a b "The Latest: UN sends disaster assessment experts to Albania". Associated Press. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  335. ^ "President Tokayev declares December 28 a national day of mourning". www.inform.kz. December 27, 2019.
  336. ^ "إعلان الحداد في العراق 3 أيام على قتلى القصف الأمريكي". RT Arabic.
  337. ^ "US kills Iran's most powerful general in Baghdad airstrike". SFChronicle.com. January 3, 2020.
  338. ^ "Iraq: Mourning declared for Soleimani, al-Muhandis". www.aa.com.tr.
  339. ^ "إيران تعلن الحداد على قتلى التدافع وتحطم الطائرة". arabic.sputniknews.com.
  340. ^ Volodymyr Zelenskyy declared January 9 the day of mourning in Ukraine due to the UIA plane crash in Iran
  341. ^ وإذ يعلنُ ديوان البلاط السلطاني الحداد وتعطيل العمل الرسمي للقطاعين العام والخاص لمدة ثلاثة أيام وتنكيس الأعلام في الأيام الأربعين القادمة
  342. ^ Kuwaiti emir orders 3 days of mourning over death of Sultan Qaboos
  343. ^ Qatar declares three days of mourning for HM Sultan Qaboos
  344. ^ UAE leaders mourn death of Sultan Qaboos, 3 days of mourning declared
  345. ^ HM King mourns Sultan Qaboos bin Said
  346. ^ Egypt announces 3-day mourning for death of Sultan Qaboos
  347. ^ Niger declares three days of mourning after 89 soldiers killed in attack on military base