national personification is an anthropomorphism of a nation or its people. It may appear in editorial cartoons and propaganda.
Some early personifications in the Western world tended to be national manifestations of the majestic wisdom and war goddess
Minerva/ Athena, and often took the Latin name of the ancient Roman province. Examples of this type include Britannia, Germania, Hibernia, Helvetia and Polonia. Examples of personifications of the Goddess of Liberty include Marianne, the Statue of Liberty, and many examples of United States coinage. Examples of representations of the everyman or citizenry—rather than of the nation itself—are Deutscher Michel and John Bull. 
Personifications by country or territory [ edit ]
Mother Albania ( Nëna Shqipëria)
Effigy of the Republic/Liberty/Progress/Fatherland, Gaucho, Martín Fierro
Mother Armenia ( Mayr Hayastan; lit. "Mother Hayastan")
Little Boy from Manly
Mother Bengal (also known as Bangla Maa); Bengal tiger.
( Joy Bangla Bengali: জয় বাংলা; meaning "Victory to Bengal") was the slogan and war cry of the Mukti Bahini that fought for the independence of Bangladesh during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. 
La Belgique or Belgica. The country is also commonly represented by a lion, historically known as Leo Belgicus.
; the Efígie da República (only in Bandeirante São Paulo State); the Candango (in Brasília); the Gaúcho (in Rio Grande do Sul)
Preah Thong and Neang Neak
Mountie, Johnny Canuck, Le Vieux de '37 (French Canada), Adam Dollard des Ormeaux (used during the two World Wars as a military example), Mother Canada (at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial)
Roto, El Huaso, La Carmela, Doña Juanita (an average Chilean woman from the countryside), Moya (a common surname used as N.N.)
Čechie, Czech Vašek, double-tailed Czech lion, Svejk.
Mother of the World (
Om El Donia)
Monumento al Divino Salvador del Mundo
Europa or Europa regina
Finnish Maiden ( Suomi-neito)
Saint George, "Mother of a Georgian" ( Kartvlis Deda)
Germania, Arminius (Hermann der Cherusker), Deutscher Michel
Bavaria, Berlin: Berolina, Brunswick: Brunonia, Franconia: Franconia, Hamburg: Hammonia, Prussia: Borussia, Palatinate: Palatia, Saxony: Saxonia
Athena, " Greece" by Delacroix
Lady of Hungaria
Lady of the Mountains ( Fjallkonan)
("Mother India"), earlier the goddess Bharat Mata Durga. Also the tiger or the Indian elephant is used to personify the nation. But strictly speaking of national personification, the figure of Bharat Mata as a goddess, wearing a white or saffron sari, holding the national flag, and having a lion as her vahana is the most widely popular personification. The battle cry, "Bharat Mata ki Jai" (Victory for Mother India) is used by the Indian Army and is one of the most popular patriotic slogans used in India.
Cyrus the Great
Ériu, Banba, Fódla, Kathleen Ni Houlihan, Hibernia, Scotia,  Granuaile, The Old Woman of Beare 
Dangun, Ungnyeo, Korean Tiger, Yangban
Mother Macedonia  
Hang Tuah, Harimau Malaya
Alegoría de la Patria Mexicana ( es), Our Lady of Guadalupe, La China Poblana
Dutch Maiden, Dutch Republic Lion
Kiwi, Zealandia, southern man (for the South Island)
Mother Norway, stereotyp. Ola Nordmann & Kari Nordmann, hist. Nór
La Madre Patria
Juan dela Cruz, Ináng Bayan, Filipinas, Philippine eagle
, Zé Povinho (National Self), Eu nacional Republic effigy, Guardian Angel of Portugal
Mother Russia/Mother Motherland
Caledonia, Jock Tamson, Scotia, Cailleach
Mother Serbia, Kosovo Maiden,
Kranjski Janez ("John from Carniola", an average man from Slovenia's central region), Peter Klepec
Mama Sranan ( Mother Suriname), a 1965 sculpture by Jozeph Klas in the center of Paramaribo, of a mother figure holding five children representing Suriname's ethnic groups in her arms. 
Britannia, John Bull
Uncle Sam (government personification), Statue of Liberty as Lady Liberty, Columbia, Johnny Rebel ( The South, obsolete), Billy Yank ( The North, obsolete), Brother Jonathan
Dame Wales, Deffroad Cymru, the Awakening of Wales
See also [ edit ]
Further reading [ edit ]
Lionel Gossman. "Making of a Romantic Icon: The Religious Context of Friedrich Overbeck's 'Italia und Germania.'" American Philosophical Society, 2007. ISBN 0-87169-975-3. 
References [ edit ]
^ Eric Hobsbawm, "Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, 1870-1914," in Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, eds., The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge, 1983), 263-307.
^ "NATIONAL SYMBOLS". Bangladesh Tourism Board. Bangladesh: Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism.
^ Ahmed, Salahuddin (2004). . APH Publishing. p. 310. Bangladesh: Past and Present ISBN 8176484695 . Retrieved . July 11, 2012
^ O'Clery, M. (2003) Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters as translated into English
^ O'Rourke Murphy, M. & MacKillop, J. (2006). An Irish Literature Reader: Poetry, Prose, Drama.
^ "A Manifesto from the Provisional Government of Macedonia". 1881. Our mother Macedonia became now as a widow, lonely and deserted by her sons. She does not fly the banner of the victorious Macedonian army
^ Bulgarian graphic representation of Bulgaria, East Rumelia and Macedonia
External links [ edit ]