National responses to the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
This article is about a current pandemic where information can change quickly or be unreliable. The latest page updates may not reflect the most up-to-date information. (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Part of a series on the|
|2019–20 coronavirus pandemic|
The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic spread to many countries around the world, with the most affected countries being China, Italy, Spain, Iran and South Korea. National response measures have been varied, and have included containment measures such as lockdowns, quarantines, and curfews. This is a dynamic list of different responses by various nations across the world.
Cities under quarantine in China
|Place||Province||Start date||End date||City level||Population||Cases||Deaths||Recoveries||Active|
|Outbreak ongoing: Infection and fatality data as of 21:59 (UTC+8) 24 March 2020. Totals will evolve.|
The first person known to have fallen ill due to the new virus was in Wuhan on 1 December 2019. A public notice on the outbreak was released by Wuhan health authority on 31 December; the initial notice informed Wuhan residents that there was no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission of the virus, that the disease is preventable and controllable, and that people can wear masks when going out. WHO was informed of the outbreak on the same day.
On 20 January, Zhong Nanshan, a scientist at China's National Health Commission who played a prominent role in the SARS epidemic, declared its potential for human-to-human transmission, after two cases emerged in Guangdong of infection by family members who had visited Wuhan. This was later confirmed by the Wuhan government, which announced a number of new measures such as cancelling the Chinese New Year celebrations, in addition to measures such as checking the temperature of passengers at transport terminals first introduced on 14 January. A quarantine was announced on 23 January 2020 stopping travel in and out of Wuhan.
On 25 January, Chinese authorities banned the use of private vehicles in Wuhan. Only vehicles that are transporting critical supplies or emergency response vehicles are allowed to move within the city.
On 26 January, a leading group tasked with the prevention and control of the novel coronavirus pandemic was established, led by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang. The leading group decided to extend the Spring Festival holiday to contain the outbreak.
China Customs started requiring that all passengers entering and exiting China fill in an extra health declaration form from 26 January. The health declaration form was mentioned in China's Frontier Health and Quarantine Law, granting the customs rights to require it if needed.
On 27 January, the General Office of the State Council of China, one of the top governing bodies of the People's Republic, officially declared a nation-wide extension on the New Year holiday and the postponement of the coming spring semester. The office extended the previously scheduled public holiday from 30 January, to 2 February, while it said school openings for the spring semester would be announced in the future. Some universities with open campuses also banned the public from visiting. On 23 January, the education department in Hunan, which neighbours the centre of the outbreak Hubei province, stated it would strictly ban off-school tutors and restrict student gatherings. Education departments in Shanghai and Shenzhen also imposed bans on off-school tutoring and requested that schools track and report students who had been to Wuhan or Hubei province during the winter break. The semi-autonomous regions of Hong Kong and Macau also announced adjustments on schooling schedules. Hong Kong's Chief Executive Carrie Lam declared an emergency at a press conference on 25 January, saying the government would close primary and secondary schools for two more weeks on top of the previously scheduled New Year holiday, pushing the date for school reopening to 17 February. Macau closed several museums and libraries, and prolonged the New Year holiday break to 11 February for higher education institutions and 10 February for others. The University of Macau said they would track the physical conditions of students who have been to Wuhan during the New Year break.
After the Chinese New Year on 25 January, there would be another peak of people travelling back from their home towns to workplaces as a part of Chunyun. Several provinces and cities encouraged people to stay in their hometowns and not travel back. Eastern China's Suzhou also encouraged remote working via the Internet and further prolonged the spring festival break.
The Civil Aviation Administration of China and the China State Railway Group, which regulate China's civil aviation and operates rail services, announced on 24 January that passengers could have full refunds for their plane and train tickets without any surcharges, regardless of whether their flight or train will go through Wuhan or not. China's Ministry of Culture and Tourism ordered travel agencies and online tourism firms to suspend package tours and stop offering "flight+hotel" bundles.
[[A Screen Display During Wuhan Coronavirus Outbreak.jpg|A screen display in Hefei showing "early detection, early reporting, early quarantine, early diagnosis, early treatment" during the coronavirus pandemic|link=Special:FilePath/A_Screen_Display_During_Wuhan_coronavirus_pandemic.jpg]] On 1 February 2020, Xinhua News reported that China's Supreme People's Procuratorate (SPP) has "asked procuratorates nationwide to fully play their role to create a favourable judicial environment in the fight against the novel coronavirus pandemic." This includes severe punishments for those found guilty of dereliction of duty and the withholding of information for officials. Tougher charges were proscribed for commercial criminal activities such as "the pushing up of prices, profiteering and severely disturbing market order" along with the "production and sale of fake and shoddy protective equipment and medicines." Prosecuting actions against patients who deliberately spread the infection or refuse examination or compulsory isolation along with threats of violence against medical personnel were also urged. The statement also included urging to prosecute those found "fabricating coronavirus-related information that may lead to panic among the public, making up and spreading rumours about the virus, sabotaging the implementation of the law and endangering public security" and also stressed "harshly punishing the illegal hunting of wildlife under state protection, as well as improving inspection and quarantine measures for fresh food and meat products."
Museums throughout China are temporarily closed. The National Cultural Heritage Administration (NCHA) asked museums around the country to move their exhibits and galleries temporarily online via a program that the NCHA is launching.
On 23 January 2020, a quarantine on travel in and out of Wuhan was imposed in an effort to stop the spread of the virus out of Wuhan. Flights, trains, public buses, the metro system, and long-distance coaches were suspended indefinitely. Large-scale gatherings and group tours were also suspended. By 24 January 2020, a total of 15 cities in Hubei, including Wuhan, were placed under similar quarantine measures. On 27 and 28 January 2020, Xiangyang closed its railway stations and suspended all ferry operations, after shutting down its airport and intercity bus services earlier. Thus, the entire Hubei province entered a city-by-city quarantine, save for the Shennongjia Forestry District.
Before the quarantine began, some in Wuhan questioned the reliability of the figures from the Chinese government as well as the government response, with some calling for quarantine, and a post also showed sick people and three dead bodies covered in white sheets on the floor of a hospital on 24 January, although many such posts in Weibo about the epidemic have since been deleted.
On 26 January, the city of Shantou in Guangdong declared a partial lockdown, though this was reversed two hours later. Residents had rushed to supermarkets to stock food as soon as the lockdown was declared, until the authorities reversed their decision. Caixin said, that the wording of Shantou's initial declaration was "unprecedentedly strict" and will severely affect residents' lives, if implemented as-is. Shantou's Department for Outbreak Control later clarified that it would not restrict travelling, but would sterilise vehicles used for transportation.
Local authorities in Beijing and several other major cities, including Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and Shenzhen, announced on 26 January, that these cities will not impose a lockdown similar to those in Hubei province. Rumours of these potential lockdowns had spread widely prior to the official announcements. A spokesperson of Beijing's Municipal Transportation Commission claimed that the expressways, highways, subways, and buses were operating normally. To ease the residents' panic, the Hangzhou city government stressed that the city would not be locked down from the outside world, and both cities said that they would introduce precautions against potential risks.
On 4 February 2020, two more cities in Zhejiang province restricted the movement of residents. The city of Taizhou, three Hangzhou districts, and some in Ningbo began to only allow one person per household to go outside every two days to buy necessities, city officials said. More than 12 million people are affected by the new restrictions.
By 6 February 2020, a total of four Zhejiang cities—Wenzhou, Hangzhou, Ningbo, and Taizhou—were under the "passport" system, allowing only one person per household to leave their home every two days. These restrictions apply to over 30 million people.
Outside mainland China, some cruise ships were quarantined after passengers developed symptoms or tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. The Costa Smeralda was quarantined on 30 January off Civitavecchia in Italy, after passengers developed flu-like symptoms – the quarantine was lifted when tests for the virus came back negative. Two further ships were quarantined on 5 February: Diamond Princess in the Port of Yokohama, Japan and World Dream, which returned to Hong Kong after being refused entry to Kaohsiung, Taiwan. In both cases, passengers and crew tested positive. On 10 February passengers were allowed to disembark the World Dream "without the need to self-quarantine after leaving."
The Diamond Princess was completely disembarked by 1 March, with countries imposing various quarantines for citizens they evacuated.  As of 26 March, 712 people from the ship have been diagnosed and 10 have died.
On 1 February, Huanggang, Hubei implemented a measure whereby only one person from each household is permitted to go outside for provisions once every two days, except for medical reasons or to work at shops or pharmacies.
|Start date||End date||Ordinary
|2010||Urban districts only|
|Zhouzhi, Xi'an||County||Shaanxi||2020-02-02||562,768||2010||One person per household every day|
|Huyi, Xi'an||District||Shaanxi||2020-02-03||2020-02-09||556,377||2010||One person per household every day|
|District||Henan||2020-02-04||721,723||2010||One person per household every five days|
|District||Guangxi||2020-02-05||330,131||2010||One person per household every day|
|All||233,441,748||Sum of census data and population estimates above|
A speciality hospital named Huoshenshan Hospital has been constructed as a countermeasure against the outbreak and to better quarantine the patients. Wuhan City government had demanded that a state-owned enterprise construct such a hospital "at the fastest speed" comparable to that of the SARS outbreak in 2003. On 24 January, Wuhan authorities specified its planning, saying they planned to have Huoshenshan Hospital built within six days of the announcement and it will be ready to use on 3 February. Upon opening, the speciality hospital has 1,000 beds and takes up 30,000 square metres. The hospital is modelled after the Xiaotangshan Hospital, which was fabricated for the SARS outbreak of 2003, itself built in only seven days. State media reported that there were 7,000 workers and nearly 300 units of construction machinery on the site at peak.
On 24 January 2020, the authority announced that they would convert an empty building in Huangzhou District, Huanggang to a 1,000-bed hospital named Dabie Mountain Regional Medical Centre. Works began the next day by 500 personnel and the building began accepting patients on 28 January 2020 at 10:30 pm. In Wuhan, authorities have seized dormitories, offices and hospitals to create more beds for patients. On 25 January authorities announced plans for Leishenshan Hospital, a second speciality hospital, with a capacity of 1,600 beds; operations are scheduled to start by 6 February. Some people voiced their concerns through social media services, saying the authorities' decision to build yet another hospital in such little time showed the severity of the outbreak could be a lot worse than expected. The hospital opened on 8 February.
14 temporary hospitals were constructed in China in total, but all were reported to have closed after the crisis was determined be under control on 10 March 2020.
Construction site of Huoshenshan Hospital as it appeared on 24 January
Interprovincial medical aid
As of 16 February 2020, 217 teams of a total of 25,633 medical workers from across China went to Wuhan and other cities in Hubei to help open up more facilities and treat patients.
Censorship and police responses
The early response by city authorities was criticised as prioritising a control of information that might be unfavorable for local officials over public safety, and China was also criticised for cover-ups and downplaying the initial discovery and severity of the outbreak. By the time China had informed the WHO of the new coronavirus on 31 December 2019, The New York Times reported that the government was still keeping "its own citizens in the dark". Observers have attributed this to the censorship institutional structure of the country's press and Internet, exacerbated by China's paramount leader Xi Jinping's crackdown on independent oversight such as journalism and social media that left senior officials with inaccurate information on the outbreak and "contributed to a prolonged period of inaction that allowed the virus to spread". The Human Rights Watch also noted censorship by the authorities of social media posts from families of infected people who were potentially seeking help as well as by people living in cordoned cities who were documenting their daily lives amidst the lockdown.
A group of eight medical personnel, including Li Wenliang, an ophthalmologist from Wuhan Central Hospital who in late December posted warnings on a new coronavirus strain akin to SARS, were taken into custody by Wuhan police and threatened with prosecution for "spreading rumours" for likening it to SARS. Li Wenliang later died of the disease on 7 February, and was widely hailed as a whistleblower in China, but some of the trending hashtags on Weibo such as "Wuhan government owes Dr Li Wenliang an apology" and "We want freedom of speech" were blocked. His death widespread public anger in the aftermath, in what has been described as "one of the biggest outpourings of online criticism of the government in years," was not a topic that was permitted for coverage. One media outlet sent notices to editors, and leaked to reporters, asking them to refrain from "commenting or speculating" and giving instructions to "not hashtag and let the topic gradually die out from the hot search list, and guard against harmful information."
On 20 January, Chinese Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping made his first public remark on the outbreak and spoke of "the need for the timely release of information". One day later, the CPC Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission, the most powerful political organ in China overseeing legal enforcement and the police, wrote "self-deception will only make the epidemic worse and turn a natural disaster that was controllable into a man-made disaster at great cost," and "only openness can minimise panic to the greatest extent." The commission then added, "anyone who deliberately delays and hides the reporting of cases out of self-interest will be nailed on a pillar of shame for eternity." Xi Jinping later also instructed authorities "to strengthen the guidance of public opinions", language which some view as a call for censorship after commentators on social media became increasingly pointedly critical and angry at the government due to the epidemic. on 30 January, China's Supreme Court, delivered a rare rebuke against the country's police forces, calling the "unreasonably harsh crackdown on online rumours" as undermining public trust. The supreme court judge Tang Xinghua said that if police had been lenient against rumours and allowed the public to have taken heed of them, an earlier adoption of "measures like wearing masks, strictly disinfecting and avoiding wildlife markets" might have been useful in countering the spread of the epidemic.
As part of the central government's "bifurcated approach to diffuse discontent", citizens were permitted to criticise local officials so long as they did not "question the basic legitimacy of the party". The Cyberspace Administration (CAC) declared its intent to foster a "good online atmosphere," with CAC notices sent to video platforms encouraging them to "not to push any negative story, and not to conduct non-official livestreaming on the virus." Censorship has been observed being applied on news articles and social media posts deemed to hold negative tones about the coronavirus and the governmental response, including posts mocking Xi Jinping for not visiting areas of the epidemic, an article that predicted negative effects of the epidemic on the economy, and calls to remove local government officials. While censorship had been briefly relaxed giving a "window of about two weeks in which Chinese journalists were able to publish hard-hitting stories exposing the mishandling of the novel coronavirus by officials", since then private news outlets were reportedly required to use "planned and controlled publicity" with the authorities' consent.
Approval of Chinese responses
China's response to the virus, in comparison to the 2003 SARS outbreak, has been praised by some foreign leaders. U.S. President Trump thanked Chinese leader Xi Jinping "on behalf of the American People" on 24 January on Twitter, stating that "China has been working very hard to contain the Coronavirus. The United States greatly appreciates their efforts and transparency" and declaring that "It will all work out well." Germany's health minister Jens Spahn, in an interview on Bloomberg TV, said with comparison to the Chinese response to SARS in 2003: "There's a big difference to SARS. We have a much more transparent China. The action of China is much more effective in the first days already." He also praised the international co-operation and communication in dealing with the virus.< In a letter to Xi, Singaporean president Halimah Yacob applauded China's "swift, decisive and comprehensive measures" in safeguarding the health of the Chinese people, while prime minister Lee Hsien Loong remarked of "China's firm and decisive response" in communities affected by the virus. Similar sentiments were expressed by Russian president Vladimir Putin.
At a Sunday mass at St. Peter's Square in Vatican City on 26 January, Pope Francis praised "the great commitment by the Chinese community that has already been put in place to combat the epidemic" and commenced a closing prayer for "the people who are sick because of the virus that has spread through China".
In other countries
Coronavirus quarantines outside China
|Country||Place||Start date||End date||Level|
|Clark County, NV||2020-03-20||2020-04-20||County|
|Kansas City, KS||2020-03-24||2020-04-23||City|
|Outbreak ongoing: Quarantine data as of March 28, 2020|
The first confirmed case of the coronavirus was identified with a 35-year-old Chinese woman on 20 January. The first South Korean national to be infected occurred three days later was a 55-year-old man who worked in Wuhan and returned for a checkup with flu symptoms. The two infection reports were publicly released on 24 January. The sixth patient was the first case in South Korea who had never visited Wuhan. The 56-year-old man caught the virus when visiting a restaurant with the third patient.
A woman, who had returned from Thailand after a five-day vacation, was tested positive and confirmed as the sixteenth case on 4 February. Three more cases were confirmed on 5 February, bringing the total case count to 19. The seventeenth and nineteenth patients had attended a conference in Singapore and been in contact with an infected person there. The very same day the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Korea (KCDC) announced that the second patient had been released from hospital after being tested negative in consecutive tests, becoming the country's first coronavirus patient to fully recover.
On 19 February, the number of confirmed cases increased by 20. On 20 February 70 new cases were confirmed, giving a total of 104 confirmed cases, according to the KCDC. According to Reuters, KCDC attributed the sudden jump to 70 cases linked to "Patient No. 31", who had participated in a gathering in Daegu at the Shincheonji Church of Jesus the Temple of the Tabernacle of the Testimony.
On 20 February, the streets of Daegu were empty in reaction to the Shincheonji outbreak. A resident described the reaction, stating "It's like someone dropped a bomb in the middle of the city. It looks like a zombie apocalypse." The first death was reported in a mental ward of Cheongdo Daenam Hospital in Cheongdo County. According to the mayor of Daegu, the number of suspected cases as of 21 February was 544 among 4,400 examined followers of the church. The hospital was suspected as the source of the present outbreak after it was visited by a woman who became the second fatal case of Korea on that day. The infection spread outside via a funeral ceremony attended by members of the church.
All South Korean military bases were on lockdown after tests confirmed that three soldiers were indeed positive for the virus. Airlines cut connections and cultural schedules were being cancelled due to fears of further spread. United States Forces Korea raised the alert level from low to moderate and cut off non-essential travel to and from USFK Daegu. USFK Daegu's school facilities were closed and non-essential personnel were ordered to stay at home while any visitors going there were not allowed to enter. USFK announced that the widow of a retired soldier who was in Daegu was diagnosed to be positive for the virus on 24 February. Camp Humphreys enacted virus detection protocols, including temperature checks and raised the alert level to high. On 26 February, an American soldier based at Camp Carroll was diagnosed to be positive and was quarantined away from bases via off-base housing unit with contact tracing done that showed his movements to Camp Walker.
As of 22 February, among 9,336 followers of the church, 1,261 reported symptoms. At the time, 169 confirmed cases involved the church and another 111 came from the Cheongdo Daenam Hospital. 23 February saw another 123 cases with 75 being from Shincheonji and 24 February saw 161 additional cases with 129 being from the religious group. Over 27,000 people have been tested for the virus with 19,127 negative results.
On 24 February 15 countries imposed travel restrictions to and from South Korea. It was also reported that a senior health official overseeing the COVID-19 efforts in Daegu tested positive and was also a member of Shincheonji. Within a few days, a petition to the nation's president urging for the disbandment of the church had over 750,000 signatures. Their headquarters in Gwacheon was raided by law enforcement; government officials said all 245,000 members of the religious group would be found and tested. On 28 February, over 2,000 confirmed cases were reported, rising to 3,150 on 29 February.
North Korea officially denies any infection within its borders, but news reports estimate at least 180-200 deaths among the army alone, not counting those among the civilian population. There is no estimate of those merely infected. Army commanders are punished for any deaths in the ranks.
The Indian government airlifted 324 of its citizens from China on 31 January and 1 February via Air India special chartered flights. After Pakistan's refusal to evacuate its students from Wuhan, the Indian government offered to support them with evacuation along with citizens of other neighbouring countries. On 17 February, India announced a special C-17 Globemaster flight carrying medical supplies to support China in Wuhan and evacuating citizens of India and neighbouring countries. India eventually evacuated 647 people including citizens of Maldives and Bangladesh.
On 22 March, the Government of India decided to completely lockdown 82 districts in 22 states and Union Territories of country where confirmed cases have been reported till 31 March. Essential services and commodities were to continue. 80 cities including major cities such as Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Nagpur, Varanasi and Raipur were also put under lockdown. On 24 March, the government announced a nationwide lockdown for 21 days, starting from 25 March, till 14th April, 2020.
Early measures announced by the government included the cancellation of concerts and other cultural events, sporting events, and Friday prayers, closure of universities, higher education institutions and schools, and allocated 5 trillion rials to combat the virus. President Hassan Rouhani said on 26 February 2020 that there were no plans to quarantine areas affected by the outbreak, and only individuals would be quarantined. However, Shia shrines in Qom remained open to pilgrims.
Iran became a center of the spread of the virus after China. Amidst claims of a cover-up of the extent of the outbreak in the country, over ten countries have traced their cases back to Iran, indicating that the extent of the outbreak may be more severe than that admitted by the Iranian government. The Iranian Parliament was shut down, with 23 of the 290 members of parliament reported to have had tested positive for the virus on 3 March. A number of senior government officials as well as two members of parliament have died from the disease.
The outbreak has been a concern for the 2020 Summer Olympics which is scheduled to take place in Tokyo starting at the end of July. The Japanese government has thus been taking extra precautions to help minimise the outbreak's impact.
This section may be too long and excessively detailed. (March 2020)
The class suspension in Metro Manila was extended to April 12, 2020, following the decision of concerned authorities to raise the COVID-19 alert level in the country to Code Red Sublevel 2. Work in the executive branch of the government was also suspended for the same period as part of the Stringent Social Distancing Measures in the National Capital Region (NCR), with the directive for the concerned government agencies to form skeletal forces to ensure the delivery of basic services. Congress and the Judiciary were encouraged to do the same. Agencies providing law enforcement services, health services, and emergency services were enjoined to continue to operate at full capacity.
Other salient directives, contained in a resolution adopted by the Inter-Agency Task Force on the Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-EID) and announced by the Philippine President on March 12, 2020 at the Heroes Hall in Malacañan Palace, include:
- the prohibition of mass gatherings that could strain the resources of the host community,
- the imposition of community quarantine over Metro Manila, with guidelines issued to Local Government Units outside Metro Manila for the imposition of community quarantine in their respective localities,
- encouragement of flexible work arrangements for the private sector, subject to guidelines from the Department of Trade and Industry and the Department of Labor and Employment,
- the continued operation of mass public transport within Metro Manila (such as LRT, MRT, and PNR), as well as of manufacturing, retail and service establishments, but with the proviso to enforce strict social distancing, and
- suspension of land, domestic air, and domestic sea travel to and from Metro Manila from March 15 to April 12, 2020.
On March 13, 2020, a memorandum containing the guidelines for stringent social distancing measures and the management of COVID-19 in the National Capital Region was issued by Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea by order of the president. Among the directives embodied in the memorandum were:
- suspension of classes and all school activities until April 14, 2020,
- prohibition of mass gatherings including "movie screenings, concerts, sports events and other entertainment activities, community assemblies, and non-essential work-related gatherings."
- imposition of strict social distancing - at least 1 meter radius between and among attendees - during essential meetings and religious activities, and
- provisions for alternative and/or flexible work arrangements.
On March 16, the president signed Proclamation No. 929 declaring a state of calamity throughout the country for a period of six months, bringing into effect the following:
- price control of basic needs and commodities,
- granting of interest-free loans,
- distribution of calamity funds,
- authorization of importation and receipt of donations, and
- hazard allowance for public health workers and government personnel in the fields of science and technology.
Following the sharp increase of confirmed cases, President Duterte called Congress to a special session to "authorize the President to exercise powers necessary to carry out urgent measures to meet the current national emergency related to the Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19).” On March 23, 2020, the Senate of the Philippines and the Philippine House of Representatives both held special sessions to discuss the measure.
On March 16, President Duterte placed the island of Luzon under "enhanced" community quarantine that further restricted the movement of people through the suspension of mass public transport and the closure of non-essential establishments. Business Process Outsourcing and export-oriented businesses were allowed to continue operation subject to certain conditions. Relevant government agencies were ordered to provide social amelioration measures.
San Miguel Corporation subsequently announced that its food, fuel, and power generation facilities would continue operation to provide essential services. Vice-Chairman, President and COO Ramon S. Ang gave assurances of the company's capability to produce sufficient food supplies and its commitment to continue paying its employees. The effects of
Region I - Ilocos Region
Province of Ilocos Norte
On March 13, 2020, Ilocos Norte Governor Matthew Marcos Manotoc issued Executive Order No. 59-20 which suspended classes in private and public institutions indefinitely and mandated the duties of school officials/administrators and parents/guardians, which included the adoption of and participation in alternative measures for course completion. On March 14, 2020, he signed Executive Order No. 60-20 which placed the province under community quarantine. The order activated Task Force Salun-at, which was previously institutionalized under Executive Order No. 51-20. Under the provisions of Executive Order No. 60-20, Task Force Salun-at was given authority over the province to deny entry to certain individuals based on criteria specified in the order, and enforce checking of individuals seeking entry and required clearance, endorsement, quarantine, and monitoring. The executive order also included provisions for the:
- regulation of ports and borders;
- the preparation of health information forms,
- personal and public preventive measures,
- identification of quarantine areas,
- prohibition of hoarding, reselling, and price spikes, and
- prohibition of the spreading of fake news.
Province of Ilocos Sur
In the northern Philippine province of Ilocos Sur, Governor Ryan Luis V. Singson issued Executive Order No. 12 and Executive Order No. 13, on March 12 and 13, 2020, respectively. The executive orders mandated the suspension of classes in all levels from March 13 to April 12, 2020, as well as the suspension of other school activities that involve the gathering of crowds, at both public and private schools in the province.
On March 15, the province was placed under community quarantine through Executive Order No. 14 which restricted the movement of people to and from Ilocos Sur, mandated the establishment of checkpoints and conditions for transportation and travel, prohibited social gatherings, encouraged flexible/alternative work arrangements or suspension of work, suspended tourism, prohibited hoarding, delineated rules for business establishments, and imposed curfew.
The outbreak was confirmed to have spread to Italy on 31 January 2020, when two Chinese tourists tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 in Rome. In response, the Italian government suspended all flights to and from China and declared a state of emergency, with Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte stating that Italy is the first EU country to take this precautionary measure. On 31 January, the Italian Council of Ministers appointed Angelo Borrelli, head of the Civil Protection, as Special Commissioner for the COVID-19 Emergency. A unassociated cluster of COVID-19 cases was later further detected starting with 16 confirmed cases in Lombardy on 21 February, an additional 60 cases on 22 February, and Italy's first deaths reported on the same day.
The Ministry of Health announced new guidelines for reporting cases on 27 February in response to the previous blanket testing that caused case numbers to surge and inflamed public panic. It would no longer report asymptomatic cases (swabs taken from patients which tested positive but were not showing symptoms) which counted as 40 to 50% of all reported cases at the time. These people would undergo isolation at home and would be followed up with new tests until they were negative.
On 22 February, the Italian Council of Ministers announced a new decree law to contain the outbreak, including quarantining more than 50,000 people from 11 different municipalities in northern Italy. Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said "In the outbreak areas, entry and exit will not be provided. Suspension of work activities and sport events has already been ordered in those areas." Punishments for violating of the lockdown range from a fine of 206 euros to 3 months imprisonment. Italian military and law enforcement agencies were instructed to secure and implement the lockdown.
On 3 March, Chinese authorities reported that on March first and second, eight virus victims who had returned to the county of Qingtian, in East China's Zhejiang province, were suffering from the virus. All eight appear to have acquired Covid-19 in the northern town of Bergamo, Italy, a virus-ravaged municipality, where they had worked at a restaurant, Qingtian officials said. Chinese authorities called these "backflow cases" — virus carriers who contract the disease outside China, then bring it back to their homeland.
On 4 March, the Italian government ordered the full closure of all schools and universities nationwide as Italy reached 100 deaths. Additionally, all major sporting events, including Serie A football matches, would be held behind closed doors until April. On 9 March, all sport was suspended completely for at least one month.
On 21 February, at least ten towns in the Lombardy and Veneto regions of Italy, with a total population of 50,000, were locked down in quarantine procedure following an outbreak in Codogno in Lombardy. Police mandated a curfew closing all public buildings and controlling access through police checkpoints to the so-called 'red zone' which is enforced by penalties for violations ranging from a €206 fine to three months of imprisonment against trespassers who are not health or supply workers. The government of Giuseppe Conte said that sending in the armed forces to enforce the lockdown was a possibility. The governor of Basilicata, Vito Bardi, instituted a mandatory 14-day quarantine for people arriving from areas in northern Italy affected by the outbreak on 24 February. On the same day, 500 extra police officers were assigned to patrol the quarantined areas in Lodi and Veneto.
On the morning of 8 March 2020, Conte said that much of Italy's northern territories, including Milan and Venice, would be quarantined within their region. Conte said the country was locking down all of the populous Lombardy region, with movement restrictions applying to about 16 million people. This will be the most aggressive response taken in any region beyond China, and will paralyse the wealthiest parts of the country as Italy attempts to constrain the rapid spread of the disease. On 8 March 2020, there have been 7,375 confirmed cases, and 366 deaths in Italy.
On the evening of 9 March 2020, the quarantine was expanded to all of Italy.
On 31 January 2020, the first case was confirmed when a tourist tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 in La Gomera, Spain. On 14 March, due to the increased number of cases, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez declared a state of alarm, placing all citizens in quarantine except for those working in healthcare or other vital activities, closing all non-critical businesses, and only allowing citizens to go outside for activities such as grocery shopping or walking a pet.
On 24 March 2020, the United Kingdom brought in "some of the most far-reaching curbs on personal freedom ever introduced" in peacetime, including a three-week lockdown of the country. This included a ban on public gatherings of more than two people (excluding those you live with) and the closing down of all non-essential businesses.
In the Americas
On 31 January 2020, President Donald Trump issued a proclamation limiting entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of all aliens who were physically present within the People's Republic of China, excluding the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau, during the 14-day period preceding their entry or attempted entry into the United States.
In the Pacific Northwest state of Washington, the first six confirmed deaths in the United States were reported in late February 2020, with two deaths and an outbreak at a Life Care Centers of America elderly care in Kirkland, Washington, affecting residents, staff, firefighters, and nursing students. Washington governor Jay Inslee declared a state of emergency on 28 February after a man there died of COVID-19, the first such reported death in the United States. Florida governor Ron DeSantis also declared a state of emergency. On 4 March, California governor Gavin Newsom declared a state of emergency after the first death within state borders, in addition to 53 confirmed cases within the state.
Major US corporations have imposed employee travel restrictions. Twitter "suspend[ed] all non-critical business travel and events". Facebook cancelled its F8 developer conference. Goldman Sachs cancelled all "non-essential" travel and put in place specific restrictions on travel to China, South Korea, Italy, and Iran. Amazon, who confirmed an employee in the Seattle area tested positive for COVID-19, banned nonessential employee travel. Nike closed its Oregon headquarters and its European headquarters in Amsterdam "out of an abundance of caution". As required by regulation, large American banks are reviewing emergency plans to ensure that they can continue to operate if conditions worsen; contingency plans include having employees work from their homes, transferring staff to backup offices and even sending staff to offices in other cities. Some companies, including Microsoft, GitHub, and Square, Inc., have also encouraged employees to work from home.
Over a dozen schools in the Seattle area cancelled classes on 3 March for disinfection and other precautionary measures. On 6 March, the University of Washington cancelled in-person classes. The Seattle-based university is home to 50,000 students. Multiple public and private schools outside New York City have closed as a result of the virus, including the Westchester County public school districts of Hastings-on-Hudson, Mount Vernon, Yonkers, etc. All schools within the Elk Grove Unified School District in the Sacramento area shut down on 7 March after a case of the virus appeared in Elk Grove.
By 8 March 2020, the number of deaths in the US had risen to 22, with over 500 cases reported.
Some Americans seem resentful at being asked to worry, and believe that COVID-19 appears no worse than the flu.
On 28 January, the Ministry of Health set up the National Health Coordination Centre (NHCC) in response to the outbreak. On 3 February, the New Zealand Government announced that foreign travellers who left from China would be denied entry to New Zealand, with only New Zealand citizens and permanent residents and their family being allowed to enter.
New Zealand confirmed its first case of Covid-19 on 28 February, a New Zealand citizen in his 60s who had recently visited Iran. The travel ban was extended to include Iran on the same day.
17 March: Health Minister David Clark announced that the Government would deport foreign tourists who flout self-quarantine restrictions. Immigration New Zealand placed two foreign tourists into forced quarantine for defying Government requirements to self-quarantine for two weeks. Finance Minister Grant Robertson announced a NZ$12.1 billion Covid-19 business package. Logan Park High School in Dunedin closed for 48 hours after one of its students tested positive for the coronavirus.
18 March: The Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association announced that all Anzac Day services, scheduled for 25 April, would be cancelled.
19 March: The government required the cancellation of mass indoor events with more than 100 people. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announced the closure of New Zealand's borders to all but New Zealand citizens and residents, with effect after 11:59 pm on Thursday night.
21 March: Local councils in New Zealand's main centres announced the closures of public facilities including swimming pools, libraries, recreation centres, community centres, art galleries, and museums.
23 March: Prime Minister Ardern raised the Covid-19 alert level from two to three and announced the closure of all schools beginning on that day. The Government also announced that they would raise the national alert level to four at 11:59pm on 25 March, which would lead to a nationwide lockdown, for a period of four weeks. While all sporting matches and events as well as non-essential services such as pools, bars, cafes, restaurants, playgrounds are required to close in 48 hours, essential services such as supermarkets, petrol stations, and health services will remain open.
President Cyril Ramaphosa declared that South Africa would undergo a national lockdown, for a period of 21 days, from 26 March to 16 April 2020. This drastic measure was intended to help keep the viral infection rate as low as possible and save lives.
- Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on sports
- Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on religion
- Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on education
- Gutiérrez, Pablo. "Coronavirus map: how Covid-19 is spreading across the world". The Guardian.
- "Coronavirus Update (Live) – Worldometer". worldometers.info.
- James Griffiths; Amy Woodyatt. "Wuhan coronavirus: Thousands of cases confirmed as China goes into emergency mode". CNN. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- 解禁！湖北封闭式管理松绑 武汉市为高风险地区 (in Chinese). 15 March 2020.
- 湖北封閉式管理鬆綁 低風險鄉鎮社區全數解禁. Central News Agency (in Chinese). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
- "China to Lift Lockdown Over Virus Epicenter Wuhan on April 8". Bloomberg. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "China to lift travel restrictions in Hubei after months of coronavirus lockdown". The Guradian. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- 湖北荆州：17日起小区有序解封. 荆州发布 (in Chinese). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- 襄阳火车站关闭，湖北省最后一个地级市“封城”_媒体_澎湃新闻-The Paper. www.thepaper.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- 湖北黄石：解除市区交通管制，停办通行证 (in Chinese). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
- 湖北潜江市民燃放烟花庆祝解封. Sina News. 13 March 2020.
- 新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情实时大数据报告. baidu.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- 湖北疫情地图. feiyan.wecity.qq.com. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- Cohen, Jon (26 January 2020). "Wuhan seafood market may not be source of novel virus spreading globally". Science. doi:10.1126/science.abb0611. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
- 武汉市卫健委关于当前我市肺炎疫情的情况通报. Wuhan Municipal Health Commission (in Chinese). 31 December 2019. Archived from the original on 9 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
- "Novel Coronavirus". World Health Organization (WHO). Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 习近平：在中央政治局常委会会议研究应对新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情工作时的讲话 (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. 15 February 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
- "Xi began fighting the virus earlier than previously known, a newly published speech indicates". The New York Times. 15 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- AFP, Laurent Thomet and Eva Xiao. "Officials Just Confirmed China's Mystery Virus Spreads by Human to Human Transmission". ScienceAlert. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- Griffiths, James; Gan, Nectar (22 January 2020). "China confirms Wuhan virus can be spread by humans". CNN.
- "China halts flights and trains out of Wuhan as WHO extends talks". Channel NewsAsia. 23 January 2020. Archived from the original on 23 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
- Xiao, Bang (26 January 2020). "'No-one in the family knows what to do': Over 100 Australian children trapped in Wuhan coronavirus area". ABC News-AU. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- "China to extend Spring Festival holiday to contain coronavirus pandemic". Beijing. Xinhua News Agency. 26 January 2020.
- "Chinese Premier Li visits Wuhan, epicenter of virus outbreak". Beijing. Reuters. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
- 李雪晴. "China's State Council extends Spring Festival holiday – Chinadaily.com.cn". China Daily. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- 海关总署公告2020年第16号（关于重新启动出入境人员填写健康申明卡制度的公告）. General Administration of Customs, P.R. China (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
- Liu, Hongxia (26 January 2020). 海关总署宣布重新启动出入境人员填写健康申明卡制度 [The General Administration of Customs announced they will restart the system for filling health declaration forms for passengers exit and enter the border] (in Chinese). Beijing. Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
- "China re-launches health declaration form requirement on border". China Global Television Network. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
- "China extends Spring Festival holiday to contain coronavirus pandemic". Xinhua News Agency. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
- Luo, Xiaojing (24 January 2020). 湖北这些学校推迟开学 北大等暂停参观 [These Hubei schools delayed new semester; Peking Univ. halted public visits] (in Chinese). The Beijing News. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Yu, Rong (23 January 2020). 严禁寒假补课提前开学 省教育厅部署新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情防控工作 [Strictly ban winter break tutoring and schooling; Provincial Education Department deploy countermeasures against new coronavirus pandemic]. Hunan Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Xu, Qin (25 January 2020). 市教委：疫情解除前严禁组织大型活动 中小学取消所有假期返校 [City's Education Committee: Strictly forbid organizing large events before the outbreak dissolved; all middle and elementary schools to cancel school-returning during break]. Jiefang Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Yao, Zhuowen. 深圳：高三初三也不得提前开学提前补课 [Shenzhen: Junior students in middle schools and high schools shouldn't start school early or start tutoring early]. People.com.cn Shenzhen (in Chinese) (25 January 2020). Shenzhen Tequ Bao (Shenzhen Special Economic Zone Newspaper). Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Lum, Alvin; Sum, Lok-kei (25 January 2020). "China coronavirus: Hong Kong leader hits back at criticisms of being slow". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "Wuhan bans cars, Hong Kong closes schools as virus spreads". Associated Press. 25 January 2020. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Wang, Chenxi (24 January 2020). 澳门关闭博物馆延期开学防控新型冠状病毒疫情 [Macau closed museums and delayed school-openings to control coronavirus pandemic] (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Zhao, Shi (24 January 2020). 澳门高校延后开学，要求开学后主动报告假期去向 [Universities and colleges in Macau delayed openings, to ask students to report where they've been to during the break] (in Chinese). Pengpai News. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Qian, Tong (26 January 2020). 春节假期将延长 各地延迟返工返校政策陆续出台 [Sping festival break to be extended; several places announced delayed work-returning and school-reopening policies]. Caixin (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- "Factbox: As virus spreads, hotels, airlines offer refunds, stores close". Reuters. 24 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- 今起全国飞机、火车免费退票 [Free ticket refunds offer to planes and trains nation-wide from today] (in Chinese). thepaper.cn / Pengpai News. 24 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- "China Orders Travel Agencies to Suspend Tours to Contain Virus Outbreak". Bloomberg. 24 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- "Beijing to suspend interprovincial road transport starting Sunday". China Daily. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- "Chinese prosecutors urged to toughen crackdown on epidemic-related crimes". Xinhua News Agency. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
- "China's museums offer online exhibitions amid coronavirus pandemic". MSN. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- "China opens more online exhibitions amid virus outbreak". ecns.cn. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- 关于向"博物馆网上展览平台"提供网上展览内容资源的倡议书. ncha.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- "At home with history – China.org.cn". china.org.cn. Archived from the original on 4 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- "Archived copy" 武汉肺炎病毒持续扩散 湖北下令封15个城市 (in Chinese). Germany: Deutsche Welle. 24 January 2020. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Coleman, Alistair; Allen, Kerry (22 January 2020). "Chinese social media users worry over virus". BBC News.
- "Coronavirus Crisis Exposes Cracks in China's Facade of Unity". The New York Times. 28 January 2020. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- Smith, Nicola; Newey, Sarah (26 January 2020). "Coronavirus: Fears rise of Chinese cover-up as 56 million in lockdown and hospitals overwhelmed". The Telegraph.
- "Residents of China's Wuhan rush to stock up as transport links severed". Reuters. 23 January 2020. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
- 武汉一线 [Wuhan First-line: Rising vegetable prices, napa cabbages 35 CNY each]. 澎湃新闻-The Paper (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 23 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
- "China warns coronavirus strengthening as Lunar New Year holiday extended three more days to discourage travel". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
- "Wuhan virus: China imposes partial lockdown in Shantou, the first city to face measure outside virus epicentre". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- "China's Shantou city will not ban cars, ships, people from entering, state media reports". Reuters. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- Zheng, Lichun (26 January 2020). 广东汕头撤回交通管制通告 市民一度抢购物资 [Shantou, Guangdong's announcement on traffic restrictions was reversed; residents rushed to stockpile food and supplies for a while]. Caixin (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- Ying, Rui (27 January 2020). 北京、深圳、广州、南京，这些城市官宣"不封城" [Beijing, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Nanjing – these cities officially announced they "will not lock down"]. The Beijing News (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- Ma, Zhenhuan (26 January 2020). "Authorities say no imminent lockdown of Beijing". People's Republic of China: China daily. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- 温州市新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情防控工作领导小组通告(第7号) (in Chinese). Wenzhou People's Government. 2 February 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
- "Hangzhou and Taizhou, cities far from virus epicentre, implement travel restrictions". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Shanghai neighbour Zhejiang imposes draconian quarantine". South China Morning Post. 6 February 2020. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
- Griffiths, James; Dewan, Angela; Mezzofiore, Gianluca; Borghese, Livia; Kottasová, Ivana. "7,000 held on cruise ship in Italy as global fears spread over coronavirus". CNN. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- McCurry, Justin; Ratcliffe, Rebecca (5 February 2020). "Coronavirus: cruise ship carrying 3,700 quarantined in Japan after 10 test positive". The Guardian.
- "Almost 2,000 passengers held on cruise ship in Hong Kong amid coronavirus scare". CNBC. 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- Denyer, Simon; O'Grady, Siobhán (7 February 2020). "Passengers quarantined on cruise ship are desperate to escape coronavirus that infected 64 fellow travelers". The Washington Post. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- Denyer, Simon; Brulliard, Karin; Taylor, Adam; Iati, Marisa (6 February 2020). "Another 41 people test positive for coronavirus on quarantined cruise ship in Japan, health minister says". The Washington Post. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Thousands on cruise ship allowed to disembark after tests". BBC News. 10 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- "Infection tally on Diamond Princess hits 130 as Japan mulls testing all passengers". Japan Times. 10 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- "Growing criticism over Japan cruise quarantine". BBC News. 20 February 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus Update (Live): 520,395 Cases and 23,593 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Outbreak - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus: 'Pariah' cruise ship rejected by five ports docks at last". BBC News. 13 February 2020.
- 湖北黄冈：每户家庭每两天可指派1人上街采购无关人员不得外出. jznews.com.cn (in Chinese). 2 February 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 浙江温州严控居民出行：每家每两天可指派1人出门采购. guancha.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 政府网站 (2 February 2020). 浙江温岭出行管控：每户每两天可派1人出门采购 (in Chinese). Sina Corp. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 防城港：每家每两天可派一人出门采购. gxnews.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- 广西3城市下文:每户家庭每两天可派1人出门采购！. gxnews.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- 广西3城市下文:每户家庭每两天可派1人出门采购！. gxnews.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- 西安多区、县实行居民出行管控：最多每两天可派1人外出采购 (in Chinese). Sina Corp. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 安徽蚌埠市管控居民出行：每户每两天可派1人出门_抗疫_澎湃新闻-The Paper. thepaper.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 安徽淮北：每户家庭每两天可指派1名成员出门_人员. sohu.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 温州台州严格控制人员进出 每户每两天可指派1名家庭成员外出采购 _ 东方财富网. finance.eastmoney.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 杭州多地发"最严禁令" 每户每两天1人外出采购一次_防控. sohu.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 湖北鄂州：主城区家庭每户每两天指派1人上街采购生活物资-中新网. chinanews.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 深夜突发！南京、宁波、福州、哈尔滨…所有小区封闭管理！最狠这座城:每户5天只能1人外出采购1次_媒体_澎湃新闻-The Paper. thepaper.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 今日12时至8日24时，徐州严格实行社区居民出行管控等措施_新华报业网. xhby.net (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 江西景德镇严控居民出行：每户每2天限1人外出采购. guancha.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 北京日报客户端 (4 February 2020). 哈尔滨所有小区封闭管理 每户每两天可1人外出 (in Chinese). Sina Corp. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 多地防控升级：驻马店一区限每户5天1人外出，宁波实名买退烧药. sohu.com (in Chinese). 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 西安多个区加强管控 小区封闭式管理外出采购仅限一人-新闻频道-西安网. news.xiancity.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 西安市莲湖区发布关于实施疫情防控"十项规定"的通告. news.hsw.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- 一财资讯 (4 February 2020). 宁波疫情防控措施再升级：每户每两天可由1名成员外出采购 (in Chinese). Sina Corp. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 江苏各地实施小区封闭式管理 防控手段请了解. wxrb.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- 合肥实行封闭式管理，每两天1名家庭成员外出采购. takefoto.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 刚刚！阜阳市发布严控村(居)民出行通告：每户每两天可派1人外出采购. 365jia.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 本溪市居民小区每户家庭每两天可指派1名家庭成员外出釆购生活物资. news.syd.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- 阿坝州：每户家庭每两天指派1名家庭成员外出采购_四川在线. sichuan.scol.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 甘孜州发布公告 所有村组、居民小区、单位实行封闭式管理_四川在线. sichuan.scol.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 暂停外地居民接待、购买药品需实名……广西多地实行"最严管控"-广西新闻网. gxnews.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 桂林市新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情防控工作领导小组. eastmoney.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- 暂停外地居民接待、购买药品需实名……广西多地实行"最严管控"-广西新闻网. gxnews.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 累计确诊新冠肺炎600例 江西全省所有村组小区一律封闭管理. nbd.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 咸阳出台疫情防控十条措施 每户每周可两次指派1人外采-中新网. chinanews.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 锦州市新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎 疫情防控指挥部令 第4号 [Order for Prevention and Control of Pneumonia of New Coronavirus Infection in Jinzhou City No. 4]. 6 February 2020. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 长春市宽城区：每户家庭每两天可派一人出门采购生活物资 (in Chinese). Sina Corp. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
- 河北唐山对所有村庄、小区、单位实行封闭式管理. chinanews.com. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
- 比照SARS集中醫治 武漢擬6天建千床醫療站 – 兩岸 – 重點新聞 (in Chinese). Central News Agency. 23 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
- 李克强督战武汉"小汤山"医院建设：把这里建成遏制疫情蔓延的"安全岛". gov.cn (in Chinese). 28 January 2020.
- "Wuhan to follow Beijing's SARS treatment model in new coronavirus control". Xinhua News Agency. 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
- Siddique, Haroon (24 January 2020). "Chinese city plans to build coronavirus hospital in days". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
- Xu, Jinbo (25 January 2020). 特别的除夕：武汉吹响建设火神山医院"集结号" [A special Lunar New Year's Eve: Wuhan sound the rally for building Huoshenshan hospital] (in Chinese). China News Service. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Hartley-Parkinson, Richard (29 January 2020). "China completes 1,000-bed coronavirus hospital in just 48 hours". Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- Yu, Sun; McMorrow, Ryan (12 February 2020). "China seizes hotels, hospitals and cars to fight coronavirus". Financial Times.
- "雷神山医院病床增至1600张". bjnews.com.cn. 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- "火神山、雷神山医院将于2月3日和2月6日收治病人". 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- He, Guanghua; Tian, Doudou (25 January 2020). 武汉将再建一个"小汤山"医院 [Wuhan to build another "Xiaotangshan" hospital]. People's Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- 武漢肺炎︰火神山首階段施工近完成 當局再建雷神山 [Wuhan Pneumonia: First stage of Huoshenshan Hospital construction nearing completion, authorities to build Leishenshan Hospital]. Oriental Daily News (in Chinese). 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "First 30 viral pneumonia patients admitted in Leishenshan Hospital". CGTN. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus: China says disease 'curbed' in Wuhan and Hubei". BBC. 10 March 2020.
- 各地逾2.5万名医疗队员支援湖北. People's Daily (in Chinese). 16 February 2020.
- "The true cost of China's coronavirus cover-up: How state censorship let the outbreak spread". Financial Times. 7 February 2020. Retrieved 7 March 2020 – via Nationalpost.com.
- Griffiths, James. "Wuhan is the latest crisis to face China's Xi, and it's exposing major flaws in his model of control". CNN. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- Kristof, Nicholas (29 January 2020). "Coronavirus Spreads, and the World Pays for China's Dictatorship". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- "China's slow response to coronavirus has shown the weakness of its centralised model". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- "China: Respect Rights in Coronavirus Response". Human Rights Watch. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
- "新冠肺炎吹哨醫師 李文亮病逝 民眾激憤". 世界新聞網 (in Chinese). 7 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus kills Chinese whistleblower doctor". BBC News. 7 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- Zhong, Raymond (27 January 2020). "As Virus Spreads, Anger Floods Chinese Social Media". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- "Li Wenliang: Coronavirus death of Wuhan doctor sparks outpouring of anger". BBC News. 7 February 2020. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- Graham-Harrison, Emma (6 February 2020). "'Hero who told the truth': Chinese rage over coronavirus death of whistleblower doctor". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- "Li Wenliang's death is a new crisis for China's rulers". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
- "China's online censors tighten grip after brief coronavirus respite". Reuters. 11 February 2020.
- Glavin, Terry (12 February 2020). "Terry Glavin: China is 'disappearing' coronavirus truth-seekers". National Post. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
- "Xi orders resolute efforts to curb virus spread". Xinhua News Agency. 20 January 2020. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Fifield, Anna; Sun, Lina H.; Bernstein, Lenny (22 January 2020). "Chinese officials try to contain virus outbreak as first case confirmed in U.S." The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Zheng, William; Lau, Mimi (21 January 2020). "China's credibility on the line as it tries to dispels fears it will cover up spread of Wuhan virus". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Wei, Lingling (28 January 2020). "China Strains to Stamp Out Coronavirus Criticisms at Home". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
- Rourke, Alison; Blackall, Molly; Gayle, Damien; Weaver, Matthew; Murray, Jessica; Doherty, Ben (31 January 2020). "Virus death toll reaches 213 in China – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
- "In coronavirus pandemic, China's leaders scramble to avert a Chernobyl moment". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 4 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
- "China's online censors tighten grip after brief coronavirus respite". Reuters. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
- Kuo, Lily (4 February 2020). "Taking credit, avoiding blame? Xi Jinping's absence from coronavirus frontline". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 4 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- Griffiths, James. "China is waking up to the dangers of knee-jerk censorship in a crisis". CNN. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
- Gilbert, David (30 January 2020). "You Can Now Go to Jail in China for Criticizing Beijing's Coronavirus Response". Vice. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
- "China's online censors tighten grip after brief coronavirus respite". Reuters. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
- AFP (25 January 2020). "Trump praises China 'efforts and transparency' on virus". Business Standard India. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
- "Trump praises China 'efforts and transparency' on Wuhan virus". The Straits Times. 25 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
- "Coronavirus reaches Europe as France confirms 3 cases". Deutsche Welle. 24 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
- "China Doing Good Job in Combating Virus, German Minister Says". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
- "Singapore leaders stand in solidarity with China over COVID-19 outbreak". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- "Russia and China pledge to maintain special relationship despite Moscow's slow response to coronavirus". South China Morning Post. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- "Pope Francis praises China's efforts to contain coronavirus". Reuters. 26 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
- "Argentina Orders 'Exceptional' Lockdown in Bid to Contain Virus". Bloomberg.com. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- "Australia starts lockdown measures as coronavirus cases jump". The Straits Times. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- red, ORF at/Agenturen (16 March 2020). "Ausgangsbeschränkungen: Was nun erlaubt ist und was nicht". news.ORF.at (in German). Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- AFP (20 March 2020). "Austria extends confinement measures until April 13". The Local. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
- "Belgium enters lockdown over coronavirus crisis – in pictures". The Guardian. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- "SC tem 86 casos de coronavírus e governo anuncia prorrogação de quarentena". G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "Governo de São Paulo decreta quarentena de 15 dias em todo o estado por causa do coronavírus". G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "Chile announces nationwide nightly curfew, coronavirus cases hit 632". National Post. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Atención: Colombia entrará a cuarentena total". El Tiempo (in Spanish). 20 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- Stoyanov, Anton (12 March 2020). "Denmark goes on lockdown". TheMayor.eu. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
- Abiu Lopez, Ezequiel (19 March 2020). "Dominican government to suspend flights, classes to curb coronavirus". Reuters. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- Reuters (12 March 2020). "El Salvador bans mass gatherings as virus spreads – as it happened". The Guardian.
- "Fiji city sealed off as first COVID-19 case confirmed". 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
- Yle (25 March 2020). "Finland shuts down Uusimaa to fight coronavirus". Yle. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "France imposes 15-day lockdown and mobilises 100,000 police to enforce coronavirus restrictions". The Independent. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Coronavirus latest: Bavaria announces lockdown | DW | 20.03.2020". DW.COM. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- WELT (20 March 2020). "Ausgangsperre wegen Corona in Deutschland: Merkel warnt – „Können jederzeit reagieren"". DIE WELT. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- "Greece imposes lockdown after coronavirus infections jump". Greece. 22 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- IEFIMERIDA.GR, NEWSROOM (22 March 2020). "Απαγόρευση κυκλοφορίας: Πώς θα πάτε στη δουλειά -Πού επιτρέπεται η μετακίνηση | ΕΛΛΑΔΑ". iefimerida.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "Absolute curfew for the entire nation". Secretaría de Seguridad. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- "Hungary PM imposes lockdown, sees coronavirus peak by July". Reuters. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus in India LIVE Updates: PM Modi announces 21-day national lockdown, says extremely necessary to take this step". India Today. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Pertama di Indonesia, Wali Kota Umumkan Tegal Lockdown". 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- White, Debbie (12 March 2020). "What time does Ireland's coronavirus lockdown start?". The Sun. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
- Legorano, Eric Sylvers and Giovanni (9 March 2020). "As Virus Spreads, Italy Locks Down Country". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- CNN, Rob Picheta and Tamara Qiblawi. "Jordan eases lockdown after total curfew leads to chaos". CNN.
- AFP (15 March 2020). "Lebanon announces two-week lockdown over coronavirus". France 24. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
- "Karantinas kol kas – pusei mėnesio: ką nuo pirmadienio uždraudė Vyriausybė?". 15min.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Koronaviruso krizės valdymą perima Skvernelio vadovaujamas komitetas". lrt.lt (in Lithuanian). 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Covid-19: Movement Control Order imposed with only essential sectors operating". New Straits Times. 16 March 2020. Archived from the original on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- "MCO extended until April 14". The Star. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Montenegro Places First Town under Total Quarantine". 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- H24info. "URGENT. Le Maroc déclare l'état d'urgence sanitaire". H24info (in French). Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- "Nepal locks down for a week to stem coronavirus spread". The Jakarta Post. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Covid-19 coronavirus: What the lockdown means for you and how it will be enforced". The New Zealand Herald. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Norway extends coronavirus lockdown until after Easter". The Local. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- Web, Desk (23 March 2020). "CM Punjab Usman Buzdar announces lockdown in Punjab". ARY News. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- Tufail, Ahmad (21 March 2020). "Sindh decides to go into COVID-19 lock down". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- Mohammad, Zafar (25 March 2020). "Balochistan goes into lockdown untill April 7". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- Radio, Pakistan (22 March 2020). "GB Govt decides to observe lockdown for indefinite period". Radio Pakistan. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- Web, Desk (23 March 2020). "Azad Jammu and Kashmir PM announces three-week lockdown to combat virus". ARY News. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Ejecutivo decreta cuarentena total de manera indefinida | La Prensa Panamá". www.prensa.com. 25 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus en Perú: Gobierno anuncia cuarentena obligatoria por 15 días por coronavirus". Gestión. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "Sara Duterte says no more localized quarantines as Davao Region lockdown begins". Rappler. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- Luna, Franco. "Travel to and from Manila suspended from March 15 as Code Red Sublevel 2 raised over COVID-19". Philippine Star. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
- Jones, Ewan (13 March 2020). "Poland in COVID-19 LOCKDOWN! PM orders bars, restaurants, shopping centres and borders closed - and cancels ALL flights". The First News. Polish Press Agency. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
- "State of Emergency Explained". Portugal News Newspaper. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Klaus Iohannis anunță carantină totală în România: Tot ce era până acum recomandare, devine obligatoriu. Măsurile, în vigoare de mâine". Digi24 (in Romanian). 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Samoa officially on lock down". Radio New Zealand. 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
- Burke, Jason (23 March 2020). "South Africa to go into 21-day lockdown on Thursday night". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Pedro Sánchez anuncia el estado de alarma para frenar el coronavirus 24 horas antes de aprobarlo". ELMUNDO (in Spanish). 13 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- "Tunisia orders army into streets to enforce coronavirus lockdown". Reuters. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "U.K. government imposes 3-week national lockdown, enforced by police, to contain coronavirus". NBC News. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- Yap, Jennifer Calfas, Margherita Stancati and Chuin-Wei (20 March 2020). "California Orders Lockdown for State's 40 Million Residents". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- Edwards, Valerie; Scully, Emer (19 March 2020). "Las Vegas goes dark: Iconic strip is deserted as Sin City joins list of barren US towns after Nevada governor ordered ALL casinos, restaurants and clubs to close for 30 days to slow the coronavirus spread". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- Associated Press; NBC (20 March 2020). "Coronavirus Outbreak Latest: No New Cases in Wuhan; US States Order Lockdowns". NBC Connecticut. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
- Petrella, Dan; St. Clair, Stacy; Johnson, Steve; Pratt, Gregory (20 March 2020). "Gov. J.B. Pritzker issues order requiring residents to 'stay at home' starting Saturday". Chicago Tribune. Chicago. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
- Carpenter, Tim; Smith, Sherman (21 March 2020). "Kansas coronavirus update: 30-day quarentine ordered for KC; state records second death, 55 cases". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- Jarmanning, Ally (23 March 2020). "Baker Orders All Non-Essential Mass. Businesses To Close Starting Tuesday". WBUR-TV. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "Michigan governor issues 'stay-at-home' order as COVID-19 cases increase". WDIV-TV. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- Stracqualursi, Veronica (20 March 2020). "Cuomo orders all nonessential New York workers to stay home". CNN. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
- Rogoway, Mike (23 March 2020). "Oregon governor issues 'stay home' order to enforce coronavirus restrictions". The Oregonian. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "Wisconsin Governor Issues Order Closing Businesses". NBC Chicago. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Venezuela's to implement nationwide quarantine as coronavirus cases rise to 33". Reuters. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus: South Korean woman travelling home from Thailand tests positive for virus". The Straits Times. 4 February 2020. Archived from the original on 4 February 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- "3 More Virus Cases Bring S. Korea's Total to 19, Two Confirmed after Trip to Singapore". Yonhap. 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- "S. Korea Releases First Fully Recovered Coronavirus Patient from Hospital". Yonhap News Agency. 5 February 2020. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- Shin, Hyonhee; Cha, Sangmi (20 February 2020). "'Like a zombie apocalypse': Residents on edge as coronavirus cases surge in South Korea". Thomson Reuters. Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
- "South Korea reports first coronavirus death as infections linked to church rise". NBC News. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
- "신천지 관련 확진자 76명으로 늘어...대구 교인 의심자만 544명" [The number of Shincheonji related doctors will increase to 74 ... Daegu members only 544] (in Korean). Chosun.com. 21 February 2020.
- "South Korea virus 'emergency' as cases increase". BBC News. 21 February 2020.
- Lee, Han-soo (21 February 2020). "COVID-19 patients soar to 204 in Korea". Korea Biomedical Review. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
- "Airlines to suspend more flights over coronavirus". The Korea Herald. Yonhap. 21 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
- Song, Seung-hyun (21 February 2020). "Foreign artists delay concerts in Korea due to spread of COVID-19". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
- "US Forces Korea imposes new coronavirus protections after uptick in S Korea cases". 19 February 2020.
- "USFK dependent tests positive for coronavirus, putting military on high alert in South Korea". Stars and Stripes.
- Roza, David. "US troops in Korea are on high alert for coronavirus after widow of retired soldier tests positive". Business Insider.
- "U.S. Soldier infected as South Korea coronavirus cases rise above 1,260". Reuters. 26 February 2020.
- Press, Associated. "First U.S. soldier in South Korea tests positive for coronavirus; towns sealed off in northern Italy". MarketWatch.
- "코로나바이러스감염증-19 국내 발생 현황 (2월 22일 09시)". 22 February 2020.
- "질병관리본부". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Korea.
- "123 additional cases have been confirmed". Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 23 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- "161 additional cases have been confirmed". Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- "15 countries have travel restrictions on South Korea". CNN. 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- Park, Chan-kyong (24 February 2020). "Coronavirus: infected health official leading South Korea's fight against Covid-19 is member of Shincheonji Church of Jesus doomsday cult". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
Official in charge of fight against the virus in western Daegu admits being member of cult after testing positive; 50 coworkers quarantined
- Kim, Victoria (27 February 2020). "Were you on this bus with a coronavirus patient? South Korea is on the hunt for infections". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
Even a public health official in charge of infection prevention in Seo-gu in Daegu was revealed to be a member of the church after he was diagnosed with the virus. Many members hide their affiliation with the controversial church. More than 750,000 signed a petition to the South Korean president urging that the church be disbanded. Authorities in Gyeonggi province raided the group’s headquarters in the city of Gwacheon, alleging that the church had been slow to turn over its list of members. South Korean officials said they would track down and test all 245,000 members of the church.
- "The Updates of COVID-19 in Republic of Korea As of 28 February, 2020". Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- Hoffmann, SA Eli (29 February 2020). "South Korea reports a record jump in coronavirus cases". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus: nearly 200 North Korea soldiers 'die from outbreak government refuses to acknowledge'". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
- Sharma, Niharika. "Air India pilot recalls the "deathly quiet" in Wuhan amidst coronavirus evacuation". Quartz India. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- Delhi7 February, India Today Web Desk New; 7 February, 2020UPDATED; Ist, 2020 18:50. "India had offered to evacuate Pakistani students from coronavirus-hit Wuhan, Jaishankar tells Rajya Sabha". India Today. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- Chaudhury, Dipanjan Roy (22 February 2020). "Chinese wall stopping evacuation of Indian nationals from Wuhan". The Economic Times. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- "PM Modi proposes Covid-19 emergency fund to SAARC leaders, offers $10 mn". Livemint. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- "NewinstructionsDt14032020Restirctiononinternationalpassengertraffic.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "GuidelinesDT13032020.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "82 districts under lockdown over Covid-19: What is shut and where". Hindustan Times. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- Jagannath, J. (22 March 2020). "Delhi lockdown to start at 6 am Monday, until 31 March: Kejriwal". Livemint. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- "Lockdown in West Bengal: From 5pm today, government to shut down non-essentials". The Times of India. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- Gunasekar, Arvind; Bhattacharji, Chetan (23 March 2020). "Coronavirus: 80 Cities Across India Go Into Lockdown Till March 31. What It Means". NDTV. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- Marpakwar, Prafulla (23 March 2020). "Poor public response pushed govt to declare lockdown in Mumbai". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "India's 1.3bn population told to stay at home". BBC News. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus Arrives in Iran: Two People Test Positive in Qom". irangov.ir. 19 February 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
- "Iran Confirms 3 New Coronavirus Cases". irangov.ir. 20 February 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
- "Iranian Doctors Call For 'Long Holiday' To Contain Coronavirus, As Sixth Victim Dies". Radio Farda. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 22 February 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
- "لغو همه مسابقات ورزشی به مدت ۱۰ روز". varzesh3.com (in Persian). Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Gambrell, Jon. "Iran news agencies report Friday prayers canceled in Tehran". The Washington Post. Associated Press.
- "Iran Announces Closure Of Universities, Schools As Coronavirus Death Toll Rises". Radio Farda. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 23 February 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
- "اختصاص 530 میلیارد تومان به وزارت بهداشت برای مقابله با کرونا". پایگاه خبری جماران – امام خمینی – انقلاب اسلامی (in Persian). Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Iran has no plans to quarantine cities, Rouhani says". BBC. 26 February 2020.
- Ramin Mostaghim; Mostafa Salem; Tamara Qiblawi (26 February 2020). "Iran was already struggling with one crisis. Now it has the worst coronavirus pandemic in the Middle East". CNN.
- David D. Kirkpatrick, Farnaz Fassihi and Mujib Mashal (24 February 2020). "'Recipe for a Massive Viral Outbreak': Iran Emerges as a Worldwide Threat". The New York Times.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Wright, Robin (24 February 2020). "How Iran Became A New Epicenter of the coronavirus pandemic". The New Yorker.
- Sam Jones, Aamna Mohdin and agencies (24 February 2020). "Coronavirus: Iran denies cover-up as six deaths reported in Italy". The Guardian.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Erin Cunningham & Dalton Bennett (4 March 2020). "Coronavirus pummels Iran leadership as data show spread is far worse than reported". The Washington Post.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Haltiwanger, John. "8% of Iran's parliament has the coronavirus, and it released 54,000 prisoners as the country descends into chaos". Business Insider. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- Tse Yin Lee (9 March 2020). "Virus hits highest levels of Iran's government". BBC.
- NEWS, KYODO. "PM Abe asks all schools in Japan to temporarily close over coronavirus". Kyodo News+.
- "Coronavirus: Tokyo 2020 could be postponed to end of year – Japan's Olympic minister". BBC News. 3 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus could see the Tokyo Olympics cancelled. Is Japan's handling of the outbreak to blame?". ABC News. 3 March 2020.
- "First novel coronavirus death outside China recorded in PH - WHO official". ABS-CBN News. 3 February 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
- "COVID-19 Philippine Cases". Republic of the Philippines - Department of Health. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "Duterte announces 4 more novel coronavirus cases in PH". Rappler. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
- "Statement of Presidential Spokesperson Salvador Panelo on Code Red Sublevel 2". Philippine Information Agency. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
- "PRRD orders 'stringent social distancing measures' in NCR". Philippine Information Agency. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
- "Memorandum from the Executive Secretary On Stringent Social Distancing Measures and Further Guidelines for the Management of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) Situation". Official Gazette GOV.PH. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "Proclamation No. 929 s. 2020 Declaring a State of Calamity Throughout the Philippines due to Corona Virus Disease 2019". Official Gazette GOV.PH. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- "Dagling Paliwanag: Ano ang State of Calamity?". Official Gazette GOV.PH. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- "Duterte seeks 'more powers,' urgent measures vs. Covid-19". Philippine News Agency. 22 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "Sspecial session of the Senate to discuss a measure authorizing the President to exercise powers necessary to address the COVID-19 health emergency". Senate of the Philippines. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "House special session on bill giving Duterte emergency powers for virus outbreak". Rappler. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
- "CNN PHILIPPINES SPECIAL COVERAGE: President Rodrigo Duterte orders 'enhanced community quarantine' in Luzon". Facebook. CNN Philippines. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- "Memorandum from the Executive Secretary On Community Quarantine Over the Entire Luzon and Further Guidelines for the Management of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation". Official Gazette GOV.PH. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- "SMC ASSURES ITS FOOD FACILITIES WILL CONTINUE TO OPERATE; OUTLINES EFFORTS TO HELP FIGHT COVID-19". San Miguel Corporation. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- "COVID-19 Philippine Cases". Republic of the Philippines - Department of Health. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "Executive Order No. 59-20, Series of 2020, Office of the Governor, Province of Ilocos Norte". Facebook. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "Executive Order No. 60-20, Series of 2020, Office of the Governor, Province of Ilocos Norte". Facebook. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "Executive Order No. 51-20, Series of 2020, Office of the Governor, Province of Ilocos Norte". Facebook. 20 February 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- "Executive Order No. 12, Series of 2020, Office of the Governor, Province of Ilocos Sur". Facebook. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
- "Executive Order No. 13, Series of 2020, Office of the Governor, Province of Ilocos Sur". Facebook. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
- "Executive Order No. 14, Series of 2020, Office of the Governor, Province of Ilocos Sur". Facebook. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Primi due casi in Italia" [Coronavirus: First two cases in Italy]. Corriere della sera (in Italian). 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
- "Italy suspends all China flights as coronavirus cases confirmed in Rome". THELOCAL. 31 January 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- "Chi è Angelo Borrelli, nominato Commissario per l'emergenza coronavirus". tg24.sky.it (in Italian). Retrieved 7 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus, Angelo Borrelli commissario straordinario: potrà anche requisire gli hotel". Fanpage.
- Anzolin, Elisa; Amante, Angelo (21 February 2020). "coronavirus pandemic grows in northern Italy, 16 cases reported in one day". Thomson Reuters. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus, polmoniti anomale a metà gennaio: "Così è nato il focolaio di Codogno"". la Repubblica (in Italian). 27 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- "Cambia il metodo di conteggio: esclusi i positivi asintomatici". la Repubblica (in Italian). 27 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- "Italy blasts virus panic as it eyes new testing criteria". ABC News. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus, in dieci comuni lombardi: 50 mila persone costrette a restare in casa. Quarantena all'ospedale milanese di Baggio". la Repubblica (in Italian). 21 February 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus, decreto del governo: nei comuni focolaio stop ad ingressi ed uscite. Conte: "Non trasformeremo l'Italia in un lazzaretto"". la Repubblica (in Italian). 22 February 2020. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Inter Milan v Sampdoria among Serie A games postponed". BBC Sport. 22 February 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus, come funziona la quarantena e cosa rischia chi la viola (l'arresto)". Il Sole 24 ORE.
- "Venice Carnival closes amid coronavirus pandemic". BBC. 23 February 2020.
- Flynn Murphy, Zhang Erchi and Ye Zhanqi, "China Faces Growing Virus Threat From Outside the Country", Caixin, 3 March 2020
- Palermo, Angela Giuffrida Lorenzo Tondo in; Beaumont, Peter (4 March 2020). "Italy orders closure of all schools and universities due to coronavirus". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus: All sport in Italy suspended because of outbreak". BBC Sport. 9 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus, quarto morto, è un 84enne di Bergamo. Sette regioni coinvolte per 30 milioni di italiani". la Repubblica (in Italian). 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- Horowitz, Jason (7 March 2020). "Italy Locks Down Much of the Country's North Over the Coronavirus". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
- To contain coronavirus, Italy will restrict movement across much of its northern region, including the city of Milan, Washington Post, Chico Harlan and Stefano Pitrelli, 7 March 2020. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases by Johns Hopkins CSSE". gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com. Johns Hopkins University (JHU). Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Italy extends strict quarantine measures nationwide". Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- Jacob, Etienne (24 January 2020). "Coronavirus: trois premiers cas confirmés en France, deux d'entre eux vont bien". Le Figaro.fr (in French). Retrieved 7 March 2020.
- "France imposes 15-day lockdown as part of emergency coronavirus response". The Independent. 16 March 2020.
- Linde, Pablo (1 February 2020). "Sanidad confirma en La Gomera el primer caso de coronavirus en España". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 March 2020.
- GRANDE, ROCÍO GIL (13 March 2020). "Pedro Sánchez declara el estado de alarma nacional". RTVE.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- "Switzerland bans major public events to slow spread of virus". Swissinfo. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
- "UK brings in strict curbs on life to fight virus". BBC News. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
- "Proclamation on Suspension of Entry as Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus". The White House.
- "California sees third case of 'community spread' coronavirus as first U.S. death is reported near Seattle". Los Angeles Times. 29 February 2020.
- Making travel plans? How coronavirus fear is spreading and putting trips in limbo, USA Today, David Oliver, Sara M Moniuszko, Dawn Gilbertson, Hannah Yasharoff, Curtis Tate, and Morgan Hines, 2 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- "Washington governor declares state of emergency over virus". ABC News. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
- Leins, Casey (2 March 2020). "Washington, Florida Governors Declare State of Emergency for Coronavirus". US News and World Report. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- "Washington state declares emergency after first patient dies from coronavirus in US". USA Today. 29 February 2020.
- Freiman, Jordan. "California governor declares State of Emergency". CBS News. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- Ramano, Benjamin (3 March 2020). "Amazon employee in Seattle has tested positive for illness caused by coronavirus". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- "Twitter, Amazon.com, Nike and more take emergency coronavirus precautions". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Microsoft, Square, Twitter encourage employees to work from home". San Francisco Chronicle. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- "More schools are closing because of coronavirus. Will that be the norm?". NBC News. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
- Baker, Mike; Hartocollis, Anemona; Weise, Karen (6 March 2020). "First U.S. Colleges Close Classrooms as Virus Spreads. More Could Follow". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
- ANNESE, JOHN. "Hastings-on-Hudson, Mount Vernon schools close to sanitize after coronavirus contact". nydailynews.com.
- "Media Statement: Elk Grove Unified Closes School, Cancels Classes and Cancels Student-Related Activities Effective 7 March to 13 March 2020. | NEWSROOM". blogs.egusd.net. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
- In U.S., Cases of Coronavirus Cross 500, and Deaths Rise to 22, New York Times, 9 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- ‘We’re going to have more deaths’: Influenza kills more people than the coronavirus so everyone is overreacting, right? Wrong — and here’s why, MarketWatch, Quentin Fottrell, 9 March 2020.
- firstname.lastname@example.org, Derek Cheng Derek Cheng is a political reporter for the New Zealand Herald (23 March 2020). "Covid 19 coronavirus alert 3: New Zealand to move to alert 4 lockdown for next four weeks - Jacinda Ardern says schools closed, essential services only". Retrieved 27 March 2020 – via www.nzherald.co.nz.
- Ramaphosa, Cyril. "National Address: South Africa on lockdown from Thursday". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 27 March 2020.