National symbols of Australia

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National symbols of Australia are the symbols that are used to represent what is unique about the nation, reflecting different aspects of its cultural life and history.

Official symbols[edit]

Symbol Image Adopted Remarks
Flag Flag of Australia
Flag of Australia
3 September 1901 The flag includes the Southern Cross, Union Flag and Commonwealth Star.
Coat of arms Coat of arms of Australia
Commonwealth Coat of Arms
19 September 1912 Granted by King George V; an earlier design was granted by King Edward VII on 7 May 1908, and it continued to be used in some contexts, notably appearing on the sixpenny coin until 1966.
National anthem "Advance Australia Fair"
"Advance Australia Fair"
19 April 1984
Royal anthem "God Save the Queen"
"God Save the Queen"
19 April 1984
National colours Green and gold    19 April 1984 Green and gold are also the traditional team colours of Australian national sporting teams.
National floral emblem Golden Wattle
(Acacia pycnantha)
Golden Wattle
19 August 1988 It is a tree which flowers in late winter and spring
National gemstone Opal
Opal
27 July 1992 Opal production was worth $71.4 million to Australia in 2003 and supports many communities in New South Wales, South Australia and Queensland.

Unofficial emblems[edit]

Symbol Image Remarks
National animals Red kangaroo (Macropus rufus)
Red Kangaroo
Unofficial national mammal emblems. The largest terrestrial mammal native to Australia. It is found across mainland Australia, avoiding only the more fertile areas in the south, the east coast, and the northern rainforests.
National bird Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae)
Emu
Unofficial national bird emblems. The emu's range covers most of mainland Australia. It has featured on numerous Australian postage stamps.
National dances Bush dance
Corroboree among Australian Aborigines
Unofficial national dances.
National dish Meat pie[1]
Roast lamb[2]
Meat pie

Roast lamb
Unofficial national dish.
National musical instrument Didgeridoo
Didgeridoo
Unofficial national musical instrument. For Aboriginal groups of Australia, the didgeridoo is still an integral part of ceremonial life, as it accompanies singers and dancers in cultural ceremonies that continue.
National personification Boxing kangaroo
Little Boy from Manly
Unofficial national personifications.

Cultural icons[edit]

The flag of Australia flying atop Parliament House in Canberra, with a sculpture of the coat of arms in the foreground.

Icons of Australian culture are almost as well known by Australians and visitors as unofficial symbols.

Image Remarks
Akubra Hat
Akubra Hat
Bondi Beach
Bushranger
Driza-Bone
Great Barrier Reef
Ned Kelly
Ned Kelly
Outback
Pavlova
Pavlova
A meringue cake with a crisp crust and soft, marshmallow centre, topped with whipped cream and fruit. Its country of origin is widely contested by New Zealand.
Stockman
Sydney Harbour Bridge
Sydney Harbour Bridge from Circular Quay
Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House
Open since 1973, it has come to represent Australia.
Uluru
Uluru
Uluru is one of Australia's most recognisable natural icons.
Vegemite
Vegemite
A thick, very dark brown food spread made from leftover brewers' yeast extract with various vegetable and spice additives.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]