National symbols of China

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This is the current list of the national symbols of the People's Republic of China and Republic of China (Taiwan).

Title Symbol Image (PRC) Image (ROC) Description
National Flag Wu Xing Hong Ki Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
National Flag of the PRC
Flag of the Republic of China.svg
National Flag of the ROC
People's Republic of China
The National Flag of the People's Republic of China was made by Zeng Liansong. National Flag of China is a red field charged with 5 golden stars in the canton. The color red represents the Communist Revolution; the 4 smaller stars represents 4 social classes in the Chinese society and the largest star represents Chinese unity under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. The 4 smaller stars have a corner pointing towards the center of the bigger star which represents that the unity should go around the center. This flag is flown in the Mainland, Hong Kong and Macau.

Republic of China
The Flag of the Republic of China was adopted in 1928. The flag is also called Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth. This was first used when Sun Yat-sen used it as flag of his government-in-exile in Tokyo. After the ROC government was relocated to Taiwan, the ROC flag was no longer used in the mainland, as the Communists established the People's Republic of China. However, the flag is still displayed in some museums and historical places in the mainland. As the ROC flag has a canton that is the flag of the Kuomintang Party of the Pan-Blue Coalition, supporters of the pro-independence Pan-Green Coalition do not use the ROC flag.

Due to the admission of the PRC in the International Olympic Committee, the ROC was barred to use the ROC National Flag in the Olympics, so the ROC government uses a different flag for the Olympics. The Chinese Taipei flag is a white flag with a blue-white-red bordered Plum blossom; it has the National Emblem in the upper middle and the Olympic symbol in the lower middle. The ROC (Chinese Taipei in the Olympics) still uses the Chinese Taipei flag.

National Emblem National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
National Emblem (PRC)
National Emblem of the Republic of China.svg
National Emblem (ROC)
People's Republic Republic of China
The National Emblem of China includes Tianamen Gate where Mao declared the foundation of People's Republic of China in a red circle. Above this representation are 5 stars and the outer border contains sheaves of wheat and inner sheaves of rice, representing the Chinese agricultural workers. At bottom center is a cog-wheel, representing the Chinese industrial workers. The red ribbon represents the unification of the Chinese people. The largest star represents the CPC and the 4 smaller stars represent the 4 social classes.

Republic of China
The National Emblem was adopted in 1947. The design is derived from the Blue Sky with a White Sun Flag, which is the flag of the Kuomintang. The emblem is similar to the emblem of the KMT, the only difference being the margin. As this also portrays KMT dominance in the ROC, many people want to change both the flag and the emblem to show a more democratic government.

National Anthem March of the Volunteers National Anthem of Taiwan People's Republic Republic of China
The National Anthem of China is the March of the Volunteers. It was composed by poet and playwright Tian Han and the music was composed by Nie Er.

Republic of China
The National Anthem was adopted in 1937 (de facto), and in 1943 (de jure). The anthem is also known as the San Min-chui (the Three Principles of the People). It was derived from Sun Yat-sen's speech on the inaugural ceremony of the Whampoa Military Academy. It discuuses how the nation can achieve stability through the Three Principles.

The National Flag Anthem was adopted in 1937. The Flag Anthem is also called the National Banner Song. The flag anthem is sung when the National Flag is raised. Because the ROC is barred from using both the ROC flag and anthem in the Olympics under PRC pressure, the National Flag Anthem is used in place of the anthem. The National Flag Anthem was heard for the first time in the Olympics when the ROC (Chinese Taipei) won a gold medal in the 2004 Summer Olympics. National anthem of ROC score.gif

Founder of the Nation Mao Zedong portrait.jpg
Mao Zedong
Sun Yat-sen
People's Republic of China
Mao Zedong (1893–1976) established the PRC on October 1, 1949, which remains a holiday to this day. His portrait is displayed on the entrance of Tiananmen Square.

Republic of China
Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925) became the first president of the ROC in 1912, and proposed the Three Principles of the People and the Four-Stage Theory of the Republic of China, which served as the foundation of the Northern Expedition. He is highly honored in both the ROC and the PRC; in the ROC, presidents take oath in front of Dr. Sun's portrait and Dr. Sun's portrait is displayed during National Day Celebrations, and in the PRC, his portrait is displayed during the flag-raising on National Day.
China Qin Shi-huang, the Yellow Emperor.

National Currency Yuan sign single.svg
Dollar Sign.svg
New Taiwan Dollar
Renminbi is the official currency of the People's Republic of China. Yuan is the basic unit of the currency. The ISO Code for Renminbi is CHY.
National Animal Giant Panda Giant Panda 2004-03-2.jpg Formosan Rock Macaque (unofficial) The National Animal of China is the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanolueca), a bear native to south-central China.
National Animal Chinese Dragon Green Chinese dragon.PNG The Chinese Dragon is a legendary creature appearing in Chinese mythology and folklore. They have many animal-like forms such as turtle, fish, etc. but are mostly depicted as a snake with 4 legs.
National Bird Red-Crowned Crane Red-crowned Crane 1.jpg Mikado Pheasant The Red-Crowned Crane or Manchurian Crane (Grus japonensis) is a large East Asian Crane and among the rarest cranes in the world. It is found in Siberia (eastern Russia), northeastern China, and northeastern Mongolia (i.e. Mongol Daguur Strictly Protected Area).
National Bird (unofficial) Golden Pheasant Golden Pheasant, Tangjiahe Nature Reserve.jpg The Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) is a gamebird of the order Galliformes and the family Phasianidae. It is native to western China, but feral populations have been established in the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, the Falkland Islands, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand.


Fuzzy Kiwifruit Kiwi aka.jpg Fuzzy Kiwifruit (Actindia deliciosa) is the National Fruit of China. It has fuzzy, dull-brown skin and tangy, bright-green flesh.
National Fruit Jujube Jujube mure.jpg Jujube (Ziziphus zizyphus) is the second National Fruit of China. It is an oval drupe 1.5-3 centimetres deep; it resembles a date and has a single hard stone like an olive pit.
National Tree Ginkgo Ginkgo Tree 08-11-04a.jpg Camphor (unofficial) Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) is the only living tree in the division Ginkgophyta, all others being extinct. 6 trees of this species survived the Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima.
National Flower Plum blossom MeihuaShan 1.jpg The National Flower was officially designated as the plum blossom by the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China on July 21, 1964.[1] The plum blossom, known as the meihua, is symbol for resilience and perseverance in the face of adversity, because plum blossoms often bloom most vibrantly even amidst the harsh winter snow.[2][3] The triple grouping of stamens represents Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles of the People, while the five petals symbolize the five branches of the government: Executive Yuan, Legislative Yuan, Judicial Yuan, Examination Yuan and Control Yuan.[1][3]
National Year Designation/Calendar Minguo Calendar ROC calendar.jpg The year 1912 (the first year of the Republic of China following the Xinhai Revolution the previous year) marks the beginning of the Republican (min-guo) calendar. The calendar follows the traditional pattern of the reign year of Chinese emperors, also called the Chinese_era_name. Once a new government is inaugurated in China, the year resets to 1, i.e. the first year of that era. The year 2017 is the 106th year of the Republican era, so it is min guo 106 nian. Some legislators have suggested abolishing this dating system.