Flag of Croatia. The red-white-blue tricolour has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and it was first officially used as an installation flag of ban Josip Jelačić. Red and white color come from Croatian coat of arms and the blue color comes from the Coat of arms of Dalmatia and Slavonia.
Presidential Flag of the Republic of Croatia. In use since November 1, 1990.
The coat of arms of Croatia consists of one main shield and five smaller shields which form a crown over the main shield. The main coat of arms is a checkerboard (chequy) that consists of 13 red and 12 silver (white) fields. It is commonly known as šahovnica ("chessboard", from šah, "chess" in Croatian) or grb (literally coat of arms). The five smaller shields represent five different historical regions within Croatia. It is first recorded in 1495 in Innsbruck (Herzog-Friedrichstrasse 35) but the oldest source confirming the coat as an official symbol is a genealogy of the Habsburgs, dated from 1512 to 1518.
The Croatian interlace or Croatian wattle, known as the pleter or troplet in Croatian, is an important pattern of medieval Croatian culture. The wattle is found in virtually all examples of Croatian culture of greater or lesser importance of the time. It is mainly found on and within churches built by the Croats between the 9th and 12th century as well as monasteries from that time.
Croatian Glagolitic script, special square form of Glagolitic script developed in Croatia.
Velebit is the largest though not the highest mountain range in Croatia. Its highest peak is the Vaganski Vrh at 1757 m. Velebit mountain range is famous for its fairies, the most celebrated called Velebitska Vila or Vila Velebita ("The Fairy of Velebit"). The Vila is described as being a good spirit, and is the patron of the Velebit mountain range, whose significance in Croatian culture has led to tales and songs of the Vila, the most popular one created in the 19th century titled Vila Velebita, which is still popular today.
The mountain range is also home to an endemic and protected species Degenia velebitica which has become a symbol of the region.