National symbols of Thailand

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Waving flag of Thailand

National symbols of Thailand are the symbols that are used in Thailand to represent what is unique about the nation, reflecting different aspects of its cultural life, history and biodiversity.


Type Symbol Image Thai Comments
National emblem Emblem of Thailand
Garuda Emblem of Thailand
ตราพระครุฑพ่าห์ The national and royal symbol of Thailand is Garuda, the mount of Lord Vishnu.[1][2]
National flag Flag of Thailand
Flag of Thailand
National anthem Thai national anthem

National currency Thai baht
Thai baht
บาทไทย [3]
National animal Thai elephant
(Elephas maximus)
Thai Elephant
National aquatic animal Siamese fighting fish
(Betta splendens)
Siamese fighting fish
ปลากัดสยาม [5][6]
National bird Siamese fireback
(Lophura diardi)
Siamese fireback
ไก่ฟ้าพญาลอ [7]
National flower Golden shower flower
(Cassia fistula Linn.)
Ratchaphruek flower
ดอกราชพฤกษ์ [4]
National epic Ramakien
Ramakien is derived from the Hindu epic Ramayana according to research commissioned by King Rama VI[9]
National architecture Sala Thai
Sala Thai
From Indian sanskrit language, term "Sala" was first mentioned in Atharvaveda.[10][11] "Sala" is a cognate of Hindi "शाल", meaning hall, large room or shed.[12] which is an Indian Hindu text written in sanskrit language,[11] which has been dated to 1200 BC to 1000 BC.[13][14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ M. K. Agarwal (2003). The Vedic Core of Human History. p. 235. ISBN 9781491715949. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  2. ^ "Thailand Information". Royal Embassy of Thailand in Doha, Qatar.
  3. ^ [1]RMB Tracker February 2019
  4. ^ a b c "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง การกำหนดสัญลักษณ์ประจำชาติไทย" (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 118 (99D): 1. 11 December 2001. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  5. ^ Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Siamese fighting fish confirmed as national aquatic animal". Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  6. ^ AFP (2019-02-05). "Thailand makes Siamese fighting fish national aquatic animal". Business Standard India. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  7. ^ Hulme, Kyle. "Siamese Fireback: 11 Facts About Thailand's National Bird". Culture Trip. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  8. ^ Limited, Dailynews Web Company. "ยกย่อง "รามเกียรติ์" เป็นวรรณคดีแห่งชาติ". Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  9. ^ Lipi Ghosh, 2017, India-Thailand Cultural Interactions: Glimpses from the Past to Present, Springer Publishing, pp. 157
  10. ^ Hiranthanawiwat, Suphawat (2013-09-27). "The 'sala': architectural embodiment of Thai identity". The Nation. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  11. ^ a b "vedic Index of names and subjects, Vol II". 1912. p. 376. Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  12. ^ "sala". Spoken Sanskrit Dictionary. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
  13. ^ Michael Witzel (2003), "Vedas and Upaniṣads", in The Blackwell Companion to Hinduism (Editor: Gavin Flood), Blackwell, ISBN 0-631215352, page 68
  14. ^ Michael Witzel. "Autochthonous Aryans?The Evidence from Old Indian and Iranian Texts" (PDF).