National team appearances in the UEFA European Championship

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This article lists the performances of each of the 33 national teams which have made at least one appearance in the UEFA European Football Championship finals.

Debut of teams[edit]

Each successive UEFA European Championship from 1960 onwards has had at least one team appearing for the first time. Teams in parentheses are considered successor teams by FIFA.

Year Debutants Total
1960  Czechoslovakia,  France,  Soviet Union,  SFR Yugoslavia 4
1964  Denmark,  Hungary,  Spain 3
1968  England,  Italy 2
1972  Belgium,  West Germany 2
1976  Netherlands 1
1980  Greece 1
1984  Portugal,  Romania 2
1988  Republic of Ireland 1
1992  Scotland,  Sweden 2
1996  Bulgaria,  Croatia,   Switzerland,  Turkey 4
2000  Norway,  Slovenia 2
2004  Latvia 1
2008  Austria,  Poland 2
2012  Ukraine 1
2016  Albania,  Iceland,  Northern Ireland,  Slovakia,  Wales 5

Comprehensive team results by tournament[edit]

Map of countries' best results
Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • SF – Semi-finals
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarter-finals
  • R16 – Round of 16
  • GS – Group stage
  • Q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
  • q – may still qualify for upcoming tournament
  •  •  – Did not qualify
  •  •×  – Disqualified
  •  ×  – Did not enter / Withdrew / Banned
  •    – Hosts

For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament (in brackets) are shown.

Team (33) 1960
(4)
1964
(4)
1968
(4)
1972
(4)
1976
(4)
1980
(8)
1984
(8)
1988
(8)
1992
(8)
1996
(16)
2000
(16)
2004
(16)
2008
(16)
2012
(16)
2016
(24)
Attempts
 Albania × × × GS 12 → 1
 Austria GS GS 15 → 2
 Belgium × 3rd 2nd GS GS QF 14 → 5
 Bulgaria GS GS 15 → 2
 Croatia Part of  Yugoslavia QF GS QF GS R16 6 → 5
 Czech Republic3 3rd 1st 3rd 2nd GS SF GS QF GS 15 → 9
 Denmark 4th SF GS 1st GS GS QF GS 15 → 8
 England × 3rd GS GS GS SF GS QF QF R16 14 → 9
 France 4th 1st GS SF 1st QF GS QF 2nd 15 → 9
 Germany1 × × 1st 2nd 1st GS SF 2nd 1st GS GS 2nd SF SF 13 → 12
 Greece × GS 1st GS QF 14 → 4
 Hungary 3rd 4th R16 15 → 3
 Iceland × × × QF 12 → 1
 Italy × 1st 4th SF GS 2nd GS QF 2nd QF 14 → 9
 Latvia Part of  Soviet Union GS 6 → 1
 Netherlands × 3rd GS 1st SF QF SF SF QF GS 14 → 9
 Northern Ireland × R16 14 → 1
 Norway GS 15 → 1
 Poland GS GS QF 15 → 3
 Portugal SF QF SF 2nd QF SF 1st 15 → 7
 Republic of Ireland GS GS R16 15 → 3
 Romania GS GS QF GS GS 15 → 5
 Russia2 1st 2nd 4th 2nd 2nd GS GS GS SF GS GS 15 → 11
 Scotland × × GS GS 13 → 2
 Serbia4 2nd 2nd 4th GS •×[1] × QF 14 → 5
 Slovakia Part of  Czechoslovakia R16 6 → 1
 Slovenia Part of  Yugoslavia GS 6 → 1
 Spain •×[2] 1st GS 2nd GS QF QF GS 1st 1st R16 15 → 10
 Sweden × SF GS QF GS GS GS 14 → 6
  Switzerland × GS GS GS R16 14 → 4
 Turkey GS QF SF GS 15 → 4
 Ukraine Part of  Soviet Union GS GS 6 → 2
 Wales × SF 14 → 1
1 Includes five appearances as West Germany
2 Includes five appearances as the Soviet Union and one as the CIS
3 Includes three appearances as Czechoslovakia
4 Includes five appearances as Yugoslavia

Results of host nations[edit]

Year Host nation Finish
1960  France Fourth Place
1964  Spain Champions
1968  Italy Champions
1972  Belgium Third Place
1976  Yugoslavia Fourth Place
1980  Italy Fourth Place
1984  France Champions
1988  West Germany Semi-finalist
1992  Sweden Semi-finalist
1996  England Semi-finalist
2000  Belgium Group Stage
 Netherlands Semi-finalist
2004  Portugal Runners-up
2008  Austria Group Stage
  Switzerland Group Stage
2012  Poland Group Stage
 Ukraine Group Stage
2016  France Runners-up

Results of defending finalists[edit]

Year Defending champions Finish Defending runners-up Finish
1964  Soviet Union Runners-up  Yugoslavia Did not qualify (R16)
1968  Spain Did not qualify (QF)  Soviet Union Fourth Place
1972  Italy Did not qualify (QF)  Yugoslavia Did not qualify (QF)
1976  West Germany Runners-up  Soviet Union Did not qualify (QF)
1980  Czechoslovakia Third Place  West Germany Champions
1984  West Germany Group Stage  Belgium Group Stage
1988  France Did not qualify (GS)  Spain Group Stage
1992  Netherlands Semi-finalist  CIS (Soviet Union) Group Stage
1996  Denmark Group Stage  Germany Champions
2000  Germany Group Stage  Czech Republic Group Stage
2004  France Quarter-finalist  Italy Group Stage
2008  Greece Group Stage  Portugal Quarter-finalist
2012  Spain Champions  Germany Semi-finalist
2016  Spain Round of 16  Italy Quarter-finalist
2020  Portugal  France

Droughts[edit]

This is a list of droughts associated with the participation of national football teams in the UEFA European Championships.

Longest active UEFA European Championship droughts[edit]

Does not include teams that have not yet made their first appearance or teams that no longer exist.

Team Last appearance EC Missed
 Scotland 1996 5
 Norway 2000 4
 Serbia(1) 2000 4
 Slovenia 2000 4
 Bulgaria 2004 3
 Latvia 2004 3
 Denmark 2012 1
 Greece 2012 1
 Netherlands 2012 1

Longest UEFA European Championship droughts overall[edit]

Only includes droughts begun after a team's first appearance and until the team ceased to exist. Updated to include qualification for UEFA Euro 2016.

Team Prev. appearance Next appearance EC Missed
 Hungary 1972 2016 10
 Scotland 1996 active 5
 Republic of Ireland 1988 2012 5
 Greece 1980 2004 5
 France 1960 1984 5
 Norway 2000 active 4
 Serbia(1) 2000 active 4
 Slovenia 2000 active 4
 Denmark 1964 1984 4
 Bulgaria 2004 active 3
 Latvia 2004 active 3
 Belgium 2000 2016 3
 Belgium 1984 2000 3
 Czech Republic(2) 1980 1996 3
 Russia(3) 1972 1988 3
 Spain 1964 1980 3
 Czech Republic(2) 1960 1976 3
 Portugal 1984 1996 2
 Romania 1984 1996 2
 England 1968 1980 2
 Italy 1968 1980 2
Footnotes
(1) FIFA regards Serbia as the same entity which competed in 1960, 1968, 1976, 1984 and 2000 as Yugoslavia.
(2) FIFA regards Czech Republic as the same entity which competed in 1960, 1976 and 1980 as Czechoslovakia.
(3) FIFA regards Russia as the same entity which competed in 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988 as the Soviet Union and 1992 as the CIS.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Does not include Euro 1992 qualification and disqualification due to international sanctions
  2. ^ Spain refused to travel to the Soviet Union for their qualification match, so the Soviet Union qualified by walkover.