National team appearances in the UEFA European Championship

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This article lists the performances of each of the 33 national teams which have made at least one appearance in the UEFA European Football Championship finals.

Debut of teams[edit]

Each successive UEFA European Football Championship has had at least one team appearing for the first time. Teams in parentheses are considered successor teams by FIFA.

Number of appearances by country (inclusive qualification) 1960 – 2016
Number of appearances by country (exclusive qualification) 1960 – 2016
Year Debutants
Qualification
First debut at
Tournament
Number of
Debutants
Debutants
Tournament
Number of
Debutants
1960
Qual.
 Austria
 Bulgaria
 Czechoslovakia
 Denmark
 East Germany
 France
 Greece
 Hungary
 Norway
 Poland
 Portugal
 Republic of Ireland
 Romania
 Soviet Union
 Spain
 Turkey
 SFR Yugoslavia
→ 2008
→ 1996

→ 1964
 

→ 1980
→ 1964
→ 2000
→ 2008
→ 1984
→ 1988
→ 1984

→ 1964
→ 1996
17  Czechoslovakia
 France
 Soviet Union
 SFR Yugoslavia
4
1964
Qual.
 Albania
 Belgium
 England
 Iceland
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Malta
 Netherlands
 Northern Ireland
 Sweden
  Switzerland
 Wales
→ 2016
→ 1972
→ 1968
→ 2016
→ 1968
 
 
→ 1976
→ 2016
→ 1992
→ 1996
→ 2016
12  Denmark
 Hungary
 Spain
3
1968
Qual.
 Cyprus
 Finland
 Scotland
 West Germany
 
 
→ 1992
→ 1972
4  England
 Italy
2
1972
Qual.
 Belgium
 West Germany
2
1976
Qual.
 Netherlands 1
1980
Qual.
 Greece 1
1984
Qual.
 Portugal
 Romania
2
1988
Qual.
 Republic of Ireland 1
1992
Qual.
( CIS)
 Faroe Islands
( Germany)
 San Marino

 

 
2 (+2) ( CIS)
( Germany)
 Scotland
 Sweden
2 (+2)
1996
Qual.
 Armenia
 Azerbaijan
 Belarus
 Croatia
( Czech Republic)
 Estonia
 Georgia
 Israel
 Latvia
 Liechtenstein
 Lithuania
 Macedonia
 Moldova
( Russia)
 Slovakia
 Slovenia
 Ukraine
 
 
 


 
 
 
→ 2004
 
 
 
 

→ 2016
→ 2000
→ 2012
15 (+2)  Bulgaria
 Croatia
( Czech Republic)
( Russia)
  Switzerland
 Turkey
4 (+2)
2000
Qual.
 Andorra
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
( FR Yugoslavia)
 
 
2 (+1)  Norway
 Slovenia
( FR Yugoslavia)
2 (+1)
2004
Qual.
 Latvia 1
2008
Qual.
 Kazakhstan
( Serbia)
1 (+1)  Austria
 Poland
2
2012
Qual.
 Montenegro 1  Ukraine 1
2016
Qual.
 Gibraltar 1  Albania
 Iceland
 Northern Ireland
 Slovakia
 Wales
5
2020
Qual.
 Kosovo 1

Comprehensive team results by tournament[edit]

Map of countries' best results
Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • SF – Semi-finals
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarter-finals
  • R16 – Round of 16
  • GS – Group stage
  • Q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
  • q – may still qualify for upcoming tournament
  •  •  – Did not qualify
  •  •×  – Disqualified
  •  ×  – Did not enter / Withdrew / Banned
  •    – Hosts

For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament (in brackets) are shown.

Team (33) 1960
(4)
1964
(4)
1968
(4)
1972
(4)
1976
(4)
1980
(8)
1984
(8)
1988
(8)
1992
(8)
1996
(16)
2000
(16)
2004
(16)
2008
(16)
2012
(16)
2016
(24)
Attempts
 Albania × × × GS 12 → 1
 Austria GS GS 15 → 2
 Belgium × 3rd 2nd GS GS QF 14 → 5
 Bulgaria GS GS 15 → 2
 Croatia Part of  Yugoslavia QF GS QF GS R16 6 → 5
 Czech Republic3 3rd 1st 3rd 2nd GS SF GS QF GS 15 → 9
 Denmark 4th SF GS 1st GS GS QF GS 15 → 8
 England × 3rd GS GS GS SF GS QF QF R16 14 → 9
 France 4th 1st GS SF 1st QF GS QF 2nd 15 → 9
 Germany1 × × 1st 2nd 1st GS SF 2nd 1st GS GS 2nd SF SF 13 → 12
 Greece × GS 1st GS QF 14 → 4
 Hungary 3rd 4th R16 15 → 3
 Iceland × × × QF 12 → 1
 Italy × 1st 4th SF GS 2nd GS QF 2nd QF 14 → 9
 Latvia Part of  Soviet Union GS 6 → 1
 Netherlands × 3rd GS 1st SF QF SF SF QF GS 14 → 9
 Northern Ireland × R16 14 → 1
 Norway GS 15 → 1
 Poland GS GS QF 15 → 3
 Portugal SF QF SF 2nd QF SF 1st 15 → 7
 Republic of Ireland GS GS R16 15 → 3
 Romania GS GS QF GS GS 15 → 5
 Russia2 1st 2nd 4th 2nd 2nd GS GS GS SF GS GS 15 → 11
 Scotland × × GS GS 13 → 2
 Serbia4 2nd 2nd 4th GS •×[1] × QF 14 → 5
 Slovakia Part of  Czechoslovakia R16 6 → 1
 Slovenia Part of  Yugoslavia GS 6 → 1
 Spain •×[2] 1st GS 2nd GS QF QF GS 1st 1st R16 15 → 10
 Sweden × SF GS QF GS GS GS 14 → 6
  Switzerland × GS GS GS R16 14 → 4
 Turkey GS QF SF GS 15 → 4
 Ukraine Part of  Soviet Union GS GS 6 → 2
 Wales × SF 14 → 1
1 Includes five appearances as West Germany
2 Includes five appearances as the Soviet Union and one as the CIS
3 Includes three appearances as Czechoslovakia
4 Includes five appearances as Yugoslavia

Results of host nations[edit]

Year Host nation Finish
1960  France Fourth Place
1964  Spain Champions
1968  Italy Champions
1972  Belgium Third Place
1976  Yugoslavia Fourth Place
1980  Italy Fourth Place
1984  France Champions
1988  West Germany Semi-finalist
1992  Sweden Semi-finalist
1996  England Semi-finalist
2000  Belgium Group Stage
 Netherlands Semi-finalist
2004  Portugal Runners-up
2008  Austria Group Stage
  Switzerland Group Stage
2012  Poland Group Stage
 Ukraine Group Stage
2016  France Runners-up

Results of defending finalists[edit]

Year Defending champions Finish Defending runners-up Finish
1964  Soviet Union Runners-up  Yugoslavia Did not qualify (R16)
1968  Spain Did not qualify (QF)  Soviet Union Fourth Place
1972  Italy Did not qualify (QF)  Yugoslavia Did not qualify (QF)
1976  West Germany Runners-up  Soviet Union Did not qualify (QF)
1980  Czechoslovakia Third Place  West Germany Champions
1984  West Germany Group Stage  Belgium Group Stage
1988  France Did not qualify (GS)  Spain Group Stage
1992  Netherlands Semi-finalist  CIS (Soviet Union) Group Stage
1996  Denmark Group Stage  Germany Champions
2000  Germany Group Stage  Czech Republic Group Stage
2004  France Quarter-finalist  Italy Group Stage
2008  Greece Group Stage  Portugal Quarter-finalist
2012  Spain Champions  Germany Semi-finalist
2016  Spain Round of 16  Italy Quarter-finalist

References[edit]

  1. ^ Does not include Euro 1992 qualification and disqualification due to international sanctions
  2. ^ Spain refused to travel to the Soviet Union for their qualification match, so the Soviet Union qualified by walkover.