National Treasure (South Korea)

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National Treasure
Seokguram Buddha.JPG
The Buddha statue at Seokguram Grotto, the 24th South Korean national treasure.
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGukbo
McCune–ReischauerKukpo

A National Treasure (Korean국보; Hanja國寶; RRgukbo) is a tangible treasure, artifact, site, or building which is recognized by the South Korean government as having exceptional artistic, cultural and historical value to the country.[1] The title is one of the eight State-designated heritage classifications assigned by the administrator of the Cultural Heritage Administration (CHA) in accordance with the Cultural Heritage Protection Act after deliberation by the Cultual Heritage Committee.[2]

Many of the national treasures are popular tourist destinations such as Jongmyo royal ancestral shrine, Bulguksa, Seokguram, and Tripitaka Koreana at Haeinsa. As of January 2017, there are 319 distinct entries on the list, some composed of a large number of sub-entries.[1] The treasures are numbered according to the order in which they were designated, not according to their individual value.

The National Treasures are designated within the heritage preservation system of the country.

Contents

History[edit]

The first list of Korean cultural treasures was designated by Governor-General of Korea in 1938 during the Japanese occupation with "The Act of Treasures of the Joseon dynasty".[3]

In 1955, the South Korean government declared as National Treasures the items previously on the Korean Treasures Preservation Order issued during Japan's occupation of Korea. The current list dates to December 20, 1962, when the Cultural Protection Act was enacted by the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction. There were 116 items on the "National Treasures" list at that time, with others designated as "Treasures".[4]

Numerous amendments have been made to the list since that time, most recently in 2004.

Living National Treasure are holders, or keepers of Intangible Cultural Property.

List of national treasures[edit]

1960s[edit]

Designated December 20, 1962[edit]

Name Location Image Designation date
1 Namdaemun, also known as SungnyemunJung District, Seoul. Severely damaged in the 2008 Namdaemun fire on February 10, 2008. Restored in May 5, 2013 Korea-Seoul-Namdaemun-Sungnyemun-03.jpg December 20, 1962
2 Wongaksa Pagoda, Ten-story stone Wongaksa Pagoda Tapgol Park, Jongno District, Seoul December 20, 1962
3 Bukhansan Monument commemorating the border inspection of Bukhansan by Jinheung of Silla National Museum of Korea, Seoul Stele of Silla.jpg December 20, 1962
4 Stupa of Godalsa site Yeoju County December 20, 1962
5 Ssangsajaseokdeung, twin lion stone lantern of Beopjusa Boeun County December 20, 1962
6 Seven storied stone pagoda in Tap-pyeong-ri Chungju December 20, 1962
7 Stele of Bongseon Honggyeongsa Cheonan December 20, 1962
8 Stele accompanying pagoda of Buddhist priest Nanghyehwasang Seongjusa, Boryeong December 20, 1962
9 Five storied stone pagoda of Jeongnimsa Temple site Buyeo County December 20, 1962
10 Three storied stone pagoda in front of Baekjangam Hermitage Silsangsa, Namwon December 20, 1962
11 Stone pagoda of Mireuksa Iksan December 20, 1962
12 Stone lantern in front of Gakhwangjeon Hall of Hwaeomsa Gurye County December 20, 1962
13 Geungnakjeon Hall of Muwisa Gangjin County December 20, 1962
14 Yeongsanjeon Hall of Geojoam Hermitage, Eunhaesa, Yeongcheon December 20, 1962
15 Geungnakjeon Hall of Bongjeongsa temple, Andong December 20, 1962
16 Seven storied brick pagoda in Sinse-dong, Andong December 20, 1962
17 Stone lantern in front of Muryangsujeon Hall of Buseoksa, Yeongju December 20, 1962
18 Muryangsujeon Hall of Buseoksa, Yeongju December 20, 1962
19 Josadang Hall of Buseoksa, Yeongju December 20, 1962
20 Dabotap (Many Treasure Pagoda) at Bulguksa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
21 Seokgatap (Sakyamuni Pagoda), the three-storied pagoda at Bulguksa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
22 Yeonhwagyo and Chilbogyo bridges of Bulguksa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
23 Cheongungyo and Baegungyo bridges, a double-sectioned staircase and bridge that leads to the entrance of Bulguksa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
24 Seokguram grotto and Buddha statue, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
25 Monument of King Taejong Muyeol of Silla, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
26 Seated gilt-bronze Vairocana Buddha statue of Bulguksa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
27 Seated gilt-bronze Amitabha Buddha statue of Bulguksa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
28 Standing gilt-bronze Bhaisajyaguru Buddha statue from Baengnyulsa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
29 Bell of King Seongdeok. Sacred bell of King Seongdeok the Great, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
30 Stone pagoda of Bunhwangsa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
31 Cheomseongdae, Gyeongju Korea-Gyeongju-Cheomseongdae-02.jpg December 20, 1962
32 Tripitaka Koreana Haeinsa, Hapcheon County Korea-Haeinsa-Tripitaka Koreana-03.jpg December 20, 1962
33 Monument in Changnyeong commemorating the border inspection by King Jinheung, Changnyeong County December 20, 1962
34 Three storied stone East Pagoda in Suljeong-ri, Changnyeong County December 20, 1962
35 Four-lion-supported three storied stone pagoda of Hwaeomsa, Gurye County December 20, 1962
36 Bronze bell of Sangwonsa, Pyeongchang County December 20, 1962
37 Three storied stone pagoda in Guhwang-dong, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
38 Three storied stone pagoda of Goseonsa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
39 Five storied stone pagoda in Nawon-ri, Wolseong, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
40 Thirteen storied stone pagoda of Jeonghyesa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
41 Iron buddhist flagpole of Yongdusa site, Cheongju December 20, 1962
42 Wooden triptych Buddhist statue of Songgwangsa, Suncheon December 20, 1962
43 Edict [ko] of Gojong of Goryeo Songgwangsa, Suncheon HyesimGosinJeseo.jpg December 20, 1962
44 Three storied stone pagoda and stone lantern of Borimsa, Jangheung County December 20, 1962
45 Seated clay Buddha statue of Buseoksa, Yeongju December 20, 1962
46 Wall painting in Josadang Hall of Buseoksa, Yeongju December 20, 1962
47 Stele for Buddhist Priest Jingamseonsa of Ssanggyesa, Hadong County December 20, 1962
48 Octagonal nine storied pagoda of Woljeongsa, Pyeongchang County December 20, 1962
49 Daeungjeon Hall of Sudeoksa, Yesan County December 20, 1962
50 Haetalmun Gate of Dogapsa, Yeongam County December 20, 1962
51 Gate to an official inn in Gangneung December 20, 1962
52 Haeinsa's Jangkyeongpanjeon, a structure housing the Tripitaka Koreana December 20, 1962
53 East Stupa of Yeongoksa, a Silla-period temple on the slopes of Jirisan, in Gurye County December 20, 1962
54 North Stupa of Yeongoksa, Gurye County December 20, 1962
55 Palsangjeon Hall of Beopjusa, Boeun County December 20, 1962
56 Guksajeon Hall of Songgwangsa, Suncheon December 20, 1962
57 Stone pagoda of Buddhist Priest Cheolgamseonsa of Ssangbongsa, Hwasun County December 20, 1962
58 Seated iron bhaisajyaguru Buddha statue at Janggoksa, Cheongyang County December 20, 1962
59 Stele that accompanied the stupa of National Preceptor Jigwangguksa of Beopcheonsa, Wonju December 20, 1962
60 Celadon incense burner with lion-shaped lid, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
61 Celadon wine pot in the shape of a dragon, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
62 Mireukjeon Hall of Geumsansa, Gimje December 20, 1962
63 Seated iron Vairocana Buddha statue of Dopiansa, Cheolwon County December 20, 1962
64 Lotus shaped stone basin of Beopjusa, Boeun County December 20, 1962
65 Celadon incense burner with unicorn-shaped lid, Gansong Art Museum, Seoul December 20, 1962
66 Celadon kundika with inlaid willow, bamboo,lotus, reed and mandarin duck designs, Gansong Art Museum, Seoul December 20, 1962
67 Gakhwangjeon Hall of Hwaeomsa, Gurye County December 20, 1962
68 Celadon vase with inlaid crane and cloud designs, Gansong Art Museum, Seoul December 20, 1962
69 Certificate [ko] of meritorious subject for Sim Jibaek for his distinguished service in helping to establish the Joseon Kingdom Dong-A University, Busan 심지백 개국원종공신녹권.jpg December 20, 1962
70 Hunmin Jeongeum Hunmin jeong-eum.jpg December 20, 1962
71 Dongguk Jeongun, dictionary of correct Korean pronunciation Seoul Dongguk Jeongun (Standard Rhymes of the Eastern State).jpg December 20, 1962
72 Gilt-bronze Buddha triad with inscription of cyclic year of Gyemi (563 CE) December 20, 1962
73 Gilt-bronze Buddha triad in miniature shrine December 20, 1962
74 Celadon water dropper in the shape of a duck December 20, 1962
75 Bronze incense burner with inlaid silver decoration of Pyochungsa, Miryang December 20, 1962
76 War diary, letter file and draft copies of war report of Admiral Yi Sunsin Hyeonchungsa, Asan 이순신 난중일기 및 서간첩 임진장초.jpg December 20, 1962
77 Five storied stone pagoda in Tamni, Uiseong County December 20, 1962
78 Gilt-bronze Maitreya in Meditation, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
79 Seated gilt-bronze Buddha statue in Guhwang-ri, Gyeongju, in the National Museum of Korea, Seoul 경주 구황동 금제여래좌상.jpg December 20, 1962
80 Standing gilt-bronze Buddha statue in Guhwang-ri, Gyeongju, in the National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
81 Standing stone maitreya statue of Gamsansa, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
82 Standing stone amitabha statue of Gamsansa, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
83 Gilt-bronze Maitreya in Meditation, National Museum of Korea, Seoul Pensive Bodhisattva 02.jpg December 20, 1962
84 Rock-carved triad buddha in Seosan December 20, 1962
85 Gilt-bronze triad Buddha with the inscription of cyclic year of Sinmyo (571 CE), Yongin December 20, 1962
86 Gyeongcheonsa Pagoda from Gyeongcheonsa, a 10-story stone pagoda, National Museum of Korea, Seoul Goryeo Pagoda.jpg December 20, 1962
87 Crown of Silla from the Gold Crown Tomb, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
88 Royal girdle of Korea from the Gold Crown Tomb, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
89 Gold buckle, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
90 A pair of golden earrings, Old Silla period (500-600). Found in Pubuchong Tomb, Pomun-dong, Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang Province. 경주 부부총 금귀걸이.jpg December 20, 1962
91 A stoneware vessel in the shape of a warrior on horseback, from the Old Silla period, around 500-600 AD. Found in Geumnyeong-chong, Noseo-dong, Gyeongju City, North Gyeongsang Province December 20, 1962
92 Celadon kundika with willow and water fowl designs in silver, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
93 White porcelain jar with grape design in underglaze iron, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
94 Celadon bottle in the shape of a melon, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
95 Celadon openwork incense burner, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
96 Celadon pitcher in the shape of a tortoise, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
97 Celadon vase incised with lotus and arabesque designs, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
98 Celadon jar with inlaid peony designs, National Museum of Korea, Seoul Korea - Seoul - National Museum - Incense Burner 0252-06a.jpg December 20, 1962
99 Galhangsa three-story stone pagoda, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
100 Namgyewon seven-story stone pagoda, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
101 Memorial Stupa for the Most Reverend Jigwang of Beopcheonsa, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
102 Memorial Stupa for the Most Reverend Hongbeop of Jeongtosa, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
103 Twin-lion stone lantern of Jungheungsanseong, Buk District, Gwangju December 20, 1962
104 Stupa for Priest Yeomgeo from Heungbeopsa, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
105 Three storied stone pagoda in Beomhak-ri, Sancheong, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
106 Stone triad amitabha with attendants and 28 other buddhist images, with an inscription of the cycle year Gyeyu, Cheongju December 20, 1962
107 White porcelain jar with grape design in underglaze iron, Ewha Womans University, Seoul December 20, 1962
108 One thousand Buddha stele with Gyeyu inscription, Gongju December 20, 1962
109 Gunwi triad Buddha and grotto, Gunwi County December 20, 1962
110 Portrait of Yi Je-hyeon, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
111 Portrait of An Hyang, Yeongju December 20, 1962
112 Three storied stone pagoda of Gameunsa, Gyeongju December 20, 1962
113 Celadon bottle with willow design in underglaze iron, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
114 Celadon bottle in the shape of a muskmelon with inlaid peony and chrysanthemum designs, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
115 Celadon bowl with inlaid arabesque design, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962
116 Celadon ewer in the shape of a gourd with inlaid peony design, National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 20, 1962

Designated March 3, 1964[edit]

117. Seated iron vairocana Buddha statue of Borimsa temple, Jangheung County
118. Gilt-bronze pensive maitreya bodhisattva, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul
119. Standing gilt-bronze Buddha with inscription of the seventh year of Yeonga era, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
120. Bell of Yongjusa, Yongjusa temple, Hwaseong
121. Hahoetal and Byeongsantal masks, Andong
122. Three storied stone pagoda of Jinjeonsa temple site, Yangyang County

Designated February 28, 1966[edit]

123. Relics found from the five storied stone pagoda in Wanggung-ri, Iksan, Jeonju National Museum, Jeonju
124. Seated marble bodhisattva statue of Hansongsa temple, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
125. Green-glazed funeral urn with stone case, National Museum of Korea, Seoul

Designated September 16, 1967[edit]

126. Relics found inside three storied Seokgatap pagoda of Bulguksa temple, Gyeongju (28 subentries)

Designated December 19, 1968[edit]

127. Standing gilt-bronze avalokitesvara bodhisattva statue of Samyang-dong, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
128. Standing gilt-bronze avalokitesvara bodhisattva statue, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
129. Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva statue, Leeum Art Museum, Yongin
130. Five storied stone pagoda of Jukjang-dong, Seonsan, Gumi

Designated November 7, 1969[edit]

Name Location Image Designation date
131 고려말 화령부 호적 관련 고문서 [ko] Family register of King Taejo, founder of the Joseon Kingdom National Museum of Korea, Seoul Family Register of Hwaryeong-bu Prefecture Written in the Late Goryeo Dynasty.jpg November 7, 1969
132 Jingbirok, the war memoirs by Yu Seongryong Andong 징비록 (1).JPG November 7, 1969
133 Porcelain kettle in the shape of a lotus blossom Hoam Art Museum, Yongin November 7, 1969
134 Gilt bodhisattva triad Hoam Art Museum, Yongin November 7, 1969

1970s[edit]

Designated December 30, 1970-December 21, 1971[edit]

Name Location Image Designation date
135 Hyewon pungsokdo, thirty-leaf album of genre paintings by Sin Yunbok Gansong Art Museum, Seoul Hyewon-Dano.pungjeong.jpg December 30, 1970
136 Dragon-head altar pillar Hoam Art Museum, Yongin December 30, 1970
137 Bronze artifacts from Bisan-dong, Daegu Hoam Art Museum, Yongin (2 subentries) December 21, 1971
138 Gold Crown and Accessories Hoam Art Museum, Yongin Gold Crown access NT138.jpg December 21, 1971
139 Painting of a gathering of immortals by Danwon Hoam Art Museum, Yongin December 21, 1971
140 Mother-of-pearl mirror Hoam Art Museum, Yongin December 21, 1971
141 Bronze mirror with fine linear design and a pair of knobs Soongsil University, Seoul December 21, 1971
142 Dongguk Jeongun complete set of 6 volumes Konkuk University, Seoul 동국정운(국보 제142호) 02.jpg December 21, 1971

Designated March 2, 1972[edit]

143. Bronze artifacts, estimated to be from 200-100 BC. A bronze rattle with eight bells and a bronze mirror 14.5 cm in diameter. Found in Taegong-ri, Hwasun County, Jeollanam-do. Stored at Gwangju National Museum, Gwangju. (6 subentries)
144. Rock-carved seated Buddha image at Mt. Wolchulsan, Yeongam County

Designated June 24, 1972[edit]

145. Bronze brazier with demon mask decoration, Yongsan-gu, Seoul
146. Excavated relics from Gangwon-do, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin (4 subentries)

Designated May 4, 1973[edit]

147. Petroglyphs in Cheonjeon-ri, Ulju-gun, Ulsan

Designated July 10, 1973[edit]

Name Location Image Designation date
148 십칠사찬고금통요 [ko] / Sipchilsachangogeumtongyo (History of China volumes 16,17) (book), (2 subentries) Seoul National University, Seoul July 10, 1973
149 Commentary on Chinese classics by Lu Zuqian, volumes 4-6, (2 subentries) Seongbuk-gu, Seoul July 10, 1973
150 송조표전총류 [ko] / Songjopyojeonchongnyu printed with Gyemi movable metal type Seoul National University, Seoul 송조표전총류 권7.jpg July 10, 1973

Designated December 31, 1973[edit]

Name Location Image Designation date
151 Annals of Joseon Dynasty (4 subentries) Joseon Wangjo Sillok and its case in museum.jpg December 31, 1973
151-1 Annals of Joseon Dynasty 조선왕조실록 정족산사고본.jpg December 31, 1973
151-2 Annals of Joseon Dynasty 조선왕조실록 태백산사고본.jpg December 31, 1973
151-3 Annals of Joseon Dynasty 조선왕조실록 오대산사고본.jpg December 31, 1973
151-4 Annals of Joseon Dynasty December 31, 1973
152 Bibyeonsa deungnok (Records of the Border Defense Council) Seoul National University, Seoul Records of the Border Defense Council in museum.jpg December 31, 1973
153 Ilseongnok (Daily Records of the Royal Court and Important Officials) Seoul National University, Seoul Ilseongnok in museum.jpg December 31, 1973

Designated July 9, 1974[edit]

Crown of Baekje, the 154th national treasure of Korea.
154. Crown of Baekje. A pair of 30.7 cm golden diadem ornaments, early 6th century (Baekje). Found in the tomb of King Muryeong, Gongju-si, Chungcheongnam-do.
155. Crown of Baekje. The queen of King Muryeong's golden diadem ornaments, 22.6 cm.
156. A pair of king's earrings, made from gold and jade, early 6th century (Baekje). From the tomb of King Muryeong.
157. A pair of queen's earrings, made from gold. From the tomb of King Munyeong.
158. Two gold necklaces of the queen of King Muryeong, Gongju National Museum, Gongju
159. An 18.4 cm golden king's hairpin, early 6th century (Baekje dynasty). Found in the tomb of King Muryeong).
160. A pair of silver bracelets of the queen of King Muryeong, Gongju National Museum, Gongju
161. Bronze mirrors from the tomb of King Muryeong, Gongju National Museum, Gongju (3 subentries)
162. Seoksu, a guardian spirit sculpture with an iron antler, from the entrance of the tomb of King Muryeong.
163. A set of two granite epitaph plaques from tomb of King Muryeong—one for the king and one for his queen. 41.5 cm by 35.2 cm, by 5 cm and 4.7 cm.
164. Headrest, Gongju National Museum, Gongju
165. King's footrest, Gongju National Museum, Gongju
166. White porcelain jar with plum and bamboo designs in underglaze iron, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
167 Celadon wine pot in the shape of a human figure, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
168 White porcelain bottle with plum and chrysanthemum designs in underglaze iron, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
169 Porcelain bottle with bamboo motif from Goryeo period, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
170 Blue and white porcelain jar with plum, bird and bamboo designs, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
171. Bronze pedalled bowl, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
172. Artifacts excavated from the Jinyang Jeong family tomb, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
173. Seated celadon arhat with dot design in underglaze iron, Gangnam-gu, Seoul
174. Pair of gilt-bronze candlesticks from the Silla period, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
175. White porcelain bowl with inlaid lotus-arabesque design, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
176. Blue and white porcelain jar with pine and bamboo designs and inscription of Hongchi, Dongguk University, Seoul
177. Buncheong placenta jar with stamped design, Korea University, Seoul
178. Buncheong flattened bottle with incised fish design, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul
179. Buncheong flattened bottle with lotus and fish designs, Horim Museum, Seoul

Designated December 31, 1974-April 23, 1976[edit]

Name Location Image Designation date
180 Landscape in winter [ko], painting by Kim Jeong-hui Jongno-gu, Seoul Sehando.jpg December 31, 1974
181 Certificate of passing state examination for Jang Ryangsu [ko] Uljin County 장양수 홍패.jpg November 13, 1975
182 Standing gilt-bronze Buddha statue Daegu National Museum, Daegu April 23, 1976
183 Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva statue Daegu National Museum, Daegu April 23, 1976
184 Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva statue Daegu National University, Daegu April 23, 1976
185 Saddharmapundarika sutra National Museum of Korea, Seoul Lotus Sutra (KR National Treasure 185).jpg April 23, 1976

Designated December 14, 1976[edit]

186. Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva statue from Yangpyeong, National Museum of Korea, Seoul

Designated August 22, 1977[edit]

187. Five storied imitation-brick pagoda in Sanhae-ri, Yeongyang County

Designated December 7, 1978[edit]

188. A gold and jade crown with pendants, Old Silla period. Heavenly Horse Tomb (Cheonma-chong), Hwangnam-dong, Gyeongju City, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
189. A 19 cm high golden cap, Old Silla period, from the Heavenly Horse Tomb.
190. Gold girdle with pendants from the Heavenly Horse Tomb, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju
191. A gold and jade crown with pendants, Old Silla period. Excavated from Hwangnamtaechong Tomb. The crown has been exhibited at National Museum of Korea from 2005, but Gyeongju National Museum has the ownership of it.
192. A 120 cm gold and jade girdle with pendants, Old Silla period. Found in the North Mound of Hwangnamtaechong Tomb, Gyeongju City, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
193. A green-blue glass ewer, 25 cm high (reconstructed), from the Old Silla period (est. 500-600 AD). Found in the South Mound of Hwangnamdaechong Tomb, Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
194. A golden necklace from the Old Silla period. Found in the South Mound of Hwangnamdaechong Tomb.
195. Mounted cup with figurines from tomb of King Michu, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju

Designated February 8, 1979[edit]

Name Location Image Designation date
196 신라백지묵서대방광불화엄경 주본 [ko]: Avatamsaka Sutra on white paper from the Silla period Hoam Art Museum, Yongin National Treasure of South Korea 196 (Avatamsaka sutra in ink on white paper).jpg February 8, 1979

Designated May 22, 1979[edit]

197. Stupa to Buddhist Priest Bogak of Cheongnyongsa temple
198. Stele by King Jinheung of Silla Period in Danyang County.
199. Buddhist figures of Sinseonsa temple grotto at Mt. Danseoksan, Gyeongju

Designated April 30, 1979[edit]

200. Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva statue, Busan Museum, Busan

1980s[edit]

Designated September 16, 1980[edit]

201. Rock-carved seated Buddhist statue in Bukji-ri, Bonghwa

Designated March 18, 1981[edit]

202. Avatamsaka sutra, Jung-gu, Seoul
203. Avatamsaka sutra, Jung-gu, Seoul
204. Avatamsaka sutra, Jung-gu, Seoul
205. Goguryeo monument in Jungwon, Chungju

Designated May 22, 1982[edit]

206. Goryeo Buddhist printing blocks at Haeinsa temple, Hapcheon County (28 subentries)

Designated November 16, 1982[edit]

207. Saddle flap with 'heavenly horse' painting, from the Heavenly Horse Tomb, National Museum of Korea, Seoul

Designated December 7, 1982[edit]

208. Hexagonal gilt-bronze sarira case, Jikjisa temple, Gimcheon
209. Five storied stone pagoda with 'Bohyeop' inscription, Dongguk University, Seoul

Designated May 30, 1984[edit]

210. Sutra from the Goryeo period in silver ink (vol. 30), Yongin
211. Saddharmapundarika sutra in ink on white paper, Seongbo Culture Foundation, Seoul
212. Suramagma sutra, Dongguk University, Seoul

Designated August 6, 1984[edit]

Geumgangjeondo, the 217th national treasure of Korea
213. Miniature gilt pagoda, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
214. Bronze incense burner from Heungwangsa temple, Kaesong, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
215. Sutra from the Goryeo period in silver ink (vol. 31), Yongin
216. Inwangjesaekdo, Clearing after rain in Mt. Inwangsan, painting by Jeong Seon, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
217. Geumgangjeondo, Painting of Kumgangsan by Jeong Seon, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
218. Painting of amitabha flanked by two bodhisattvas, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
219. Porcelain jar from early Joseon Dynasty, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
220. Porcelain bowl, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin

Designated November 15, 1984[edit]

221. Seated wooden manjusuri statue, Sang-wonsa temple, Pyeongchang County

Designated December 7, 1984[edit]

222. Blue and white porcelain jar with plum and bamboo designs, Horim Museum, Seoul

Designated January 8, 1985[edit]

Geunjeongjeon Hall, the 223rd national treasure of Korea
No. 224 Gyeonghoeru Pavilion in Gyeongbokgung Palace
223. Geunjeongjeon Hall in Gyeongbokgung Palace, Seoul
224. Gyeonghoeru Pavilion in Gyeongbokgung Palace, Seoul
225. Injeongjeon Hall in Changdeokgung Palace, Seoul
226. Myeongjeongjeon Hall in Changgyeonggung Palace, Seoul
227. The main hall, Jeongjeon, of Jongmyo royal ancestral shrine, Seoul

Designated March 3, 1985[edit]

228. Cheonsang Yeolcha Bunyajido, a stone carved planisphere. Korean Royal Museum, Seoul
229. Water clock of Borugak Pavilion, Korean Royal Museum, Seoul
230. Astronomical instrument and clock, Korea University, Seoul

Designated March 14, 1986[edit]

231. Thirteen moulds for bronze weapons and implements, Soongsil University, Seoul

Designated October 15, 1986[edit]

232. Certificate of meritorious subject for Yi Hwa for his distinguished service in helping to establish the Joseon Kingdom, Jeongeup
233. Agalmatolite jar with inscription of second year of Yeongtae era, Busan Museum, Busan

Designated November 29, 1986[edit]

234. Saddharmapundarika sutra in silver on indigo paper, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin
235. Avatamsaka sutra in gold on indigo paper, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin

Designated March 9, 1987[edit]

236. West five storied pagoda of a temple site in Janghang-ri, Wolseong, Gyeongju.

Designated July 16, 1987[edit]

237. Gosan gugoksi hwabyeong, folding screen with calligraphy and painting, Goyang
238. Scrapbook of Prince Yi Yong, mid-15th century, Goyang

Designated December 26, 1987[edit]

239. Portrait of Song Siyeol, National Museum of Korea, Seoul
240. Portrait of Yun Duseo, Haenam County

Designated June 16, 1988[edit]

241. Mahaprajnaparamita Sutra, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin

Designated November 14, 1988[edit]

242. Silla monument in Bongpyeong, Uljin County

Designated December 28, 1988[edit]

Name Location Image Designation date
243 Commentary on Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 11 Hoam Art Museum, Yongin December 28, 1988
244 Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 17 Myongji University Museum, Yongin December 28, 1988
245 Index of Tripitaka volume 20 National Museum of Korea, Seoul December 28, 1988
246 Daebojeokgyeong sutra [ko] National Museum of Korea, Seoul 초조본 대보적경 권59.jpg December 28, 1988

Designated April 10, 1989[edit]

247. Standing gilt-bronze bodhisattva in Uidang, Gongju

Designated August 1, 1989 or thereafter[edit]

Name Location Image Designation date
248 Map of Korea drawn during Joseon Period Gwacheon August 1, 1989 or thereafter
249 Donggwoldo, painting of a panoramic view for Changdeokgung and Changgyeonggung Palaces, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
250 Certificate of meritorious subject for Yi Wongil for his distinguished service in helping to establish the Joseon Kingdom, Jung-gu, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
251 Daeseung abidharma sutra [ko] Jung-gu, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
252 Porcelain bottle with lotus motif, Yongin August 1, 1989 or thereafter
253 Celadon bowl inlaid peony design with relief lotus and arabesque designs National Museum of Korea, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
254 Celadon vase incised with lotus and branch designs, Jung-gu, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
255 Bronze bells believed to be from Chungcheongnam-do, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin (4 subentries) August 1, 1989 or thereafter
256 Avatamsaka sutra part 1 [ko] Gyeonggi Provincial Museum, Yongin August 1, 1989 or thereafter
257 Avatamsaka sutra part 29 [ko] Guinsa temple, Danyang County August 1, 1989 or thereafter
258 White porcelain bottle with bamboo motif, Yongin August 1, 1989 or thereafter
259 Buncheong jar with dragon design, National Museum of Korea, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
260 Buncheong jarabyeong vase with peony design in underglaze iron, National Museum of Korea, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
261 Two white porcelain jars, Hoam Art Museum, Yongin August 1, 1989 or thereafter
262 Large white porcelain jar, Uhak Culture Foundation, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
263 Blue and white porcelain jar with landscape and flower and bird designs, Uhak Culture Foundation, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
264 Stele of Naengsu-ri, Yeongil, Pohang August 1, 1989 or thereafter
265 Avatamsaka sutra part 13 [ko] Jongno-gu, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
266 Avatamsaka sutra part 2 and 75, Horim Museum, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
267 Abidharma sutra part 12 [ko] Horim Museum, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
268 Abidambipasa sutra 11,17, Horim Museum, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
269 Maha sutra part 6, Horim Museum, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
270 Celadon wine pot in the shape of monkey figure, Gansong Art Museum, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
271 Commentary on Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 12 [ko] National Museum of Korea, Seoul 초조본 현양성교론 권12.jpg August 1, 1989 or thereafter
272 Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 32, National Museum of Korea, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
273 Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 15, National Museum of Korea, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
274 deleted (formerly held by a bronze cannon from a turtle ship that was found to be fake) August 1, 1989 or thereafter
275 Pottery in the shape of a man on horseback, Gyeongju National Museum, Gyeongju August 1, 1989 or thereafter
276 Yogacaryabhumi sutra volume 53, Gacheon Museum, Incheon August 1, 1989 or thereafter
277 Avatamsaka sutra part 36, Hansol Culture Foundation, Jeonju August 1, 1989 or thereafter
278 deleted: 이형 좌명원종공신녹권 및 함 [ko] (formerly: Certificate of meritorious subject for Yi Hyeong in the eleventh year of the reign of King Taejong of Joseon, Yeongdong County; re-designated as Treasure 1657)[5] 이형 좌명원종공신녹권.JPG August 1, 1989 or thereafter
279 Avatamsaka sutra part 74, Guinsa, Danyang County August 1, 1989 or thereafter
280 Bronze bell of Cheonheungsa temple at Mt Seonggeosan, National Museum of Korea, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
281 White porcelain wine pot, Horim Museum, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
282 Seated wooden amitabha Buddha statue and accompanying relics at Heukseoksa temple, Yeongju (4 subentries) August 1, 1989 or thereafter
283 Second edition of Tonggam [ko] Gyeongju 통감속편.jpg August 1, 1989 or thereafter
284 Mahaprajnaparamita sutra part 162,170,463 Gangnam-gu, Seoul 초조본 대반야바라밀다경 권162, 170, 463.jpg August 1, 1989 or thereafter
285 Bangudae Petroglyphs in Daegok-ri, Ulsan August 1, 1989 or thereafter
286 White porcelain bowl, Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
287 Gilt-bronze Incense Burner of Baekje from Neungsan-ri, Buyeo National Museum, Buyeo County August 1, 1989 or thereafter
288 Stone Buddhist relic box by King Wideok, Buyeo County[6] August 1, 1989 or thereafter
289 Five storied stone pagoda in Wanggung-ri, Iksan August 1, 1989 or thereafter
290 Daeungjeon Hall and stairs of Tongdosa temple, Yangsan August 1, 1989 or thereafter
291 Yonggamsugyeong [ko] Korea University, Seoul 용감수경 권3~4.jpg August 1, 1989 or thereafter
292 Epistle commemorating the renovation of Sangwon Temple at Mount Odae [ko] Pyeongchang County, Gangwon 평창 상원사 중창권선문.jpg August 1, 1989 or thereafter
293 Standing Gilt-bronze Avalokitesvara Bodhisttva statue, National Museum of Korea, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
294 White porcelain bottle with grass and insect design in underglaze iron, copper, and cobalt blue, Kansong Art Museum, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
295 A crown of Baekje, Gilt-bronze crown from tumulus in Sinchon-ri, Naju, in the Naju National Museum Crown of Baekje National Treasure of Korea No295.jpg August 1, 1989 or thereafter
296 Five Buddhist paintings of Chiljangsa temple, Anseong Korea-NT-296-Chiljangsa.Obulhoe.Gwaebul.taeng-Joseon.jpg August 1, 1989 or thereafter
297 Buddhist painting of Ansimsa temple, Cheongwon County August 1, 1989 or thereafter
298 Buddhist painting of Gapsa temple, Gongju August 1, 1989 or thereafter
299 Buddhist painting of Sinwonsa temple, Gongju August 1, 1989 or thereafter
300 Buddhist painting of Janggoksa temple, Cheongyang County August 1, 1989 or thereafter
301 Buddhist painting of Hwaeomsa temple, Gurye County August 1, 1989 or thereafter
302 Buddhist painting of Cheonggoksa temple, Jinju August 1, 1989 or thereafter
303 Diary report of Seungjeongwon, Seoul National University, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
304 Jinnamgwan Hall, Yeosu August 1, 1989 or thereafter
305 Sebyeonggwan, Tongyeong August 1, 1989 or thereafter
306 Samgungnyusa part 3, 4, 5 August 1, 1989 or thereafter
307 Rock-carved triad Buddha in Taean County August 1, 1989 or thereafter
308 North rock-cut seated Maitreya buddha of Daeheungsa Temple, Haenam August 1, 1989 or thereafter
309 Large Porcelain Jar, Seoul August 1, 1989 or thereafter
310 Daeungjeon Hall of Bongjeongsa, Andong August 1, 1989 or thereafter
311 Seated buddha image carved on rock pillar near Chilburam Hermitage at Namsan, Gyeongju August 1, 1989 or thereafter
312 Amitābha wall painting in Geungnakjeon Hall of Muwisa, Gangjin County August 1, 1989 or thereafter
313 Hwaeomtaeng painting in Hwaeomjeon Hall of Songgwangsa Temple, Suncheon August 1, 1989 or thereafter
314 Stele accompanying stupa of buddhist priest Jijeungdaesa of Bongamsa, Mungyeong August 1, 1989 or thereafter
315 Geungnakjeon hall of Hwaamsa, Wanju County, North Jeolla Province August 1, 1989 or thereafter
316 Royal Portrait of King Taejo of Joseon, Jeonju, North Jeolla Province King Taejo Yi 02.jpg August 1, 1989 or thereafter
317 Silla Monument in Jungseong-ri, Pohang August 1, 1989 or thereafter
318 Dongui Bogam (3 copies; National Library of Korea, Academy of Korean Studies, Seoul National University) August 1, 1989 or thereafter
319 Worincheongangjigok (Songs of the moon's reflection on a thousand rivers), Academy of Korean Studies August 1, 1989 or thereafter

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^ This list is drawn largely from the following: "Cultural properties search results". Cultural Heritage Administration website. Retrieved 2017-01-03. and "문화재검색" (in Korean). Cultural Heritage Administration.

  1. ^ "National Treasure (국보 國寶)" (in Korean). Empas/EncyKorea. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
  2. ^ "Heritage classification". Cultural Heritage Administration.
  3. ^ 監査院「国宝1号を変更すべき」 (in Japanese). Chosun Ilbo Japan. 2005-11-08. Archived from the original on 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 監査院は「日帝は1938年の『朝鮮宝物令』で文化財を指定した際、南大門を宝物1号に、現在の東大門(現在の宝物1号)を宝物2号に指定したが、光復 (独立)後も1962年にようやく国宝と宝物を指定した際、そのほとんどが日帝の宝物令にそのまま従って指定された」と明らかにした。
  4. ^ "국보 (國寶 national treasure)" (in Korean). Yahoo! Korea Encyclopedia.
  5. ^ "국보 제278호" (in Korean). CHA. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  6. ^ kdaq.empas.com

References[edit]

  • National Museum of Korea, The (1985). Selected Treasures of National Museums of Korea. Seoul: Samhwa Publishing.
  • "Cultural Heritage General Search (database)". Cultural Heritage Administration, Republic of Korea. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  • "문화재검색" (in Korean). Cultural Heritage Administration, Republic of Korea. Retrieved 2017-01-02.

External links[edit]