Nationalist Liberal Party

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Nationalist Liberal Party

Partido Liberal Nacionalista
AbbreviationPLN
PresidentAnastasio Somoza García (first)
Anastasio Somoza Debayle (last)
FounderAnastasio Somoza García
Founded1936 (1936)
DissolvedJuly 20, 1979 (1979-07-20)
Merger ofDemocratic Party,
Some Conservatives
HeadquartersManagua
IdeologyLiberalism (nominal)
Authoritarianism
Social conservatism
Political positionRight-wing
International affiliationNone
Colors     Blue

The Nationalist Liberal Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal Nacionalista, PLN) was a political party in Nicaragua.

When Anastasio Somoza García took the power in 1936, the party became also aligned with the United States and other caudillos in the Latin America, like Rafael Trujillo, Oswaldo López Arellano and Fulgencio Batista.

From 1936 to 1979, the office of President of Nicaragua was held by members of the Nationalist Liberal Party. When the 1st phase of the Nicaraguan Revolution was won by the FSLN, the PLN was dissolved by the new government. Many Somozas' loyalists supported or joined Contras rebel groups.

Notable members[edit]

Electoral results[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

President of the Republic
Election year Candidate # % Result
1936 Anastasio Somoza García 112,812 99.83% Elected
1947 Leonardo Argüello Barreto 104,804 61.76% Elected
1950 Anastasio Somoza García 153,297 75.63% Elected
1957 Luis Somoza Debayle 316,998 89.25% Elected
1963 René Schick 408,131 90.48% Elected
1967 Anastasio Somoza Debayle 380,162 70.30% Elected
1974 Anastasio Somoza Debayle 733,662 91.71% Elected

Parliamentary elections[edit]

National Assembly
Election year Leader # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1936
Anastasio Somoza García
112,812 (#1) 99.83
30 / 43
Increase 7
1947
Leonardo Argüello Barreto
104,804 (#1) 61.76
24 / 43
Decrease 6
1950
Anastasio Somoza García
153,297 (#1) 75.63
28 / 42
Increase 4
1957
Luis Somoza Debayle
316,998 (#1) 89.25
28 / 42
Steady 0
1963
René Schick
408,131 (#1) 90.48
28 / 42
Steady 0
1967
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
380,162 (#1) 70.30
35 / 52
Increase 7
1972
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
534,171 (#1) 75.33
60 / 100
Increase 25
1974
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
733,662 (#1) 91.71
42 / 70
Decrease 18

See also[edit]