Nationalist Liberal Party

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Nationalist Liberal Party
Partido Liberal Nacionalista
President Anastasio Somoza Debayle (last)
Founder Anastasio Somoza García
Founded 1936 (1936)
Dissolved July 20, 1979 (1979-07-20)
Merger of Democratic Party,
Some Conservatives
Headquarters Managua
Ideology Liberalism (nominal)
Authoritarianism
Social conservatism
Political position Right-wing

The Nationalist Liberal Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal Nacionalista, PLN) was a political party in Nicaragua.

When Anastasio Somoza García took the power in 1936, the party became also aligned with the United States and other caudillos in the Latin America, like Rafael Trujillo, Oswaldo López Arellano and Fulgencio Batista.

From 1936 to 1979, the office of President of Nicaragua was held by members of the Nationalist Liberal Party. When the 1st phase of the Nicaraguan Revolution was won by the FSLN, the PLN was dissolved by the new government. Many Somozas' loyalists supported or joined Contras rebel groups.

Notable members[edit]

Electoral results[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

President of the Republic
Election year Candidate #  % Won/Loss
1936 Anastasio Somoza García 112,812 99.83% Won
1947 Leonardo Argüello Barreto 104,804 61.76% Won
1950 Anastasio Somoza García 153,297 75.63% Won
1957 Luis Somoza Debayle 316,998 89.25% Won
1963 René Schick 408,131 90.48% Won
1967 Anastasio Somoza Debayle 380,162 70.30% Won
1974 Anastasio Somoza Debayle 733,662 91.71% Won

Parliamentary elections[edit]

National Assembly
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1936 112,812 (#1) 99.83
30 / 43
Increase 7
Anastasio Somoza García
1947 104,804 (#1) 61.76
24 / 43
Decrease 6
Leonardo Argüello Barreto
1950 153,297 (#1) 75.63
28 / 42
Increase 4
Anastasio Somoza García
1957 316,998 (#1) 89.25
28 / 42
Steady 0
Luis Somoza Debayle
1963 408,131 (#1) 90.48
28 / 42
Steady 0
René Schick
1967 380,162 (#1) 70.30
35 / 52
Increase 7
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
1972 534,171 (#1) 75.33
60 / 100
Increase 25
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
1974 733,662 (#1) 91.71
42 / 70
Decrease 18
Anastasio Somoza Debayle

See also[edit]