|Genre||News and Current affairs|
|Created by||Derrick Amoore|
Michael Barratt (1969–1977)
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|Production locations||Lime Grove Studios, London|
|Running time||50 minutes|
|Original release||9 September 1969 –|
5 August 1983
|Followed by||Sixty Minutes|
Nationwide was a BBC current affairs television programme which ran from 9 September 1969 until 5 August 1983. Originally broadcast on BBC 1 from Tuesday to Thursday, and then each weekday from 1972, it followed the early evening news, and included the regional opt-out news programmes.
It followed a magazine format, combining regional news, political analysis and discussion with consumer affairs, light entertainment and sports reporting. It began on 9 September 1969, running between Tuesdays and Thursdays at 6:00 pm, before being extended to five days a week in 1972. From 1976 until 1981, the start time was 5:55 pm. The final edition was broadcast on 5 August 1983 and, the following October, it was replaced by Sixty Minutes. The long-running Watchdog programme began as a Nationwide feature.
The light entertainment was quite similar in tone to That's Life!, with eccentric stories such as a skateboarding duck and men who claimed that they could walk on egg shells. Richard Stilgoe performed topical songs. The show's tendency to sidestep serious matters in favour of light pieces was parodied in an episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus, where the show, instead of reporting on the opening of the Third World War, chose to feature a story about a "theory" that sitting down in a comfortable chair rests one's legs.
After the introduction and round-up, the BBC regions opted out for their main news magazine programmes (Midlands Today, Points West, Wales Today, South Today, Look East, Reporting Scotland, Spotlight, Look North, Scene Around Six). Once they had handed back to Lime Grove Studios in London, the regions remained on standby to participate in feedback and two-way interviews to be transmitted across the whole BBC network.
Nationwide for London and the South East
For all of its run, Nationwide presented and provided the regional news for the BBC London/South East region, as this was the only BBC region not to have its own dedicated news team.
A further peculiarity was that as this segment had no regional branding at all in London and the South East, it carried the Nationwide title despite only covering local news. This changed at the start of 1982, when the regional programmes and Nationwide were separated. Now, Nationwide's title sequence was shown after the regional programmes and the London/South East news was now called South East at Six.
However, it was still presented by the Nationwide team, used the Nationwide theme and, for the first few months, the opening titles were the same as for Nationwide, but with local images superimposed. Later that year, when Nationwide introduced a new title sequence, South East at Six started using different graphics that had no reference to Nationwide, though still with the Nationwide music. When Nationwide was replaced by Sixty Minutes, the situation returned to how it had been before 1982 and lasted until 1984.
Margaret Thatcher On the Spot
In May 1983, during a general election special of its "On the Spot" feature. Diana Gould, a teacher from Cirencester, persistently challenged Margaret Thatcher about her ordering of the sinking of the General Belgrano when it was sailing away from the Falklands.
Thatcher denied that the Belgrano had been sailing away, but Gould quoted map references and continued to push her point across, encouraged – so the Conservative party claimed – by presenter Sue Lawley. When Thatcher asked her whether she accepted that the Belgrano had been a danger to British shipping when it was sunk, Gould told her that she did not.
Thatcher was extremely angry about the BBC for allowing the question. Thatcher's husband Denis lashed out at Roger Bolton, the editor of the programme, in the entertainment suite, saying that his wife had been "stitched up by bloody BBC poofs and Trots".
As a contemporary programme Nationwide was only recorded on broadcast videotape in case of possible complaint or litigation; after a period of time tapes would be wiped and re-used although filmed reports were archived. Consequently, only a few complete editions exist in their original form.
However, in his book The Television Heritage (1989), author Steve Bryant claimed that "a virtually complete collection of the BBC magazine programme Nationwide from 1971 to 1980" existed as domestic recordings.[a] He wrote:
"Already virtually doomed is material held on early domestic tape formats manufactured by Sony, Shibaden and Philips. The pictures from these tapes are very poor – indeed, the Sony and Shibaden reel-to-reel tapes are monochrome only – but some unique collections exist on these formats. Most significant is a virtually complete collection of the BBC magazine programme Nationwide from 1971 to 1980, mostly on Sony and Shibaden, but on Philips for the programmes after 1977. This collection is held by the NFA (National Film Archive) and represents the only copies of the complete programmes in existence. The BBC has all the film reports and a small selection of pre-recorded video inserts, but the programmes themselves were live and were not recorded off-air. Neither the machinery nor the funds are currently available to save the contents of these tapes, so a valuable daily record of British life in the 70s, including a large number of live interviews with leading politicians and celebrities of the time, looks like being lost."
The British Film Institute website stated in 2003 "so far we have successfully dubbed 500 [Philips] N-1500 [tapes] as part of an HLF-funded Nationwide preservation project". In November 2016, the BFI's holdings of Nationwide, described as being on an "exceptionally rare" video format, were included in a list of 100,000 most at risk television episodes which were to be digitised following £13.5m of National Lottery funding.
- Let's Go Nationwide, BBC2, 1991; Transmitted as part of The Lime Grove Story, 26 August 1991, marking the closing of the studios
- It's Time to Go Nationwide, BBC4, 2009; Shown 5 February 2009
- When domestic video recorders had become available in the early 1970s, the BBC started making programme as broadcast (PasB) recordings of most news and current affairs programmes – until then only audio recordings had been made for future editorial review purposes.
- Douglas, Torin (10 July 2022). "Michael Barratt obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
- Jeff Evans, (1995) The Guinness Television Encyclopedia. Middlesex: Guinness. ISBN 0-85112-744-4
- Factual/The Good Word Off the Telly
- Moores, Shaun (1993). Interpreting Audiences: The Ethnography of Media Consumption. London: Sage. ISBN 0-8039-8447-2.
- "TVARK – BBC South East Early Years – News". tv-ark.org.uk. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- Obituary: Diana Gould, Daily Telegraph, 8 December 2011
- Michael Cockerell, (1988) Live from Number 10: The Inside Story of Prime Ministers and Television. page 238, London: Faber & Faber. ISBN 0-571-14757-7
- "TV's top 10 tantrums". BBC News. 31 August 2001. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
- Bryant, Steve (1989). The Television Heritage.
- "Obsolete Technology". British Film Institute. July 2003. Archived from the original on 30 July 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2008.
- Masters, Tim (29 November 2016). "Basil Brush and Tiswas on 'at risk' list". Retrieved 18 February 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.