Native American Indian Heritage Month

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On August 3, 1990, President of the United States George H. W. Bush declared the month of November as National American Indian Heritage Month, thereafter commonly referred to as Native American Heritage Month. First sponsor of "American Indian Heritage Month" was through the American Indian Heritage Foundation by the founder Pale Moon Rose, of Cherokee-Seneca descent and an adopted Ojibwa, whose Indian name Win-yan-sa-han-wi "Princess of the Pale Moon" was given to her by Alfred Michael "Chief" Venne [1] [2]

The Bill read in part that “the President has authorized and requested to call upon Federal, State and local Governments, groups and organizations and the people of the United States to observe such month with appropriate programs, ceremonies and activities”. This was a landmark Bill honoring America's Tribal people.

This commemorative month aims to provide a platform for Native people in the United States of America to share their culture, traditions, music, crafts, dance, and ways and concepts of life. This gives Native people the opportunity to express to their community, both city, county and state officials their concerns and solutions for building bridges of understanding and friendship in their local area.

Federal Agencies are encouraged to provide educational programs for their employees regarding Native American history, rights, culture and contemporary issues, to better assist them in their jobs and for overall awareness.

History of public observances for American Indians[edit]

Current designation[edit]

Previous designations[edit]

Proclamations[edit]

In 2012,[3] 2013,[4][5] 2014,[6] 2015[7] and 2016[8] President Barack Obama made a Presidential proclamation on the 31st of October of each year that each respective November would be National Native American Heritage Month.

In 2017[9][10][11] and 2018[12] and 2019[13] President Donald Trump made a Presidential proclamation on the 31st of October of each year that each respective November would be National Native American Heritage Month.

Legislation[edit]

A Cherokee American Indian, J.C. Elliott-High Eagle, authored Pub.L. 94–103, 89 Stat. 486 (S.J. Res. 209) for American Indian Awareness Week, October 10–16, 1976, signed by President Gerald R. Ford. This became the first official week of national recognition for the American Indian (Proclamation 4468) since the founding of the nation.[14]

Controversy[edit]

On October 31, 2019, President Donald Trump also proclaimed November 2019 as National American History and Founders Month[15] to celebrate the first European founders and colonizers of America. In a similar fashion to when, on October 13, 2019, President Donald Trump issued a formal proclamation recognizing Columbus Day and not Indigenous People's Day,[16] some journalists suggested National American History and Founders Month is an attempt to subvert attention from National Native American Heritage Month [17] and stifle the indigenous voice [18] by announcing a celebration that can be viewed as opposing and contradictory to what National Native American Heritage Month is supposed to highlight and honor.[19][20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Native American Heritage Month
  2. ^ Native American Heritage Month Andrea Ferrero. Retrieved 27 November 2012
  3. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (October 31, 2012). "Presidential Proclamation -- National Native American Heritage Month, 2012". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  4. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (October 31, 2013). "President Barack Obama Proclaims November 2013 as National Native American Heritage Month". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  5. ^ "National Native American Heritage Month, 2013" (PDF). Federal Register. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. October 31, 2013. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  6. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (October 31, 2014). "Presidential Proclamation -- National Native American Heritage Month, 2014". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  7. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (October 31, 2015). "Presidential Proclamation -- National Native American Heritage Month, 2015". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  8. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (October 31, 2016). "Presidential Proclamation -- National Native American Heritage Month, 2016". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  9. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (October 31, 2017). "President Donald J. Trump Proclaims November 2017 as National Native American Heritage Month". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  10. ^ Scott, Eugene (November 3, 2017). "Trump's 'Pocahontas' jab at Elizabeth Warren draws the ire of Native Americans". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  11. ^ "National Native American Heritage Month, 2017" (PDF). Federal Register. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. October 31, 2017. Archived from the original on November 6, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  12. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (October 31, 2018). "Presidential Proclamation on National Native American Heritage Month, 2018". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  13. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (October 31, 2019). "Presidential Proclamation on National Native American Heritage Month, 2019". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  14. ^ "Proclamation 4468—Native American Awareness Week, 1976". University of California, Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California: University of California. October 8, 1976. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  15. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (October 31, 2019). "Presidential Proclamation on National American History and Founders Month, 2019". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
  16. ^ Harper, Jennifer (October 13, 2019). "Trump marks Columbus Day, praises explorer's drive for discovery as 'core of the American spirit'". washingtontimes.com. The Washington Times. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  17. ^ Armus, Teo (November 5, 2019). "November is Native American Heritage Month. Critics say Trump is subverting it with a new celebration of the Founding Fathers". washingtonpost.com. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  18. ^ The Associated Press (November 5, 2019). "Trump Honors Native Americans, US Founders in Same Month". nytimes.com. New York, New York: The New York Times. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  19. ^ Connor, Jay (November 5, 2019). "Trump Gives National American Indian Heritage Month an All Lives Matter Makeover That Nobody Is Here For". theroot.com. The Root. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  20. ^ Lennard, Natasha (November 6, 2019). "Trump Says Native Americans' Heritage Month Is Also for the White Men Who Stole Their Land". theintercept.com. The Intercept. Retrieved November 6, 2019.

External links[edit]