Native American dogs
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Whereas the appearance of dogs have been traced in America for at least 10,000 years, well datable dog fossils appear in South America only between 7,500 and 4,500 YBP. Findings for dogs in South America get only denser by 3,500 YBP but seem to be restricted to agriculture in the Andes. The oldest finding of a dog for Brazil is dated as 1701 and 1526 cal BP, and for the Pampas of Argentina the oldest is dated as 930 BP.
In 2013, a genetic study of modern and ancient canids found that 64% of the dogs sampled were sister to a 14,500 years before present wolf sequence from the Kesserloch cave in Switzerland, with a most recent common ancestor estimated to 32,100 years before present. This group of dogs matched three fossil pre-Columbian New World dogs dated between 1,000 and 8,500 YBP, which supported the hypothesis that pre-Columbian dogs in the New World share ancestry with modern dogs and that they likely arrived with the first humans to the New World.
The dogs of native Americans were described as looking and sounding like wolves.
Depending on the people, dog meat could be taboo, only eaten in famine; just not generally eaten; or a normal element of their cuisine, used in either daily life or as a delicacy. Dogs were more commonly eaten amongst people who lived on the great plains, but not all great plains cultures partook in it. Some of the cultures that ate dogs were:
In 2018, a study compared sequences of fossil North American dogs with fossil Siberian dogs and modern dogs. The study indicates that dogs entered North America from Siberia 4,500 years after humans did, were isolated for 9,000 years, and after contact with Europeans these no longer exist because they were replaced with Eurasian dogs. The pre-contact dogs exhibit a unique genetic signature that is also now gone, with their nearest genetic relatives being the modern arctic breed dogs.
Breeds and landraces
Extinct, classified breeds:
- Hare Indian
- Innu Canoe Hunting dog
- Salish Wool 
- Tahltan Bear
- Peruvian shepherd dog
Ancient breeds & landraces:
Standardized breeds that were previously landraces:
Breeds Falsely advertised as Native American originate:
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- Luciano Prates, Francisco J. Prevosti, Mónica Berón: First records of Prehispanic dogs in southern South America (Pampa-Patagonia, Argentina). In: Current Anthropology, volume 51, number. 2, April 2010, pp. 273-280, doi: 10.1086/650166.
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There are also sold rabbits, hares, deer, and little dogs [i.e., the chihuahua], which are raised for eating
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- Rhitu Chatterjee (2013-07-10). "Barking Up The Family Tree: American Dogs Have Surprising Genetic Roots". NPR. Retrieved 2016-05-21.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 10, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
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