Natriuresis

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Natriuresis is the process of sodium excretion in the urine through the action of the kidneys.[1] It is promoted by ventricular and atrial natriuretic peptides as well as calcitonin,[2] and inhibited by chemicals such as aldosterone. Natriuresis lowers the concentration of sodium in the blood and also tends to lower blood volume because osmotic forces drag water out of the body's blood circulation and into the urine along with the sodium. Many diuretic drugs take advantage of this mechanism to treat medical conditions like hypernatremia and hypertension, which involve excess blood volume.

Excess natriuresis can be caused by:

Endogenous natriuretic hormones include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Natriuresis". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Boron, Walter F. and Boulpaep, Emile L. "Medical Physiology". Saunders, 2012, p.1108.
  3. ^ Levin ER, Gardner DG, Samson WK (July 1998). "Natriuretic peptides". The New England Journal of Medicine 339 (5): 321–8. doi:10.1056/NEJM199807303390507. PMID 9682046. 
Further reading
  • Granger, JP; Alexander, BT; Llinas, M (2002). "Mechanisms of pressure natriuresis". Current hypertension reports 4 (2): 152–9. doi:10.1007/s11906-002-0040-3. PMID 11884271. 
  • Hall, J. E.; Mizelle, H. L.; Hildebrandt, D. A.; Brands, M. W. (1990). "Abnormal pressure natriuresis. A cause or a consequence of hypertension?". Hypertension 15 (6_Pt_1): 547–59. doi:10.1161/01.HYP.15.6.547. PMID 1971810.