Natrona County, Wyoming

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Natrona County, Wyoming
Natrona County Courthouse.JPG
Natrona County Courthouse in Casper
Map of Wyoming highlighting Natrona County
Location in the U.S. state of Wyoming
Map of the United States highlighting Wyoming
Wyoming's location in the U.S.
Founded 1890
Named for Natron deposits
Seat Casper
Largest city Casper
Area
 • Total 5,376 sq mi (13,924 km2)
 • Land 5,340 sq mi (13,831 km2)
 • Water 35 sq mi (91 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 81,039
 • Density 15/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.natronacounty-wy.gov

Natrona County is a county in the U.S. state of Wyoming. As of the 2010 census, the population was 75,450,[1] making it the second-most populous county in Wyoming. Its county seat is Casper.[2]

Natrona County comprises the Casper, WY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2010, the center of population of Wyoming was in Natrona County, near Alcova.[3]

History[edit]

The first Euro-American settlement occurred in the Casper area in the late 19th century.[4] Natrona County was created by the legislature of the Wyoming Territory on March 9, 1888, and it was organized in 1890.[5] The land for Natrona County was ceded from Carbon County.

Natrona County was named for the deposits of natron found in the area.[6] In 1909, Natrona County gained land from Fremont County. The boundaries were adjusted slightly in 1911 and 1931, and at that point the county gained its present outline.

Geography[edit]

Badlands of Hell's Half-Acre, Natrona Co.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 5,376 square miles (13,920 km2), of which 5,340 square miles (13,800 km2) is land and 35 square miles (91 km2) (0.7%) is water.[7]

Geographic features[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,094
1900 1,785 63.2%
1910 4,766 167.0%
1920 14,635 207.1%
1930 24,272 65.8%
1940 23,858 −1.7%
1950 31,437 31.8%
1960 49,623 57.8%
1970 51,264 3.3%
1980 71,856 40.2%
1990 61,226 −14.8%
2000 66,533 8.7%
2010 75,450 13.4%
Est. 2016 81,039 [8] 7.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1870–2000[10] 2010–2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 66,533 persons, 26,819 households, and 17,754 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 29,882 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.15% White, 0.76% Black or African American, 1.03% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.92% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 4.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.6% were of German, 11.6% English, 11.3% American and 11.2% Irish ancestry.

There were 26,819 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.80% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was distributed as follows: 26.00% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,619, and the median income for a family was $45,575. Males had a median income of $33,524 versus $21,374 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,913. About 8.70% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 75,450 people, 30,616 households, and 19,714 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 14.1 inhabitants per square mile (5.4/km2). There were 33,807 housing units at an average density of 6.3 per square mile (2.4/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 92.8% white, 1.0% American Indian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.2% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.9% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 27.2% were German, 15.2% were Irish, 13.2% were English, and 10.7% were American.[14]

Of the 30,616 households, 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.6% were non-families, and 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 36.8 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,936 and the median income for a family was $62,859. Males had a median income of $47,610 versus $30,664 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,235. About 5.4% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.9% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 70.6% 23,552 19.7% 6,577 9.7% 3,219
2012 68.4% 22,132 27.7% 8,961 4.0% 1,280
2008 65.9% 21,906 31.5% 10,475 2.7% 886
2004 67.1% 21,512 30.8% 9,863 2.2% 693
2000 65.0% 18,439 30.5% 8,646 4.6% 1,303
1996 46.7% 13,182 39.8% 11,240 13.4% 3,793
1992 35.5% 9,717 35.8% 9,817 28.7% 7,866
1988 59.6% 14,005 39.0% 9,148 1.4% 334
1984 69.9% 18,488 28.7% 7,598 1.4% 378
1980 63.0% 16,801 26.7% 7,111 10.4% 2,760
1976 60.8% 13,761 38.2% 8,640 1.0% 220
1972 70.5% 15,649 29.3% 6,514 0.2% 37
1968 57.2% 10,679 31.6% 5,900 11.2% 2,095
1964 47.6% 10,135 52.4% 11,167
1960 56.7% 11,809 43.3% 9,002
1956 62.6% 10,796 37.4% 6,462
1952 63.9% 10,663 36.1% 6,021 0.1% 11
1948 46.0% 5,341 53.3% 6,183 0.7% 84
1944 51.5% 5,196 48.5% 4,890
1940 46.5% 5,555 53.3% 6,373 0.2% 21
1936 32.0% 3,810 65.7% 7,819 2.3% 278
1932 37.9% 4,368 58.8% 6,777 3.4% 388
1928 64.8% 7,141 34.6% 3,818 0.6% 64
1924 60.1% 8,267 11.9% 1,631 28.0% 3,857
1920 66.2% 2,957 25.8% 1,153 8.0% 357
1916 39.2% 912 59.2% 1,377 1.6% 38
1912 45.5% 640 31.8% 447 22.7% 319
1908 63.7% 835 35.2% 461 1.1% 14
1904 69.3% 738 30.1% 320 0.7% 7
1900 66.1% 520 33.9% 267
1896 54.3% 392 45.3% 327 0.4% 3
1892 55.9% 194 0.0% 0 44.1% 153

Natrona County is governed by the Board of County Commissioners who meet in the county seat of Casper.

The board consists of five members who are each is elected to a four-year term, which is staggered so not more than three commissioners are elected at the same time. Elections for the County Commissioners occur at the General Election every two years.

Current commissioners are:

Natrona is a strongly Republican county. In 2016 Donald J. Trump received 70.6% of the vote, the highest vote total of any presidential candidate since at least 1960.[17]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Centers of Population by State: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  4. ^ Casper Wyoming history
  5. ^ Long, John H., ed. (2004). "Wyoming: Individual County Chronologies". Wyoming Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved August 19, 2015. 
  6. ^ Urbanek, Mae (1988). Wyoming Place Names. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Company. ISBN 0-87842-204-8. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 18, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of Administration & Information, Division of Economic Analysis. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/

Coordinates: 42°58′N 106°48′W / 42.97°N 106.80°W / 42.97; -106.80