Natuna Regency

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Natuna Regency
Kabupaten Natuna
Islands and Regency
Mount Ranai in Natuna Regency
Mount Ranai in Natuna Regency
Official seal of Natuna Regency
Seal
Motto(s): Malay: Laut Sakti Rantau Bertuah
Location within Riau Islands
Location within Riau Islands
Natuna Regency is located in South China Sea
Natuna Regency
Natuna Regency
Natuna Regency is located in Sumatra
Natuna Regency
Natuna Regency
Natuna Regency (Sumatra)
Natuna Regency is located in Indonesia
Natuna Regency
Natuna Regency
Natuna Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 4°00′N 108°15′E / 4.000°N 108.250°E / 4.000; 108.250Coordinates: 4°00′N 108°15′E / 4.000°N 108.250°E / 4.000; 108.250
Country  Indonesia
Region Sumatra
Province  Riau Islands
Capital Ranai
Government
 • Regent Abdul Hamid Rizal
 • Vice Regent Ngesti Yuni Suprapti
Area
 • Total 2,008.8 km2 (775.6 sq mi)
Population (2017)
 • Total 75,282
 • Density 37/km2 (97/sq mi)
Time zone Indonesia Western Time (UTC+7)
Postcodes 297xx
Area code (+62) 773
Website natunakab.go.id

The Natuna Regency is an archipelago of 272 islands located in the south part of the South China Sea in the Natuna Sea. It is part of the larger Tudjuh Archipelago, off the northwest coast of Borneo. Administratively, the islands (including the central Bunguran Islands and various outliers) constitute a regency within the Riau Islands Province of Indonesia and are the northernmost non-disputed island group of Indonesia.

Indonesia's exclusive economic zone (EEZ) off the coast of Natuna slightly overlaps the area within China's South China Sea claim indicated by the so-called "Nine-Dash Line". In 2014–2015, the presence of the Indonesian army on the islands was reinforced, which the Indonesian government hoped would reduce the chance of any conflict.[1]

The Natuna Islands themselves are divided into three groups:

  • North Natuna, which includes Laut Island (Pulau Laut);
  • Middle Natuna, which includes Bunguran (Natuna Besar); and
  • South Natuna, which includes the Subi Islands and Serasan.

Administration[edit]

The Regency is divided into twelve districts (kecamatan) – tabulated below from north to south with their 2010 Census population:[2]

Name English name Area in
sq.km
Population
(2010 Census)[2]
Pulau Laut (North Island) 37.5 2,169
Bunguran Utara (North Bunguran) 402.6 3,817
Bunguran Timur Laut (Northeast Bunguran) 233.9 4,306
Bunguran Tengah (Central Bunguran) 171.9 2,834
Bunguran Timur (East Bunguran) 145.8 22,800
Bunguran Barat (West Bunguran) 444.8 10,893
Bunguran Selatan (South Bunguran) 232.1 2,537
Pulau Tiga (Bodas Islands) 67.5 4,826
Midai (Midai Island) 26.9 5,007
Subi (Subi Islands) 155.8 2,577
Serasan 45.9 4,506
Serasan Timur (East Serasan) 45.9 2,731

Demographics[edit]

Peoples[edit]

According to statistics released in 2010, the population of the islands stood at 69,003 people. 85.27% of the inhabitants were Malays, with the remainder consisting of Javanese, Sumatrans and Chinese. By January 2014, the population was officially estimated to be 83,498.

Islam is the predominant religion of the islands.[3]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Natuna Regency (2017)[4]
religion percent
Islam
96.97%
Protestantism
1.30%
Buddhism
1.23%
Roman Catholicism
0.36%
Confucianism
0.14%

Islam is the dominant religion in the city, with 96.97% of the total population identify themselves as Muslim. Other religions are Christianity, which forms 1.66% of the total population, Buddhism, which forms 1.23% of the total population, and Confucianism, which forms 0.14% of the total population.

Economy[edit]

Despite important natural gas reserves, most of the locals work as fishermen or farmers. There is no significant tourism industry. Farming is not on an industrial scale, just small holdings. The other main source of income is gained by people working for the government.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

The Natuna Islands have a rich diversity of birds, although some, like the Green Iora are threatened by habitat loss

The Natuna Islands are a 272-island archipelago of Indonesia, located in the Natuna Sea[5][6] between Peninsular Malaysia to the west and Borneo to the east. They extend in a NNW direction for 300 km from Tanjung Api, the northwest extremity of Kalimantan/Borneo. The Natuna Sea itself is a section of the South China Sea.

The North Group consists of a large island (Pulau Laut), two small islands and several adjacent islets and reefs which lie about 50 km NNW of Natuna Besar Island. Pulau Laut is about 11 km long with a greatest width of 5 km towards the south; it is generally hilly, rising to 273 metres near its north end.

The Middle Group consists of Natuna Besar or Bunguran Island, which contains the bulk of the area and population of the archipelago, together with small offshore islets and reefs; the Bodas Islands (Kepulauan Bodas) are a group of moderately high wooded islands lying close to the southwest coast of Natuna Besar.

The Southern Group (Kepulauan Natuna Selatan) consists primarily of two groups of islands separated from the coast of Kalimantan by the Api Passage. The Subi Islands (Kepulauan Subi) of which the main islands are Subi Besar, Subi Kecil, Bakau, Panjang and Seraya, lie southeast of Natuna Besar. Serasan Island (Pulau Serasan) is the largest of the islands lying further to the southeast and nearer to Kalimantan.

Natural resources[edit]

Natuna has large reserves of natural gas (estimated to 1.3 billion m3) that is exported to neighbouring countries such as Singapore. Matak Island now serves as an offshore exploitation base.

Ecology[edit]

The Natuna Islands have a remarkable avifauna with 71 species of bird registered, including the near-threatened lesser fish-eagle, the Natuna serpent-eagle. Other endangered species include the green iora, the brown fulvetta or the green broadbill.[citation needed]

Colourful coral reefs are found in the neighbouring waters. The Natuna banded leaf monkey, Presbytis natunae, is among[7] the 25 most endangered primates on Earth.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The sleepy island Indonesia is guarding from China, BBC News, Karishma Vaswani, 19 October 2014
  2. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ The Natuna Islands: Geographically Malaysian, politically Indonesian, mstar.com.my. 7 December 2013 (in Malay)
  4. ^ "Riau Islands Province in Figures 2017". BPS Kepulauan Riau. Retrieved July 22, 2018. 
  5. ^ "Natuna Islands: Indonesia says no 'overlapping' South China Sea claims with China". ABC News. 
  6. ^ "South China Sea: Indonesia renames part of maritime economic zone in defiance of Beijing". ABC News. 
  7. ^ Martjan Lammertink, Vincent Nijman and Utami Setiorini, "Population size, Red List status and conservation of the Natuna leaf monkey Presbytis natunae endemic to the island of Bunguran, Indonesia." Oryx / Volume 37 / Issue 04 / October 2003, pp 472 – 479

Further reading[edit]

  • National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (2005) "Borneo: Northwest Coast and Kepulauan Tudjuh" Sailing directions (enroute): Borneo, Jawa, Sulawesi, and Nusa Tenggara United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  • The Natuna Islands: Geographically Malaysian, politically Indonesian (In English)

External links[edit]