Natural monument (Brazil)

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Waterfall of the São Francisco River in the Bahia city of Paulo Afonso

A Natural Monument (Portuguese: Monumento natural) in Brazil is a type of protected area of Brazil defined by law. The purpose of a natural monument to conserve unique or very beautiful natural sites.


The Natural Monument class of conservation unit was defined by the law 19/93 of 23 January 1993.[1] This basic objective of this type of unit is to preserve natural sites that are unique and/or have great scenic beauty. They may be private property as long as the owner's use is compatible with the objectives. If not, the area is expropriated. The public may visit the natural monuments, and research may be conducted with permission of the responsible agency.[2]

Selected list[edit]

Name Level State Created Area (ha)
Beberibe Cliffs State Ceará 2004 31.2
Capão da Amizade Municipal Rio Grande do Sul 2009 1.3
Falésias de Marataízes Municipal Espírito Santo 2008 42.14
Ferro Doido Waterfall State Bahia 1998 362.09
Frade e a Freira State Espírito Santo 2007 861
Grota do Angico State Sergipe 2007 2,183
Gruta do Lago Azul Federal Mato Grosso do Sul 1978 263
Ilhas Cagarras Federal Rio de Janeiro 2010 523
Itabira Municipal Espírito Santo 1988 450
Lancinhas State Paraná 2006 164
Morro da Pedreira Caves State Federal District 2010 90.7
Morro do Penedo Municipal Espírito Santo 2007 18.79
Morro de Santo Antônio State Mato Grosso 2006 258
Morros do Pão de Açúcar e Urca Municipal Rio de Janeiro 2006 91.48
Pedra Grande State São Paulo 2010 3,297.01
Pedra das Flores Municipal Rio de Janeiro 2005 346
Pedra do Baú State São Paulo 2010 3,154
Pedra do Colégio Municipal Rio de Janeiro 2010 127
Pedra do Elefante Municipal Rio de Janeiro 2010 530
Peter Lund State Minas Gerais 2005 73
Pontões Capixabas Federal Espírito Santo 2002 17,443
Quixadá Monoliths State Ceará 2002 16,635
Rio Formoso State Mato Grosso do Sul 2003 18
Rio São Francisco Federal Alagoas, Bahia, Sergipe 2009 26,736
Serra das Torres State Espírito Santo 2010 10,458.90
Sugarloaf Mountain and Urca Hill Municipal Rio de Janeiro 2006 91.5
Subaé Canyons State Bahia 2006 404
Tocantins Fossil Trees (Árvores Fossilizadas) State Tocantins 2000 32,152
Valley of the Dinosaurs Municipal Paraíba 2002 40


  1. ^ Decreto-Lei n.º 19/93 de 23-01-1993 Versão: 1 -Artigo 8.º
  2. ^ Categorias de unidades de conservação.


  • Categorias de unidades de conservação (in Portuguese), Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation, retrieved 2016-04-23