Natural monuments of North Korea

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Natural monuments of North Korea
Baitou Mountain Tianchi.jpg
Korean name
Hangul
조선민주주의인민공화국천연기념물
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJoseon-minjujuui-inmin-gonghwaguk-cheonyeon-ginyeommul
McCune–ReischauerChosŏn-minjujuŭi-inmin-konghwaguk-ch'ŏnyŏn-kinyŏmmul

This is a partial list of the natural monuments of North Korea. A total of 935 natural monuments have been designated.[by whom?]

List[edit]

No. 1 - 50[edit]

A Sargent cherry tree, Korean natural monument #1
A Metasequoia tree, Korean natural monument #10
A Siebold's magnolia, Korean natural monument #11
Japanese wisteria, Korean natural monument #15
A gingko tree, Korean natural monument #33
A great bustard, Korean natural monument #36
A Korean pear tree, Korean natural monument #42
Spikemoss, Korean natural monument #46
Name
(Korean name)
Location Type Scientific name
1 Sargent cherry and Manchurian fir trees of Rŭngra-do island
릉라도 산벗나무와 전나무/산벗나무나무
Rŭngra-do, Chung-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Prunus sargentii/Abies holophylla
2 Korean weeping willows of Okryu
옥류능수버들/능수버들
Moranbong Park, Pyongyang Tree Salix pseudolasiogyne
3 Pagoda trees of the Ch'ŏngryu Cliffs
청류벽회화나무/회화나무
Moranbong Park, Pyongyang Tree Sophora japonica
6 Poplar trees of the Pot'ong River
보통강뽀뿌라나무/뽀뿌라나무
Pot'onggang-dong, Pot'onggang-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Populus sp.
8 Dahurian larch trees of Munsubong hill
문수봉이깔나무/이깔나무
Raengch'ŏn-dong, Tongdaewŏn-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Larix gmelinii
9 Jujube trees of Tŏkdong
덕동대추나무/大棗나무
Tŏkdong-ri, Sadong-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Zizyphus zizyphus
10 Metasequoia trees of Mt. Taesŏng
대성산수삼나무/水杉나무
Taesŏng-dong, Taesŏng-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Metasequoia glyptostroboides
11 Siebold's magnolia trees of Mt. Taesŏng
대성산목란/木蘭
Taesŏng-dong, Taesŏng-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Magnolia sieboldii
12 White forsythia trees of Mt. Taesŏng
대성산미선나무/尾扇나무
Taesŏng-dong, Taesŏng-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Abeliophyllum distichum
13 Eucommia trees of Mt. Taesŏng
대성산두충나무/杜仲나무
Taesŏng-dong, Taesŏng-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Eucommia ulmoides
14 Chinese catalpa of Mt. Taesŏng
대성산향오동나무/香梧桐나무
Taesŏng-dong, Taesŏng-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Catalpa ovata
15 Japanese wisteria of Mt. Taesŏng
대성산참등나무/참藤나무
Taesŏng-dong, Taesŏng-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Wisteria floribunda
16 Chinese juniper of Mt. Taesŏng
대성산뚝향나무/뚝香나무
Taesŏng-dong, Taesŏng-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Juniperus chinensis
17 Mesozoic fossils of Mt. Taesŏng
대성산중생대화석/中生代化石
Taesŏng-dong, Taesŏng-guyŏk, Pyongyang
18 Korean aspen trees of Mangyŏngdae
만경대백양나무/白楊나무
Mangyŏngdae-dong, Mangyŏngdae-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Populus davidiana
19 Japanese zelkova trees of Mt. Ryongak
룡악산느티나무/느티나무
Ryongbong-ri, Mangyŏngdae-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Zelkova serrata
20 Chinese mahogany trees of Mt. Ryongak
룡악산참중나무/참중나무
Ryongbong-ri, Mangyŏngdae-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Cedrela sinensis
22 Pagoda trees of Mt. Ryongak
룡악산회화나무/회화나무
Ryongbong-ri, Mangyŏngdae-guyŏk, Pyongyang Tree Sophora japonica
23 Fold valley of west Pyongyang
서평양습곡/西平壤褶曲
Chungdang-ri, Hyŏngjesan-guyŏk, Pyongyang
24 Honam-ri soft-shelled turtle habitat
호남리자라살이터/자라살이
Honam-ri, Samsŏk-guyŏk, Pyongyang Reptile Trionychidae sp.
25 Japanese red pine forest of Ryongsan-ri
룡산리소나무림/소나무
Ryongsan-ri, Ryŏkp'o-guyŏk, Pyongyang Forest Pinus densiflora
26 Sawthorn oak trees of Sangwŏn
상원가둑나무/가둑나무
Taedong-ri, Sangwŏn-gun, Pyongyang Tree Quercus acutissima
28 Koryŏngsan Plateau
고령산평탄면/平坦
Rodong-ri, Sangwŏn-gun, Pyongyang
29 Ryongsan-ri seaweed fossils
룡산리해조류화석/海藻化石
Ryongsan-ri, Chunghwa-gun, Pyongyang
30 River terrace of Wŏlp'o-ri
월포리하성단구/河成段丘
Wŏlp'o-ri, P'yŏngsŏng
31 Ginkgo trees of the Anguksa Buddhist temple
안국사은행나무/銀杏나무
Ponghak-dong, P'yŏngsŏng Tree Gingko biloba
32 Japanese red pine trees of Ryulhwa
률화소나무/소나무
Ryulhwa-ri, P'yŏngsŏng Tree Pinus densiflora
33 Ginkgos of Chasan
자산은행나무/銀杏나무
Chasan-ri, P'yŏngsŏng Tree Gingko biloba
34 P'yŏngnam Hot Springs
평남온천/溫泉
Onch'ŏn
36 Great bustards of South P'yŏngan
평안남도너화/너화
Chŭngsan-gun/Onch'ŏn-gun Bird Otis tarda
37 Sea bird habitat of Tŏk Island
덕도바다새번식지/바다새繁殖地
Kŭmsŏng-ri, Onch'ŏn-gun Bird
38 Crested ibis of South P'yŏngan
평안남도따오기/따오기
Chŭngsan-gun/Onch'ŏn-gun Bird Nipponia nippon
40 Japanese honey locust trees of Sukch'ŏn
숙천주염나무/주염나무
Sinp'ung-ri, Sukch'ŏn-gun Tree Gleditsia japonica
41 Ginkgo tree of the P'yŏngwon Training Ground
평원훈련정은행나무/平原訓鍊銀杏나무
P'yŏngwŏn Tree Ginkgo biloba
42 Pear tree of Ŭnjŏng
은정배나무/은정배나무
Masan-ri, Mundŏk-gun Tree Pyrus pyrifolia
43 Flower Cave of Kaech'ŏn
개천꽃동굴/洞窟
Ryongwŏn Worker's District, Kaech'ŏn
44 Chinese egret and grey heron habitat of Ryongun-ri
룡운리백로왜가리번식지/白鷺왜가리繁殖地
Ryongun-ri, Kaech'ŏn Bird Ardea cinerea/Egretta eulophotes
45 Oak trees of Kangdong
강동참나무/참나무
Hyangmok-ri, Kangdong-gun, Pyongyang Tree Quercus sp.
46 Spikemoss community of Sŏngch'ŏn
성천가지부처손군락/가지부처손群落
Sŏngch'ŏn Herb Selaginella sp.
47 Fold valley of Sŏngch'ŏn
성천습곡/褶曲
Ŭngok Worker's District, Sŏngch'ŏn
48 Sŏkt'ang Hot Springs
석탕온천/溫泉
Onjŏng-ri, Yangdŏk-gun
49 Scheelite outcropping of Kŏch'a
거차회중석로두/灰重石露頭
Kŏsang-ri, Yangdŏk-gun
50 Korean stewartia of Yangdŏk
양덕금수목/錦繡木
Unch'ang-ri, Yangdŏk-gun Tree Stewartia koreana

50-100[edit]

Eastern white pine trees, Korean natural monument #51.
Sophora flavescens, Korean natural monument #52.
A European otter, Korean natural monument #55.
A Japanese zelkova, Korean natural monument #62.
Chinese egrets, Korean natural monument #100.
A Korean pear, Korean natural monument #74.
A Siberian flying squirrel, Korean natural monument #83.
A lacquer tree, Korean natural monument #94.
A grey heron, Korean natural monument #100.
Name
(Korean name)
Location Type Scientific name
51 Eastern white pine forest of Ryongp'o
룡포가는잎소나무림/가는잎소나무
Inp'o Worker's District, Pukch'ang-gun Tree Pinus strobus
52 Sophora community of Pukch'ang
북창고삼나무군락/苦蔘나무群落
Namyang-ri, Pukch'ang-gun Herb Sophora flavescens
53 Japanese black pine forest of Maengsan
맹산흑송림/黑松
Maengsan Tree Pinus thunbergii
55 Taehŭng European otter
대흥수달/水獺
Taehŭng-gun Mammal Lutra lutra
56 Medicinal springs of Kangsŏ
강서약수/西藥水
Yaksu-ri, Kangsŏ-gun, Namp'o
57 Korean aspen trees of Kangsŏn
강선백양나무/白楊나무
Sangbong-dong, Ch'ŏllima-gun, Namp'o Tree Populus davidiana
58 Pagoda tree of Songho
송호회화나무/회화나무
Kangch'ŏl-dong, Ch'ŏllima-gun, Namp'o Tree Styphnolobium japonicum
59 Chinese chestnut tree of Susan-ri
수산리약밤나무|/약밤나무
Susan-ri, Kangsŏ-gun, Namp'o Tree Castanea mollissima
60 Japanese zelkova tree of Usanjang
우산장느티나무/느티나무
Usan-ri, Hyanggu-guyŏk, Namp'o Tree Zelkova serrata
61 Ripple marks of Kŏmsan-ri
검산리련흔/漣痕
Kŏmsan-ri, Hyanggu-guyŏk, Namp'o
62 Japanese zelkova tree of Ryonggang
룡강느티나무/느티나무
Okdo-ri, Ryonggang-gun, Namp'o Tree Zelkova serrata
63 Elephant Rock of Pidansŏm
비단섬코끼리바위/
Pidan-do, Sindo-gun
64 Makdae Rock
막대바위
Namam-ri, Yŏmju-gun
66 Pine windbreak of Changsong
장송소나무방풍림/소나무防風林
Changsong Worker's District, Ch'ŏlsan-gun Tree Pinus sp.
67 Ch'ŏlsan mussel habitat
철산조개살이터/조개살이
Changsong Worker's District, Ch'ŏlsan-gun Shellfish
68 Samch'a-do seabird breeding site
삼차도바다새번식지/바다새繁殖地
Changsong Worker's District, Ch'ŏlsan-gun Bird
69 Tongrim Waterfall
동림폭포/瀑布
Kogunyang-ri, Tongrim-gun
70 Manchurian ash trees of Tongrim
동림들메나무/들메나무
Singok Worker's District, Tongrim-gun Tree Fraxinus mandschurica
71 Rap-do seabird breeding site
랍도바다새번식지/바다새繁殖地
Unjong-ri, Sŏnch'ŏn-gun Bird
72 Moki-do Chinese egret breeding site
묵이도노랑부리백로번식지/노랑부리白鷺繁殖地
Unjong-ri, Sŏnch'ŏn-gun Bird Egretta eulophotes
73 Sŏnch'ŏn Taejangji habitat
선천대장지살이터/대장지살이
Sŏkhwa-ri, Sŏnch'ŏn-gun Reptile
74 Korean pear tree of Posan
보산배나무/배나무
Namho-ri, Chŏngju Tree Pyrus pyrifolia
75 Ginkgo tree of Chŏngju
정주은행나무/銀杏나무
Sema-ri, Chŏngju Tree Ginkgo biloba
76 Unmu-do seabird breeding site
운무도바다새번식지/바다새繁殖地
Edo-dong, Chŏngju Bird
77 Taegam-do seabird breeding site
대감도바다새번식지/바다새繁殖地
Edo-dong, Chŏngju Bird
78 Tortoise Rock of Yongbyon
거북바위/
Yongbyon
80 Ryongmun Cave
룡문대굴/
Ryongmun Worker's District, Kujang-gun
81 Paekryŏng Cave
백령대굴/
Taep'ung-ri, Kujang-gun
82 Myohyangsan bluebird
묘향산청조/青鳥
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun Bird
83 Siberian flying squirrel of Mt. Myohyang
묘향산날다라미/날다라미
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun Mammal Pteromys volans
84 Sanju Falls
산주폭포/瀑布
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun
85 Ryongyŏn Falls
룡연폭포/瀑布
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun
86 Ch'ŏnju Rock
천주석/
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun
87 Manchurian ash trees of Mt. Myohyang
묘향산들메나무/들메나무
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun Tree Fraxinus mandschurica
88 Mulberry tree of Mt. Myohyang
묘향산산뽕나무/산뽕나무
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun Tree Morus bombycis
89 Pine trees of Mt. Myohyang
묘향산소나무/소나무
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun Tree Pinus sp.
90 Ch'ŏnsin Falls
천신폭포/天神瀑布
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun
91 Korean azalea grove of Mt. Myohyang
묘향산두봉화군락/두봉花群落
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun Tree Rhododendron yedoense
92 Ginkgo tree of Sangwŏn Hermitage
상원암은행나무/銀杏나무
Hyangam-ri, Hyangsan-gun Tree Ginkgo biloba
93 Siberian elm trees of Hyangsang
향상비슬나무/비슬나무
T'aep'yŏng-ri, Hyangsan-gun Tree Ulmus pumila
94 Lacquer tree grove of Hakdang
학당옻나무군락/옻나무群落
Hakdang-ri, T'aech'ŏn-gun Tree Toxicodendron vernicifluum
95 Dove refuge of Ŭiju
의주재비둘기번식지/재비둘기繁殖地
Ŭiju Bird Columbidae fam.
96 Japanese bigleaf magnolia grove of Sakju
삭주황목련군락/黃木蓮群落
Onch'ŏn Worker's District, Sakju-gun Tree Magnolia obovata
97 Manchurian fir trees of Chwa-ri
좌리전나무/전나무
Chwa-ri, Sakju-gun Tree Abies holophylla
99 Tangasan Falls
당아산폭포/瀑布
Haksong-ri, Tongch'ang-gun
100 Nongol egret and grey heron breeding site
논골백로왜가리번식지/논골白鷺왜가리繁殖地
Turyong-ri, Tongch'ang-gun Bird

No. 101 - 150[edit]

Name
(Korean name)
Location Type Scientific name
102 Hŭngju chickens
흥주닭/
Hŭngju-dong, Kanggye Bird Gallus gallus
103 Japanese yew tree of Mt. Oga
오가산주목/朱木
Karim-ri, Hwap'yŏng-gun Tree Taxus cuspidata
104 Korean pine trees of Mt. Oga
오가산잣나무/잣나무
Karim-ri, Hwap'yŏng-gun Tree Pinus koraiensis
105 Korean pine tree of Kasan Pass
가산령잣나무/잣나무
Karim-ri, Hwap'yŏng-gun Tree Pinus koraiensis
107 Variety of Tilia tree of Mt. Oga
오가산쉼터피나무/쉼터피나무
Karim-ri, Hwap'yŏng-gun Tree Tilia sp.
108 Linden tree of Mt. Oga
오가산피나무/피나무
Karim-ri, Hwap'yŏng-gun Tree Tilia sp.
110 Parnassius eversmanni butterflies
노랑홍모시범나비
Mt. Ryŏnhwa, Rangrim-gun Butterfly Parnassius eversmanni
111 Ryongsu Falls
룡수폭포/瀑布
Ch'ŏnjang-ri, Sijung-gun
112 Jezo spruce forest of Sijung
시중긴방울가문비나무림/긴방울가문비나무
Ch'ŏnjang-ri, Sijung-gun Forest Picea jezoensis
113 Plant fossils of Chunggang
중강식물화석/植物化石
Chungdŏk-ri, Chunggang-gun
114 Osudŏk Korean pine forest
오수덕잣나무림/잣나무
Osu-ri, Chunggang-gun Forest Pinus koraiensis
115 Siberian elm trees of Angt'o
앙토비슬나무/비슬나무
Angt'o-ri, Ch'osan-gun Tree Ulmus pumila
116 "Manjisong" (many-branched pine tree) of Ryongdae
룡대만지송/
Ryongdae-ri, Kop'ung-gun Tree Pinus sp.
117 Entrenched river of Sŏngha
성하감입사행/嵌入蛇行
Sŏngha Worker's District, Sŏnggan-gun
118 Poplar trees of Sŏnggan
성간뽀뿌라나무/뽀뿌라나무
Sŏnggan Tree Populus sp.
119 Chinese hawthorn tree of Sŏngha
성하왕찔광나무/왕찔광나무
Sŏngha Worker's District, Sŏnggan-gun Tree Crataegus pinnatifida
121 Bergenia community of Chŏnch'ŏn
전천돌부채군락/돌부채群落
Mup'yŏng-ri, Chŏnch'ŏn-gun Flower Bergenia pacifica
122 Manchurian fir tree of Chŏnch'ŏn
전천전나무/전나무
Waun-ri, Chŏnch'ŏn-gun Tree Abies holophylla
123 Wagalbong Korean tiger
와갈봉조선범/朝鮮
Rangrim-gun/Ryongrim-gun Mammal Panthera tigris altaica
124 Ryongrim brown bear
룡림큰곰/큰곰
Huji-ri, Ryongrim-gun Mammal Ursus arctos
125 Haeju rakusam
해주락우삼/
Okgye-dong, Haeju Tree
126 Deodar cedar of Haeju
해주설송/雪松
Kuje-dong, Haeju Tree Cedrus deodara
128 Sahyŏn-ri grey heron breeding site
사현리왜가리번식지/왜가리繁殖地
Sahyŏn-ri, Pyŏksŏng-gun Bird Ardea cinerea
129 Japanese zelkova tree of Sŏkdam
석담느티나무/느티나무
Sŏkdam-ri, Pyoksŏng-gun Tree Zelkova serrata
130 Kangryŏng red-crowned crane habitat]]
강령흰두루미살이터/흰두루미살이
Tongp'o-ri, Kangryŏng-gun Bird Grus japonensis
131 Neverita snail fossils of Kangryŏng
강령골뱅이화석/골뱅이化石
Sikyŏ-ri, Kangryŏng-gun
132 Charales seaweed fossils of Kangryŏng
강령차축조화석/車軸藻化石
Inbong-ri, Kangryŏng-gun
133 Ongjin white-naped crane habitat
옹진재두루미살이터/재두루미살이
Namhae Worker's District, Ongjin-gun Bird Grus vipor
134 Porphyra seaweed of Ongjin
옹진참김/참김
Namhae Worker's District, Ongjin-gun Algae Porphyra tenera
135 Chinese fringetree of Ongjin
옹진이팝나무/이팝나무
Rimsŏk-ri, Ongjin-gun Tree Chionanthus retusus
136 Ongjin Hot Springs
옹진온천/溫泉
Ongjin

No. 251 - 300[edit]

Name
(Korean name)
Location Type Scientific name
252 Trained pine of Hamhung
함흥반송/
Hamhung Royal Villa, Hamhung Tree Pinus ???

No. 301 - 350[edit]

Rimyŏngsu Falls, Korean natural monument #345
Name
(Korean name)
Location Type Scientific name
345 Rimyŏngsu Falls
리명수폭포/
Rimyŏngsu Worker's District, Samjiyŏn-gun Waterfall

No. 351 - 400[edit]

Name
(Korean name)
Location Type Scientific name
390 Lacebark pine of Kaesŏng
개성백송/白松
Yŏngang-ri, Kaep'ung-gun Tree Pinus bungeana

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cultural Heritage Administration. "북한의 천연기념물 전체목록". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2006-12-16.