Natural wine

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Natural wine refers to a generalized movement among winemakers for production of wine using simple or traditional methods.[1]  Although there is no uniform definition of natural wine, it is usually produced without the use of pesticides or herbicides and with few or no additives. Typically, natural wine is produced on a small scale using traditional rather than industrial techniques and fermented with native yeast.  In its purest form, natural wine is simply unadulterated fermented grape juice with no additives in the winemaking process.  Other terms for the product include low-intervention wine, raw wine, and naked wine.[2]


Some sources claim that the movement started with winemakers in the Beaujolais region of France in the 1960s. Several winemakers, namely Marcel Lapierre, Jean Foillard, Charly Thevenet, and Guy Breton, sought a return to the way their grandparents made wine, before the incursion of pesticides and synthetic chemicals that had become so prevalent in agriculture after the end of World War II. They became affectionately known as The Gang of Four.[3] They were heavily influenced by the teachings and thoughts of Jules Chauvet and Jacques Neauport,[4] two oenologists who studied ways to make wines with fewer additives. For quite some time the town of Villié-Morgon became a place for like minded winemakers to congregate and become influenced by the Gang of Four. Gradually this movement spread to other regions of France, and since has spread across the world, gradually gaining in popularity and attracting newer younger winemakers in more and more regions of the world.

Historically, natural wine has been connected to the German Lebensreform movement, where it gained popularity in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[citation needed]


As of 2013, there is no official or legal definition of natural wine. No legislation has been passed to date by any regional, national, or supranational authority, and there are no organizations that can certify that a wine is natural.

However, there are many unofficial definitions or codes of practice published by the different associations of natural wine producers and connoisseurs of the style:

  • Raw Wine (UK, Germany, USA)
  • L´Association des Vins Naturels (France)
  • Les Vins S.A.I.N.S (France)[5]
  • La Renaissance des Appellations (France)
  • Vini Veri (Italy) [6]
  • Natural Wine Association (Georgia)[7]
  • Vinnatur (Italy) [8]
  • Asociación de Productores de Vinos Naturales de España (Spain)
  • Philipp Wittmann, Verband Deutscher Prädikatsweingüter (Germany) [9]
  • Autentisté (Czechia and Slovakia)
  • Terra Hungarica (Hungary and Carpathian Basin)
  • Porthos Racconta (Italy) [10]
  • Jenny & François Selections, one of the first importers of natural wine in the United States.[11]
  • Joe Dressner, one of the first importers of natural wine in the United States.[12]

Additionally, articles have been written defining what is or is not natural wine given that there is no clear consensus or definition on the topic.[13][14][15][16][17][18][19]


  1. ^ Cogliati, Samuel (2016). Understanding Natural Wines. Possibilia Editore. ISBN 9788898753178.
  2. ^ "Natural wine, explained". June 10, 2019.
  3. ^ "The Origins of Natural Wine: A Conversation with Camille Lapierre and Jean Foillard -". Retrieved 2019-10-18.
  4. ^ "Chauvet, Neauport and Natural Wines". The Feiring Line. Retrieved 2019-10-18.
  5. ^ "English". Les Vins S.A.I.N.S. 2019-11-04. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  6. ^ "Il ManifestoManifesto - ViniVeri". 2013-04-02. Archived from the original on 2013-04-02. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  7. ^ "Main | ასოციაცია ბუნებრივი ღვინო". ასოციაცია ბუნებრივი. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
  8. ^ "Pesticides Free". 2013-05-15. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  9. ^ "Was ist ein Naturwein? Versuch einer Klärung". Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  10. ^ "Porthos è vino, cibo e cultura - Porthos Edizioni". Retrieved 2021-03-03.
  11. ^ "What is Natural Wine?". Jenny and Francois Selections. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2019-10-18.
  12. ^ Carel, Martin (2010-10-10). "The Official Fourteen Point Manifesto on Natural Wine by Joe Dressner". Wine From Here. Retrieved 2019-10-18.
  13. ^ Teague, Lettie (11 July 2013). "The Actual Facts Behind the Rise of Natural Wine" – via
  14. ^ "Wine News". Decanter.
  15. ^ Asimov, Eric (17 May 2018). "Natural Wines Worth a Taste, but Not the Vitriol" – via
  16. ^ Moore, Victoria (5 May 2011). "Be wary at the Natural Wine Fair" – via
  17. ^ "Lifestyle news, reviews, photos and video from New Zealand and around the world" – via
  18. ^ Atkin, Tim. "Tim Atkin MW - Articles - An agnostic's view of natural wines".
  19. ^ "Wine News". Decanter.