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Naturalism may refer to:

The arts[edit]

Philosophy and science[edit]

  • Naturalism (philosophy) is any of several philosophical stances wherein all phenomena or hypotheses commonly labeled as supernatural are either false or not inherently different from natural phenomena or hypotheses.
    • Critical naturalism
    • Methodological naturalism, naturalism that holds that science is to be done without reference to supernatural causes; also refers to a methodological assumption in the philosophy of religion that observable events are fully explainable by natural causes without reference to the supernatural
    • Metaphysical naturalism, a form of naturalism that holds that the cosmos consists only of objects studied by the natural sciences, and does not include any immaterial or intentional realities
  • Ethical naturalism, the theory that ethical terms can be defined in non-ethical terms, namely, descriptive terms mainly from the natural sciences
  • Humanistic naturalism emphasises scientific reasoning as a basis for humane behavior
  • Liberal naturalism, a heterodox form of naturalism in the conceptual space between scientific naturalism and supernaturalism
  • Naturalistic observation is an empirical method of study by which the researcher introduces no outside stimulus, instead witnessing behavior as it naturally occurs in the environment
  • Poetic naturalism, an approach to naturalism which allows for there to be many useful ways of talking about the natural world, dependent upon the subject's frame of reference.
  • Political naturalism is a politic and legal system based on the belief in the existence of a fair natural law
  • Religious naturalism, religious institutions, rituals, doctrines and communities which do not include supernatural beliefs
  • Sociological naturalism is the view that the natural world and the social world are roughly identical and governed by similar principles
  • Spiritual naturalism, an approach to spirituality that is devoid of supernaturalism


See also[edit]