From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Natzwiller
Coat of arms
Natzwiller is located in France
Coordinates: 48°26′19″N 7°15′15″E / 48.4386°N 7.2542°E / 48.4386; 7.2542Coordinates: 48°26′19″N 7°15′15″E / 48.4386°N 7.2542°E / 48.4386; 7.2542
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Molsheim
Canton Schirmeck
Intercommunality Haute-Bruche
 • Mayor (2001–2008) André Woock
Area1 7.29 km2 (2.81 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 611
 • Density 84/km2 (220/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67314 / 67130
Elevation 379–1,013 m (1,243–3,323 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Natzwiller (German: Natzweiler) is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Alsace in north-eastern France.


Built around 1941 on the territory of the commune, Natzweiler-Struthof was the only Nazi concentration camp on French soil. The inmates originally were German who were to supply labor for building V-2 factories in man-made caves dug out of the Vosges Mountains. The prisoners would live in the cold, damp tunnels as they built them. Natzweiler-Struthof was expanded by the Nazis with the installation of a gas chamber and crematory for the mass killing of Jews, Gypsies, and captured Resistance fighters from the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

See also[edit]