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Coat of arms of Natzwiller
Coat of arms
Natzwiller is located in France
Coordinates: 48°26′19″N 7°15′15″E / 48.4386°N 7.2542°E / 48.4386; 7.2542Coordinates: 48°26′19″N 7°15′15″E / 48.4386°N 7.2542°E / 48.4386; 7.2542
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Molsheim
Canton Schirmeck
Intercommunality Haute-Bruche
 • Mayor (2001–2008) André Woock
Area1 7.29 km2 (2.81 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 611
 • Density 84/km2 (220/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67314 / 67130
Elevation 379–1,013 m (1,243–3,323 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Natzwiller (German: Natzweiler) is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Alsace in north-eastern France.


Main article: Natzweiler-Struthof

Built in spring 1941 on the territory of the commune, Natzweiler-Struthof opened for prisoners in May 1941. It was the only Nazi concentration camp on French soil. The inmates originally were German who were to supply labor for building V-2 rocket factories in man-made caves dug out of the Vosges Mountains. The prisoners lived in the cold, damp tunnels as they built them. Natzweiler-Struthof was expanded by the Nazis with the installation of a gas chamber in April 1943 and crematory. The camp's main function was temporary detention of Resistance fighters from overrun European nations, although selected Nazi experiments on Jews were carried out here.


The camp site has been preserved as a museum and includes a monument to the departed.

See also[edit]