This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (December 2008) Click [show] for important translation instructions.
View a machine-translated version of the French article.
Google's machine translation is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia.
Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article.
Built in spring 1941 on the territory of the commune, Natzweiler-Struthof opened for prisoners in May 1941. It was the only Naziconcentration camp on French soil. The inmates originally were German who were to supply labor for building V-2 rocket factories in man-made caves dug out of the Vosges Mountains. The prisoners lived in the cold, damp tunnels as they built them. Natzweiler-Struthof was expanded by the Nazis with the installation of a gas chamber in April 1943 and crematory. The camp's main function was temporary detention of Resistance fighters from overrun European nations, although selected Nazi experiments on Jews were carried out here.