Nauen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nauen
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Nauen
Coat of arms
Nauen   is located in Germany
Nauen
Nauen
Coordinates: 52°36′00″N 12°52′59″E / 52.60000°N 12.88306°E / 52.60000; 12.88306Coordinates: 52°36′00″N 12°52′59″E / 52.60000°N 12.88306°E / 52.60000; 12.88306
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Havelland
Government
 • Mayor Detlef Fleischmann (SPD)
Area
 • Total 266.78 km2 (103.00 sq mi)
Elevation 35 m (115 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 16,943
 • Density 64/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 14641
Dialling codes 03321
Vehicle registration HVL (alt NAU)
Website www.nauen.de

Nauen is a small town in the Havelland district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is chiefly known for Nauen Transmitter Station, the world's oldest preserved radio transmitting installation.

Geography[edit]

Nauen is situated within the Havelland Luch glacial lowland, the heart of the Havelland region north of the Nauen Plateau, about 38 km (24 mi) west of the Berlin city centre (18 km (11 mi) off the Berlin city limits) and 27 km (17 mi) northwest of Potsdam. It is one of Germany's largest municipalities by area, comprising Nauen proper and fourteen surrounding villages, including Ribbeck whose landowners were perpetuated in Theodor Fontane's poem Herr von Ribbeck auf Ribbeck im Havelland.

History[edit]

St Jacob's Church

The settlement of Nowen was first mentioned in a 1186 deed issued by the Bishop of Brandenburg. The citizens received town privileges by the Brandenburg margraves in 1292; a first town hall was built in 1302. The Ascanian margrave Waldemar vested Nauen with market rights in 1317. A Jewish community already existed in medieval times.

During the Thirty Years' War, in 1631, Nauen was devastated by Imperial troops led by Field Marshal Count Johann Tserclaes of Tilly. On 27 June 1675, Swedish and Brandenburg troops met at the Battle of Nauen during the Scanian War. Under Prussian rule, Nauen became a garrison town. In 1846 it received access to the Berlin–Hamburg Railway.

Nauen is well known for the location of a transmission site. It was used from 1906 to 1945 for VLF and shortwave. After 1945 the installations were dismantled, but after 1955 the GDR started building up a shortwave transmission center at Nauen. Since 1997 four turnable shortwave transmission aerials have been sited there.

Demography[edit]

Nauen:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 13 072
1890 14 330
1910 15 534
1925 18 154
1933 18 330
1939 19 448
1946 23 172
1950 24 208
1964 20 320
1971 19 688
Year Population
1981 18 422
1985 18 109
1989 17 512
1990 17 140
1991 16 887
1992 16 757
1993 16 577
1994 16 397
1995 16 329
1996 16 889
Year Population
1997 16 883
1998 16 793
1999 16 684
2000 16 695
2001 16 851
2002 16 945
2003 16 774
2004 16 555
2005 16 649
2006 16 674
Year Population
2007 16 675
2008 16 626
2009 16 523
2010 16 684
2011 16 475
2012 16 491

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Nauen at Wikimedia Commons