Nauen

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Nauen
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Nauen
Coat of arms
Location of Nauen within Havelland district
Nauen in HVL.png
Nauen is located in Germany
Nauen
Nauen
Nauen is located in Brandenburg
Nauen
Nauen
Coordinates: 52°36′00″N 12°52′59″E / 52.60000°N 12.88306°E / 52.60000; 12.88306Coordinates: 52°36′00″N 12°52′59″E / 52.60000°N 12.88306°E / 52.60000; 12.88306
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictHavelland
Government
 • MayorManuel Meger
Area
 • Total268.14 km2 (103.53 sq mi)
Elevation
35 m (115 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[3]
 • Total17,686
 • Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
14641
Dialling codes03321
Vehicle registrationHVL (alt NAU)
Websitewww.nauen.de

Nauen is a small town in the Havelland district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is chiefly known for Nauen Transmitter Station, the world's oldest preserved radio transmitting installation.

Geography[edit]

Nauen is situated within the Havelland Luch glacial lowland, the heart of the Havelland region north of the Nauen Plateau, about 38 km (24 mi) west of the Berlin city centre (18 km (11 mi) off the Berlin city limits) and 27 km (17 mi) northwest of Potsdam. It is one of Germany's largest municipalities by area, comprising Nauen proper and fourteen surrounding villages, including Ribbeck whose landowners were perpetuated in Theodor Fontane's poem Herr von Ribbeck auf Ribbeck im Havelland.

History[edit]

St Jacob's Church

The settlement of Nowen was first mentioned in an 1186 deed issued by the Bishop of Brandenburg. The citizens received town privileges by the Brandenburg margraves in 1292; a first town hall was built in 1302. The Ascanian margrave Waldemar vested Nauen with market rights in 1317. A Jewish community already existed in medieval times.

During the Thirty Years' War, in 1631, Nauen was devastated by Imperial troops led by Field Marshal Count Johann Tserclaes of Tilly. On 27 June 1675, Swedish and Brandenburg troops met at the Battle of Nauen during the Scanian War. Under Prussian rule, Nauen became a garrison town. In 1846 it received access to the Berlin–Hamburg Railway.

Nauen is well known for the location of a transmission site. It was used from 1906 to 1945 for VLF and shortwave. After 1945 the installations were dismantled, but after 1955 the GDR started building up a shortwave transmission center at Nauen. Since 1997 four turnable shortwave transmission aerials have been sited there.

Demography[edit]

Nauen: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[4]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 13,072—    
1890 14,330+0.61%
1910 15,534+0.40%
1925 18,154+1.04%
1933 18,330+0.12%
1939 19,448+0.99%
1946 23,172+2.53%
1950 24,208+1.10%
1964 20,320−1.24%
1971 19,688−0.45%
1981 18,422−0.66%
1985 18,109−0.43%
1989 17,512−0.83%
1990 17,140−2.12%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 16,887−1.48%
1992 16,757−0.77%
1993 16,577−1.07%
1994 16,397−1.09%
1995 16,329−0.41%
1996 16,889+3.43%
1997 16,883−0.04%
1998 16,793−0.53%
1999 16,684−0.65%
2000 16,695+0.07%
2001 16,851+0.93%
2002 16,945+0.56%
2003 16,774−1.01%
2004 16,555−1.31%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 16,649+0.57%
2006 16,674+0.15%
2007 16,675+0.01%
2008 16,626−0.29%
2009 16,523−0.62%
2010 16,684+0.97%
2011 16,475−1.25%
2012 16,491+0.10%
2013 16,616+0.76%
2014 16,761+0.87%
2015 16,943+1.09%
2016 17,436+2.91%
2017 17,686+1.43%

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsentwicklung und Flächen der kreisfreien Städte Landkreise und Gemeinden im Land Brandenburg - 2017". Statistical office Berlin-Brandenburg. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  4. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]

Media related to Nauen at Wikimedia Commons