Naukan Yupik language

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Naukan Yupik
Native to Russian Federation
Region Bering Strait region
Ethnicity 510 Naukan people (2010)[1]
Native speakers
60, 13% of ethnic population (2010)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ynk
Glottolog nauk1242[2]
Asian Siberian Yupik Eskimo map.svg
Naukan Yupik settlements (magenta dots)

Naukan Yupik language[3] or Naukan Siberian Yupik language is a critically endangered Eskimo language spoken by ca. 70 Naukan persons (нывуӄаӷмит) on Chukotka peninsula. It is one of the four Yupik languages, along with Central Siberian Yupik, Central Alaskan Yup'ik and Pacific Gulf Yupik.

Linguistically, it is intermediate between Central Siberian Yupik and Central Alaskan Yup'ik.[4]


Chart example of the oblique case:

Case singular dual plural
Locative mi ˠni ni
Abl. / Instr. məˠ ˠnəˠ nəˠ
Allative mun ˠnun nun
Vialis kun ˠkun təkun
Aequalis tun ˠtun tətun

The non-possessed endings in the chart may cause a base-final 'weak' ʀ to drop with compensatory gemination in Inu. Initial m reflects the singular relative marker. The forms with initial n (k or t) are combined to produce possessed oblique with the corresponding absolutive endings in the 3rd person case but with variants of the relative endings for the other persons.

In proto-Eskimo, the ŋ is often dropped within morphemes except when next to ə. ŋ is also dropped under productive velar dropping (the dropping of ɣ,ʀ, and ŋ between single vowels), and "ana" goes to "ii" in theses areas.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty
ataasiq maalghut pingayut sitamat tallimat aghvinelek maalghugneng aghvinelek pingayuneng aghvinelek qulngughutngilnguq qulmeng atghanelek maalghugneng atghanelek pingayuneng atghanelek akimiaghutngilnguq akimiaq akimiaq ataasimeng akimiaq maalghugneng akimiaq pingayuneng yuinaghutngilnguq yuinaq


  1. ^ a b Naukan Yupik at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Naukan Yupik". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jacobson 2005
  4. ^ Jacobson 2005, p. 150