Naukan Yupik language

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Naukan Yupik
Native to Russian Federation
Region Bering Strait region
Ethnicity 450 Naukan people (2010)[1]
Native speakers
60 (2010)[1]
  • Eskimo
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ynk
Glottolog nauk1242[2]

Naukan Yupik language[3] or Naukan Siberian Yupik language is an Eskimo language spoken by ca. 70 Naukan persons (нывуӄаӷмит) on Chukotka peninsula. It is one of the four Yupik languages, along with Central Siberian Yupik, Central Alaskan Yup'ik and Pacific Gulf Yupik.

Linguistically, it is intermediate between Central Siberian Yupik and Central Alaskan Yup'ik.[4]

Language Morphology: Chart example of the Oblique Case:

Case singular dual plural
Locative mi ˠni ni
Abl. / Instr. məˠ ˠnəˠ nəˠ
Allative mun ˠnun nun
Vialis kun ˠkun təkun
Aequalis tun ˠtun tətun

The non-possessed endings in the chart may cause a base-final 'weak' ʀ to drop with compensatory gemination in Inu. Initial m reflects the singular relative marker. The forms with initial n (k or t) are combined to produce possessed oblique with the corresponding absolutive endings in the 3rd person case but with variants of the relative endings for the other persons.

Naukan Yupik settlements (magenta dots)

In proto-Eskimo, the ŋ is often dropped within morphemes except when next to ə. ŋ is also dropped under productive velar dropping (the dropping of ɣ,ʀ, and ŋ between single vowels), and "ana" goes to "ii" in theses areas.


  1. ^ a b Naukan Yupik at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Naukan Yupik". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Jacobson 2005
  4. ^ Jacobson 2005, p. 150

Fortescue, M. D., Jacobson, S. A., & Kaplan, L. D. (1994). Comparative Eskimo dictionary: With Aleut cognates. Fairbanks, AK: Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks.