Nautanwa

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Not to be confused with Nautanwa, Bihar.
Nautanwa
नौतनवां
NTW
Town
Nautanwa is located in Uttar Pradesh
Nautanwa
Nautanwa
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°26′N 83°25′E / 27.43°N 83.42°E / 27.43; 83.42Coordinates: 27°26′N 83°25′E / 27.43°N 83.42°E / 27.43; 83.42
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Maharajganj
Government
 • Type Municipal Governance
Elevation 89 m (292 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 33,753
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 273164
Telephone code +91-05522
Vehicle registration UP 56

Nautanwa is a town and Nagar Palika in Maharajganj district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is about 87 km from Gorakhpur, 68 km via NH29 and NH730 from Maharajganj and 7 km from Sonauli Indo-Nepal Border.

Geography[edit]

Nautanwa is located at 27°26′N 83°25′E / 27.43°N 83.42°E / 27.43; 83.42.[2] It has an average elevation of 89 metres (291 feet). The town is located in the Terai region, in the foothills of the Shiwalik Himalayas.

List of villages under Nautanwa Tehsil[edit]

Nautanwa is a Tehsil/Block in the Mahrajganj District of Uttar Pradesh. According to Census 2011 information the sub-district code of Nautanwa block is 00944. There are about 259 villages in Nautanwa block.

Villages

  1. Achal Garh
  2. Achalgarh
  3. Ahirauli
  4. Amahva
  5. Amava
  6. Araji Gayadatt Urf Subedarpur
  7. Araji Mahuva
  8. Araji Sarkar
  9. Araji Sarkar Urf Bairihawa
  10. Araji Sarkar Urf Jot Pharenda
  11. Araji Suvain
  12. Asuraina
  13. Aurahva Kala
  14. Aurahva Khurd
  15. Babhni
  16. Bagha
  17. Bahorpur
  18. Baijnathpur Urf Charka
  19. Baikunthpur
  20. Bairva Bankatva
  21. Bairva Bhatpurva
  22. Bairva Chandanpur
  23. Bairva Jungal
  24. Bakeniya Harraiya
  25. Banrasiya Kala
  26. Banrasiya Khurd
  27. Banvatari
  28. Barahara
  29. Barahra Bishwambharpur
  30. Barahra Shivnath
  31. Baranhava
  32. Barawa Bhoj
  33. Bargadava
  34. Bargadva Ayodhya
  35. Bargadva Bishunpur
  36. Bargadva Madhubani
  37. Bargadwa Urf Ganwaria
  38. Bariya
  39. Barva Kala
  40. Barwa Khurd
  41. Basantpur
  42. Bataediha
  43. Belahiy
  44. Belaspur
  45. Belauha Darra
  46. Belauha Ghat
  47. Belbhar
  48. Belva Buzurg
  49. Belva Khurd
  50. Bhagat Purva
  51. Bhagvanpur
  52. Bhairi Pipri
  53. Bhaisahiya
  54. Bharvaliy
  55. Bhotaha
  56. Bhurkurva
  57. Bishkhop
  58. Bishunpur Kurthiya
  59. Bishunpur Phulvariya
  60. Bishunpura
  61. Bokava
  62. Brahmpur
  63. Chainpur
  64. Chakdah
  65. Chakrar
  66. Chamaini Urf Bhehri
  67. Chamainiya
  68. Chandi Than
  69. Chandpur
  70. Charlaha
  71. Chautarva
  72. Chhapwa
  73. Chhitrapar
  74. Dashrath Pur
  75. Deoghatti
  76. Devipur
  77. Devipur Kala
  78. Devpur
  79. Dhaurahra
  80. Dhotihva
  81. Dhuswakala
  82. Dogahara
  83. Durgapur
  84. Ekma
  85. Eksarva
  86. Farenda
  87. Gajaraha
  88. Gajpati
  89. Gajrahi
  90. Ganeshpur
  91. Gangapur
  92. Gangvaliya
  93. Gauharpur
  94. Ghorahava
  95. Gujroliya Shanker
  96. Hanuman Garhiya
  97. Harakhpura
  98. Hardi Dali
  99. Harlalgarh
  100. Harmandir Kala
  101. Harpur
  102. Harraiya Khurd
  103. Harraiya Raghubir
  104. Hathiya Garh
  105. Hathiyahwa
  106. Jagannath Pur
  107. Jamuhani
  108. Jamuhra Kala
  109. Jara
  110. Jhigati
  111. Jigina
  112. Jignihava
  113. Jogiabari
  114. Jugauli
  115. Jungal Gulahariya
  116. Jungle Hathiyagarh
  117. Jungle Sonval
  118. Kaithvaliya Pathak
  119. Kaithwalia Urf Bargadahi
  120. Kajari
  121. Kandhpur
  122. Kandhpur Van Tangia
  123. Karaila Ajgarha
  124. Karailiya
  125. Karimdadpur
  126. Karmahava Khurd
  127. Karmahva
  128. Karmahva Basantpur
  129. Kashipur
  130. Kataikot Urf Bhadrahana
  131. Kavlahi
  132. Khairati
  133. Khairhava Jungal
  134. Khairhva Dube
  135. Khalik Garh
  136. Khanua
  137. Kharag Barva
  138. Kodaipur Urf Gidaha
  139. Kohargaddi
  140. Koharwal
  141. Koluha Urf Sihorva
  142. Kot Kamhariya
  143. Kunserwa
  144. Kurahava Bujurg
  145. Kurahava Khurd
  146. Lalpur Kalyanpur
  147. Laxhmipur Kaithvaliya
  148. Laxmi Nagar
  149. Luhasi
  150. Luthhahva
  151. Madrahava Kaktahi
  152. Mahari
  153. Mahdeiya
  154. Mahdeva Basdeela
  155. Mahdeva Kashiram
  156. Maheshpur Mahdiya
  157. Mahuari
  158. Mahuawa Adda
  159. Mahuva
  160. Mahuwa
  161. Majhauli
  162. Manglapur
  163. Manik Talab
  164. Manikapur
  165. Marjadpur
  166. Mathiyaidu
  167. Moglaha
  168. Mohnapur
  169. Murali
  170. Murehra
  171. Murila
  172. Naikot
  173. Narayanpur
  174. Narkataha
  175. Nauniya
  176. Navabi Ghat
  177. Navadih Urf Deopur
  178. Nipaniya
  179. Paisiya Babu
  180. Paisiya Lalaien
  181. Paisiya Urf Konghusari
  182. Pakardiha
  183. Parauli
  184. Pariya Tal
  185. Parmesrapur
  186. Parsa
  187. Parsa Dayaram
  188. Parsa Malik
  189. Parsa Pandey
  190. Parsa Somali
  191. Parsauni Kala
  192. Parsoni
  193. Phulvariya
  194. Piparhava
  195. Pipra
  196. Pipra Sohat
  197. Piprahiya
  198. Pipriya
  199. Pokhar Bhinda
  200. Pokharbhinda Urf Bangahva
  201. Purainiya
  202. Purandrapur Sonbarsa
  203. Purushottampur
  204. Raghunath Pur
  205. Rajabari
  206. Rajapur
  207. Rajdhani
  208. Rajmandir Khurd
  209. Rajpur Khurd
  210. Ram Nagar
  211. Ramgarhva
  212. Ramnagar
  213. Rampur Jhalua
  214. Ranipur
  215. Ratanpur
  216. Rehra
  217. Rudauli Urf Karaila
  218. Rudrapur Shivnath
  219. Rudrapur Urf Bangai
  220. Sagarhava
  221. Sakasi
  222. Samardhira
  223. Sampatiha
  224. Sarangapur
  225. Sekhuani
  226. Semarhava
  227. Semrahna
  228. Semrahva Urf Jammu Haniya
  229. Sevatari
  230. Shishgarh
  231. Shishvariya Urf Shismahal
  232. Shivpuri
  233. Shyamkat
  234. Sihabhar
  235. Singhpur Kala
  236. Sinhorva
  237. Sinhpur Tharauli
  238. Sirsiya Khas
  239. Sirsiya Masharki
  240. Sisvaniya Bishun
  241. Siswa Taufir
  242. Siswa Urf Khoriya
  243. Sonbarsa Kahraiya
  244. Sondhi
  245. Sonpipri
  246. Sonval
  247. Sukrauli
  248. Sukrauli Urf Argha
  249. Sukrauli Urf Suryapura
  250. Sundi
  251. Surpar
  252. Suryapura
  253. Tal Ainjer
  254. Taraini
  255. Tenduhi
  256. Terhi
  257. Tharauli Buzurg
  258. Tinkonia
  259. Trilokpur

Geology[edit]

Brick clay is abundant everywhere and bricks are made outside the town areas. The soil in the area is light sandy or dense clay of yellowish brown colour. The sand found in the rivers is medium to coarse grained, greyish white to brownish in colour and is suitable for building construction.

History[edit]

The land seems to be blessed by Buddha's presence. On North (Kapilvastu, Lumbini, Nepal) it has the birthplace of Buddha, and south of it has the death place of Buddha. And on the east is Sita's Birthplace Janakpur(Nepal). As per local ethnohistorical record, it is said that this place is very much related to Buddha. This place is associated with the Buddha period. It is said this is the place where Gautam while renouncing the worldly life and travelling for searching for knowledge travelled through this place. After coming from Kapilvastu ( present day it is the region between Birdpur tehsil of Sidharthnagar district and Taulihwa region of Kapilvastu district of Lumbini Anchal of Nepal) towards the eastern India present day Bihar region, He changed his princes cloth and gave to his attended and wore new cloth of ascetic life. It symbolizes the attending just a new body of sage or knowledge seeker instead of prince puzzled in worldly pleasure. That is region why this name Nau=new and Tan=body is called. The place where Gautam have a new cloth of sage that is the place called today as Nautanwa.Close to Nautanwa is the town of Sonauli which is the border of India and Nepal which is 7 km from Nautanwa.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Nautanwa had a population of 29,259. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.

  • Nautanwa has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 52%.
  • In Nautanwa, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.
  • Being stated on the border place all the caste and religion can be found in Nautanwa. They all live peacefully celebrating the festivals and eve of each other. Nepali currency is quite common there. Although people here live very peacefully but the entire area and the surrounding areas are mostly covered by Jaiswal's a Hindu subcaste which is prominent in the north-eastern Uttar Pradesh. People here also get indulged in wrong activities to earn money but accordingly they are thrived by the law and order here. Many criminals and terrorists were caught from the bordering area who tried to enter in the country.

Transport[edit]

Culture[edit]

Maa Banailiya is one of the most famous Temple in Nautanwa which, constitutor was from scheduled cast saint, Pyare Das. Now the temple is also acting as a halting place for the south tourist. Chanchai Mata is also a Goddess Durga temple which also holds a hard respect amongst peoples. Kali Ji's temple in Parsohiya Mohalla is also a famous temple. Shri Shri Hanuman Mandir has been recently built in 2012 inside the premises of Kali Ji Ka Mandir. And also, a beautiful temple of Lord Hanuman is rebuilt in premises of Maa Banailiya mandir. Every Year on 20 January a Shobha yatra is conducted which starts from temple premises and goes through the whole market of Nautanwa and ends back at the temple, and on every 21 January, a Jagran organises at temple premises.

References[edit]