Navagraha

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Navagrahas, a Raja Ravi Varma painting.

The Graha (Sanskrit: graha "seizing, laying hold of, holding",[1] ) or Navagraha (Sanskrit, "nine houses") are deities in Hinduism and Hindu astrology.[2]

There are nine graha. They include the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn, and the ascending and descending lunar nodes, respectively known as Rahu and Ketu.

Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodes[edit]

The Navagrahaare:[2]

  1. Surya (a.k.a. Ravi), the Sun
  2. Chandra (a.k.a. Soma), the Moon
  3. Mangala, Mars
  4. Budha, Mercury
  5. Guru Jupiter, the master of all grahas
  6. Shukra, Venus
  7. Shani,Saturn
  8. Rahu, North Node/ascending node, Imaginary Point
  9. Ketu, South node/descending node, Imaginary Point

there are 9 planets also known as navagraha. According to hindu mythology, Shani (a.k.a. Saturn) is the son of Surya (a.k.a. Sun). And they have rivalry between them.,

In that case scientifically also, pluto has reverse direction of orbitting around the sun unlike other planets and the axis is horizantally inclined opposite to that of remaining 8 planets according to our solar system.

Temples[edit]

Main article: Navagraha temples

Temples that incorporate or are dedicated to one or all nine of the Navagraha are found in different parts of India, such as in Tamil Nadu.[3]

Navagraha sculpture from Bihar, India, 10th century, now at the San Diego Museum of Art.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, (c) 1899
  2. ^ a b Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6. 
  3. ^ Anantharaman, Ambjuam (2006). Temples of South India (second ed.). East West. pp. x–xxi, 302–304. ISBN 978-81-88661-42-8.