The section is characterized by broad rolling plains on easily eroded and carved rocks, with cuestas (ridges) and tablelands capped by gently dipping resistant sandstone beds. One of the most prominent landform features of the Navajo Section is Shiprock, a 7,177 feet (2,188 m) monadnock formation near the town of Shiprock, New Mexico.
The lowest point in the Navajo Section is about 4,700 feet (1,400 m), near the Four Corners area. The boundary between this section and the Canyon Lands Section is nearby, in the San Juan River basin. The highest point of the Navajo Section is 9,916 feet (3,022 m) at Chromo Mountain on the Continental Divide near Chama, New Mexico.
Adjacent to the Navajo Section are the:
- Canyon Lands Section to the north.
- Rio Grande rift of the Basin and Range Province to the east.
- Acoma-Zuni Section to the south.
- Grand Canyon Section to the west
Geology and physiography
The area is predominantly generally horizontal sandstone beds with some shale sequences of late Cretaceous and early Cenozoic age. A few areas of the section also have abundant volcanic necks and buttes, but due to the arid weather and soft sandstone, many of the rock formations of the area have eroded to form distinctive features of long cuestas, shallow canyons and valleys, narrow fan terraces, undulating plateaus, isolated mesas, steep hills, and some shale badlands.
- San Juan Basin
Near the Four Corners area is a steeply tilted monocline known as The Hogback, which trends southwestward from where the San Juan River enters the area. Here the San Juan River flows into an area known as the San Juan Basin, where the western San Juan Basin is typified by exposures of the Fruitland and Menefee Formations. A stepped sequence of high stream terraces, present above the San Juan River and its tributaries, represents abandoned Pleistocene flood plains.
- "Physiographic divisions of the conterminous U. S." U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
- Hawley, John W. "New Mexico's Environment, Physiographic Provinces" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2007-12-25.
- Soil Survey of Shiprock Area, Arizona and Apache County, Parts of San Juan County, New Mexico (PDF). National Cooperative Soil Survey. p. 14. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-20. Retrieved 2007-12-26.