Naval General Service Medal (1915)
|Naval General Service Medal (1915)|
Obverse and reverse of the medal
|Awarded by United Kingdom and Commonwealth|
|Eligibility||Naval and Marine forces|
|Awarded for||Campaign service.|
|Campaign(s)||Minor campaigns 1909–62|
|Description||Silver disk, 36mm diameter|
|Established||6 August 1915|
|Last awarded||For service in December 1962|
|Related||General Service Medal (1918),|
General Service Medal (1962)
Ribbon: crimson with three white stripes
mention in despatches (1920 onwards)
The Naval General Service Medal (1915 NGSM) was instituted in 1915 to recognise service by the Royal Navy and Royal Marines in minor campaigns that would not otherwise earn a specific campaign medal. The Army/Air Force equivalent was the General Service Medal (1918). Both these medals were replaced by the General Service Medal in 1962.
- The medal is silver and is 36 millimetres (1.4 in) in diameter. The obverse bears the image of one of three successive Sovereigns, King George V, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II.
- The reverse, designed by Margaret Winser, shows a mounted figure of Britannia in a chariot pulled by two sea-horses, her left hand resting on a union shield.
- The name and details of the recipient were impressed on the edge of the medal.
- The 32 millimetres (1.3 in) wide ribbon is crimson-coloured with three white stripes.
- From 1920 a bronze oak leaf emblem is worn on the ribbon of the medal to signify a mention in dispatches for a campaign for which the NGSM was awarded.
The medal was awarded with one of five obverse designs:
- Persian Gulf 1909–1914 (7,164, including 37 to the Army). For operations against pirates, gun-runners and slavers.
- Iraq 1919–1920 (116). For river gunboat service during the Arab revolt.
- N.W. Persia 1920 (4). Awarded to the four members of the Naval Mission to the Caspian Sea.
- Palestine 1936–39 (13,600). For service during the uprising by Palestinian Arabs.
- S.E. Asia 1945-46 (2,000). For operations in Java, Sumatra and French Indochina, prior to handover to the pre-war colonial power.
- Minesweeping 1945–51 (4,750). For 6 months minesweeping service in specified areas across the world.
- Palestine 1945–48 (7,900). For service during the post-war Jewish insurgency, including coastal patrols against illegal Jewish immigration.
- Malaya (7,800). For service in the Malaya and Singapore between 1948-60 during the state of emergency.
- Yangtze 1949 (1,450). For the attack on HMS Amethyst and other vessels by Communist Chinese forces.
- Bomb and Mine Clearance 1945–46. For operations by the Royal Australian Navy, very few clasps with these dates being awarded.
- Bomb and Mine Clearance 1945–53 (145). For 6 months spent in clearance operations in specified areas across the world.
- B & M Clearance Mediterranean (60). For bomb and mine clearance between 1953-60 by divers, and to seamen who moved recovered bombs, mostly in Valletta harbour.
- Canal Zone For service in the Suez Canal Zone between October 1951 and October 1954. (Authorised 2003).
- Cyprus (4,300). For operations against EOKA insurgents, 1955–59.
- Near East (17,800). For operations during the Suez Crisis of 1956.
- Arabian Peninsula (1,200). For service against dissidents and cross-border raids between 1957–60.
- Brunei (900). For service in Brunei, North Borneo and Sarawak in December 1962, a large proportion awarded to Royal Marines of 42 Commando.
- John Mussell (ed). Medal Yearbook 2015. p. 182. Published by Token Publishing Ltd. Honiton, Devon.
- Joslin, Litherland and Simpkin. British Battles and Medals. pp. 233-237. Published Spink, London. 1988.
- Edward C Joslin. Observer Book of British Awards and Medals. Page 144. Published Frederick Warne & Co, 1973.
- British Battles and Medals states that 128 Iraq 1919-1920 clasps were awarded, see page 234
- Orders and Medals Research Society Journal, June 2017, page 140
- "The Saleroom auction results". Example medal confirms that abbreviation "B&M" appeared on clasp.
- "General Service Medal: service in the Suez Canal Zone". Gov.uk. Retrieved 2016-06-29.