Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 133

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Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 133 NMCB 133
NMCB133Logo.png
NMCB 133 insignia
Active

17 September 1943–1946

12 August 1966 – present
Country United States
Branch USN
Homeport Construction Battalion Center Gulfport
Nickname(s) "Runnin' Roos"
Motto(s) "Kangroo Can Do"
Engagements World War II
Vietnam War
Operation Provide Comfort
Gulf War
Operation Joint Endeavor
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Commanders
Current
commander
Cdr. Luke Greene

Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 133 (NMCB 133) is a United States Navy Construction Battalion, otherwise known as a Seabee Battalion, homeported at the Naval Construction Battalion Center (Gulfport, Mississippi). (aka: Naval Mobile Construction Battalion One Three Three – or – One Thirty Three) The unit was formed during WWII as the 133rd Naval Construction Battalion. It saw action and was decommissioned shortly after the war ended. The unit was reactivated as Mobile Construction Battalion 133 for the Vietnam War and remains an active unit today.

WWII – Iwo Jima: 133 Naval Construction Battalion[edit]

Fig. 1
Fig.2: LSM 206 was loaded with A Co 133's Shore Party equipment & 3 D8s at approx. 0935 were landed on the wrong beach Red Beach 2
Fig.3: LSM 202 was loaded with B Co 133's Shore Party equipment and D8s. 133's Shore Party left side of photo
Fig.4: 133 Plaque from the estate of Lt Col Joseph J. McCarthy It is zinc and probably cast from expended ammunition clips.
Fig. 14: LSM 202, B Co 133 evacuating wounded
Fig. 9: Seabee Shore Party of the 23rd Marines unload LST 247 on yellow beach
Fig. 10: Seabee D8 & Shore Party. Note other 4 bulldozers and the Flag (center) indicating beach color. D8's blade was raised to protect the radiator.
Fig. 11: LSMs 145 and 206 D day with 133's Shore Party Equipment for C Co. & A Co.

The unit's history began on 17 September 1943 at Camp Peary, Virginia, where it was commissioned as the 133rd Naval Construction Battalion (NCB). After 7 months of training at Davisville, Gulfport and Port Hueneme the battalion's first overseas assignment was NAS Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii (May–Oct 1944). On 15 October 1944 the battalion received word that it was going to be attached to the 4th Marine Division.[1] 30 October the battalion was posted TAD to the 4th for the Assault on Iwo Jima, which happened on 19 February 1945. When 133 was attached to the 4th Marine Division it was filling a billet that had been vacated when the 121st NCB was released by the Marine Corps. The 121st Seabees had been assigned to the 20th Marines as the 3rd Battalion of the Regiment. After the assault of Tinian the 20th Marines were inactivated with 1st Battalion(aka 4th Engineers) and 2nd Battalion(aka 4th Pioneers) were attached directly to the Division. Third Battalion 3/20, the 121st, was returned to the Navy to work on the airfield on Tinian creating the vacancy 133 was posted to. Before joining the 4th at Camp Maui, the 133rd was put through the Pacific Jungle Combat Training Center (CTC) on Oahu, TH.[2] And once assigned to the 4th Pioneers the battalion had each company detached and task assigned to a different component of the 23rd Marines before receiving their SP training. The battalion's shore party assignment was to provide the beach support required by the forward lines of the 23rd,24th, and 25th Marines. The Division shipped out for Island "X" on 31 December with V Amphibious Corps or VAC. It wasn't until they were a few days out the men learned it was for a place they had never heard of called Iwo Jima. The assault for Iwo was based upon Tinian where the 2nd and 4th Marine Divisions assault was "reinforced" by Marine Engineering Regiments that included the 18th and 121st NCBs. On D-plus 3 the Jap airfield was secured and the Seabees had it operational in a few hours.(Fig. 1 indicates the Marines planned to have control of Iwo Jima in 3 days also) For Iwo the 4th and 5th Marine Divisions were "reinforced" by the 133rd and 31st NCBs. Marine planning maps indicate that O1 (objective Day 1) Motoyama Airfield No. 1 would be secured and 133 was assigned to get it operational.[3] However, on D plus 5 that assignment was given to the 31st NCB due to the losses 133 had suffered. The next day 62 NCB landed with the 3rd Marine Division and was designated the lead Battalion for Airfield No. 1. The 31st was assigned Airfield No. 2 and the 133rd was given Airfield No. 3. In just seven days the heavy equipment of the 3 combined Battalions had Airfield No. 1 operational. The battle for Iwo Jima took 26 days. During that time the 133rd suffered 328 casualties, with 3 officers and 39 enlisted killed in action while an additional 2 were MIA.[4] It was the price paid for having the distinction of being ordered into USMC fatigues and landing Battalion Strength in an Assault as a Marine unit.[5] They were deployed as a USMC Pioneer Battalion. Those losses were the highest for any Seabee unit ever. 133 NCB was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation[6] for its part in the battle. Before that happened the battalion crushed over 100,000 tons of rock, moved over 1 million cubic yards of earth, laid 5,800 feet of drainpipe, installed 4,000 feet of conduit and poured 725 yards of concrete.[7] 133 leveled the site and built the entrances for both the 3rd Marine Division(Fig. 13) and the 4th Marine Division(Fig.12) at the Cemetery on Iwo.


The 133rd that landed on Iwo Jima had an Insignia drawn by Hank Porter at the Walt Disney Studios Insignia Department. A second class Jack E. Dorn – 3rd platoon D Co.[2] sent a request to the Disney Studios on 9 December 1944 from Camp Maui, TH. The Studios received it on 26 December and sent the completed design to the battalion in June 1945. The battalion received Disney's drawing on Iwo Jima. That insignia was of a Seabee walking, carrying a Hammer and Monkey Wrench while chewing his Stem-of-Oats.[8] "RAIN-MAKERS" was the moniker those men used as they felt it Rained everywhere they went.(the Fightingfourth website states it "Rained-how it Rained" at Camp Maui and on Iwo it poured on D-plus 3) It also was the name they used on the Unit History published in 1946.[9]

The 4th Marine Pioneer Battalion and the 133rd NCB were the primary units that composed the Assault Battalion's Shore Parties for the 23rd and 25th Regimental Combat Teams (RCT) on the 4th Marine Division's Yellow and Blue Beaches.[10] ( Fig. 8, 9,& 10) The 4th Marine Division had just one Pioneer Battalion, the 4th, which was assigned to the 25th RCT. Therefore, another Pioneer Battalion was needed for the 23rd RCT's Assault. The 4th had deployed the 121st Seabees as Shore party for the 23rd on Siapan so giving that task to the 133rd Seabees was simply repeating what they had done before.[11][12] Choosing the Seabees for the Shore party was a fortuitous decision by the Marines that has gone mostly unrecognized. The Seabees brought with an organic element the Marines did not have i.e. bulldozers with winches and D8s 132–148 Hp compared to the Marine's TD 18s 72–80 Hp. Afterwards the Combat Reports recommended all USMC bulldozers be equipped with winches as they had none. It's history that "on the Beach at Iwo, bulldozers proved to be worth their weights in Gold"[13] and the Seabees had the biggest and the best.(Fig. 8) See Rainmaker's Log for the one that 133 lost to a mine on D-Day.[14]

Hq Co was posted to the 23rd Marines support group and was the Hq for yellow beaches 1 and 2.[15] They came ashore at 1445 from the APA 196 – USS Logan. The Company's 2 security sections were put on the line until their ratings were needed on the beach. The medics had one Dr. MIA another Dr. and Dentist wounded while many of their corpsman were casualties. Even so, 133's corpsman established a Medevac station on blue 1.

  • On D-plus 2 yellow beach was closed to landing craft due to all the destroyed or inoperable equipment along the waters edge. UDT 14 was assigned to beaches yellow 1 and 2[16] and was ordered back ashore to help 133 get the waters edge clear for landing craft to continue the assault[17].

A Co was the major component of the shore party posted to 1st Battalion 23rd Marines or 1/23 which was the Left Assault Battalion for yellow beach. D-day they landed a 0935 on yellow beach 1 from APA 158 – USS Newberry[18][19] and LSM 206.(Fig. 2, 8 & 11) A Co 4th Pioneers was split in two because of their combat experience/knowledge and was attached to A Co 133[20]. One of A Co's security sections(30 men) landed in 4 LCVPs with one 7-man gun crew and 37mm Gun M3 in each craft.[21] One LCVP took a direct hit killing the entire gun crew. A Co's other security section landed on the heels of the first wave. The USN beach party from the USS Newberry was attached to A Co.[22]

  • 1/23 was so decimated that 3/23 relieved them from the line by evening of D-day. D-plus3 the entire 23rd was in such a bad way that it was placed in Corps Reserve, replaced by the 21st RCT from the 3rd Marines. At that time 133's Shore Parties were consoldated on yellow 1 while the 3rd Pioneers landed on yellow 2 for the 21st until D-plus6.

B Co was the major component of the shore party posted to 2nd Battalion 23rd Marines or 2/23 which was the Right Assault Battalion for yellow beach. They also landed at 0935 but on yellow 2 from the APA 207 – USS Mifflin[23] and LSM 202.(Fig. 3) A Co 4th Pioneers was split in two because of their combat experience/knowledge and was attached to B Co 133[24] . B Co's security sections landed the same as A Co. The USN beach party from the USS Mifflin was attached to and landed with B Co[25]. 133's gun crews were the first artillery of any kind on both beaches and were immediately tasked with supporting the assault.

C Co was posted to the 3rd Battalion 23rd Marines or 3/23 which was the reserve Assault Battalion for yellow beach. They landed D-day at 1220 from the APA 154 – USS Lowndes[26][27] and LSM 145.(Fig. 11) Their security section advanced to the edge of the airfield. (Anecdotally-click on Joseph J. McCarthy and Fig. 4.) The beach-master made C Co Commander the Commander of yellow beach 2 on D-plus 6 when the 21st's Shore Parties moved to black beach (which was created from the right half of beach red2 and the left half of yellow 1). The 43 man beach party from the USS Lowndes was attached to C Co.[28][29]

  • Historical note: A WWII Seabee Security Section was the equivalent of what is today called a Heavy Weapons Platoon
  • See the "External links" section below for Col. Shelton Scales comments on C Co. 133 and also read the Log for yellow and blue Beach's Shore Parties D-day through D-plus 18.

D Co was posted to the 4th Pioneer Battalion's reserve. The 25th Marines lists them in their "support group".[30] However, the 4th Marine Div. Operations Report of April 1945 places them in the 25th's "Assault reserve" with 2/25 on APA 190 the USS Pickens. The 25th had just 2 LSMs assigned to the Shore Party so it appears D Co's equipment would have been on LSTs. They landed at 1600 on blue 2. They were "tactically disposed" and told to dig in.[31]

USN WWII phonetic alphabet A = Able, B = Baker, C = Charlie, D = Dog[32]

The Unit Histories of both the 4th and 5th Marine Divisions state that the conditions on the beach for the (Red Patch) Shore Parties and the (yellow patch) USN Beach Parties were worse than the front lines. D-day all personnel were initially employed to aid the evacuation of casualties (Fig. 14). From D-day until D-plus 5 the men were on duty 24 hrs a day. To get sleep men would go up to the front lines where it was safer. D-plus 5 to D-plus 8 the men worked 4 hrs on 4 hrs off. From D-plus 8 to D-plus 14 they worked 4 hrs on 8 hrs off. On D-plus14 they were put on 8 hr shifts. The Corpsman, Security sections, Equipment Operators and Truck Drivers WERE ON DUTY AT ALL TIMES NECESSARY from the beginning to the end of the assault phase.[33] On D plus 18 (9 March) 133's Companies were relieved by the Army Garrison Shore Party. The battalion reorganized and returned to the Navy.

The battalion was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation the same as the other 3 Shore Party Battalions: i.e. 4th Marine Pioneer Battalion, 5th Marine Pioneer Battalion and 31st Naval Construction Battalion. However, the unit is incorrectly listed in the NUC Section of the Iwo Jima awards.[34] It should read "133rd NCB (less Companies A, B, C,and D)". This is how the 4th and 5th Pioneer Battalions were listed. Had this been done then A, B, C and D Companies would have been listed in the PUC section for being assigned to their respective Assault Battalions 1/23, 2/23, 3/23 and 2/25[35] exactly the way the Pioneer Companies were for their PUC's. The 4th did not follow protocol and put the entire Battalion up for the PUC like it had done with the 121st on Saipan. All of the shore party battalions were designated "Support" so it was automatically rejected. It was the individual companies that were posted as "Assault". Marine Commandant Gen. Vandergrift recommended that the PUC be given to all the "Assault" units and the NUC to those designated "Support". Fox Annex to the 4th Marine Division's Operations Reports, dated April 1945, show 133's Companies individually as "Assault" components. A footnote to the awards is that in addition to all the Purple Hearts 133's men received 10 Bronze Stars and 29 Marine Commendations.[36]

On 28 September 1945 the 9th Construction Brigade informed 8,31,and 133 NCBs that they were detached from the 41st Construction Regiment on Iwo Jima and would act independently until reassigned.[37] In October some of 133's men went with the 31st NCB to Sasebo, Japan for the occupation reconstruction (and were discharged at Bremerton, WA in Jan. 1946). In late November 1945 the 133rd was moved to Guam. On the first of December it took over the work orders of the decommissioned 25th NCB. The same fate awaited the 133rd later that month on the 27th[38]due to the reduced need for the existing Naval Construction force .

Vietnam – MCB 133[edit]

Fig. 15: Ghost Battalion colors at Quang Tri. The Seabees had 11,000 graves to move in order to construct that airfield. (U.S. Navy)
SN Heyser : NMCB 133s first Purple Heart of 1968 deployment: note the cover (Seabee Museum)

The battalion was reactivated 12 August 1966 in Gulfport, Mississippi, as a Mobile Construction Battalion[39]. It seems the battalion did not have a copy of the unit History from WWII with the Disney insignia and there was a belief that the battalion's first deployment was supposed to have been Australia. This belief produced the Kangaroo insignia and the slogan "Kangaroo Can Do".(actually, most CBs have created a new insignia when they were recommissioned) After completion of training in Gulfport and Camp Lejeune they deployed to Đà Nẵng East, Vietnam. The battalion was awarded its second Navy Unit Commendation for this tour. The second deployment to Nam took them to Phu Bai Combat Base. This time they had a huge project laying 10,000 sheets on matting at that airfield. During this deployment an urgent airfield was needed at Quảng Trị. Battalions 1, 3, 4, 7, 11, 74, 121, and 133 all sent detachments of men and equipment to get the job done. Those detachments dubbed themselves the Ghost Battalion and chose the Jolly Roger for the Battalion's colors[40].(Fig. 15) A "High Prioirty" in 1968 was roadwork on Rt 1, the length of Vietnam. In addition to NMCB 133, CBs 1, 4, 7, 8, 11, 53, 58, 62, 71, 74,and 138 all worked concurrently on it. In 1969 the third deployment was to Camp Wilkinson, at Gia Le, 6 miles southeast of Hue. A large project that time was the repair of the 286 foot center span of the main highway bridge damaged during the Tet Offensive. The battalion along with NMCB 128 provided material support to NMCBs 1 and 11 while they repaired the bridge at Bau Phu on Route 1.[41] At Phu Bai Combat Base MCB 1 had a crew assisting 133 laying asphalt there.

  • In 1968 Military training was 2 weeks in Gulfport 4 weeks at Camp Lejuene
  • In 1968 Seabee battalions were redesignated NMCBs.
  • On 18 August 1969, just two months after the battalion deployed,[42] Hurricane Camille made landfall 20 miles west of CBC Gulfport at Waveland, MS. It would be another 5 months before the men could get home to help their families recover.[43]
  • In 1969 the battalion had two Seabee Teams 13303 and 13304

In 1970 the battalion did a tour where the sun never set on it. It deployed to Okinawa with detachments to : Guam, Biên Hòa Air Base, Vietnam, Azores and the Aleutians. This was followed by a deployment of firsts. They were the first Alantic fleet Battalion to serve as the alert Battalion for the Pacific Fleet. From Okinawa they had detachments to Iwakuni, Japan, Oahu, Hawaii, Biên Hòa, Vietnam and Subic Bay, P.I. 1970 was the transitional year for Seabee involvement in Vietnam. From then on their deployed strength was drawn down and 133 did not deploy there again.

  • NMCB 133 Cruise-books 1967–1977[44]
  • Commander Naval Construction Battalion U.S. Pacific Fleet, Tân Sơn Nhất, Republic of Vietnam, Completion Report 1963–1972. Seabee Teams [48]

During the 1974 Okinawa Deployment the battalion lost two Officers in an ambush in the Philippines to unknown assailants. Commanding Officer Cdr. L.R. Dobler and Lt. Jefferies PI OIC. Also killed was Capt. T. Mitchell Commander 30th NCR.[45]

Iraq[edit]

In March 1991 the battalion deployed to Spain and was ordered to send its AirDet to Zakho, Iraq, on 1 April. Three weeks later on the 22nd orders came to recall all detachments and for the main body to redeploy to Zakho as a component of Operation Provide Comfort. This took the battalion to Iraq assigned to the Army's 18th Engineer Brigade. When the Main Body mounted out of Rota its equipment was sent by sea to Iskenderum, Turkey. From there it was convoyed 400 miles to Zakho, Iraq.[46] NMCB 133's base was established in a walled compound called Camp Sommers with the headquarters of the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) and the 18th Engineer Brigade.[47] Operation Provide Comfort had two Joint Task Forces with JTF Bravo headed by the 24th MEU. Due to the amount of work they were tasked with, the battalion went to 12-hour days. It was an emergency service relief effort that originally was thought would take 3 months. However, due to the large number of Kurds returning home from the refugee-displaced person camps 133 was able leave after 8 weeks.

Bosnia[edit]

December 1995 into 1996, in support of the Implementation Force (IFOR) code named Operation Joint Endeavour an Air Det Heavy of 170 men deployed to the Sava River crossing at Zupanja, Croatia. There they constructed the first and very urgently needed displaced persons tent camp of the Implementation Force. Renovation of the NATO Commander's facilities in Sarajevo was one project. Detail Juliet Echo was assigned the construction of camps for the US Army's 16th Corps Support Group in Croatia and the 1st Armored Division's Ready 1st Combat Team in Bosnia.

1997 Korean Air Lines flight 801 crashed in the jungles of Guam and 133 helped get ground access to the site.[48]

In March 1998 the battalion sent a Det of 217 men back to Bosnia to build SEAHuts and do bridge repair work.[49]

Iraq[edit]

U.S. Navy Seabees attached to Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 133 rebuild Sarabadi Bridge
Fig.5: 133 rebuilds Sarabadi Bridge in 2003 near Hillah, Iraq

January and February 2003 saw the battalion deployed in support of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force operationally assigned to the 1st MEF Engineer Group. In Southern Iraq the battalion created a POW facility for 14,000, provided defense for 2 bridges and maintenance to the main supply routes as part of Task Force Charlie. Task Force Charlie was made up of NMCB-4, NMCB-74, NMCB-133, CBMU-303 and SU-2 and had a base in Kuwait, Camp Moreell. The men also assembled the largest pontoon bridge since WWII, at Zubadiyah, North of Al Kut, on the Tigris. Another bridge they worked on was the Sarabadi, near Hillah, where they used a Mabey-Johnson Bridge to repair the existing damaged one. The battalion lost a man to a non-combat explosion there from unexploded ordnance. In addition, the battalion completed 60 major Civil Action Projects in Kuwait and Iraq.[49] see (Fig. 5) The unit was active in both Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.

2005–present[edit]

Pier construction Guantanamo Bay
Fig. 6: Det Gitmo 2007 building a temporary ferry pier on the Leeward side
1498194-1024x741
Fig. 7: NMCB 133 Supports C-130 Aircraft Repair in Rota 2014 for Fleet Logistics Sqd. 62
Fig. 8: yellow beach 1, LSM 206 and 23rd Marines Shore Party A Co 133rd NCB. Crane is loading one LVT for run to the front while 2 more wait

On 29 August 2005 Hurricane Katrina came through the central Gulf Coast, taking many lives and causing catastrophic damage to the homes and businesses of countless residents. Within a day, the Seabees from NMCBs 1, 7,and 133 rushed out to clear roads for emergency workers as part of Joint Task Force Katrina They were joined by NMCBs 18 and 40 plus ACB 2 and CBMUs 202 and 303. In the ensuing weeks, NMCB 133 provided extensive humanitarian aid around the area, including the critical repair of lift stations, cleaning and repair of government buildings and schools, and the distribution of food, water and clothing to local residents in need. As these important projects were going on, teams from the battalion were deployed to assist Seabees whose homes were affected by Katrina. In NMCB 133, 118 out of 659 people either lost their homes entirely or had them damaged so badly they were uninhabitable. Those Seabees and their families either sought refuge in warehouses on base or with friends and family. That November saw the Battalion deployed to numerous sites throughout Southwest Asia, with additional details in Guam and Whidbey Island. In Iraq, NMCB 133 supported Marines, Special Operations Forces and Iraqi Security Forces.

The Battalions 2007 deployment involved four continents.(Fig. 6) The battalion worked in support of Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) building schools in remote villages and making clean water available to locals. A detail assigned to "New Horizons" built schools in rural Belize. NMCB 133 also had a presence in São Tomé, working in cooperation with Underwater Construction Team ONE (UCT 1) to rebuild the only boat launch available to the country's Coast Guard.

The next two deployments were to Iraq and Okinawa. NMCB 133's Seabees built the foundation for new buildings on White Beach Naval Facility in Okinawa and restored running water to a village in Kemaman district of Malaysia that had not had such a luxury in over three years. A 35-foot wind-powered turbine and solar panel were installed to provide power to the pump. At the end of that PACOM tour, the 133 returned to Gulfport, MS for a 15-month homeport and training cycle.

In March 2010, the battalion deployed over 600 Seabees to Afghanistan in support of the 30,000 troop surge. NMCB 133 successfully set up a site on Kandahar Airfield (KAF), Afghanistan which was used as their main-body site. The site consisted of nothing more than a bed of gravel when they arrived. Within a month, the battalion had a fully operational Seabee camp. They constructed buildings, set up tents, and worked with an adjacent Army unit to supply power. Among the list of accomplishments completed by the Seabees of 133 the following were most noteworthy:

  • The drilling of a well over 1,210 feet (370 m) deep that produces approximately 25,000 US gallons (95,000 l; 21,000 imp gal) of water per day.
  • The construction of many Southwest Asia (SWA) Huts over many locations throughout Afghanistan.
  • Construction and electrical distribution to many living quarters, shower units, and dining facilities.
  • Significant perimeter expansion of four forward operating bases.
  • Construction of numerous crow's nest observation towers.
  • The construction/expansion of 3 helicopter landing pads.

In October 2010, NMCB 133 received the Atlantic Fleet Best of Type Battle "E" award for its outstanding efforts during the CENTCOM deployment.

In March 2011, the battalion once again deployed to Camp Shields, Okinawa, Japan where it was involved in many projects, including the renovation of a new galley facility, the construction of a 207 square meter concrete storage building at White Beach Naval Facility, installation of concrete drainage ditches, and camp improvement projects on Camp Shields.

In September 2012, NMCB 133 deployed to Afghanistan to become the last active duty battalion to deploy to the country. During the course of this deployment, the battalion twice broke the record for the longest convoy in the Naval Construction Force's history.

Personnel from NMCB 133 plus a bulldozer arrived in Liberia from Djibouti and on 27 September 2014 began site preparation near the Monrovia Airport for construction of a dozen or more hospitals to be built by the U.S. military's Operation United Assistance in response to the Ebola crisis in West Africa.[50][51]

Unit awards[edit]

NMCB 133 has received several unit citations and commendations. Members who participated in actions that merited the award are authorized to wear the medal or ribbon associated with the award on their uniform. Awards and decorations of the United States Armed Forces have different categories, i.e. Service, Campaign, Unit, and Personal. Unit Citations are distinct from the other decorations. The following unit awards are 133's:[52][53]


Campaign and service awards Streamer VS.PNG Bronze-service-star-3d.png Bronze-service-star-3d.png Bronze-service-star-3d.png Bronze-service-star-3d.png |Vietnam Service NMCB 133's Battle Streamer for Vietnam has four bronze stars: the streamer alone counts as the first award. MCB 133 made 3 tours of Vietnam. The conflict was divided into 18 award periods and the battalion qualifies for five.

133's Seabee Teams

List of commanding officers[edit]

Commanding officer Period Deployed to: Detachments
Commander Raymond P. Murphy Sep 1943 – Sep 1945 Hawaii, Iwo Jima A Co to 1st Bn 23rd Marines.,B Co. to 2nd Bn 23rd Marines., C Co.to 3rd Bn 23rd Marines., D Co to 4th Pioneer Bn 25th Marines(assigned to 2nd Bn 25th Marines)
Lt. Cdr. Clarence W. Palmer Sep 45 – Oct 1945 Iwo Jima
Lt. George R. Imboden Oct 45 – Nov 1945 Iwo Jima det Sasebo with 31st NCB
Lt. Thomas P. Cooke Nov 45 – Dec 1945 Iwo Jima
Cdr. Edward H. Marsh, II Aug 66 – Jul 1968 1967 Vietnam [42]
Cdr. Frank H. Lewis, Jr. Jul 68 – Nov 1969 1968 Vietnam Seabee Teams 13301 Tan An and 13302 Phuoc Le[42]
" – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - -" " – - – - – - – - – - -" 1969 Vietnam Seabee Team 13303 My Loi, Hue, Thuy Phuoc, Seabee Team 13304 Moen Island[42]
Cdr. J. J. Gawarkiewiez, III Nov 69 – Mar 1971 1970 Guam Vietnam,Azores, Aleutians, Seabee Team 13305 Chau Phu, Long Thanh, Seabee Team 13306 Rach Gia, Seabee Team 13307 Phu Vinh, Seabee Team 13308 Ben Tre[42]
Cdr. William C. Conner Mar 71 – Aug1973 1973 Spain Diego Garcia, Germany, Italy, Crete, Sicily, Greece, Sardinia, Kusaie Island(Seabee Team 13310)[42]
Cdr. Leland R. Dobler Aug 73 – Apr1974 1974 Okinawa Subic Bay, Sasebo,Iwakuni,Taiwan,Misawa,Palau(Seabee Team 13311)[42]
Lt. Cdr. Bruce L. McCall Apr 74 – Jun1974 1974 Okinawa " – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - "[42]
Cdr. Richard A. Lowery Jun 74 – Jul1976 1975 Puerto Rico Gitmo, Bermuda, St. Thomas U.S.Virgin Islands,Vieques Island, Yap Island(Seabee Team 13312)[42]
" – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – -" " – - – - – - – - – - – " 1976 Diego Garcia [42]
Cdr. Gene Davis Jul 76 – Jul 1978 1977 Spain Sicily, Greece, Crete[42]
Cdr. George D. Fraunces Jul 78 – Oct 1979 1978 Puerto Rico Gitmo, Eleuthera,Antiqua, Keflavik, Diego Garcia, Vieques Island, Yap Island (Seabee Team 13313)[42]
" – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - " " – - – - – - – - – - -" 1979 Diego Garcia [42]
Capt. Herbert H. Lewis, Jr. Oct 79 – Jul 1981 1981 Guam Diego Garcia, Midway, Palau, Yokosuka Japan. Seabee Team 13314[42]
Capt. Dorwin C. Black Jul 81 – Jun 1983 1982 Spain Sigonella,Nea Makri Greece,Souda bay Crete, Holy Loch Scotland[42]
Capt. A. A. Kannegiesser Jun 83 – Aug 1985 1983 Puerto Rico Gitmo, Vieques Island, Bermuda, Andros Island, Yap[42]
Capt. Richard E. Brown Aug 85 – Jun 1987 1986 Puerto Rico Gitmo, Andros Island, Bahamas, Vieques Island, Panama Canal Zone[42]
Cdr. Bruce St. Peter Jun 87 – Aug 1989 1987 Okinawa Adak, Yokusuka, Iwakuni, Yap Island[42]
" – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - " "- – - – - – - – - – - -" 1989 Spain Bermuda,Edzell and Holy Loch Scotland, Maryland,USA.,Cartagana Spain[42]
Cdr. Donald B. Hutchins Aug 89 – Sep 1991 1990 Guam Midway, Palau, Philippines, Diego Garcia, Tinian, American Samoa[42]
" – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – -" "- – - – - – - – - – - -" 1991 Iraq/Turkey [42]
Cdr. Douglas F. Elznic Sep 91 – Jun 1993 1991 Spain Sigonella, Souada Bay Crete, Edzell & Holy Loch Scotland, Maryland USA, Moron Spain,Ghana, Senegal[42]
Cdr. Richard J. McAfee Jun 93 – Apr 1995 1994 Guam Diego Garcia, Chinhar Korea, Ban Chan Khrem Thailand, El Salvador, San Diego CA, Palau-Cat team[42]
Cdr. Gary A. Engle Apr 95 – Jun 1997 1995 Spain Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina,Africa, Crete, Sicily, Italy, Great Britain, Maryland USA[42]
Cdr. Paul Bosco Jun 97 – Jun 1999 1997 Guam San Diego CA,Lemoore CA, Fallon NV, Bangor WA, Kenya, Palau-CAT team, Palau & Kosrae-Tiger team[42]
"- – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – " "- – - – - – - – - – - -" 1998 Spain Sicily, Crete, St. Mawgan England, Maryland USA, Bosnia-Herzegovina[42]
Cdr. Katherine L. Gregory Jun 99 – Jul 2001 2000 Spain Sicily, Crete, London, Maryland USA, Moldova, Tunisia[42]
Cdr. Douglas G. Morton Jul '01 – Jun 2003 2001 Guam Diego Garcia, Bahrain,Carat, Hawaii, Fallon NV, (Lemoore, El Centro, Camp Pendleton, San Diego CA),Bangor WA, Palau-Cat team
"- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -" "- - - - - - - - - - -" 2001 Afghanistan Gitmo
"- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -" "- - - - - - - - - - - " 2003 SWA Iraq Kuwait, Zubaydiyah,Dominican Republic, Andros Island, Gitmo
Cdr. Jeffery T. Borowy Jun '03 – May 2005 2003 SWA Iraq Kuwait
Cdr. Allan M. Stratman May '05 – May 2007 2005 Iraq Guam, Whidby Island
Cdr. Paul J. Odenthal May '07 – Jun 2009 2008 Okinawa Guam,Singapore, Chinhae, Yokosuka, Sasebo, Philippines, San Clemente Island,Palau-Cat team
Cdr. Chris M. Kurgan Jun '09 – May 2011 2010 Afghanistan Kandahar, Tarnak, Beland, Dand, Walakan, Jelawur, FOBs Shindand, Wilson, Walton & Wolverine
Cdr. Nick D. Yamodis May '11 – Jun 2013 2011 Okinawa
" - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -" " - - - - - - - - - - -" 2012 Afghanistan[64] Liberia,Niger,Djibouti
Cdr. Jeffrey S. Powell Jun '13 – Jun 2015 2014 Spain Romania, Bahrain, Djibouti, Niger, Chad, Guam, Palau, Micronesia, Kwajalein (Fig. 7)
Cdr. Miguel Dieguez Jun '15 – Jun 2017 2015 Spain Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Cameroon, Niger, Kwajalein, Guam
Cdr. Luke Greene Jun '17 -present 2017 Spain Bahrain, Djibouti, Guam, Kwajalein, Palau- CAT 133-27, Vietnam

Notes[edit]

  • On Siapan, the 4th Marine Division assigned the 121st CB and 4th Pioneers as the Shore Party[11]
  • On Okinawa, the 1st Marine division Shore Party was composed of 1/2 the 11th Special NCB and the 145th NCB, the Shore Party for the 6th Marine Division was composed of the other half of the 11th Special NCB and the 58th NCB.[65]
  • Prior to the 133rd being assigned as the 23rd's Shore Party the 71st NCB had been tasked as the Shore Party for the 3rd Marine Division on Bouganville in 1943.[66]
  • "TAD" is contemporary U.S. military terminology that was not used during WWII. During WWII the equivalent terminology was the word "attached".
  • The shore party of Peleliu painted a three inch orange circle on their helmets and greens to identify them from or for the other troops.[67]
  • 1944 Construction Battalion combat organization, NAVDOCKS-100, p.i-5 [50]
  • 17th Special(segregated),33rd and 73rd CBs were Shore Party with the 1st Pioneers of the 1st Marine Division on Peleliu in 1944.[68][69]
  • 25 NCB was Shore Party to the 3rd, 9th and 21st Marine Regiments of the 3rd Marine Division on Guam.
  • 41st Naval Construction Regiment: 31st, 62nd, 95th, & 133rd CBs
  • 53rd NCB was Shore Party to the 2nd Raiders on Bougainville and Third Raiders on Puruata Island[70]

See also[edit]

Fig. 12 : 4th Marine Corps Iwo Jima Cemetery Entrance with built by 133 NCB plaque on right column
Fig. 13 : 3rd Marine Corps Iwo Jima Cemetery Entrance with built by 133 NCB plaque on right column

References[edit]

  1. ^ 133 NCB File Folder, Seabee Archives, Seabee Museum, Port Hueneme, CA. 93043
  2. ^ a b Rainmakers Log, Commander R.P. Murphy,Leo Hart Co. Rochester, N.Y. 1945, p. 96 [1]
  3. ^ History of the U.S. Marine Corps in WWII Vol IV- Western Pacific Operations, George w. Garand & Truman R. Strobridge, Historical Branch, G3- Division, Headquarters, U.S.Marine Corps, 1971. pp. 594–595 [2]
  4. ^ Iwo Jima Seabees Stay Unsung. Lt. Cdr. Peter S., Marra, U.S. Naval Institute: NAVAL HISTORY, February 1997 pp. 22–25 [3]
  5. ^ Iwo Jima, Richard F. Newcomb,Henry Holt & Co,1965 NY,NY,. p. 112–128 [4]
  6. ^ The United States Marines on Iwo Jima-The Battle and the Flag Raisings, Bernard C. Nalty & Danny J. Crawford, History & Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, Washington D.C., 1975, pp. 24–26 [5]
  7. ^ Rainmakers Log, Commander R.P. Murphy, Leo Hart Co. Rochester, N.Y. 1945, pp. 161-181 [6]
  8. ^ Disney Studio Archives, Burbank, CA 91521
  9. ^ Rainmakers Log, Commander R.P. Murphy, Leo Hart Co, Rochester, N.Y. 1946 p. 6 [7]
  10. ^ Appendix 1, Annex DOG 4th Marine Division Operations Report, April 1945, National Archives, College Park, MD 20742, pp. 1–37 open pdf -Part_6 and pdf -Part_7 for Appendix 1 Annex Dog [8]
  11. ^ a b U.S. Army in World War II, Campaign in the Marianas, Chapter VII, Phiilip A. Crowel, U.S.Army, 1959. p. 125 [9]
  12. ^ Iwo Jima Seabees Stay Unsung. Lt. Cdr. Peter S. Marra, U.S. Naval Institute: NAVAL HISTORY, February 1997 pp. 22–25.
  13. ^ Closing In: Marines in the Seizure of Iwo Jima, Col. Joseph H. Alexander, History and Museums Division, Headquarters U.S. Marine Corps, Washington DC, 1994 p. 22 [10]
  14. ^ Rainmakers Log, Cdr R.P. Murphy, Leo Hart Co. Rochester N.Y. 1946, p. 121
  15. ^ Annex FOX 4th Marine Division's Operations Report, April 1945, National Archives, College Park, MD 20742. (Hq Co REFLECTS BATTALION'S PROPER STATUS FOR AWARD PERIOD PROTOCOL-see support group) pp. 3–4 [11]
  16. ^ Naked Warriors, Lt. Commander Francis Douglas Fane, USNR, St. Martin's Press, 175 Fifth Ave, NY,NY, 10010, 1996, p. 174 [12]
  17. ^ U.S.NSWA Archives, Underwater Demolition Teams Histories , UDT 14 [13]
  18. ^ C Co. 1st Battalion 23rd Marines Official website [14]
  19. ^ Amphibious Ships (gators) [15]
  20. ^ Annex FOX 4th Marine Div. Op Report for the 23rd RCT on Iwo Jima p. 3 [16]
  21. ^ From Omaha to Okinawa: The Story of the Seabees, William Bradford Huie, E.P. Dutton, New York 1945 p. 43
  22. ^ Annex FOX 4th Marine Div. Op Report for the 23rd RCT on Iwo Jima p. 11 [17]
  23. ^ Annex FOX 4th Marine Div. Op Report for the 23rd RCT on Iwo Jima p. 11 [18]
  24. ^ Annex FOX 4th Marine Div. Op Report for the 23rd RCT on Iwo Jima p. 3 [19]
  25. ^ KXii News Channel 12, Iwo Jima Vet[20]
  26. ^ Annex FOX 4th Marine Div. Op Report for the 23rd RCT on Iwo Jima p. 11 [21]
  27. ^ Amphibious Ships (gators)[22]
  28. ^ Annex FOX 4th Marine Div. Op Report for the 23rd RCT on Iwo Jima p. 11 [23]
  29. ^ USS Lowndes[24]
  30. ^ Annex HOW to the 4th Marine Div. Op Report for the 25th RCT on Iwo Jima, open pdf -Part 1 for section I pp. 1, 12 [25]
  31. ^ Appendex 1 Annex Dog to the 4th Marine Division's Operations Report April 1945
  32. ^ Phonetic Alphabet. U.S. Naval Historical Center, % Chief of Information U.S. Navy, 1200 Navy Pentagon, Washington, D.C. 20350 [26]
  33. ^ 133 NCB File Folder, Seabee Archives, Seabee Museum, Port Hueneme,CA 93034
  34. ^ The United States Marines on Iwo Jima- The Battle and the Flag Raisings, Bernard C. Nalty & Danny J. Crawford, Hisrtory & Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, Washington, D.C. 1995. ( 133's AWARD PROTOCOL ERROR IS ON- p. 26) (see correct listing 4th and 5th Pioneers same page and reference footnote 13 above) [27]
  35. ^ FOX Annex 4th Marine Division Operations Report, April 1945.pp. 2–4 [28]
  36. ^ Rainmakers Log, Commander R.P.Murphy, Leo Hart Co. Rochester, N.Y. 1946 p. 112
  37. ^ 8th NCB File Folder. Seabee Museum Archives, Port Hueneme,CA 93043
  38. ^ Seabee Museum Archives file for the 133rd NCB [29]
  39. ^ [30] This Week in Seabee History, 12 August 1966, Seabee Magazine On-line
  40. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command, U.S. Navy Seabee Museum, The Ghost Battalion [31]
  41. ^ NHHC, Seabee Museum website, MCB 11 cruise-book, 1969, p. 68 [32]
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa DEPLOYMENT COMPLETION REPORTS
  43. ^ Naval Photographic Center (1971). "Hurricane Camille & the Navy Seabees in 1969 – Full Documentary". Documentary Tube. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  44. ^ NHHC: U.S. Navy Seabee Muesum: NMCB 133 Cruisebooks 1967–1977 [33]
  45. ^ Seabee Museum Archives, Port Hueneme CA 93043, NMCB 133./
  46. ^ NMCB 133 Historical Information Seabee Museum Archives, Port Hueneme,CA 93043, NMCB 133 Historical Information
  47. ^ Humanitarian Operations in Northern Iraq, 1991-With Marines in Operation Provide Comfort, LCol Ronald J. Brown, History and Museums Division, Headquarters U.S. Marine Corps, Washington, D.C. p. 69 [34]
  48. ^ The Citizans Guide to the U.S.Navy, Thomas J. Cutler, Naval Institute Press,291 Wood Road, Annapolis, MD, 2012[35]
  49. ^ a b Seabee Museum Archives, Port Hueneme, CA 93043, NMCB 133 Historical Information NMCB 133 Historical Information
  50. ^ Drew Hinshaw, Betsy McKay (28 September 2014). "U.S. Troops Battling Ebola Get Off to Slow Start in Africa – The Wall Street Journel". 
  51. ^ United States Africa Command website; 24 Sept 2014[36]
  52. ^ US Navy Awards, Chief of Naval Operations, 2000 Navy Pentagon, Washington, D.C. 20350 [37]
  53. ^ List of Award Abbreviations, Chief of Naval Operations, 2000 Navy Pentagon, Washington, D.C. 20350[38]
  54. ^ U.S. Navy OP-09819- dated 04/19/77
  55. ^ U.S. Navy OP-09819- dated 04/19/77
  56. ^ a b c d e f OPNAV NOTICE 1650[39]
  57. ^ DOD Approved JUMAs 31/12/2012 p. 5
  58. ^ [40]|NMCB133 Veterans webpage
  59. ^ Battle "E" Peltier Perry Awards, Seabee Museum Archives, Port Hueneme, CA 93043 [41]
  60. ^ Seabee onLine Magazine, 1322 Peterson Ave., S.E., Bldg. 33, Suite 1000, Washington Navy Yard, D.C. 20374 [42]
  61. ^ a b c d e f g h U.S. Navy OP-09819- dated 04/19/77
  62. ^ Naval Personnel Command, 5301-5319 Awards. 5319 #2
  63. ^ Dept. of the Navy, SECNAVINST 1650.1H pp. 1–9 [43]
  64. ^ Seabee Magazine, Change of Command, July 15, 2013 [44]
  65. ^ Okinawa: Victory in the Pacific, Major Chas. S. Nichols Jr, USMC Historical Section, United States Marine Corps, Quantico, VA, Appendix IV [45]
  66. ^ 71st U.S Naval Construction Battalion, Seabee Museum Archives, Port Hueneme, CA p. 14 [46]
  67. ^ Peleliu Shore Party Group
  68. ^ World War II Database
  69. ^ Seabee Museum Archives, Port Hueneme, CA. 93043. 17th Special; NCB p. 29 [47]
  70. ^ 53rd Naval Construction Battalion, Seabee Museum Archives, Port Hueneme, CA 93043. pp. 14, 106 Aid=nkm07Z0YhUsC&pg=PA49

External links and further reading[edit]