Naval Museum of Halifax
|Location||2725 Gottingen Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada|
|Official name||Admiralty House National Historic Site of Canada|
The Naval Museum of Halifax (formerly Admiralty House and Maritime Command Museum) is a Canadian Forces museum located at CFB Halifax in the former official residence of the Commander-in-Chief of the North America Station (1819-1905). Also known as the "Admiralty House", the residence is a National Historic Site of Canada located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The museum collects, preserves and displays the artifacts and history of the Royal Canadian Navy.
Admiralty House served as the official residence of the admiral commanding the North American Station of the British Royal Navy from 1819 to 1905. Construction of the large Palladian Style Georgian house overlooking the Halifax Naval Yard began in 1814. Squadron commanders previously resided aboard a flagship moored at the Naval Yard. The house was completed in 1819. It became the summer residence of the admiral of the North American Squadron when the squadron shifted its main base to Bermuda in 1818. The first to live in the residence was Admiral David Milne.
As the residence of one of the most important officials in Halifax, Admiralty House hosted many social and ceremonial events in the 19th century. One of the largest was a ball for 600 guests hosted by Admiral Thomas Cochrane, Earl of Dundonald in 1848. Another famous resident of the house was Admiral Francis Austen, brother of the famous novelist Jane Austen. In all, 36 admirals lived in the house, the last being Sir Day Hort Bosanquet.
Admiralty House was taken over by the Canadian government in 1905 as Canada took responsibility for the Halifax Dockyard from the British Royal Navy. In World War I it served as a naval hospital. The roof was blown in by the Halifax Explosion on December 6, 1917. Despite the damage, hospital staff, many of them injured themselves, treated many wounded in the house in the hours after the explosion. After repairs, the house was used as a clinic by the Massachusetts Halifax Relief Commission to assist survivors after the explosion. From 1925 to 1954 it became part of the Royal Canadian Navy base HMCS Stadacona, serving as a Wardroom Officer's Mess and later as office space. In 1961 it became the library for the Royal Canadian Navy and provided classroom space.
Notable Admirals in Residence (1819-1905)
War of 1812
Two Admirals distinguished themselves during the War of 1812:
Cockburn's flagship HMS Vernon (1832) in Halifax
Siege of Sevastopol
Houston Stewart, served at Halifax (1856–60)
Commerell's flagship HMS Northampton (1876)
Algernon Lyons, served at Halifax (1886–88)
Lyons' flagship HMS Bellerophon (1865) in Halifax
Franklin's Lost Expedition
Two Admirals were involved in the search for Franklin's Lost Expedition:
Francis McClintock, served in Halifax (1879–82)
McClintock's flagship HMS Northampton (1876) in Halifax
Cochrane's marker to commemorate the 11 that died on his flagship HMS Wellesley, Royal Navy Burying Ground (Halifax, Nova Scotia), (1850)
Milne's marker to commemorate the 16 that died on his flagship HMS Nile Monument, Royal Navy Burying Ground (Halifax, Nova Scotia), (1861)
Admiralty House was officially opened as a museum on March 26, 1974, by Rear Admiral D. S. Boyle. The house was declared a National Historic Site in 1978. The museum underwent extensive renovations in 2009–2010.
The focus is on the history of the Canadian Navy from 1910 to the present, along with the earlier history of the Halifax Dockyard. Highlights include the original bell and a large display of artifacts from HMCS Niobe, the first flagship of the Royal Canadian Navy, and a display of ship's bells and christening bells spanning the history of the Canadian Navy. More than 30 rooms of exhibits are open to the public as well as grounds which display weapons and equipment from the Canadian Navy. The collection consists of uniforms, model ships, medals, badges, ships' bells, armaments, and other equipment of naval life.
The museum also maintains a research library, archives and large photograph collection.
The Royal Navy Burying Ground at Halifax has monuments to those served and lost in the medical facility as a result of capture of USS Chesapeake by HMS Shannon. There are 84 grave markers, but as many as 500 people buried. There was a tradition where the Commander and Chief of the North America and West Indies Station who lived in Admiralty House created a grave marker for their crew who died while at the station.
On the grounds of the Admiralty House is the Admiralty Garden which was created c. 1814 and has plaques and monuments displayed to honour Admirals and other military personnel. In 1972 the "Wall of Valour" was created to recognize the bravery decorations awarded to members of the Canadian Navy and the Naval Reserves. Those that are listen received: Cross of Valour (Canada); Star of Courage (Canada); and the Medal of Bravery (Canada). There are also plaques of Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada to commemorate the following Admirals:
The museum is part of a system of 55 museums run by the Canadian Department of National Defence. It is the largest naval museum within the system. The museum is also affiliated with the Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN) and works jointly with Nova Scotia's Maritime Museum of the Atlantic to present the naval history of the region.
- Military history of Nova Scotia
- List of oldest buildings and structures in Halifax, Nova Scotia
- Organization of Military Museums of Canada
- A-AD-266-000/AG-001 Canadian Forces Museums –Operations and Administration 2002-04-03
- Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia, Founded Upon a Rock, (1967), p. 28
- Erickson, Paul A. Historic North End Halifax Nimbus Publishing, Halifax (2004) p. 25
- Parker, Mike, Fortress Halifax: Portrait of a Garrison Town Nimbus, Halifax (2004), p. 42
- Founded Upon a Rock, p. 28
- Jane Austen Society
- "Maritime Command Museum", Maritime Forces Atlantic, The Canadian Navy Archived 2010-09-21 at the Wayback Machine.
- Admiralty House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- Great Stuff: Museums of Nova Scotia, James Stonehouse Publications (1993) p. 93
- "Unmarked graves sought in navy cemetery". CBC. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2014.