Navarrese People's Union

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Navarrese People's Union
Unión del Pueblo Navarro
Leader Javier Esparza
Founded 1979
Headquarters Pamplona
Youth wing Navarrese Youth
Ideology Navarrese regionalism
Conservatism
Spanish unionism
Opposition to Basque nationalism[1][2]
Political position Centre-right to Right-wing
Colours Blue, red, white
Congress of Deputies
2 / 5
Navarrese seats
Spanish Senate
2 / 5
Navarrese seats
Parliament of Navarre
15 / 50
Town councillors
281 / 1,889
Website
www.upn.org

The Navarrese People's Union (Spanish: Unión del Pueblo Navarro), abbreviated to UPN, is a regional conservative[citation needed] political party in Navarre, Spain. Until 2008, it was a fraternal party of the People's Party (PP), acting as the latter's Navarrese branch.

UPN is a strong opponent of Basque nationalism, and supports a Spanish regional identity for Navarre with a marginal Basque component and separate from the Basque Country. The party's regionalist tradition dates back to the nineteenth century, in which the Spanish nation is seen to be based on 'regional liberties'.[3]

During the 1991–2008 period, UPN acted as the Navarrese branch of the PP, which, in return, did not run at Navarrese elections as a part of their agreement. During this period, UPN was the largest party in elections for the regional Parliament of Navarre[4] and the ruling party of the Autonomous Community since 1996.

History[edit]

The UPN was a Navarrese splinter group of the Union of the Democratic Centre. Its president, Miguel Sanz, has been the head of the Navarrese government since 1996.

Juan Cruz Alli was elected president of the Navarrese government for UPN, but later disagreed with the orientation the party was taking and founded another party Democrats' Convergence of Navarre.

Pacts with the PP[edit]

As part of an agreement held over the 1991–2008 period, the PP did not run in any elections in the Navarra Congress Electoral District and People's Party of Navarre (founded in 1989) was dissolved, while UPN were on the same national ticket as the PP at the Spanish national elections. The national Deputies and Senators elected as part of UPN's ticket were part of the PP Parliamentary Group. Also, UPN members were eligible –and indeed chosen– for national leadership positions in the PP.

The pact was terminated in October 2008 as a result of UPN refusal to vote alongside the PP in the Spanish Congress of Deputies to reject the government budget presented by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero's cabinet. One of the two MPs elected under the UPN-PP ticket refused to follow UPN's instructions and a number of UPN elected representatives defected this party to join the PP.[5][6][7] The new situation led to the PP setting up its own office in Navarre.[8]

The two parties ran separate lists in the 2011 regional elections in Navarre with the UPN receiving 34.5% against the 7.3% that the PP received. On 8 September 2011, the two parties reached an agreement to renew their alliance for the 2011 Spanish general election.[9] Under the agreement, the UPN would take the first and third places on the list for Congress while the PP would have the second. For the Senate, the UPN would have the top two places on the list, with the PP taking the third place. A major factor in the new agreement was the two parties desire to prevent Bildu from winning enough seats to form a parliamentary group.[9]

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Navarre[edit]

Election Seats +/− Votes  % Outcome Leader
1979
13 / 70
40,764 16.0 (#3) First Opposition Jesús Aizpún
1983
13 / 50
±0 62,072 23.3 (#2) First Opposition Balbino Bados
1987
14 / 50
Increase1 69,419 24.5 (#2) First Opposition Juan Cruz Alli
1991
20 / 50
Increase6 96,005 35.0 (#1) Minority Government Juan Cruz Alli
1995
17 / 50
Decrease3 93,163 31.3 (#1) First Opposition Miguel Sanz
1999
22 / 50
Increase5 125,497 41.4 (#1) Minority Government Miguel Sanz
2003
23 / 50
Increase1 127,460 41.5 (#1) Leading coalition (w. CDN) Miguel Sanz
2007
22 / 50
Decrease1 139,122 42.2 (#1) Leading coalition (w. CDN) Miguel Sanz
2011
19 / 50
Decrease3 111,474 34.5 (#1) Leading coalition (w. PSN) Yolanda Barcina
2015
15 / 50
Decrease4 92,705 27.4 (#1) First Opposition Javier Esparza

Congress of Deputies[edit]

Election Seats +/− Votes  %
1979
1 / 5
Increase1 28,248 11.2 (#3)
1982
2 / 5
Increase1 76,255 25.6 (#2)
1986
2 / 5
±0 80,922 29.6 (#2)
1989
3 / 5
Increase1 92,216 33.2 (#1)
1993
3 / 5
±0 112,228 36.1 (#1)
1996
2 / 5
Decrease1 120,335 37.1 (#1)
2000
3 / 5
Increase1 150,995 49.9 (#1)
2004
2 / 5
Decrease1 127,653 37.6 (#1)
2008
2 / 5
±0 133,059 39.2 (#1)
2011
2 / 5
±0 126,516 38.2 (#1)
2015
2 / 5
±0 101,901 28.9 (#1)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oscar Barberà Aresté: Los orígenes de la Unión del Pueblo Navarro (1979-1991). Papers: revista de sociología, ISSN 0210-2862, ISSN-e 2013-9004, Nº 92, 2009. Pages 143-169.
  2. ^ UPN-PP pide el voto para "frenar al nacionalismo vasco y hacer que Navarra avance". El Español, 12/12/2015.
  3. ^ Safran, William; Máiz, Ramón (2000). Identity and Territorial Autonomy in Plural Societies. London: Routledge. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-7146-5027-2. 
  4. ^ [1] Archived October 1, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ [3]
  7. ^ [4]
  8. ^ RTVE.ES / EUROPA PRESS - MADRID . "El PP rompe su pacto con UPN por no apoyar su enmienda a los Presupuestos del Gobierno". RTVE.es. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  9. ^ a b UPN encabezará la coalición con el PP, El Mundo, 8 September 2011

External links[edit]