Navarro County, Texas
The Navarro County Courthouse in Corsicana
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Founded||April 25, 1846|
|Named for||José Antonio Navarro|
|• Total||1,086 sq mi (2,810 km2)|
|• Land||1,010 sq mi (2,600 km2)|
|• Water||76 sq mi (200 km2) 7.0%%|
|• Density||47/sq mi (18/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Navarro County (// nə-VARR-oh) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,735. Its county seat is Corsicana. The county is named for José Antonio Navarro, a Tejano leader in the Texas Revolution who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence.
In 1860, after the election of Abraham Lincoln to the American presidency, Navarro County lowered the American flag at the courthouse in protest and instead hoisted the Texas flag. Thereafter early in 1861, some 450 Navarro County men enlisted in the new Confederate States Army. Two of the enlistees became outstanding officers, Roger O. Mills and Clinton M. Winkler, a Confederate colonel for whom Winkler County in far West Texas is named. The county commissioners appropriated funds for weapons and ammunition and for the support of the soldiers' families.
The Navarro Rifles constituted an 87-man Confederate infantry unit, formed in Corsicana in July 1861 from area volunteers. They were founded by José Antonio Navarro, all of whose four sons fought for the Confederacy. Clinton Winkler, a founder of Navarro County, served as the initial captain. The group trained near Dresden, Spring Hill, and later Waco and Harrisburg, Texas. The Navarro Rifles became Company I of the Fourth Texas Volunteer Infantry Regiment. In September 1861, the unit reached Richmond, Virginia. The regiment was placed in the Texas Brigade under the command of General John Bell Hood.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,086 square miles (2,810 km2), of which 1,010 square miles (2,600 km2) are land and 76 square miles (200 km2) (7.0%) are covered by water.
- Interstate 45
- U.S. Highway 287
- State Highway 14
- State Highway 22
- State Highway 31
- State Highway 75
- State Highway 309
- Henderson County (northeast)
- Freestone County (southeast)
- Limestone County (south)
- Hill County (southwest)
- Ellis County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 45,124 people, 16,491 households, and 11,906 families were residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile (17/km2). The 18,449 housing units averaged 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.84% White, 16.79% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 9.45% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 15.75% of the population.
Of the 16,491 households, 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were not families. About 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65, and the average family size was 3.14.
In the county, the population was distributed as 27.20% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,268, and for a family was $38,130. Males had a median income of $30,112 versus $20,972 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,266. About 13.90% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.10% of those under age 18 and 14.90% of those age 65 or over.
Navarro County is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth coverage area, including stations KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, and KFWD-TV. The county is also near Waco, so Waco/Temple/Killeen stations also provide coverage for Navarro County. These include: KCEN-TV, KWTX-TV, KXXV-TV, KDYW, and KWKT-TV. East Texas NBC affiliate KETK-TV from the Jacksonville/Tyler area provides coverage for Navarro County, as well.
The Corsicana Daily Sun is the area's newspaper.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Navarro County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Navarro County
- "Texas Almanac Pronunciation Guide" (PDF). Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company. 1893. p. 112. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, Navarro County Courthouse, Corsicana, Texas
- Little, Carol Morris, A Comprehensive Guide to Outdoor Sculpture in Texas, University of Texas Press, Austin, 1996 p.1410
- WILLIAM, HUNT, JEFFREY (2010-06-12). "FOURTH TEXAS INFANTRY". tshaonline.org. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
- Texas Historical Commission, Navarro Rifles historical marker, Navarro College, Corsicana, Texas
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
- Navarro County government's website
- Navarro County Office of Emergency Management website
- Navarro County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Navarro County Genealogical Society