Navarro County, Texas

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Navarro County
The Navarro County Courthouse in Corsicana
The Navarro County Courthouse in Corsicana
Map of Texas highlighting Navarro County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°03′N 96°28′W / 32.05°N 96.47°W / 32.05; -96.47
Country United States
State Texas
FoundedApril 25, 1846
Named forJosé Antonio Navarro
SeatCorsicana
Largest cityCorsicana
Area
 • Total1,086 sq mi (2,810 km2)
 • Land1,010 sq mi (2,600 km2)
 • Water76 sq mi (200 km2)  7.0%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total52,624
 • Density48/sq mi (19/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitewww.co.navarro.tx.us
Veterans Memorial at Navarro County Courthouse in Corsicana

Navarro County (/nəˈvær/ nə-VARR-oh)[1] is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 52,624.[2] Its county seat is Corsicana.[3] The county is named for José Antonio Navarro, a Tejano leader in the Texas Revolution who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence.

Navarro County comprises the Corsicana, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also part of the Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Navarro County was formed from Robertson County in 1846.[4]

In 1860, after the election of Abraham Lincoln to the American presidency, Navarro County lowered the American flag at the courthouse in protest and instead hoisted the Texas flag. Thereafter early in 1861, some 450 Navarro County men enlisted in the new Confederate States Army. Two of the enlistees became outstanding officers, Roger O. Mills and Clinton M. Winkler, a Confederate colonel for whom Winkler County in far West Texas is named. The county commissioners appropriated funds for weapons and ammunition and for the support of the soldiers' families.[5]

The Navarro Rifles constituted an 87-man Confederate infantry unit, formed in Corsicana in July 1861 from area volunteers. They were founded by José Antonio Navarro, all of whose four sons fought for the Confederacy.[6] Clinton Winkler, a founder of Navarro County, served as the initial captain. The group trained near Dresden, Spring Hill, and later Waco and Harrisburg, Texas. The Navarro Rifles became Company I of the Fourth Texas Volunteer Infantry Regiment.[7] In September 1861, the unit reached Richmond, Virginia. The regiment was placed in the Texas Brigade under the command of General John Bell Hood.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,086 square miles (2,810 km2), of which 1,010 square miles (2,600 km2) are land and 76 square miles (200 km2) (7.0%) are covered by water.[9]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18502,190
18605,996173.8%
18708,87948.1%
188021,702144.4%
189026,37321.5%
190043,37464.5%
191047,0708.5%
192050,6247.6%
193060,50719.5%
194051,308−15.2%
195039,916−22.2%
196034,423−13.8%
197031,150−9.5%
198035,32313.4%
199039,92613.0%
200045,12413.0%
201047,7355.8%
202052,62410.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1850–2010[11] 2010[12] 2020[13]

2020 census[edit]

Navarro County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[12] Pop 2020[13] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 28,587 26,996 59.89% 51.30%
Black or African American alone (NH) 6,490 6,286 13.60% 11.95%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 155 163 0.32% 0.31%
Asian alone (NH) 239 393 0.50% 0.75%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 380 734 0.80% 1.39%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 40 137 0.08% 0.26%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 499 1,866 1.05% 3.55%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 11,345 16,049 23.77% 30.50%
Total 47,735 52,624 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, 45,124 people, 16,491 households, and 11,906 families were residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile (17/km2). The 18,449 housing units averaged 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.84% White, 16.79% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 9.45% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 15.75% of the population.

Of the 16,491 households, 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were not families. About 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65, and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was distributed as 27.20% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,268, and for a family was $38,130. Males had a median income of $30,112 versus $20,972 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,266. About 13.90% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.10% of those under age 18 and 14.90% of those age 65 or over.

Media[edit]

Navarro County is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth coverage area, including stations KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, and KFWD-TV. The county is also near Waco, so Waco/Temple/Killeen stations also provide coverage for Navarro County. These include: KCEN-TV, KWTX-TV, KXXV-TV, KDYW, and KWKT-TV. East Texas NBC affiliate KETK-TV from the Jacksonville/Tyler area provides coverage for Navarro County, as well.

The Corsicana Daily Sun is the area's newspaper.

Communities[edit]

Navarro Mills Lake and Dam

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Navarro County, Texas[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 13,800 72.16% 5,101 26.67% 222 1.16%
2016 11,994 72.99% 4,002 24.35% 437 2.66%
2012 10,847 70.60% 4,350 28.31% 167 1.09%
2008 10,810 66.23% 5,400 33.09% 111 0.68%
2004 10,715 66.83% 5,259 32.80% 60 0.37%
2000 8,358 60.17% 5,366 38.63% 166 1.20%
1996 5,236 41.88% 6,078 48.62% 1,188 9.50%
1992 4,897 33.27% 6,006 40.80% 3,818 25.94%
1988 6,445 48.71% 6,749 51.01% 38 0.29%
1984 7,816 57.86% 5,672 41.99% 21 0.16%
1980 5,400 42.89% 6,988 55.50% 203 1.61%
1976 4,012 36.25% 6,995 63.20% 61 0.55%
1972 6,039 64.91% 3,246 34.89% 18 0.19%
1968 2,845 27.39% 5,296 50.98% 2,247 21.63%
1964 2,139 23.89% 6,811 76.08% 3 0.03%
1960 3,361 37.76% 5,540 62.24% 0 0.00%
1956 3,193 40.26% 4,723 59.55% 15 0.19%
1952 3,592 29.10% 8,745 70.84% 8 0.06%
1948 1,188 18.29% 4,679 72.05% 627 9.66%
1944 449 6.07% 6,298 85.10% 654 8.84%
1940 721 8.57% 7,683 91.30% 11 0.13%
1936 293 4.79% 5,815 95.02% 12 0.20%
1932 512 7.40% 6,392 92.44% 11 0.16%
1928 3,341 47.80% 3,648 52.20% 0 0.00%
1924 996 13.31% 6,409 85.66% 77 1.03%
1920 821 15.87% 3,328 64.35% 1,023 19.78%
1916 294 7.49% 3,527 89.81% 106 2.70%
1912 165 5.41% 2,589 84.94% 294 9.65%


Government[edit]

Navarro County, like all Texas counties, is governed by a Commissioners Court, which consists of the county judge, who is elected county-wide and presides over the full court, and four commissioners, who are elected in each of the county's four precincts

County commissioners[edit]

  County Judge H.M. Davenport, Jr. Republican
  County Commissioner, Precinct 1 Jason Grant Republican
  County Commissioner, Precinct 2 Eddie Perry Republican
  County Commissioner, Precinct 3 Eddie Moore Republican
  County Commissioner, Precinct 4 James Olsen Republican

County officials[edit]

Office Name[citation needed] Party
  County Clerk Sherry Dowd Republican
  Criminal District Attorney Will Thompson Republican
  District Clerk Joshua B. Tackett Republican
  Sheriff Elmer Tanner Republican
  Tax Assessor-Collector Mike Dowd Republican

Constables[edit]

Office Name[citation needed] Party
  Constable, Precinct 1 Mike Davis Republican
  Constable, Precinct 2 Raychaun Ballard Republican
  Constable, Precinct 3 Bobby Rachel Republican
  Constable, Precinct 4 Kipp Thomas Republican

Justices of the Peace[edit]

Office Name[citation needed] Party
  Justice, Precinct 1 Greta Jordan Republican
  Justice, Precinct 2 Darrell Waller Republican
  Justice, Precinct 3 Jackie Freeland Republican
  Justice, Precinct 4 Connie Hickman Republican

Community College Board of Trustees[edit]

Office Name[citation needed] Party
  Trustee, Precinct 1 Phil Judson Republican
  Trustee, Precinct 2 Faith Holt Democrat
  Trustee, Precinct 3 Loran Seely Republican
  Trustee, Precinct 4 Richard Aldama Republican
  Trustee, At-Large Billy Todd McGraw Republican
  Trustee, At-Large A.L. Atkeisson Republican
  Trustee, At-Large K.C. Wyatt Republican

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Texas Almanac Pronunciation Guide" (PDF). Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
  2. ^ "Navarro County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company. 1893. p. 112. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  5. ^ Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, Navarro County Courthouse, Corsicana, Texas
  6. ^ Little, Carol Morris, A Comprehensive Guide to Outdoor Sculpture in Texas, University of Texas Press, Austin, 1996 p.1410
  7. ^ WILLIAM, HUNT, JEFFREY (June 12, 2010). "FOURTH TEXAS INFANTRY". tshaonline.org. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  8. ^ Texas Historical Commission, Navarro Rifles historical marker, Navarro College, Corsicana, Texas
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  11. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  12. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Navarro County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Navarro County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 28, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°03′N 96°28′W / 32.05°N 96.47°W / 32.05; -96.47