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Navel piercing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Navel piercing
NicknamesBelly button piercing, belly piercing
JewelryBarbell, captive bead ring
Healing6–12+ months

A navel piercing (also referred to as a belly button piercing) is a type of piercing that penetrates the skin of the navel. It is most commonly located on the upper fold of skin but can also be affected underneath or around the edges of the navel. Healing usually takes around 6–12 months but varies person-to-person due to differences in physiology.[1]

History and culture[edit]

A screenshot of Alicia Silverstone's character getting a navel piercing in the music video for Aerosmith's "Cryin'"

The history of navel piercing has been misrepresented, as many of the myths promulgated by Doug Malloy in the pamphlet Body & Genital Piercing in Brief continue to be reprinted.[2][3] For instance, according to Malloy's colleague Jim Ward, Malloy alleged that navel piercing was popular among ancient Egyptian aristocrats and was depicted in Egyptian statuary,[3] an allegation that is widely repeated.[4][5] In spite of its currency, other sources deny that the historical record supports the allegation.[6]

The navel piercing is one of the most prevalent body piercings today.[7] Pop culture has played a large role in the promotion of this piercing. The navel piercing first hit the mainstream when model Christy Turlington revealed her navel piercing at a fashion show in London in 1993.[8]The popularization of the piercing, however, is accredited to the 1993 Aerosmith music video for their song "Cryin'", wherein Alicia Silverstone has her navel pierced by body piercer Paul King.[9]

According to a 2005 survey of 10,503 people in England, the navel was the top body piercing site at 33% of people.[10]

As of 2023, celebrities Dua Lipa, Megan Thee Stallion, Vanessa Hudgens, Miley Cyrus, Britney Spears, and Normani continue to wear their piercings.[11] During the late 1990s and early 2000s, navel jewelry was a popular trend amongst celebrities including Britney Spears and Beyoncé, and while navel jewelry declined into the 2010s, celebrities including Addison Rae, Doja Cat, and Billie Eilish have continued to popularize the piercing in the 2020s.[12]


A simple barbell
Clip-on belly jewelry

The jewelry used in navel piercing is commonly called "belly rings". Belly rings are a midriff-revealing version of earrings.

Many new designs, such as the ancient Bali jewelry designs, have been added to modern navel cultures. Curved barbells remain the most commonly used jewelry, but captive bead rings, and other rings are popular as well, but due to the amount of movement in this area and the common complication of swelling, they are not recommended. The world's first huggy was designed and patented by TummyToys belly rings.[13][14] Vogue published an article in 2015 about the circular captive bead belly rings and TummyToys snap lock clasps becoming the latest trend for navel piercings.[15] Most kinds of ring or bar jewelry can be worn in a navel piercing. Navels are most often pierced with a 14g curved barbell, which is recommended to be worn until the piercing has completely healed, the healing time is typically anywhere between 6–12 months. A wide variety of embellished jewelry is available for navels – simple curved barbells, captives, TummyToys huggies, flexible PTFE and deluxe long length styles with dangling pendants. Currently, real diamond and solid gold belly rings are also available in a wide range of styles. Most kinds of ring or bar jewelry can be worn in a navel piercing, both for top and bottom piercings.[citation needed]

There has been a special standard established for navel barbells (also called "bananabells" or "bananabars", a reference to their curved shape). The standard barbell is 1.6 mm (116 in) thick and 9.5 mm (38 in) or 11 mm (716 in) long and is most commonly referred to as a 14-gauge post. The silver caps on the barbell post usually measure 5 mm (316 inch) in diameter for the upper and 8 mm (516 inch) in diameter for the lower.[citation needed]

Although navel bananabells are different from full rings, such as captive bead rings, which can also be worn in navel piercings, online body jewelry retailers and wholesalers tend to refer to these barbells as "belly rings".[citation needed]

A new version of navel jewelry is on the market for those without pierced navels, which is based on the idea of clip-on earrings.[citation needed]


Navel piercings can be one of the slowest piercings to heal, with sources reporting a range of six months to two full years.[16]

Navel piercings carry several risks, including:

  • Infection: A new piercing may take up to 6–12 months before it can be taken out, during which time sweat, bacteria, and friction may lead to infection. A piercer cannot properly tell you whether a piercing is infected, but can give advice and recommend medical advice when needed. Infected navel piercings can result in sepsis and possibly death.
  • Scarring: Skin tissue rarely heals to match the surrounding tissue. It heals in varying thickness, and size. It is likely that any piercing worn for a significant time (months to years) will leave a scar if removed.
  • Rejection: Rejection is when the body pushes out a piercing in order for the wound to properly heal. This can happen even if the wearer takes very good care of the navel piercing. There is no way to stop rejection, as it is just the body's natural healing process. It can be prevented, though, by maintaining proper aftercare, preventing it from getting pulled at or tugged on, and being pierced in the correct spot by a reputable piercer. If rejection occurs, the jewelry should be removed as soon as feasible to minimize the scarring.
  • Migration: Migration can happen many ways, and for many different reasons. It may be that the amount of movement in the area pushed the piercing to a spot where it would be easier to heal, trauma from pulling or tugging on the piercing could have added excess scar tissue, or it was improperly pierced, making the body push it to a more comfortable spot. [17]
  • Death: An estimated 9 women have died in the United States between 2006 and 2019 from infections caused by navel piercing, according to the Office of National Statistics Records.[medical citation needed]


  1. ^ "Can I go swimming after a piercing?". National Health Service. June 4, 2015. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  2. ^ Angebring itl, Elayne (2009). The Piercing Bible: The Definitive Guide to Safe Body Piercing. The Crossing Press. ISBN 978-1-58091-193-1.
  3. ^ a b Ward, Jim (January 23, 2004). "Who was Doug Malloy". BMEzine. Archived from the original on May 22, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  4. ^ (Miller 2004, p. 7)
  5. ^ Vale, V.; Andrea Juno (1989). Modern Primitives: an Investigation of Contemporary Adornment & Ritual. Re/Search Publications. ISBN 0-940642-14-X.
  6. ^ "Navel piercing. Unlike the other body piercings, this one has not been recorded in history." (Parents 2007, p. 151)
  7. ^ Marc Oxoby (2003). The 1990s American popular culture through history. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 117. ISBN 0-313-31615-5. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
  8. ^ "Navel-Gazing: Britney Spears, Belly Buttons, and Me". Vanity Fair. August 19, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2024.
  9. ^ "Aerosmith - BME Encyclopedia". BMEzine. Archived from the original on February 10, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2012.
  10. ^ (Bone et al. 2008, pp. 1426–1428)
  11. ^ "Belly-Button Piercings Are Back — and These Celebrities Are Proof". May 17, 2022.
  12. ^ Kim, Irene (March 11, 2024). "Pop Stars Are Bringing Back the Beloved '90s Belly Button Piercing in 2024". Vogue. Retrieved March 16, 2024.
  13. ^ "Our Story". TummyToys. Archived from the original on October 3, 2022.
  14. ^ "Piercing Trend". Retrieved October 21, 2023.
  15. ^ Satenstein, Liana (September 1, 2015). "Is the '90s Belly Button Ring Making a Comeback?". Vogue. Archived from the original on April 23, 2022. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  16. ^ (Miller 2004, p. 106)
  17. ^ Meltzer, Donna I. (November 15, 2005). "Complications of Body Piercing". American Family Physician. 72 (10): 2029–2034. PMID 16342832.


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