Navi Mumbai International Airport

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Navi Mumbai International Airport
NMIAirport Logo.png
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner
OperatorNavi Mumbai International Airport Limited (NMIAL)
ServesNavi Mumbai, Mumbai
LocationUlwe, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Coordinates18°59′40″N 073°04′13″E / 18.99444°N 73.07028°E / 18.99444; 73.07028Coordinates: 18°59′40″N 073°04′13″E / 18.99444°N 73.07028°E / 18.99444; 73.07028
Map
Location within Mumbai
Navi Mumbai (Maharashtra)
Navi Mumbai (India)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08L/26R 3,810 12,500 Asphalt
08R/26L 3,810 12,500 Asphalt
Sources: City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO)[2]
Navi Mumbai International Airport NMIA film 2017 - Navi Mumbai

Navi Mumbai International Airport (NMIA) is an under construction greenfield international airport being built at Ulwe Kopar-Panvel in Maharashtra, India. It will be the second international airport for the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, functioning alongside Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (CSIA) as India's first urban multi-airport system.[3]

The first phase of the airport will be able to handle 20 million passengers per annum.[4] It will be expanded to its final capacity to handle more than 90 million passengers per annum. Texas-based Jacobs Engineering Group will chart the final masterplan for the airport,[5] while the airport passenger terminal and air traffic control (ATC) tower will be designed by London-based Zaha Hadid Architects.[6]

The 160 billion (US$2.2 billion) (Rs 16,700 crore) project is being executed by Navi Mumbai International Airport Limited (NMIAL), a special purpose entity formed by the GVK group and City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) which will hold 74 percent and 26 percent equity shares of NMIAL respectively.[7] CIDCO is the nodal government agency for the project which will be built through a public–private partnership (PPP) on a design, build, finance, operate and transfer (DBFOT) basis.

The airport covers an area of 1,160 hectares (4.5 sq mi).[7]

The Navi Mumbai International Airport is expected to be operational in 2023.[4]

History[edit]

The project was first conceived in November 1997 when the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) constituted a committee to examine various sites for a second airport for Mumbai. The committee recommended a site at Mandwa–Rewas in June 2000, since the proposed airport was to have a single runway. That September, CIDCO revised the original proposal to provide for a pair of parallel runways and submitted its feasibility report to the MoCA. AAI's sub-committee found the Navi Mumbai site technically and operationally feasible, and suggested that CIDCO carry out a detailed Techno Economic Feasibility Study (TEFS) of the project. The TEFS was submitted in 2001 following which the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) conducted a simulation study which confirmed that simultaneous operation of two airports was possible with appropriate procedures in place. In February 2007, CIDCO submitted a Project Feasibility and Business Plan Report to the MoCA, and the project received in-principle approval from the Union Cabinet in July.

In July 2008, the Government of Maharashtra granted approval for development of the project on a PPP basis and appointed CIDCO as the nodal agency for its implementation. The project received defence clearance by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) by the end of 2010. The site had several environmental problems in dealing with mangroves and rain/storm water drains in Panvel. There is an NGO fighting government agencies regarding Panvel.[clarification needed] The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) gave its clearance for the Navi Mumbai international airport on 14 May 2008.[8] The environmental ministry finally cleared the project on 23 November 2010.[9]

CIDCO invited global tenders for requests for qualification (RFQ) on 5 February 2014. The agency received nine bids and shortlisted four bidders, including GMR Group, the GVK-led MIAL, Hiranandani Developers, Zurich Airport and Mia Infrastructure with Tata Realty and Infrastructure. It submitted their RFQs to the project management committee (PMC) for scrutiny. The PMC will then submit its report to the Maharashtra Chief Minister who must approve the project, before it receives final approval from the Ministry of Civil Aviation.[10] GVK was the only bidder in the final two rounds of bidding, causing CIDCO to extend the deadline for the tender twice. Subsequently, the GMR Group submitted a bid.[11] On 13 February 2017, GVK-led MIAL was announced as the winning bidder.[12][13] GVK offered CIDCO a 12.6% share in revenue compared to the 10.44% offered by the GMR Group.[14]

The Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change provided clearance to carry out pre-development work for the airport in April 2017. However, work could not begin until 14 June 2017 due to opposition from local villagers. Pre-development work includes flattening the Ulwe hill, reclaiming marsh land, diverting the Ulwe river outside the airport boundary and widening the channel to 60 metres, and shifting power transmission lines. It is expected to take two years to complete.[15][16][4] CIDCO will raise the level of the land by 5.5 metres.[4] Work was stalled again from 12 October due to protests from local villagers,[17] but resumed on 28 October 2017 after CIDCO reached an agreement with the protestors.[18]

Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the foundation plaque at the ground breaking ceremony for the Navi Mumbai International airport in Mumbai on 18 February 2018.[19] The GVK led Navi Mumbai International Airport (P) Limited (NMIAL), appointed Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) in March 2018 to design the Navi Mumbai International Airport’s Terminal 1 and ATC Tower. The London-based ZHA was selected on completion of a 12 week fast track design competition amongst the international architecture firms that were shortlisted by GVK.[20] CIDCO floated a tender to select the engineering, procurement, and construction contractor for the project in August 2018.[4]

CIDCO had appointed Pune based Central Water and Power Research Station (CWPRS) in 2011 to study the hydrological impact of the airport on the surrounding waterbodies.[21] The CWPRS conducted hydrological and Mathematical Model studies of the Ulwe river catchment area and had recommended cutting a channel to divert the Ulwe river into the Moha creek.[22] CIDCO completed pre-development work on the Ulwe river diversion by June 2019.[23]

In September 2019, GVK awarded a contract for construction of the airport to L&T Engineering and Construction.[24]

Facilities[edit]

Structure[edit]

The airport will have an apron area of 67,000 m2 (720,000 sq ft) and 17,000 m2 (180,000 sq ft) for parking of ten code c aircraft.[25]

Runways[edit]

The airport will have two runways [25]:

  • Runway 08L/26R: 3,700 by 60 metres (12,140 ft × 200 ft)
  • Runway 08R/26L:

3,700 by 60 metres (12,140 ft × 200 ft)

Terminal[edit]

The terminal building will be spread over 523,000 m2 (5,630,000 sq ft) capable of handling 60 million passengers per annum (MPPA).The terminal will have 78 contact airport position and 29 remote aircraft position. The terminal will have more than 350 check in counters.[25]

The airport will also have a low cost carrier terminal capable of handling 2 million passengers per annum in the first phase.[25]

Cargo Terminal[edit]

The domestic cargo terminal will be spread over 33,000 m2 (360,000 sq ft) and international cargo terminal will be spread over 23,700 m2 (255,000 sq ft).[25]

Other Facilities[edit]

The airport will have 151,000 m2 (1,630,000 sq ft) fuel farm.[25] The airport will have three aircraft hangers.

Airport plans[edit]

The coastal land required is about 2,900 ha (7,200 acres) with 1,320 ha (3,300 acres) for the core airport activity and another 245 ha (610 acres) on Waghivali Island to be developed as Mangrove Park and will have two parallel runways each 3,700 m (12,139 ft) long.[2] It is to be located on National Highway 4B near Panvel, about 35 km (22 mi) from the existing Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport.

The airport will have a terminal area of 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft) and a cargo area of 100,000 m2 (1,100,000 sq ft) and handle 50–55 million passengers annually.[26] The site of airport is located in an area of 9.5 km2 (3.7 sq mi)

The original estimated cost of the project was 47.66 billion (US$670 million). This has since quadrupled to 160 billion (US$2.2 billion).[6] CIDCO's RFQ in 2014 estimated total project cost for the development of phase 1 and 2 of NMIA to be 95 billion (US$1.3 billion). The cost of pre-development work was estimated at 23.58 billion (US$330 million), which including 15.38 billion (US$220 million) of land development for airport and 8 billion (US$110 million) for other works. [27]

The project required the relocation of 2,786 households located across 10 villages—Chinchpada, Kopar, Kolhi, Ulwe, Upper Owale, Waghivalivada, Vaghivali, Ganeshpuri, Targhar, and Kombadbhuje. Most of the residents affected by the project are fishermen, farmers, or work odd jobs. CIDCO compensated land owners paying 1,500 (US$21) per sq ft of the land, rent for 18 months, and a developed plot of land of a size equal to triple the roof area with 1.5 FSI in the Pushpaknagar node. CIDCO extended the deadline for all residents to vacate their houses to 30 November 2018, and again to 15 January 2019.[28] [29]

The airport was expected to open in 2019. The deadline was extended by Devendra Fadnavis the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, due to multiple delays in obtaining clearances for the commencement of the construction work.[30] Civil Aviation Secretary R.N. Choubey stated in September 2018 that the first flight from Navi Mumbai International Airport was expected to begin operating by September 2021.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chowdhury, Anirban (19 February 2019). "Three in race to pick stake in GVK's airport holding company". The Economic Times. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Navi Mumbai International Airport" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  3. ^ "Navi Mumbai airport gets final go-ahead". The Times of India. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e Phadnis, Aneesh (7 June 2019). "L&T set to construct Navi Mumbai airport, likely to finish by mid-2020". Business Standard India. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  5. ^ "GVK looks to raise capacity at Navi Mumbai International Airport". The Economic Times. 6 August 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  6. ^ a b "GVK appoints Zaha Hadid Architects to design Navi Mumbai International Airport". Daily News & Analysis. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  7. ^ a b "GVK signs concession agreement with CIDCO for SPV for NMIA". The Times of India. 8 January 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Navi Mumbai Airport Gets MoEF Green Signal". The Financial Express. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  9. ^ "Second Mumbai airport takes off". The Indian Express. 22 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  10. ^ http://www.asianage.com/mumbai/cidco-finalise-bidder-airport-only-april-2016-526
  11. ^ "GVK Finally Gets The Contract To Build Navi Mumbai Airport". Bloomberg Quint. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  12. ^ "GVK pips GMR to bag Rs 16k crore Navi Mumbai airport bid; shares lose ahead of the win". The Financial Express. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  13. ^ "GVK wins bid for Rs 16,000 crore Navi Mumbai airport project". Deccan Chronicle. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  14. ^ Phadnis, Sanjay Jog & Aneesh (13 February 2017). "GVK wins Navi Mumbai airport bid, edges out GMR Group". Business Standard India. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  15. ^ Phadnis, Aneesh (16 June 2017). "Navi Mumbai airport groundwork begins". Business Standard India. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  16. ^ "Groundwork at Navi Mumbai airport site begins". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  17. ^ Assainar, Raina (13 October 2017). "Villagers stall Navi Mumbai airport work". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  18. ^ Assainar, Raina (28 October 2017). "Villagers say yes, Navi Mumbai airport work to resume". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  19. ^ Desk, The Hindu Net (18 February 2018). "Modi lays foundation stone for Navi Mumbai airport". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  20. ^ "GVK appoints Zaha Hadid Architects to design Navi Mumbai International Airport". @businessline. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  21. ^ "Prepare master plan for surface drainage system at Navi Mumbai International Airport: CIDCO". The Indian Express. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  22. ^ "Mathematical Model Studies for the modified layout of proposed International Airport at Panvel" (PDF). Central Water and Power Research Station. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  23. ^ "Navi Mumbai airport: CIDCO finishes Ulwe river diversion". The Hindu. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  24. ^ "L&T Construction bags order for Navi Mumbai International Airport". Mint. 3 September 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  25. ^ a b c d e f "Navi Mumbai International Airport facilities". Airport Technology. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  26. ^ "Work on Navi Mumbai airport may start next year". The Hindu Business Line. 19 December 2006. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  27. ^ "CIDCO floats global tender for Navi Mumbai airport project". The Financial Express. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  28. ^ Assainar, Raina (19 December 2018). "CIDCO again extends deadline for PAPs to vacate homes". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  29. ^ "Navi Mumbai airport construction: Affected residents worried about source of income, await CIDCO plots". The Indian Express. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  30. ^ "Navi Mumbai International Airport to be fully functional by 2019, Maharashtra governor tells Assembly". Firstpost. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  31. ^ "First flight from Navi Mumbai airport likely in three years: Civil Aviation Secretary". The Economic Times. 4 September 2018. Retrieved 9 January 2019.

External links[edit]