Navi Mumbai International Airport

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Navi Mumbai International Airport
नवी मुंबई आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ
Navī Mumbaī Āntararāshṭrīya Vimānataḷa
NMIAirport Logo.png
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner CIDCO
Operator Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL)
Serves Navi Mumbai
Location Navi Mumbai, Raigad, Maharashtra, India
Coordinates 18°59′40″N 073°04′13″E / 18.99444°N 73.07028°E / 18.99444; 73.07028Coordinates: 18°59′40″N 073°04′13″E / 18.99444°N 73.07028°E / 18.99444; 73.07028
Map
Navi Mumbai Airport is located in Mumbai
Navi Mumbai Airport
Navi Mumbai Airport
Location within Mumbai
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08L/26R 3,810 12,500 Asphalt
08R/26L 3,810 12,500 Asphalt
Sources: City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO)[1]

Navi Mumbai International Airport is an under construction greenfield international airport being built at Kopar-Panvel in Maharashtra, India. It is being developed as the second international airport for the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. It will function alongside the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA) and will make up India's first urban multi-airport system.[2] The Rs. 16,000 crore project will be executed by Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL), which won the contract in February 2017.[3] MIAL is a Joint Venture between the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and the GVK Industries Ltd led consortium.[4] City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) is the nodal government agency for the project which will be built through public–private partnership (PPP) on a 'design, build, finance, operate and transfer' (DBFOT) basis. MIAL will hold 74% equity in the airport with the AAI and CIDCO each holding 13%.

The airport project, aimed at easing air traffic congestion at CSIA, has been delayed due to property disputes.[5] The airport covers an area of 2,320 hectares (9.0 sq mi) negotiated between the government and the project affected people (PAP) from five villages. On 13th February 2017 GVK won the bid to build and operate the airport. With the pre-development work having been started by CIDCO, the full-fledged construction is slated to be started by the end of 2017 and the airport is expected to start commercial operation by 2020.

History[edit]

The project was first conceived in November 1997 when the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) constituted a Committee to examine the various sites for a second airport for Mumbai. The committee recommended a site at Mandwa-Rewas in June 2000, since the proposed airport was to have a single runway.

In September that year, CIDCO revised the original proposal to provide for a pair of parallel runways and submitted its feasibility report to the MoCA. AAI's sub-committee that examined the Navi Mumbai site found it technically and operationally feasible and suggested that CIDCO carry out a detailed Techno- Economic Feasibility Study (TEFS) of the project. The TEFS was submitted in 2001 following which the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) conducted a Simulation Study which confirmed that simultaneous operation of two airports was possible with appropriate procedures in place. In February 2007, CIDCO submitted Project Feasibility and Business Plan Report to the MoCA and the project received in-principle approval from the Union Cabinet in July.

In July 2008, the Government of Maharashtra granted approval for development of the project on PPP basis and appointed CIDCO as the nodal agency for its implementation. The project received Defence clearance by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) by the end of 2010. The site had several environmental problems in dealing with mangroves and rain/storm water drains in Panvel. There is an NGO fighting government agencies regarding Panvel. The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) gave its clearance for the Navi Mumbai international airport on 14 May 2008.[6] The environmental ministry finally cleared the project on 23 November 2010.[7]

Cidco invited global tenders for requests for qualification (RFQ) on 5 February 2014. The agency received 9 bids and shortlisted 4 bidders, including GMR Group, the GVK-led MIAL, Hiranandani Developers, Zurich Airport and Mia Infrastructure with Tata Realty and Infrastructure. It submitted their RFQs to the project management committee (PMC) for scrutiny. The PMC will the submit its report to the Maharashtra Chief Minister who must approve the project, before it receives final approval from the Ministry of Civil Aviation.[8] GVK was the only bidder in the final two rounds of bidding, causing CIDCO to extend the deadline for the tender twice. Subsequently, the GMR Group submitted a bid.[9] On 13 February 2017, GVK-led MIAL was announced as the winning bidder.[10][11] GVK offered CIDCO a 12.6% share in revenue compared to the 10.44% offered by the GMR Group.[12]

Construction has not yet begun as CIDCO requires stage II forest clearance from the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.[13]

Airport plans[edit]

The coastal land required is about 2,900 ha (7,200 acres) with 1,320 ha (3,300 acres) for the core airport activity and another 245 ha (610 acres) on Waghivali Island to be developed as Mangrove Park and will have two parallel runways each 3,800 m (12,467 ft) long.[1] It is to be located on National Highway 4B near Panvel, about 35 km (22 mi) from the existing Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.

The airport will have a terminal area of 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft) and a cargo area of 100,000 m2 (1,100,000 sq ft) and handle 50–55 million passengers annually.[14] The site of airport is located in an area of 9.5 km2 (3.7 sq mi)

The new airport will cater to 35 million passengers by 2020, 55 million by 2025, and 90 million by 2030, according to CIDCO.[15]

Runways[edit]

The airport is to have two parallel runways, 12,500 ft × 60 ft (3,810 m × 18 m) and spaced 1,550 m (5,090 ft) apart (ICAO minimum requirement is 1,090 m (3,580 ft)) with provision of full length taxi ways on either side of the runways. The runways will be connected to the apron by taxiways with the approach road to the terminal passing underneath. The code 4-F airport will be able to host new-generation aircraft like the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8.

Cost[edit]

CIDCO's RFQ states that the estimated total project cost for the development of phase 1 and 2 of NMIA will be 9,500 crore (US$1.5 billion). The cost of pre-development work is estimated at 2,358 crore (US$370 million), which includes 1,538 crore (US$240 million) of land development for airport and 800 crore (US$120 million) for other works. [16]

Connectivity[edit]

National Highway 4B will provide the main road access to the airport from the east, whereas the Aamra Marg will allow access from the west. The planned Sewri-Nhava Sheva Trans Harbour Link will connect the airport with Mumbai. The new airport will have a 10-lane approach road to its terminal building flanked by its two runways.

Work[edit]

The airport is expected to open in 2019. The deadline was extended by Mr. Devendra Fadnavis the CM of Maharashtra.[17]

Objections to the location[edit]

Objections were raised by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests on the current proposed location of the Navi Mumbai International Airport near the Kopra Panvel area, apparently because the construction of the airport would involve reclamation of low-lying areas in an ecologically fragile zone as well as destruction of several hectares of mangroves. There are serious environmental issues. Its construction would damage mangrove cultivation in the 20.4 square kilometres (5,000 acres), besides the diversion of Gadhi and Ulwe rivers, which according to the Union Environment and Forests Ministry is a very serious issue considering the destruction Mumbai faced during the 26 July 2005 floods. As a result of these new developments other locations were considered.

First option of locating near Rewas Mandwa[edit]

The proposed airport site is centred on the region of Rewas and Mandwa near Alibag, where the original proposal of a second international airport existed on all regional development plans, and the location was commented to be the most fit and correct, barring the excessive financial cost involved in building a sea-link/creek bridge over the Karanja Creek connecting UranJawaharlal Nehru Port area to the proposed airport at Rewas Mandwa. It is only at a distance of 20 nautical miles (37 km; 23 mi) by sea makes it a viable location.

Second option of locating near Kalyan – Nevali[edit]

T Kalyan Airstrip, an old and abandoned airstrip of the Second World War era off village Newali near Kalyan-Ambarnath 55 km (34 mi) away from the current airport in Mumbai. The Union Defence Ministry owns the 1,500 acres (610 ha) of land on which it is located. The proposal was centred on those 1,500 acres (610 ha) of land.

Both options were later ruled out and the site was finalised at Ulwe.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Navi Mumbai International Airport
  2. ^ "Navi Mumbai airport gets final go-ahead". The Times of India. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "GVK pips GMR to bag Rs 16k crore Navi Mumbai airport bid; shares lose ahead of the win". The Financial Express. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "MIAL". APAO India. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Navi Mumbai airport project hits compensation hurdles". The Economic Times. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Navi Mumbai Airport Gets MoEF Green Signal". The Financial Express. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  7. ^ "Second Mumbai airport takes off". The Indian Express. 22 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010. 
  8. ^ http://www.asianage.com/mumbai/cidco-finalise-bidder-airport-only-april-2016-526
  9. ^ "GVK Finally Gets The Contract To Build Navi Mumbai Airport". Bloomberg Quint. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "GVK pips GMR to bag Rs 16k crore Navi Mumbai airport bid; shares lose ahead of the win". The Financial Express. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "GVK wins bid for Rs 16,000 crore Navi Mumbai airport project". Deccan Chronicle. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  12. ^ Phadnis, Sanjay Jog & Aneesh (13 February 2017). "GVK wins Navi Mumbai airport bid, edges out GMR Group". Business Standard India. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "Two months on, Navi Mumbai airport work still at standstill - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 13 April 2017. 
  14. ^ "Work on Navi Mumbai airport may start next year". The Hindu Business Line. 19 December 2006. Retrieved 2010-12-02. 
  15. ^ Panel likely to allow Navi Mumbai airport to invite global bids
  16. ^ "CIDCO floats global tender for Navi Mumbai airport project". The Financial Express. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  17. ^ "Navi Mumbai International Airport to be fully functional by 2019, Maharashtra governor tells Assembly". Firstpost. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016. 

External links[edit]