Navi Mumbai International Airport
Navi Mumbai International Airport
|Operator||Navi Mumbai International Airport Limited (NMIAL)|
|Location||Ulwe, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
Sources: City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO)
Navi Mumbai International Airport (NMIA) is an under construction greenfield international airport being built at Ulwe Kopar-Panvel in Maharashtra, India. It will be the second international airport for the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, functioning alongside Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (CSIA) as India's first urban multi-airport system. The first phase of the airport will be able to handle 10 million passengers per annum. The airport will be expanded to full capacity and will be equipped to handle more than 60 million passengers per annum. The airport passenger terminal and Air Traffic Control (ATC) Tower is designed by London-based Zaha Hadid Architects.
The 160 billion-rupee project is being executed by Navi Mumbai International Airport Limited (NMIAL), a Special Purpose Entity formed by the GVK group and City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) which will hold 74 percent and 26 percent equity shares of NMIAL respectively. CIDCO is the nodal government agency for the project which will be built through public–private partnership (PPP) on a design, build, finance, operate and transfer' (DBFOT) basis. The airport covers an area of 1,160 hectares (4.5 sq mi).
The project was first conceived in November 1997 when the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) constituted a Committee to examine the various sites for a second airport for Mumbai. The committee recommended a site at Mandwa-Rewas in June 2000, since the proposed airport was to have a single runway. In September that year, CIDCO revised the original proposal to provide for a pair of parallel runways and submitted its feasibility report to the MoCA. AAI's sub-committee that examined the Navi Mumbai site found it technically and operationally feasible and suggested that CIDCO carry out a detailed Techno- Economic Feasibility Study (TEFS) of the project. The TEFS was submitted in 2001 following which the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) conducted a Simulation Study which confirmed that simultaneous operation of two airports was possible with appropriate procedures in place. In February 2007, CIDCO submitted Project Feasibility and Business Plan Report to the MoCA and the project received in-principle approval from the Union Cabinet in July.
In July 2008, the Government of Maharashtra granted approval for development of the project on PPP basis and appointed CIDCO as the nodal agency for its implementation. The project received Defence clearance by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) by the end of 2010. The site had several environmental problems in dealing with mangroves and rain/storm water drains in Panvel. There is an NGO fighting government agencies regarding Panvel. The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) gave its clearance for the Navi Mumbai international airport on 14 May 2008. The environmental ministry finally cleared the project on 23 November 2010.
Cidco invited global tenders for requests for qualification (RFQ) on 5 February 2014. The agency received 9 bids and shortlisted 4 bidders, including GMR Group, the GVK-led MIAL, Hiranandani Developers, Zurich Airport and Mia Infrastructure with Tata Realty and Infrastructure. It submitted their RFQs to the project management committee (PMC) for scrutiny. The PMC will then submit its report to the Maharashtra Chief Minister who must approve the project, before it receives final approval from the Ministry of Civil Aviation. GVK was the only bidder in the final two rounds of bidding, causing CIDCO to extend the deadline for the tender twice. Subsequently, the GMR Group submitted a bid. On 13 February 2017, GVK-led MIAL was announced as the winning bidder. GVK offered CIDCO a 12.6% share in revenue compared to the 10.44% offered by the GMR Group.
The Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change provided clearance to carry out pre-development work for the airport in April 2017. However, work could not begin until 14 June 2017 due to opposition from local villagers. Pre-development work includes flattening the Ulwe hill, reclaiming marsh land, diverting the Ulwe river, and shifting power transmission lines. It is expected to take 2 years to complete. Work was stalled again from 12 October due to protests from local villagers, but resumed on 28 October 2017 after CIDCO reached an agreement with the protestors.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the foundation plaque at the ground breaking ceremony for the Navi Mumbai International airport in Mumbai on 18 February 2018.
The GVK led Navi Mumbai International Airport (P) Limited (NMIAL), has appointed Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA), a globally renowned firm, to design the Navi Mumbai International Airport’s Terminal 1 and ATC Tower. The London-based ZHA was selected on completion of a challenging and intensive 12 week fast track design competition amongst the best international architecture firms that were shortlisted by GVK.
The coastal land required is about 2,900 ha (7,200 acres) with 1,320 ha (3,300 acres) for the core airport activity and another 245 ha (610 acres) on Waghivali Island to be developed as Mangrove Park and will have two parallel runways each 3,800 m (12,467 ft) long. It is to be located on National Highway 4B near Panvel, about 35 km (22 mi) from the existing Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.
The airport will have a terminal area of 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft) and a cargo area of 100,000 m2 (1,100,000 sq ft) and handle 50–55 million passengers annually. The site of airport is located in an area of 9.5 km2 (3.7 sq mi)
The original estimated cost of the project was Rs 4,766 crore. This has since quadrupled to Rs16,000 Crore. CIDCO's RFQ in 2014 estimated total project cost for the development of phase 1 and 2 of NMIA to be ₹9,500 crore (US$1.3 billion). The cost of pre-development work was estimated at ₹2,358 crore (US$330 million), which including ₹1,538 crore (US$210 million) of land development for airport and ₹800 crore (US$110 million) for other works. 
The project required the relocation of 2,786 households located across 10 villages - Chinchpada, Kopar, Kolhi, Ulwe, Upper Owale, Waghivalivada, Vaghivali, Ganeshpuri, Targhar and Kombadbhuje. Most of the residents affected by the project are fishermen, farmers or work odd jobs. CIDCO compensated land owners paying ₹1,500 (US$21) per sq ft of the land, rent for 18 months, and a developed plot of land of a size equal to triple the roof area with 1.5 FSI in the Pushpaknagar node. CIDCO extended the deadline for all residents to vacate their houses to 30 November 2018, and again to 15 January 2019. 
The airport was expected to open in 2019. The deadline was extended by Devendra Fadnavis the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, due to multiple delays in obtaining clearances for the commencement of the construction work. Civil Aviation Secretary R.N. Choubey stated in September 2018 that the first flight from Navi Mumbai International Airport was expected to begin operating by September 2021.
Project Status Updates
- Dec 2018: Airport to be ready by March-2020 says Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadanvis.
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport
- Jawaharlal Nehru Port
- Mumbai Trans Harbour Link
- Vikhroli-Koparkhairane Link Road
- Jogeshwari–Vikhroli Link Road
- Sion Panvel Expressway
- Bandra Worli Sea Link
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- CIDCO and Navi Mumbai International Airport
- 2nd Airport for Navi Mumbai and how not to build it by Dorab Sopariwala
- Navi Mumbai airport: runway construction cleared