Navsari

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Navsari
Nahari
city
Eru Circle
Eru Circle
Navsari is located in Gujarat
Navsari
Navsari
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 20°57′N 72°56′E / 20.95°N 72.93°E / 20.95; 72.93Coordinates: 20°57′N 72°56′E / 20.95°N 72.93°E / 20.95; 72.93
Country India
State Gujarat
District Navsari
Elevation 9 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 171,109
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 396445
Telephone code 02637
Vehicle registration GJ-21

Navsari is a city municipality and the administrative headquarters Navsari District of Gujarat, India. Navsari is also the Twin City of Surat, and only 30 km south of Surat.In 2016, Navsari was the 25th "cleanest city of India" according to the Indian Ministry of Urban Development.

History[edit]

Navsari, one of the oldest cities of Gujarat, has a history of over 2000 years. According to the Greek historical writings, a celebrated Egyptian astronomer and geographer named Ptolemy mentioned Navsari's port in his book written about 150 A.D. The geographic location he showed as Narispa, is in fact, the Navsari of today.[2]

The origin of the name "Navsari" has a very fascinating history. In the past, the city of Navsari has been associated with many names such as Nag Vardhana, Nag Shahi, Nag Sarika, Nag Mandal, Nav Sarika and Nav Sareh. Some of the legends associated with the various names of Navsari are as follows: Shayashray Shiladitya, who ruled over Navsari in the seventh century named this city Nag Vardhaha in honour of his Guru Nag Vardhana. During the same period, the name changed to Nav Sarika as is evidenced by a recovered copper plate dated 669 A.D. The legend is that Shayashray Shiladttya presented a copper plate to a priest in his town. The copper plate read that Shiladitya, the ruler of "Nav Sarika," had bestowed a nearby village upon this priest of the Kashyapclan.[citation needed]

After subduing the rest of Gujarat, Umayyad conquerors were repulsed in the vicinity of Navsari in 120-21 AH/738-39 AD.[3]

Also see, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_conquests_in_the_Indian_subcontinent

Another recovered copper plate dated 821 A.D. implies that the city's name later changed into Nag Sarika. The copper plate indicates that a Rashtrakut king named Kark Suvarna Varsh gave "Nag Sarika" as a gift to his teacher named AparaJeet, a pupil of Sumati Maharishi, who in turn was a pupil of the famous Digambar Jain teacher Acharya Mallavadi. There is a popular legend behind the name "Nag Sarika." Fables suggest that there was a big pipal tree on the bank of a pond in the city. A huge cobra lived in a hollow of this tree. On this same tree, Sarika, a singing bird, had her nest. As they resided in the same place, both became friends. Every day Sarika entertained the cobra by singing her melodious tunes. The legend has it that due to this friendship between the Nag (cobra) and the Sarika (singing bird), the city's name became popular as Nag Sarika.[citation needed]

Another legend of the Nag talks about the origins of a different name for the city: Nag Shahi. Historically, a Nag (Black Cobra) temple was situated next to a talav (pond) in the city. People worshipped the Black Cobra for its power and Prowess. Although the pond (talav) does not exist anymore, the historical Nag Temple still exists in the area known as "Nag Talavdi". Hence the city came to be known as Nag Shahi, which means the power and prowess of the Black Cobra.[citation needed]

It is also said that there were total nine lakes and a pilgrimage to Jainism around a thousand years ago.[citation needed]

According to the Parsi tradition, in 1142 A.D., when they first came to Navsari, the city was named as Nag Mandal. The Parsis found the city's atmosphere similar to that of Sari region of Iran. In the Persian language, "now" means new and "Sari" refers to the region in Iran; hence the name Naoo Sari.[citation needed]

The fourteenth century marked the beginning of Muslim rule in Gujarat. Navsari came under the Muslim rule in the late sixteenth century when its name was changed to Nab Sareh. The anecdote is that according to the Muslim tradition, there were nine "Sarchs" of Muslims in the city and hence the name was derived as Nav (Nine) Sareh (Sarchs).[citation needed]

The above changes in names show that Navsari, like any other city, has passed through many vicissitudes in the matter of political reign. About fourteen hundred years ago, the kings of the Chalukya Dynasty governed the region of Navsari. Later, the Parsis, who migrated from Iran, virtually ruled this small town. The reign of the Parsis ended as the Muslim rulers took over. For the last one hundred years, until India's independence in 1947, Navsari was the property of the Gaekwads of Baroda.

Jamesetji Tata

Geography[edit]

Navsari is located at 20°57′N 72°56′E / 20.95°N 72.93°E / 20.95; 72.93. It has an average elevation of 9m (29') above sea level. The city is located in southern Gujarat and is situated near the Purna River, within a few kilometres of the river's delta, which is west of the city and empties into the Gulf of Khambhat.The weather in Navsari is sunny from September to May, and rainy from June to August. The average maximum and minimum temperatures are 40 °C (104 °F) and 18 °C (64 °F) respectively. The average annual rainfall is 122 cm (48 in).

Demographics[edit]

The city's first settlers were the Chalukyas, followed by the Rashtrakutas, and subsequent settlements by the Parsis.

According to the 2011 census,[1][4] Navsari had a population of 171,109. Males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Navsari had an average literacy rate of 88%, higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy was 92%, and female literacy was 84%. 10% of the population was under 6 years of age.

Gujarati is the main language spoken in Navsari. The other languages spoken are Hindi and Sindhi.

Etymology[edit]

According to the book Persian Inscriptions on Indian Monuments, Navsari has two meanings in the Persian language. Nav (nov) means new and sari means sarai or home or town. Sari is also the name of a city Sari, Iran.

According to the Parsi tradition, in 1142 A.D., when they first came to Navsari, the city was named Nag Mandal. The Parsis found the city's atmosphere similar to that of Sari region of Iran. In the Persian language, "now" means new and "Sari" refers to the region in Iran. Hence, the name Nao Sari came into being.

Landmarks[edit]

The Sayaji Vaibhav Public Library Navsari is an important public building in Navsari.

The Meherjirana library.

This is one of the oldest libraries in South Gujarat Region. It was established by the first Dastur (Parsi/Zoroastrian priest) Meherjirana, who was also born in Navsari. He was invited by Akbar in a religious programme organised by the Great Akbar. Leaders of all religious groups participated in it. Akbar asked to start a conversation and eventually asked to give information about their religion. All the religious leaders gave information about their religions and gradually tried to show their religions as great except Dastur Meherjirana. Afterwards, the leaders asked Akbar his opinion as to whose religion is great. Akbar was really impressed by Dastur Meherjirana, so he asked him. Meherjirana Dastur calmly replied, "All religions are equal in terms of strength and ideology and principle". Akbar was extremely impressed by his personality. He donated a piece of land to Dastur Meherjirana in Navsari, where today The Meherjirana Library stands. Akbar wrote on a scroll about the donation of land which is still preserved by the management of the library.

Dandi

The Dandi seashore is an important location from the point of view of India's Independence Movement. In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi started the "Dandi March" from Sabarmati Ashram up to the Dandi seashore to protest against a tax on salt by the colonial government.

Ajmalgadh

Though it is surrounded by high hills, this is a historical place. Zoroastrians/Parsis roamed in the forest and cave of Ajmalgadh to save and protect their sacred fire-cauldron for nearly 250–350 years. Recently, local administration constructed a pillar on the hill of Ajmalgadh describing the story. They also closed the cave which was used to protect the holy fire.

Transportation[edit]

The nearest domestic airport is at Surat Airport, 45 km northwest of Navsari, with the nearest international airports being Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport at Mumbai, 230 km.

Navsari also lies on the Mumbai-Delhi railway link, one of the busiest railway routes in India.

Navsari is well connected by NH 228 also known as Sabarmati-Dandi Highway. NH 48 also passes through the city. Navsari is only 30 km south of Surat.

Education[edit]

Navsari Agriculture University

Universities and colleges[edit]

  • Sorabji Burjorji Garda Arts College
  • B.P. Baria Science College[5]
  • Navsari Agricultural University
  • P.K. Patel Commerce College
  • Navsari Law College
  • Mahatma Gandhi Inst. of Technical Education and Research[6]
  • Vallabhbudhi Polytechnic, Navsari
  • Arts And Commerce College, Chovisi (Dist:Navsari)
  • Naranlala College of Professional and Applied Science
  • S.S. Agrawal College of Arts, Commerce and Management, Navsari
  • S.S. Agrawal College of Nursing Training College and Research Centre, Navsari
  • S.S. Agrawal Institute of Management and Technology, Navsari
  • S.S. Agrawal Homeyopathic Collage, Navsari
  • B.D. Gohil, Navsari.
  • GIDC Degree Engineering College, Abrama, Navsari

Dinshaw Daboo Law College

  • District Institute of Education and Training, Navsari - B. Ed. College

Schools[edit]

  • Tapovan SanskarDham Vidhyalaya
  • Bai Navajbai Tata Zoroastrian Girls School
  • The Vidyakunj High School
  • Seth P.H. Vidyalaya (Sanskarbharti)
  • Akhil Hind Mahila Parishad High School
  • Bai Navajbai Tata Girls' High School
  • Seth R.J.J. High School
  • Sir Jamshetji Jeejeebhoy English medium high school
  • The Navsari High School
  • Real English School[7]
  • Sheth H.C. Parekh, Navsari High School
  • St. Francis of Assisi Convent High School
  • Bhakta Ashram
  • Seventh-Day Adventist English School
  • Dadabhau Kawasji Tata High School
  • Dinbai Daboo Girls High School
  • Sir Cowasjee Jehangir Nauserwanjee Zarthosjee Madresa High School
  • Late G.C Patel Vidhyalaya
  • SGM Shiroiya School
  • R.D Patel Sarvajanik High School
  • Mamta Mandir
  • Seth Banatwala High School
  • Shree Sardar Patel Vidhya Bhavan, Jalalpore
  • Aster Global School,Navsari
  • Shree Sardar Sharda Mandir, Vijalpore
  • Seema Patel Higher Secondary School
  • A.B. Higher Secondary School
  • Hemali English Primary & Modern English Secondary & Higher Secondary School
  • Naranlala Higher Secondary School
  • Divine Public School
  • Raman Brothers Vidyalaya, Ugat
  • Sri Sathya Sai Vidyaniketan, Ganeshvad Sisodra

Hospitals[edit]

  • Parsee Maternity Hospital (D. N. Mehta Sarvajanik Hospital)[8]
  • K.D.N. Gohil Hospital[9]
  • Daboo Hospital
  • Rotary Eye Institute[10]
  • Orange Hospital
  • Yashfin Hospital
  • Mulla Hospital
  • Civil Hospital
  • Kejal Hospital
  • Dhruvini Nursing Home & Iccu
  • Mulla Hospital
  • Ramaben Hospital
  • Lions Hospital
  • Shraddha Hospital
  • Shushrusha Hospital

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Navsari City Population Census 2011 | Gujarat". www.censusindia.co.in. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  2. ^ Bombay Gazetteer Record. It is also called Lord Parsurama's land between Vapi to Tapti river. 13
  3. ^ Blankinship, K.Y. (1994). The End of the Jihad State: The Reign of Hisham Ibn 'Abd al-Malik and the Collapse of the Umayyads. State University of New York Press. p. 187. ISBN 9780791418284. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  4. ^ "Navsari Population, Caste Data Navsari Gujarat - Census India". www.censusindia.co.in. Retrieved 2018-03-31.
  5. ^ B.P. Baria Science College
  6. ^ Mahatma Gandhi Inst. of Technical Education and Research
  7. ^ Real English School
  8. ^ Parsee Hospital (D. N. Mehta Sarvajanik Hospital)
  9. ^ K.D.N. Gohil Hospital
  10. ^ Rotary Eye Institute
  11. ^ "Homai gets Padma Vibhushan". The Times of India. 25 January 2011.