Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

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Army of the Guardians of
the Islamic Revolution

Seal of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.svg

Command
Supreme Leader of Iran
Senior officers
Military Branches
Aerospace Force
Ground Forces
Navy
Quds Force
Basij
Intelligence agencies
Intelligence Organization
Intelligence Protection Organization
Personnel
Ranks insignia
Facilities
Imam Hossein University
Baqiyatallah University

The Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) or Revolutionary Guards' Navy (Persian: نیروی دریایی سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی‎‎), acronym NEDSA (Persian: ندسا‎‎), consists of 20,000 men and 1,500 boats and fast attack boats separate from the regular Navy of Artesh assuming control over Iranian maritime operations in the Persian Gulf.[1] IRGC’s Navy has steadily improved its capabilities to support unconventional warfare and defend Iran’s offshore facilities, coastlines, and islands in the Persian Gulf.[2][3]

Overview[edit]

IRGC Navy and Artesh Navy overlap functions and areas of responsibility, but they are distinct in terms of how they are trained and equipped— and more importantly also in how they fight. The Revolutionary Guards Navy has a large inventory of small fast attack craft, and specializes in asymmetric hit-and-run tactics. It is more akin to a guerrilla force at sea, and maintains large arsenals of coastal defense and anti-ship cruise missiles and mines.[1][4]

Takavar member of S.N.S.F. in Great Prophet IX maneuver, 25–27 February 2015

It has also a Takavar (special force) unit, called Sepah Navy Special Force (S.N.S.F.).

Equipment[edit]

Watercraft[edit]


Aircraft[edit]

Coastal Anti-Ship Missiles[edit]

Facilities[edit]

It is believed that the IRGC's Navy has facilities on the following islands:[7]

History[edit]

Iran-Iraq war[edit]

IRGC speedboats swarming in the Persian Gulf during Iran-Iraq War

During the "Tanker War" phase of the Iran-Iraq war, beside the regular Iranian Navy, IRGC started employing swarm tactics and surprise attacks using Boghammar speedboats fitted with rocket launchers, RPGs, and heavy machine guns. Attacks on Kuwaiti tankers, an Iraqi ally, eventually dragged the US Navy into the Persian Gulf to escort Kuwaiti tankers. As a response, IRGC ordered mining west of Farsi Island on the route of the very first caravan—the Kuwaiti supertanker SS Bridgeton escorted by four US warships—which successfully hit the tanker itself.[8][9][10]

British Royal Navy[edit]

On 21 June 2004, eight sailors and Royal Marines were seized by forces of the Revolutionary Guards' Navy while training Iraqi river patrol personnel in the Persian Gulf.[11] On 23 March 2007, fifteen sailors and Royal Marines from HMS Cornwall were seized by forces of the Revolutionary Guards' Navy in the Persian Gulf.[12]

United States Navy[edit]

On 7 January 2008, US officials claimed five Iranian speedboats 'harassed' United States Navy vessels in the Persian Gulf. IRGC speedboats made threatening moves and in one case even came within 180 meters of US warships. The US Navy also claimed to have received a radio transmission from Iranian boats saying: "I am coming at you. You will explode in a couple of minutes". After this US ships were said to have taken up their gun positions and were ready to open fire at one of the boats when the Iranians turned away and one of the Iranian speedboats (allegedly) dropped white boxes into the water in front of the U.S. ships, it was not clear what was in the boxes.[13]

Iranian officials and military commanders later downplayed the incidents as normal and denied having sent the radio transmission. After the US released a video showing Iranian speedboats swarming US ships in the Strait of Hormuz, Iran released its own video of the incident after suggesting the US video was staged.[14]

On 12 January 2016,10 American sailors were apprehended by IRGC officials off the coast of Farsi Island, which doubles as a naval installation for the IRGC. American officials stated that the sailors were on a training mission when one of their boats experienced a mechanical failure. During this time the vessel drifted into Iranian territorial waters spurring IRGC naval units to respond and apprehend the sailors with both vessels. US Secretary of State John Kerry engaged in a phone call with Iranian officials to defuse the situation. Iranian officials said that the sailors were in custody, but would be freed within hours, understanding that the incident was a mistake.[15]

Maneuvers[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michael Connell (March 12, 2013), Gulf III: Iran’s Power in the Sea Lanes, The Iran Primer, United States Institute of Peace, retrieved January 5, 2016 
  2. ^ Hossein Aryan (November 15, 2011), The Artesh: Iran’s Marginalized and Under-Armed Conventional Military, Middle East Institute, retrieved December 15, 2015 
  3. ^ "Iran navy heightens security in Gulf territorial waters". news.xinhuanet.com. Xinhua. 1 March 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  4. ^ Haghshenass, Fariborz. "Iran’s Asymmetric Naval Warfare" (PDF). washingtoninstitute. Retrieved 1 September 2008. 
  5. ^ Biggers, Chris (April 27, 2017). "Shahid Nazeri Deploys Near the Strait". bellingcat. Archived from the original on April 28, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017. Satellite imagery shows Iran’s high speed catamaran, Shahid Nazeri, at Bandar Abbas, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corp Navy (IRGCN) First Region naval base. 
  6. ^ "Iran unveils seaplane used for attacks, surveillance". ynet. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  7. ^ John Pike. "Pasdaran - Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC)". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  8. ^ Crist, David (2013). The twilight war : the secret history of America's thirty-year conflict with Iran. New York: The Penguin Press. ISBN 978-1-101-57234-4. 
  9. ^ Hakimi, Erfan. "America's reputation explosion in the Persian Gulf". www.borhan.ir. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  10. ^ Gibson, Bryan R (2010). Covert Relationship: American Foreign Policy, Intelligence, and the Iran-Iraq War, 1980–1988. Praeger. p. 202. ISBN 978-0313386107. 
  11. ^ "Timeline: UK-Iran relations". BBC News. 2007-03-23. Retrieved 2007-03-28. 
  12. ^ "UK sailors captured at gunpoint". BBC News. 23 March 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  13. ^ Starr, Barbara (7 January 2008). "Iranian boats 'harass' U.S. Navy, officials say". edition.cnn.com. CNN. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  14. ^ Fars News Pentagon Video on Iran-US Confrontation a Clumsy Fake 9 January 2008
  15. ^ "Pentagon: 2 U.S. Navy Boats Held by Iran Military". NBC News. 
  16. ^ Lendon, Brad (27 February 2015). "Iran blasts mock U.S. carrier in war games". edition.cnn.com/. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  17. ^ Memri (1 March 2015). "IRGC Practices Destroying US Aircraft Carrier in Naval Maneuvers [VIDEO]". www.breakingisraelnews.com. 
  18. ^ "IRGC Great Prophet 9 maneuver launched in Persian Gulf". Mehr News Agency. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 

External links[edit]