Nawab Abdul Latif

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Historical figure of india who started social reforms in Muslim society in Indian sub-continent.
Nawab Abdul Latif
Native name নবাব আব্দুল লতীফ
Born 1828
Rajapur, Faridpur District, Bengal Presidency, British India (present Bangladesh)
Died 1893 (aged 64–65)
Calcutta(Kolkata), Bengal Presidency, British India
Alma mater Calcutta Madrassah (now the Aliah University)

Abdul Latif (1828–1893) or Nawab Abdul Latif or Nawab Abdool Luteef (Bengali: নবাব আবদুল লতীফ) was a nineteenth-century educator and social worker in Bengal, later Bangladesh. His title, Nawab was awarded by the British in 1880. Abdul Lateef was one of the first Muslims in nineteenth century India to embrace the idea of modernization.

Early life[edit]

Abdul Latif was born in 1828 at the village of Rajapur, Faridpur District (present Bangladesh). His father Fakir Mahmud was a lawyer in the civil court of Kolkata. Abdul Latif obtained the highest degree in Arabic, French and English language from Calcutta Madrassah (now the Aliah University).[1]

Career[edit]

Abdul Latif started his career as a teacher of Dhaka Collegiate School in 1846. By 1847, while still in his teens, he was appointed by the government as assistant to one of the[who?] Ameers of Sindh. He worked in this capacity for about a year. He was next appointed a teacher in the Dhaka Collegiate School. Here too he served for a brief period. In 1847, an Anglo-Arabic class in the Calcutta Madrassa was opened for imparting instruction in English. In 1848, Abdul Latif was appointed Anglo-Arabic professor in-charge of this class.[2]

He joined government service in 1849 as a deputy magistrate and was promoted to the post of presidency magistrate in 1877. While serving as the deputy magistrate of Satkhira, Abdul Latif witnessed the repression and exploitation of the peasants by the English indigo planters. He encouraged the farmers there to become united and tell the government about their grievances. He himself took some initiative in this regard. Finally, the British government formed the Indigo Commission in 1860 due to his initiative with the goal of putting an end to the repressions of indigo planters.

Abdul Latif was nominated a member of the Bengal Management Council when it was constituted in 1862 during the rule of Lord Canning. In 1863, he was appointed a member of the examination board for civil and military services and a fellow of the University of Calcutta. He was appointed as 'justice of the peace' following the formation of Calcutta Corporation (Municipal Authority) in 1865. He remained in that position until 1875. When there was intense anger among the Muslim community following the adoption of a proposal by the Indian Management Council in 1865, Abdul Latif put forward arguments in favour of amending the bill through a memorandum submitted to the British government.[1]

Mohammedan Literary Society[edit]

In 1863, Nawab Abdul Latif founded the Mohammedan Literary Society (also the Mohamadan Literary Society).[3]

The Society gave a remarkable impetus to the cause of Muslim advancement throughout India. It attracted the notice of successive administrations, the wants and grievances of the Indian Muslim community in regard to education, legislation and other cognate matters affecting the well-being of society. The Society was the precursor of similar institutions in other parts of India.[2]

Awards[edit]

The British government, in recognition of his meritorious services, honoured him with titles and decorations from time to time. In 1877, at the Imperial Assemblage, at Delhi, Viceroy Lord Lytton conferred upon him the title of "Khan Bahadur" and presented him with an "Empress Medal." In April 1880, Lord Lytton conferred upon him the high title of "Nawab." In 1883, Viceroy Lord Ripon honoured him with a "Companionship of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire." In 1887, on the occasion of Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee, Viceroy Lord Dufferin conferred upon him the highest Muslim title of "Nawab Bahadur."[2]

He received the title of 'Order of the Majedi of Third Class' from the Turkish government.[1]

Death[edit]

He died on 10 July 1893.[4]

Legacy[edit]

His achievements include working to turn Hindu College into Presidency College and thus open it for non-Hindus as well. He also established numerous educational institutes, including Rajshahi Madrasah.[citation needed] As a prominent personality of mid 19th century Bengal, Abdul Latif was the pioneer of Muslim modernization and the architect of the Muslim Renaissance, was one of those great men who appeared as saviors of their frustrated, humiliated, demoralized and disorganized fellow countrymen under colonial rule His chief contribution was in the field of education. He was among the first to understand that young Bengali Muslims should receive modern education. He understood that the Muslims of Bengal had fallen behind in everything because of their prejudices against modern education. He devoted his whole life to removing this self-destructive prejudice from their minds.[citation needed] However, Bangladeshi educationist Ahmed Sharif criticized him for promoting Urdu over Bengali as the language of Bengali Muslims.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Choudhury, Shafiqur Rahman. "Latif,_Abdul". Banglapedia. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "The Daily Star". Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Ahmad, Syed Nesar (1 January 1991). Origins of Muslim Consciousness in India: A World-system Perspective. Greenwood Publishing Group. 
  4. ^ "Nawab Abdul Latif - bdbiography.com". bdbiography.com. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Mukhopadhay, Keshob. "An interview with prof. Ahmed sharif". News from Bangladesh. Daily News Monitoring Service. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2015.