Nawab of Junagarh

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Nawab of Junagarh or Junagadh refers to the now defunct ex- lineage of rulers of the princely Junagadh State in British Raj, nowadays Junagadh district in the state of Gujarat in India.[1] There are still several forts and palaces in India which were owned by princely Junagarh family but after Partition of India property claimed by the Indian Government.[2][3][4]

List of Nawabs of Junagadh[edit]

Given below is the list of Nawabs who ruled in the princely Junagadh State before the Partition of India. After the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, the title of Nawab of Junagarh has no official status. It still carries respect in Pakistan and is used as a courtesy title.[5][6][7]

Lineage
Nawab Reign Life
1st Nawab Muhammad Bahadur Khanji or Muhammad Sher Khan Babi [8] 1730 - 28 Sep 1758 (b. ... - d. 1758)
2nd Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khanji l 28 Sep 1758 - 1760 (b. ... - d. 1774)
Nawab Muzaffar Khanji 1760 - 1762
2nd Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khanji 1762 - 2 Dec 1774 (b. ... - d. 1774)
3rd Nawab Muhammad Hamid Khanji 2 Dec 1774 – 26 Feb 1811 (b. 1766 - d. 1811)
4th Nawab Muhammad Bahadur Khanji II 26 Feb 1811 – 26 May 1840 (b. 1795 - d. 1840)
5th Nawab Muhammad Hamid Khanji II 26 May 1840 - 1851 (b. 1828 - d. 1851)
6th Nawab Sir Muhammad Mahabat Khanji II 1851 - 29 Sep 1882 (b. 1838 - d. 1882)
7th Nawab Sir Muhammad Bahadur Khanji III 29 Sep 1882 – 21 Jan 1892 (b. 1856 - d. 1892)
8th Nawab Sir Muhammad Rasul Khanji Babi 23 Jan 1892 – 22 Jan 1911 (b. 1858 - d. 1911)
9th Mr. H.D Rendall ESQR, Administrator of Junagadh 1911 - 1920
10th Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khanji III[9] 22 Jan 1911 – 25 Feb 1948 (b. 1900 - d. 1959). He was last 'de facto' Nawab.

Koli Revolt Against First Nawab Of Junagadh State[edit]

Kolis rebellion in Junagadh led by Mansa Khant. He was a koli rebel in princely state of Junagadh during time of Nawab Sher Khan Tittled Bahadur Khan first ruler of Junagadh State. Mansa Khant who was against Mughals Rule, Made Uparkot Fort his centre he occupied Uparkot Fort and raiding the surrounding villages and cities so there was a vast concerns by Koli Raids and Nawab Mohammed Sher Khan Bahadur was not able to control the Mansa Khant . Mansa Khant occupied the Uparkot Fort for thirteen months. In thirteen months Mansa Khant make numerous raids mostly in countryside. Nawab of Junagadh started compaign to catch Mansa Khant. The Nawab Mohammed Sher Khan was assisted by king of Gondal State Thakur Haloji Sangramji Jadeja and Arab Jamadar Sheikh Abdullah Zubeidi. The combined forces defeated the Mansa Khant. After defeat of Mansa Khant, The Arab Militia who assisted in campaign against Mansha Khant, Revolted against Nawab Of Junagadh because he didn't paid whole of payment for action against Mansha Khant.[10][11]

Last Nawab[edit]

The Partition of India in 1947 resulted in the exile of Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khanji III, who was the last ruling Nawab of Junagadh. The Nawab, being Muslim, was in favor of declaring the state as part of newly created Muslim majority Pakistan. For this purpose he signed the documents for incorporation of its state in Pakistan, but soon the state was surrounded and occupied by Indian forces and the nawab and his family fled to Pakistan. After his exile, he settled down in Pakistan and the Junagarh family resides at the `Junagarh House' in Karachi, Pakistan.[12]

After one year of occupation the Indian Government held a referendum asking the people of state to agree to be part of India.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nawabs of Junagadh
  2. ^ Royal Junagadh Palace
  3. ^ Juagadh Fort
  4. ^ History of Junagadh
  5. ^ Reviving the Junagarh issue: BACKGROUNDER Retrieved Daily Dawn, 9 Nov 2001
  6. ^ The Story of the Accession of the Princely State of Junagarh Retrieved The Ground Report India, 30 January 2011
  7. ^ rulers.org/indstat1.html
  8. ^ Last Days of Junagadh Retrieved Memon World News
  9. ^ The Maharaja of Junagadh, Nawab Sir Mahabet Khanji III
  10. ^ shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in (PDF) http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/59303/8/08_chapter%20iv.pdf. Retrieved 2019-01-01. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ Williams, Raymond Brady; Trivedi, Yogi (2016-05-12). Swaminarayan Hinduism: Tradition, Adaptation, and Identity. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199089598.
  12. ^ Junagadh House Karachi Retrieved Indian Express, 21 January 2004

External links[edit]