||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (March 2015)|
Clockwise from top: Prajatantra Dwar, Khoori river bridge connecting north and south part of the city, Bhagat Singh chowck, Doordarshan kendra, Sadbhawana chowck, Nawada Railway Station
|• Body||Nawada Municipality|
|Elevation||80 m (260 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi English Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||1.14 ♂/♀|
Nawada is situated in the Magadh subdivision of southern Bihar. Before its acquisition by the East India Company, Nawada was ruled by the nearly independent Rajas of Hisua, and after its acquisition it was the center of great disorder till 1845, when it became the headquarters of the newly created subdivision. The elements of disorder came to the front again during the Mutiny of 1857, when Nawada was overrun by marauding parties. The local offices were destroyed, but the Government record was saved by the native officials who hide them in a cave in a neighboring hill. These are the only public record dating before 1857 which still exist in the district.
The origin of the name Nawada is believed to be a corruption of Nau-abad or the new town which was earlier known as ‘The Eliot Market (Bazaar)’.
Nawada is located at  It has an average elevation of 80 metres (260 ft). The city is divided into two blocks by the Khoori river, the left bank being the older, while the right bank is the modern section with public offices, sub-jail, dispensary and schools..
According to the 2011 census, Nawada city has a population of 109,141. Nawada has a sex ratio of 957 females for every 1000 males and average literacy rate is 74%, higher than the national average of 63.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 67%. In Nawada, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age. Hindi, Magahi and Urdu are the main languages spoken in the area.
Since the opening of The South Bihar Railway, on which it is stationed, Nawada has been growing into an important trade centre.Earlier Nawada was the main market town for the surrounding villages.Purani Bazaar, Main Road,Gola Road and others are the chief commercial centres. Bhumihars, Rajputs, Baranwal, Jains and Sahu are the big communities here. , Nawada has been growing into an important trade centre.
The City has got various good schools and colleges.Some of them are
- Nawada Central School [N.C.S]
- Jeevan Jyoti Public School (JJPS)
- Gyan Bharti Residential Complex (GBMRC)
- [st. joseph public school]
- Vivekanand Public School Gonawa (VPS)
- Manas Bharti Public School
- Gandhi Inter High School
- Kanhai Lal Sahu College (KLS College)
- Kanhai Lal Sahu High School (KLSH School)
- Rajendra Memorial Women's College
- Delhi Pubic School (DPS)
Sports and Culture
Nawada has been growing as a big hub for sports competition both on district and state level.Nawada is famous in most Handball and Taekwondo. Harischandra stadium in the city has been playing ground for players like Mahendra Singh Dhoni who played his early stage of cricket here.There are 2 outdoor and 1 Indoor stadiums available in the city.
Role of NGOs
There has been a surge of NGOs in the Nawada district. More than 200 NGOs are working for the upliftment of the poor. Many programmes launced by the state and central government are carried out by these NGOs. The focus has been on child labour and the government has laid emphasis on this and launched a programme to educate all child labourers with 88 Bal Shramik Vishesh Vidyalaya (Child Laborer Special Schools) being opened.People's Association for Research and Development has been engaged in forming SHGs and it was awarded twice by the Bihar Government for empowering women and forming and nurturing the best SHG supported by NABARD, Patna
National highway 31 is passing from Nawada by which it is directly connected with big cities like Kolkata, Asansol, Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Bihar Sharif and Patna.State Highway 8 is also passing from Nawada by which it is connected with other important parts of district like hisua,pakribarawan and also nearby district jamui. Delux buses are available from Nawada for all major cities and for Patna at every half an hour. It connects two major railway stations Gaya jn and Kiul jn by Gaya–Kiul_line. Two express trains and several local trains are running in this railway line via Nawada. It has got one of the best local markets in Nawada district.
City has one Museum Narad Museum which was eshtablished in the year 1974.
Nawada has been a place of historical imminence, King Brihadratha founded the Magadh Empire in the region and the area was dominated by many dynasties like Brihadratha, Maurya, Kanah and the Gupta that ruled over many states of middle and north India.The Surya Narayana Mandir of Handiya is earliest & it is Supposed to be of Dwaparayuga.The Surya Narayana Mandir of Handiya is constructed by the King of Magadha Jarasandha, Jarasandha’s daughter Dhaniya was suffering from leprosy and used to stay this holy place every day for devotion. The Myth goes, she used to bathe in the nearby pond and was cured.Soon after Dhaniya established a place of worship of Maa Bhagwati in a close to village and a Shivalinga at Dhaniya hill, which is just away from main Temple .
Present time Handiya most remarkable place to visit for any one. It is beautifully surrounded on the north side by Rajgir Mountain and on the south by river. The Surya Narayana Mandir of Handiya is earliest and it is supposed to be of Dwaparayuga. Each year millions of people comes to visit the holy place The Surya Narayana Mandir is also famous for beetle nuts like Magahi Pan (handiya).
Historians believe this place was a reputed religious center for the Hindus in the period of Pals.interest.from Nawada famous tourist places like Bodhgaya, Pawapuri,Nalanda (Nalanda University), Rajgrih, can be easily achieved which is located at 1–2 hours by road, train facilities are also been provided, which is easily accessible. It shares its border with Jharkhand.
The mighty king Jarasandh whose birthplace was Tapoban and who fought with great Pandav Bhim who was the champion among the kings of the time. The history bears the testimony that Bhim has visited Pakardia village. Which is three miles away from the headquarters, Nawada. The place Sitamarhi situated in the lap of Nawada was blessed when Sita Jee made it her above in her exile and gave birth to Lava. The village Barat was the abode of great epic maker Balmiki. In the southern side of Rajauli sub-division of Nawada, Sapt-rishi had made the place for their abode. Great Lord Budha and Lord Mahavir who are regarded, as the first lights of Asia loved this place very much.
The king Bimbisar was one of the most beloved disciples. Truly every inch of this place is the witness that lord Budha and Lord Mahvir gave first priority to offer their mission to this place. The historical sermon of lord Buddha was reveled for the first time here. The village Dariyapur Parvati in the Nawada District situated six miles north of Warisaliganj .
There are ruins and relic of Kapotika Bodh Bihar . In the centre stands a famous temple of Avalokiteshwer. King Aditaysen founded the historical monuments in the village Apsar that is visible even today. Kurkihar enjoyed its esteemed glory in the Pal dynasty. It is about three miles North East away from Warisaliganj.
Some significant temples and religious spots within the district are The Surya Narayana Mandir of Handiya, Sobhnath, Sankat Mochan, Gonawa Jal Mandir, JP Aashram, Bolta Pahad.
Kakolat Waterfall: It is a picturesque waterfall in Nawada district, popular with tourists due to its scenic surroundings. The falls also play a role in Hindu mythology, when according to legend an ancient king was turned into a python by a rishi's curse and lived within the falls.Folklore suggests that the Lord Krishna Used to go there with his queens for taking bath. This is one of the best waterfall in India. Water of this fall is cold for the whole year. The better season for tourists is summer. It can be reached from Nawada-Akbarpur–Govindpur road. Thali village is the nearest milestone. A road goes from there to Kakolat.
- "View Population". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nawada
- Sushma Chadha (2000-07-10). "A dull June for philatelists". Financial Express. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
- PARDhttps://www.facebook.com/PARD1143/posts/939741589400136 RETRIEVED ON 20 APR 2015