||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (March 2015)|
Clockwise from top: Prajatantra Dwar, Khoori river bridge (connecting northern and southern parts of the town), Bhagat Singh chowck, Doordarshan kendra, Sadbhawana chowck, Nawada Railway Station
|• Body||Nawada Municipality|
|Elevation||80 m (260 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi English Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||1.14 ♂/♀|
Nawada town is situated in the Magadh division in south Bihar. Before its acquisition by the East India Company, Nawada was ruled by the nearly independent Rajas of Hisua, and after its acquisition it was the center of great disorder till 1845, when it became the headquarters of the newly created subdivision. The elements of disorder came to fore again during the Mutiny of 1857, when Nawada was overrun by marauding parties. The local offices were destroyed, but Government records were saved by the native officials who hid them in a cave in a neighboring hill. These are the only available public records dating back to an era before 1857, in the district.
The origin of the name Nawada is believed to lie in a corruption of the old name Nau-abad or the new town which was earlier known as ‘The Eliot Market (Bazaar)’.
Nawada is located at  It has an average elevation of 80 metres (260 ft). The city is divided into two blocks by the Khoori river, the left bank being the older, while the right bank is the modern section with public offices, sub-jail, dispensary and schools..
According to the 2011 census, Nawada city has a population of 109,141. Nawada has a sex ratio of 957 females for every 1000 males and average literacy rate is 74%, higher than the national average of 63.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 67%. In Nawada, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age. Hindi, Magahi and Urdu are the main languages spoken in the area.
Since the opening of The South Bihar Railway, on which it is stationed, Nawada has been growing into an important trade center. Earlier Nawada was the main market town for the surrounding villages. Purani Bazaar, Main Road, Gola Road and others are the chief commercial centers. Nawada has been growing into an important trade center.
The town has got various governmental and non-governmental schools and colleges. Some of them are
- Dayal Public School
- Jeevan Jyoti Public School
- Jeevan Deep Public School
- Gyan Bharti Residential Complex
- St. Joseph's High School
- Manas Bharti Public School
- Gandhi Inter High School
- Kanhai Lal Sahu College
- Kanhai Lal Sahu High School
- Rajendra Memorial Women's College
- Delhi Public School
- Rajendra Smark Sikshan Sansthan, Merhkuri Nawada
- Modern English School, New Area
- D.A.V Public School
Sports and Culture
Nawada has been growing as a big hub for sports competition both on district and state level. Nawada is famous in most Handball and Taekwondo. In town area there is a stadium known as Harishchandra stadium for outdoor games like cricket, football etc.There are 2 outdoor and 1 Indoor stadiums available in the city.
National highway 31 runs through Nawada and connects it to major cities like Kolkata, Asansol, Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Bihar Sharif and Patna.State Highway 8 runs through Nawada and connects it to other important parts of district like hisua, pakribarawan and to nearby district jamui. Buses are available from Nawada for all major cities and for Patna at every half an hour. It connects two major railway stations Gaya jn and Kiul jn by Gaya–Kiul line. Two express trains and several local trains are running in this railway line via Nawada. It has got one of the best local markets in Nawada district.
Nawada town has a museum called the Narad Museum which was established in the year 1974. Nawada has been a place of historical imminence, King Brihadratha founded the Magadh Empire in the region and the area was dominated by many dynasties like Brihadratha, Maurya, Kanah and the Gupta that ruled over many states of middle and north India.The Surya Narayana Mandir of Handiya is earliest & it is Supposed to be of Dwaparayuga. The Surya Narayana Mandir of Handiya is constructed by the King of Magadha Jarasandha, Jarasandha’s daughter Dhaniya was suffering from leprosy and used to stay this holy place every day for devotion. The Myth goes, she used to bathe in the nearby pond and was cured.Soon after Dhaniya established a place of worship of Maa Bhagwati in a close to village and a Shivalinga at Dhaniya hill, which is just away from main temple . Present time Handiya most remarkable place to visit for any one. It is beautifully surrounded on the north side by Rajgir Mountain and on the south by river.The Surya Narayana Mandir of Handiya is earliest and it is supposed to be of Dwaparayuga. Each year millions of people come to visit the holy place. The Surya Narayana Mandir is also famous for betel nuts like Magahi Pan (handiya). Historians believe this place was a reputed religious center for the Hindus in the period of Palas. Interest.from Nawada famous tourist places like Bodhgaya, Pawapuri, Nalanda (Nalanda University), Rajgrih, can be easily achieved which is located at 1–2 hours by road. Train facilities are also been provided, which is easily accessible. It shares border with Jharkhand.The mighty king Jarasandh whose birthplace was Tapoban and who fought with great Pandav Bhim who was the champion among the kings of the time. The history bears the testimony that Bhim has visited Pakardia village. Which is three miles away from the headquarters, Nawada. The place Sitamarhi situated in the lap of Nawada was blessed when Sita Jee made it her above in her exile and gave birth to Lava. The village Barat was the abode of great epic maker Balmiki. In the southern side of Rajauli sub-division of Nawada, Sapt-rishi had made the place their abode. Great Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira who are regarded, as the first lights of Asia loved this place very much. The king Bimbisar was one of the most beloved disciples. Truly every inch of this place is the witness that lord Budha and Lord Mahvir gave first priority to offer their mission to this place. The historical sermon of lord Buddha was reveled for the first time here. The village Dariyapur Parvati in the Nawada District situated six miles north of Warisaliganj . There are ruins and relic of Kapotika Bodh Bihar . In the centre stands a famous temple of Avalokiteshwer. King Aditaysen founded the historical monuments in the village Apsar that is visible even today. Kurkihar enjoyed its esteemed glory in the Pal dynasty. It is about three miles North East away from Warisaliganj. Some significant temples and religious spots within the district are The Surya Narayana Mandir of Handiya, Sobhnath, Sankat Mochan, Gonawa Jal Mandir, JP Aashram, Bolta Pahad. Kakolat Waterfall is a picturesque waterfall in Nawada district, popular with tourists due to its scenic surroundings. The falls also play a role in Hindu mythology, when according to legend an ancient king was turned into a python by a rishi's curse and lived within the falls.Folklore suggests that Krishna Used to go there with his queens for taking bath. This is one of the best waterfalls in India. Water of this fall is cold for the whole year. The better season for tourists is summer.you can take the enjoyment of winter here in any season. It can be reached from Nawada-Akbarpur–Govindpur road. Thali village is the nearest village. A road goes from there to Kakolat.
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- PARDhttps://www.facebook.com/PARD1143/posts/939741589400136 RETRIEVED ON 20 APR 2015