Nawanshahr

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Nawanshahr
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar
Town
Nawanshahr is located in Punjab
Nawanshahr
Nawanshahr
Location in Punjab, India
Nawanshahr is located in India
Nawanshahr
Nawanshahr
Nawanshahr (India)
Coordinates: 31°07′00″N 76°08′00″E / 31.1167°N 76.1333°E / 31.1167; 76.1333Coordinates: 31°07′00″N 76°08′00″E / 31.1167°N 76.1333°E / 31.1167; 76.1333
Country  India
State Punjab
District Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar
Population (2001)
 • Total 30,933
Languages
 • Official Punjabi ਪੰਜਾਬੀ
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 144514
Telephone code 01823
Vehicle registration PB-32

Nawanshahr (or Nawanshahar) is a town that became a district in 1995; now it is a municipal council in Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district in the Indian state of Punjab. It is the headquarters of Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar District. It's homeland of India's famous freedom fighter Bhagat Singh.

History[edit]

Nawanshahr was founded by the migrants from Rahon near the Sutluj river as Rahon was in danger of being flooded. They named it Nawanshahar (New City). Nawanshahr has been the stronghold of the Ghorewaha Rajputs allied to king Akbar via kinship ties.

Dewan Banna Mal Misr (Gautam) was born in Gautam Brahmin family of Nawanshahr. Dewan Banna Mal was manager with full sovereign powers of His Highness Maharaja Sir Randhir Singh Bahadur of Kapurthala's Estates in Oudh and served as Chief Minister Of Kapurthala State. Dewan Banna Mal built the beautiful temple Shivala Banna Mal near Municipal Committee office, Nawanshahr. It was built in the year 1862 and tall and huge structure Haveli Banna Mal Di Haveli in Vaidan Mohalla in Nawanshahr. Later the city was developed and constructed by Lala Paramanand Bhuchar(Sareen) who was the first major scale theckedar of city. Lala Paramanand was given first mould of large brick design by Queen Elizabeth in presence of Maharaja Patiala in his courtroom as token of gratitude to settle Brick factories(Batha) in the city. Lala Paramanand build first planned Mandi (now known as old Dana Mandi) in around 1920 which even has his name "PN" on bricks and name on Foundation Stone at old Dana Mandi Gate. He resided in Lalliyan Mohalla (Lalleyan da Mohalla) situated in center of city. The mohalla have his Haveli there along with a common haveli which was residence of 100 families, a historical landmark in that mohalla made with Nanakshahi bricks.

Nawanshahr became the District in 1995 during S.Harcharan Brar Govt., with the strong efforts of the late S.Dilbag Singh, former Cabinet Minister and the then MLA of Nawanshahr. People of this district are economically sound. Large numbers of families from the district have settled abroad. Consequently, huge remittance is being received back in India which contributes to the district's economic development and prosperity. The prosperity of Doaba area can be appreciated by the fact that price of land here is high, and far more than most of the districts in the state except Ludhiana, and Chandigarh. Nawanshahr is rising due to the currency coming from NRI Punjabi people who have settled abroad. Nawanshahr also has a rail track connecting it with Jalandhar, Rahon and Jaijon.

This region has abundant health facilities. Private clinics and nursing homes not only surprise with their numbers but also some of them claim to have the latest medical equipment. There is an adequate number of Government Hospitals, Dispensaries and Primary Health Centers in this area. The hospitals in Nawanshahr have capacity of 64 beds and are equipped with latest medical tools. Banga and Balachaur hospitals are having capacity of 30 beds each. Also Mukandpur, Urapar, Sujjon, Saroya and Muzzaffarpur are providing all kinds of health services. Even for every village of the district, health services are available. Veterinary hospitals are available in Nawanshahr, Rahon, Saroya and Balachaur.

On 27 September 2008 at Khatkar Kalan, 8 km from Nawanshahr, the Punjab government announced that a district in the state would be named after freedom fighter Bhagat Singh. The announcement was made by Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal to mark Bhagat Singh's 101st birth anniversary and Nawanshahr district was renamed as Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar.

Area and population[edit]

  • Total area (km².) 1,258[1]
  • Total population (2001 Census) 587,468[1]
  • Male 306,902[1]
  • Female 280,566[1]
  • Female per 1000 male: 913[1]
  • Density of population (per km².) 439[1]
  • Percentage increase in population (1991–2001) 10.43.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Nawashahr Bus Stand

As of the 2011-12 India census,[2] Nawanshahr had a population of 587,468. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nawanshahr has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 71%. In Nawanshahr, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.Nawanshahr constituency is one of the 117 seats of Punjab Vidhan Sabha and its constituency number is 47. Angad Saini, who belongs to Congress, has won the last assembly elections and is the current MLA of Nawanshahr.

The scheduled caste population is 45.58%[3]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Nawanshahr District Census 2001". nawanshahr.nic.in. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001-02: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ "State-wise, District-wise List of Blocks with >40% but less than 50% SC population". Retrieved 12 July 2012. 

External links[edit]