Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district

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Nawanshahr district
ਨਵਾਂਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar
ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਨਗਰ
Located in the eastern part of the state
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°7′31″N 76°6′59″E / 31.12528°N 76.11639°E / 31.12528; 76.11639Coordinates: 31°7′31″N 76°6′59″E / 31.12528°N 76.11639°E / 31.12528; 76.11639
Country  India
State Punjab
Named for

meaning ‘New City’ because people shifted from the old town of Rahon avoiding the ravages of

Sutlej River.
Headquarters Nawanshahr
 • Deputy Commissioner Anindita Mitra IAS
 • Additional Deputy Commissioner Amarjeet Paul
 • Total 1,266 km2 (489 sq mi)
Population (2011)‡[›]
 • Total 612,310
 • Density 480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 01823 for Nawanshahr and Banga
01885 for Balachaur
Literacy 80.3%

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district (formerly Nawanshahr district) is one of the districts in the state of Punjab in North-West Republic of India. It consists of three Sub -Divisions Nawanshahr, Banga and Balachaur. There are three legislative seats in the district, Nawanshahr, Balachaur and Banga. They fall under the Anandpur Sahib Lok Sabha Constituency. Now " Banga" is also third sub division of the district.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Punjab (out of 22), after Barnala and Fatehgarh Sahib.[1]


Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district was carved out of Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar districts of Punjab on 7 November 1995, as the sixteenth district of Punjab State named from the headquarters town of Nawanshahr. Nawanshahr was founded by the migrants from Rahon near the river Sutlej as Rahon was in danger of being flooded. They named it Nawanshahar (New City. Nawanshahr has been the stronghold of the Ghorewaha Rajputs allied to King Akbar via kinship ties,[2] and numerous clans of Jats.

Dewan Banna Mal Misr ( Gautam) was born in Gautam Brahmin family of Nawanshahr. Dewan Banna Mal was Manager with full sovereign Powers of His Highness Maharaja Sir Randhir Singh Bahadur of Kapurthala's Estates in Oudh and (Chief Minister Of Kapurthala State. Dewan Banna Mal built Handsome Temple Shivala Dewan Banna Mal near Municipal Committee office, Nawanshahr, it was built in year 1862 and Tall Haveli Banna Mal Di Haveli in Vaidan Mohalla in Nawanshahr . Dewan Banna Mal 's sons Dewan Acchru Mal Gautam ( Revenue Minister of Kapurthala State ) and Dewan Sundri Mal Gautam has built Brahmkund Mandir Backside of Shalimar Bagh in Kapurthala. There is a village in Mand area of Kapurthala On the Bank of River Beas "Bana Mal Wala " after Dewan Banna Mal Gautam Name and Brahampur villages in Tehsil Phagwara District Kapurthala.

The Scheduled Caste population is more than 40%, one of the highest percentage in India.

Nawanshahr became the District in 1995 during S.Harcharan Brar Govt., with the strong efforts of Late S.Dilbag Singh, Former Cabinet Minister and the then MLA of Nawanshahr. People of this district are economically sound. Large numbers of families from the district have settled abroad. Consequently, huge remittance is being received back in India which contributes to the district's economic development and prosperity. The prosperity of Doaba area can be appreciated by the fact that price of land here is sky-scraping and almost far more than most of the districts in the state except Ludhiana, and Chandigarh. Nawanshahr is rising due to the currency coming from NRI Punjabi people who have settled abroad. Nawanshahr also has a rail track connecting it with Jalandhar, Rahon and Jaijon.

This region has abundant health facilities. Here Private clinics and Nursing homes not only surprise with their numbers but also some of them claim to have latest medical equipments. There are adequate number of Government Hospitals, Dispensaries and Primary Health Centers in this area. The hospitals in Nawanshahr have capacity of 64 beds and are equipped with latest medical tools. Banga and Balachaur hospitals are having capacity of 30 beds each. Also Mukandpur, Urapar, Sujjon, Saroya and Muzzaffarpur are provided all kinds of health services. Even for every village of the district health services are available. Veterinary hospitals are available in Nawanshahr, Rahon, Saroya and Balachaur.

On 27 September 2008 at Khatkar Kalan, eight km from Nawanshahr, the Punjab government announced that a district in the state would be named after freedom fighter Bhagat Singh. The announcement was made by Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal at the ancestral village of the Shaheed Bhagat Singh to mark his 101st birth anniversary and Nawanshahr district was renamed Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar.


Nawanshahr district is located at 31°48′N 76°42′E / 31.8°N 76.7°E / 31.8; 76.7.[3]

Area and population[edit]

  • Total area (km².) 1,258[4]
  • Total population (2001 Census) 587,468[4]
  • Male 306,902[4]
  • Female 280,566[4]
  • Female per 1000 male: 913[4]
  • Density of population (per km².) 439[4]
  • Percentage increase in population (1991–2001) 10.43.[4]


According to the 2011 census Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district has a population of 614,362,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[5] or the US state of Vermont.[6] This gives it a ranking of 522nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 479 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,240/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 4.58%.[1] Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar has a sex ratio of 954 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 80.3%.[1]

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ Gazetteer of the Hoshiarpur District (1883-4) (p. 56), when Mughal Emperor, Akbar, took in marriage the daughter of Mahr Mitha, a Jat of the Manjha, 35 principal families of Jats contenanced the marriage and sent representatives to Delhi. Thereafter, the 35 Jat families became known as the "Akbari Jats".
  3. ^ "Nawanshahr District Location". Retrieved 2007-04-15. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Nawanshahr District Census 2001". Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est. 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Vermont 625,741 

External links[edit]