Nawfal ibn Khuwaylid
His son Al-Aswad was an early convert to Islam who joined the migration to Abyssinia in 616. However, Nawfal opposed Muhammad and was known as "a satan of the Quraysh". At one time he bound Abu Bakr and Talha ibn Ubayd-Allah with a rope. Due to this, those two became known as Al-Qareenayn, "the two tied together".
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- Muhammad ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad, p. 337. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Guillaume/Ishaq p. 337.
- How Noble Men Were Persecuted
- Guillaume/Ishaq p. 147.
- Guillaume/Ishaq pp. 127-128.
- Guillaume/Ishaq pp. 127-128, 337.
- MSA West Compendium of Muslim Texts 
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